Alfred Russel Wallace : Alfred Wallace : A. R. Wallace :
Russel Wallace : Alfred Russell Wallace (sic)

 
 
Bibliography Part I (cont.): Papers, Essays,
Reviews, Letters to the Editor, etc.
(S219-S459: 1873-1892)


S219. Spiritualism and Science [lttE]. The Times (London) no. 27578: 10e (4 Jan. 1873).
--reprints: as 'Mr. A. R. Wallace on Spiritual Phenomena' in The Spiritualist (London) 3(5): 73 (15 Jan. 1873: no. 44); as part of article/N entitled 'The Times and Spiritualism' printed in The Medium and Daybreak (London) 5: 18b-19a (18a-19a) (10 Jan. 1873: no. 145); excerpts reprinted as 'Testimony of Mr. A. R. Wallace' in The Spiritualist (London) 3(20): 307-308 (1 Sept. 1873); as 'Experiences at a Séance' in Psychic Facts. A Selection From the Writings of Various Authors on Psychical Phenomena. ed. by W. H. Harrison (W. H. Harrison, London, 1880): 80-82; as 'Letter of Mr. Alfred Russell Wallace' in The Spiritual Magazine 8 (n.s.): 67-70 (Feb. 1873); in 'Appendix to Chapter IX. Spiritualism and Science' in Glimpses of the Supernatural by Frederick George Lee (2 vols., H. S. King and Co., London, 1875), Vol. 2: 193-197.

S220. review [of The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals by Charles Darwin, 1872]. Quarterly Journal of Science 3 (n.s.; 10, o.s.): 113-118 (Jan. 1873: no. 37).

S220a. Mr. Wallace and The Zetetic [lttE]. The Zetetic: A Monthly Journal of Cosmographical Science 1(7): 56 (Jan. 1873). [contributed by John van Wyhe]

S220b. The Non-Convexity of Water [two lttE replying to comments by B. Charles Brough]. The Zetetic: A Monthly Journal of Cosmographical Science 1(7): 56-57, 57 (56-57) (Jan. 1873). [contributed by John van Wyhe]

S221. Modern Applications of the Doctrine of Natural Selection [review of Physics and Politics; Or, Thoughts on the Application of the Principles of "Natural Selection" and "Inheritance" to Political Society by Walter Bagehot, 1872; and Histoire des Sciences et des Savants depuis Deux Siècles Suivie d'Autres Études sur les Sujets Scientifiques en Particulier sur la Sélection dans l'Espèce Humaine by Alphonse de Candolle, 1873]. Nature 7: 277-279 (13 Feb. 1873: no. 172).
--reprint: as 'The Doctrine of Natural Selection' in Popular Science Monthly 3: 22-28 (May 1873).

S222. lttE [one of several printed as 'Inherited Feeling']. Nature 7: 303 (303) (20 Feb. 1873: no. 173).

S223. review [of Harvesting Ants and Trap-door Spiders. Notes and Observations on Their Habits and Dwellings. by J. Traherne Moggridge, 1873]. Nature 7: 337 (6 March 1873: no. 175).

S224. Cave-deposits of Borneo [lttE introducing remarks by A. Everett]. Nature 7: 461-462 (17 April 1873: no. 181).

S225. Disestablishment and Disendowment: With a Proposal for a Really National Church of England. Macmillan's Magazine 27: 498-507 (April 1873: no. 162).
--reprint: in SSS, Vol. 2: 235-253 (Nov. 1900).

S226. lttE [one of two printed as 'East India Museum']. Nature 8: 5 (5-6) (1 May 1873: no. 183).

S227. Perception and Instinct in the Lower Animals [lttE]. Nature 8: 65-66 (22 May 1873: no. 186).
--excerpts reprinted in My Life, Vol. 2: 391-392 (Oct. 1905).

S228. Perception and Instinct in the Lower Animals [lttE]. Nature 8: 302 (14 Aug. 1873: no. 198).

S228a. The Challenge: Its Acceptance, Trial, and Postponement [a discussion of the arrangements for another Bedford Canal experiment, consisting of twenty-three letters (including five from Wallace) plus editorial comment]. The Zetetic and Anti-Theorist 2(6 & 7): 41-42, 42, 42, 42, 43 (41-47) (Aug. & Sept. 1873). [contributed by John van Wyhe]

S229. review [of Advanced Text-book of Physical Geography (2nd ed.) by David Page, 1873]. Nature 8: 358-361 (4 Sept. 1873: no. 201).

S230. review [of A History of the Birds of Europe, Parts 18, 19 & 20 by Henry E. Dresser]. Nature 8: 380-381 (11 Sept. 1873: no. 202).

S231. Free-trade Principles and the Coal Question [lttE]. The Daily News (London) no. 8546: 6d-e (16 Sept. 1873).
--reprint: as 'Coal A National Trust' in SSS, Vol. 2: 138-144 (Nov. 1900).

S232. African Travel [review of The Lands of Cazembe. Lacerda's Journey to Cazembe in 1798, etc. translated and annotated by Capt. R. F. Burton and published by the Royal Geographical Society, 1873; and The African Sketch Book by Winwood Reade, 1873]. Nature 8: 429-431 (25 Sept. 1873: no. 204).

S233. Lyell's Antiquity of Man [review of The Geological Evidences of the Antiquity of Man (4th ed.) by Charles Lyell, 1873]. Nature 8: 462-464 (2 Oct. 1873: no. 205).

S234. A Primeval Race [review of A Phrenologist Amongst the Todas; Or, The Study of a Primitive Tribe in South India: History, Character, Customs, Religion, Infanticide, Polyandry, Language by William E. Marshall, 1873; anonymous, but listed in the bibliography of Marchant (1916), and mentioned in a letter (item WP7/42/3, Natural History Museum London)]. Athenaeum no. 2403: 624-625 (15 Nov. 1873).

S235. Meyer's Exploration of New Guinea [lttE]. Nature 9: 102 (11 Dec. 1873: no. 215).

S236. Limitation of State Functions in the Administration of Justice. Contemporary Review 23: 43-52 (Dec. 1873).
--revised version printed in SSS, Vol. 2: 150-166 (Nov. 1900).

S237. The Origin of Man and of Civilisation [review of Man and Apes: An Exposition of Structural Resemblances and Differences Bearing Upon Questions of Affinity and Origin by St. George Mivart, 1873; and 'On the Origin of Savage Life: Opening Address Read Before the Literary and Philosophical Society of Liverpool, Oct. 6th, 1873' by Albert J. Mott, President]. Academy 5: 66-67 (17 Jan. 1874: no. 89).

S238. review [of The Naturalist in Nicaragua by Thomas Belt, 1873]. Nature 9: 218-221 (22 Jan. 1874: no. 221).

S239. review [of The Object and Method of Zoological Nomenclature by David Sharp, 1873]. Nature 9: 258-260 (5 Feb. 1874: no. 223).

S240. lttE [one of two printed as 'Animal Locomotion']. Nature 9: 301 (301) (19 Feb. 1874: no. 225).

S241. Animal Locomotion [lttE]. Nature 9: 403 (26 March 1874: no. 230).

S242. review [of Darwinism and Design; Or Creation by Evolution by George St. Clair, 1873; anonymous, but listed in the bibliography of Marchant (1916), and mentioned in a letter (item WP7/42/2, Natural History Museum London)]. Spectator 47: 535-536 (25 April 1874: no. 2391).

S243. A Defence of Modern Spiritualism. Fortnightly Review 15 (n.s.; 21, o.s.): 630-657 (1 May 1874: no. 89, n.s.) / A Defence of Modern Spiritualism. Part II. Spirit-photographs. Fortnightly Review 15 (n.s.; 21, o.s.): 785-807 (1 June 1874: no. 90, n.s.).
--reprints: Eclectic Magazine 20(2) (n.s.; 83(2), o.s.): 143-160 (Aug. 1874) / 20(3) (n.s.; 83(3), o.s.): 348-362 (Sept. 1874); Banner of Light (Boston) 35(10): 1a-d (6 June 1874) / 35(11): 1a-d (13 June 1874) / 35(12): 1a-d (20 June 1874) / 35(14): 1a-d, 2a (4 July 1874) / 35(15): 1a-d (11 July 1874); Religio-Philosophical Journal 16(18): 2, 6 (18 July 1874) / 16(20): 2 (1 Aug. 1874); as first part of pamphlet entitled Rise, Progress, and Defence of Modern Spiritualism (Dunedin, 1874): 2-39; expanded version printed in On Miracles and Modern Spiritualism: 139-223 (March 1875); reprinted with virtually no changes as pamphlet entitled A Defence of Modern Spiritualism. With a Preface by Epes Sargent. (Colby & Rich, Boston, July 1874; pp. (i)-iv, (5)-63) [known reprints: 6th ed. (1882); 7th ed. (1894); 9th ed. (Banner of Light Publishing Co., Boston, 1900)]. [excerpts, summaries, etc., under various titles: The Spiritualist (London) 4(19): 220-221 (8 May 1874) / 5(5): 53-55 (31 July 1874); Every Saturday 2 (4th s.), no. 1: 16-19 (4 July 1874); The Spiritual Magazine 9 (n.s.): 241-244 (June 1874) / 289-299 (July 1874)]

S244. Migration of Birds [lttE]. Nature 10: 459 (8 Oct. 1874: no. 258).
--miscellaneous reprints and excerpts: My Life (S729), Vol. 2: 392-393 (Oct. 1905); Encyclopaedia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. 3 [under 'Birds'] (1888): 767; Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th ed., Vol. 18 [under 'Migration'] (1911): 434; in A Dictionary of Birds by Alfred Newton (A. & C. Black, Edinburgh, 1893-1896): 556; in 'Origin of the Instinct of Migration in Birds' by J. A. Allen, in Bulletin of the Nuttall Ornithological Club 5 (1880): 151; in Problems of Bird-migration by A. L. Thomson (H. F. & G. Witherby, London, 1926): 274-275; in Game, Shore, and Water Birds of India, 4th ed., by Augustus Le Messurier (W. Thacker, London, 1904): 37-38; in Habit and Instinct by C. Lloyd Morgan (E. Arnold, London, 1896): 259-260; in Mental Evolution in Animals by George J. Romanes (D. Appleton and Co., New York, 1884): 288-289; in Our Earth and Its Story by Robert Brown (Cassell & Co., London, 1889): 16-17; in Studies in Bird Migration, Vol. 1, by W. E. Clarke (Gurney and Jackson, London, 1912): 18-19; in The Naturalist in Manchuria by Arthur de Carle Sowerby (Tientsin Press, Tientsin, 1922-1930), Vol 2-3: 111; in The Wonder of Life by J. A. Thomson (A. Melrose, London, 1914): 179-180; in The Foundations of Zoölogy by W. K. Brooks (Macmillan, London, 1899): 113-114; etc.

S245. Automatism of Animals [lttE]. Nature 10: 502-503 (22 Oct. 1874: no. 260).
--reprint: The English Mechanic and World of Science no. 502: 202 (6 Nov. 1874). [contributed by John van Wyhe]

S246. On the Arrangement of the Families Constituting the Order Passeres. Ibis 4 (3rd s.): 406-416 (Oct. 1874: no. 16, 3rd s.).

S246a. Vorwort. to Die Wissenschaftliche Ansicht der Uebernatürlichen [German edition of The Scientific Aspect of the Supernatural, translated by Gregor C. Wittig and edited by Alexander N. Aksákow; in part based on 'Note A,' added to p. 360 of the 1871 (2nd) edition of CTNS; in part incorporated into the Preface to On Miracles and Modern Spiritualism (1875); dated Januar 1874] (Oswald Mutze, Leipzig, 1874): (v)-x. [contributed by Dirk Backenkoehler]

S247. review [of Supplement to Harvesting Ants and Trap-door Spiders by J. Traherne Moggridge, 1874]. Nature 11: 245-246 (28 Jan. 1875: no. 274).

S248. Acclimatisation. in Encyclopædia Britannica (9th ed., 25 vols., Adam & Charles Black, Edinburgh, 1875-1889), Vol. 1: 84-90 (Jan. 1875). also in reprinted editions, 1890, with same pagination.
--revised version printed as 'Acclimatization' in Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed., 29 vols., Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1910-1911), Vol. 1: 114-119 (Appendix by Frank Finn completing the entry follows on pp. 119-121) (1910).

S248ab. The Shape of the Earth. Our Late Interview with Mr. Hampden in the Gaol. [lttE 'Letter from Mr. Wallace' included with two others under this title]. The Chelmsford Chronicle no. 5750: 4e (4e-f) (26 Feb. 1875).

S248a. The Libel Case.--Summary Punishment. [article/N including transcript of Wallace's testimony in the John Hampden libel trial]. The Chelmsford Chronicle 12 March 1875: 7f-g. [contributed by John van Wyhe]

S248b. The Hampden-Wallace Libel Case [lttE concerning the John Hampden libel trial]. The Chelmsford Chronicle 19 March 1875: 4g-5a. [contributed by John van Wyhe]

S248c. The Antiquity of Man [portion of a letter to C. A. Wilson reported under this title as part of an article/N entitled 'Adelaide Philosophical Society']. South Australian Register no. 8871: 5f (5f-6c) (21 April 1875).

S249. review [of A History of the Birds of Europe, Parts 35 & 36 by Henry E. Dresser]. Nature 11: 485-486 (22 April 1875: no. 286).

S250. review [of Wanderings in the Interior of New Guinea by John A. Lawson, 1875]. Nature 12: 83-84 (3 June 1875: no. 292).

S251. Wallace and Spiritualism [note/N concerning Wallace's continuing interest in spiritualism, including extract from a 2 May 1875 letter to Colonel Henry S. Olcott regarding Olcott's dedication of his book People From the Other World to Wallace and William Crookes]. The Daily Graphic (New York) 7: 631e (22 May 1875: no. 687).
--reprints: Banner of Light (Boston) 37(10): 2e (5 June 1875); Spiritual Scientist 2(12): 142 (27 May 1875); in 'Great Theosophists: I. Scientists' by J. L. Davidge in The Theosophist 63(9): 201 (196-208) (June 1942); extract reprinted as 'Alfred Russel Wallace to H. S. Olcott 1875' in The Theosophist 53(11): 494 (Aug. 1932).

S252. review [of The Handy-book of Bees; Being a Practical Treatise on Their Profitable Management (2nd ed.) by A. Pettigrew, 1875; and A Manual of Bee-keeping by John Hunter, 1874]. Nature 12: 395 (9 Sept. 1875: no. 306).

S252a. Peach-house Borders [brief request for information; signed 'A. R. W.' and probably Wallace]. The Garden 8: 353b (23 Oct. 1875: no. 205).

S252b. River Scene, Java. in Treasure Spots of the World. A Selection of the Chief Beauties and Wonders of Nature and Art. ed. by Walter B. Woodbury (Ward, Lock, and Tyler, London, 1875): 2 unnumbered pages, plus photograph by W. B. Woodbury on third unnumbered page. [contributed by John van Wyhe]

S253. review [of Lessons From Nature, As Manifested in Mind and Matter by St. George Mivart, 1876]. Academy 9: 562-563 (10 June 1876: no. 214, n.s.) / Academy 9: 587-588 (17 June 1876: no. 215, n.s.).

S254. review [of Notes on Collecting and Preserving Natural-history Objects ed. by John E. Taylor, 1876]. Nature 14: 168 (22 June 1876: no. 347).

S255. A Sitting With Dr. Slade. The Spiritualist (London) 9(4): 42 (25 Aug. 1876).
--reprints: as part of 'The Testimony of Professor Wallace' by "Experience" in North Cheshire Herald 2 Sept. 1876: 6f (6f-g); partial reprint, untitled, in The Scientific Basis of Spiritualism by Epes Sargent (Colby & Rich, Boston, 1880): 44; excerpt included in note/N entitled 'Author of Miracles and Modern Spiritualism on Dr. Slade's Mediumship' in The Medium and Daybreak (London) 7: 583a-b (15 Sept. 1876: no. 337).

S256. Geographical Distribution of Animals [lttE correcting error made by a reviewer]. Athenaeum no. 2549: 311 (2 Sept. 1876).

S257. Address [given in Glasgow on 6 Sept. 1876 as President of Section D, Biology, of the BAAS; divided into parts entitled 'On Some Relations of Living Things to Their Environment' and 'Rise and Progress of Modern Views as to the Antiquity and Origin of Man']. in "Notices and Abstracts of Miscellaneous Communications to the Sections" portion of the Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 46 (1876) (John Murray, London, 1877): 100-119 (first part: 101-110; second part: 110-119).
--reprints: as 'Opening Address by the President, Alfred Russel Wallace' in Nature 14: 403-412 (7 Sept. 1876: no. 358); as 'Address at the Glasgow Meeting of the British Association, by Alfred Russel Wallace, President of the Section of Biology' in American Journal of Science 12 (3rd s.): 354-385 (Nov. 1876: no. 71, 3rd s.); as 'Surface Biology' in The Pharmaceutical Journal and Transactions (London) 7: 332-334, 355-358, 373-374, 395-398 (31 Oct. 1876 through 11 Nov. 1876); as 'Address of A. R. Wallace Before the British Association' in Forest and Stream 7(19, 20, 21, 22, 23): 292b-c, 309a-b, 324a-b, 341b-342a, 356c-357a (14 Dec. 1876 through 11 Jan. 1877); as Essay VII, 'By-paths in the Domain of Biology,' in TNOE: 249-303 (April 1878); extract from first part printed as 'Superiority of Sense-Perception in Black Races' in The Independent (New York) 28: 26c-d (19 Oct. 1876: no. 1455); extract from first part printed as 'Sense-Perception in Black Races' in The Phrenological Journal and Science of Health 79(3): 163-164 (September 1884); extract from first part printed as 'The Peculiar Relations of Plants and Insects as Exhibited in Islands' in The Entomologist 9: 221-229 (Oct. 1876: no. 160); second part reprinted as 'Difficulties of Development as Applied to Man' in Popular Science Monthly 10: 60-72 (Nov. 1876); second part reprinted as 'The Antiquity and Origin of Man' in NSTN: 416-432 (May 1891); second part reprinted in French as 'La Civilisation Préhistorique' in La Revue Scientifique 11 (2e s.): 529-536 (2 Décembre 1876).

S257b. The Immediate Relief of Bulgaria [lttE]. The Daily News (London) no. 9479: 2e (8 Sept. 1876).
--reprint: The Western Daily Press (Bristol) no. 5707: 3c (9 Sept. 1876).

S258. The British Association at Glasgow [text of the discussion of Prof. William F. Barrett's paper on spiritualism read at the 11 Sept. 1876 meeting of the Dept. of Anthropology, Section D, Biology, of the BAAS, with the remarks of Wallace as Chair of the session]. The Spiritualist (London) 9(8): 88-94 (22 Sept. 1876). [extract here]
--another account including a summary of Barrett's paper as well as text of the discussion following its presentation printed as 'Spiritualism at the British Association.--Meeting at Glasgow.' in The Medium and Daybreak (London) 7: 594b-598a (22 Sept. 1876: no. 338).

S258a. discussion/N [of 'The Rodiyas of Ceylon,' a paper by Bertram F. Hartshorne read in Glasgow at the early Sept. 1876 meeting of the Dept. of Anthropology, Section D, Biology, of the BAAS]. Nature 14: 488 (28 Sept. 1876: no. 361).

S259. lttE [dated 18 Sept., Glasgow; one of several printed as 'A Spirit Medium']. The Times (London) no. 28738: 4f (4f) (19 Sept. 1876).
--reprints: as part of article/N entitled 'Spiritualism and the Newspapers' in The Spiritualist (London) 9(8): 96 (96) (22 Sept. 1876); with other letters in 'The Times Controversy on the Mediumship of Dr. Slade' in The Spiritualist (London) 9(9): 105-106 (104-108) (29 Sept. 1876); with other letters in 'Letters and Comments on the Glasgow Discussion' in The Medium and Daybreak (London) 7: 598b (598a-599b) (22 Sept. 1876: no. 338); with other letters as 'Controversy Concerning Dr. Slade' in Banner of Light (Boston) 40(2): 8a (8a-b) (7 Oct. 1876).

S260. Erratum in Mr. Wallace's Address [lttE]. Nature 14: 473 (28 Sept. 1876: no. 361).

S261. Evidence of Mr. A. R. Wallace, President of the Biological Section of the British Association for the Advancement of Science [transcript of Wallace's testimony in the Henry Slade fraud trial; part of an article/N entitled 'Evidence in Defence of Dr. Slade']. The Spiritualist (London) 9(14): 161, 164 (160-161, 164-165) (3 Nov. 1876).
--reprints: above reprinted verbatim in Banner of Light (Boston) 40(13): 1b-c (1a-d) (23 Dec. 1876); also reprinted in The Spiritual Record 1: 85-86 (1883-4); note/N entitled 'The Slade Prosecution' including summary of Wallace's testimony printed in The Times (London) no. 28773: 11d-f (30 Oct. 1876); note/N entitled 'Prosecution of Dr. Slade' including Wallace's testimony printed in The Morning Post (London) no. 32554: 2d (2c-e) (30 Oct. 1876); note/N entitled 'The Slade Prosecution' including Wallace's testimony printed in the Liverpool Mercury no. 8982: 8e-8f (30 Oct. 1876); note/N entitled 'The Prosecution of Dr. Slade' including Wallace's testimony printed in The Western Mail no. 2342: 8c-8e (30 Oct. 1876).

S262. Mr. Wallace and His Reviewers [lttE]. Nature 15: 24 (9 Nov. 1876: no. 367).

S263. Dr. Carpenter on Mesmerism, etc. [lttE]. The Daily News (London) no. 9559: 2c (11 Dec. 1876).
--reprints: as 'Mr. A. R. Wallace on Psychological Phenomena' in The Spiritualist (London) 9(20): 236 (15 Dec. 1876); as 'Dr. Carpenter on Spiritualism' in The Medium and Daybreak (London) 7: 796b-797a (15 Dec. 1876: no. 350); as 'Alfred Russell Wallace in Reply to Dr. Carpenter' in Spiritual Scientist 5(18): 207 (4 Jan. 1877).

S263a. Baron Reichenbach's Researches [lttE]. The Daily News (London) no. 9562: 2c (14 Dec. 1876).

S264. Dr. Carpenter on Spiritualism [lttE]. The Daily News (London) no. 9566: 3f (19 Dec. 1876).
--reprint: The Medium and Daybreak (London) 7: 804b-805a (22 Dec. 1876: no. 351).

S265. Mr. G. H. Lewes's Exposure of Mrs. Hayden [lttE]. Spectator 49: 1608 (23 Dec. 1876: no. 2530).
--reprint: as Appendix O, 'Letter From Mr. A. R. Wallace to the Editor of The Spectator, Dec. 23, 1876,' of Mesmerism, Spiritualism, &c. Historically & Scientifically Considered by William B. Carpenter (Longmans, Green, & Co., London, 1877): 153-154.

S266. review [of The Races of Man and Their Geographical Distribution (2nd ed.) from the German of Oscar Peschel, 1876]. Nature 15: 174-176 (28 Dec. 1876: no. 374).

S266aa. Spiritualism [lttE concerning Dr. William Carpenter's failure to attend seances]. The Daily News (London) no. 9574: 6c (28 Dec. 1876).

S266a. comments [brief remarks specially solicited by Mr. Harris for inclusion in his work]. in A Philosophical Treatise on the Nature and Constitution of Man by George Harris (George Bell & Sons, London, 1876): 372, 373 & 374 (Volume I), and 254 (Volume II). [contributed by Christine Garwood]

S266b. The Evils of the Drink Traffic and Their Remedy [lttE setting out a plan to curb drunkenness]. The Daily News (London) no. 9580: 3c (4 Jan. 1877).

S266c. A Correction [lttE correcting detail in S266b, on the dangers of drinking]. The Daily News (London) no. 9581: 2c (5 Jan. 1877).

S267. Glacial Drift in California [lttE]. Nature 15: 274-275 (25 Jan. 1877: no. 378).

S268. The "Hog-wallows" of California [lttE]. Nature 15: 431-432 (15 March 1877: no 385).

S268a. lttE [regarding points on which Wallace and Darwin differed, and Spiritualism; sent from Dorking, Surrey]. Inangahua Times (Reefton, New Zealand) 3: 2g (16 March 1877: no. 90).

S269. The Comparative Antiquity of Continents, As Indicated by the Distribution of Living and Extinct Animals [a paper read at the RGS meeting of 25 June 1877]. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 21 (1876-77), no. 6: 505-534 (followed by an account of related discussion on pp. 534-535) (19 Sept. 1877).
--reprints: with introductory portion re-written as Essay VIII, 'The Distribution of Animals as Indicating Geographical Changes' in TNOE: 304-347 (April 1878); summary/P printed in The Geographical Magazine 4: 220-222 (1 Aug. 1877).

S270. review [of Mesmerism, Spiritualism, etc., Historically & Scientifically Considered by William B. Carpenter, 1877]. Quarterly Journal of Science 7 (n.s.; 14, o.s.): 391-416 (July 1877).
--reprints: as 'Dr. Carpenter on Spiritualism' in Supplement V of Popular Science Monthly Supplement I-VI: 435-450 (1877); as same in Eclectic Magazine 26(5) (n.s.; 89(5), o.s.): 538-555 (Nov. 1877); as same in The Psycho-Physiological Sciences, and Their Assailants (Colby & Rich, Boston, 1878): 7-36.

S270a. (see S206)

S271. Spiritualism and Conjurors [lttE]. The Spiritualist (London) 11(7): 78 (17 August 1877: no. 260).

S272. The Colours of Animals and Plants. I.--The Colours of Animals. Macmillan's Magazine 36: 384-408 (Sept. 1877: no. 215) / The Colours of Animals and Plants. II.--The Colours of Plants. Macmillan's Magazine 36: 464-471 (Oct. 1877: no. 216).
--reprints: in Supplement VI of Popular Science Monthly Supplement I-VI (1877): 522-541 / Supplement VII of Popular Science Monthly Supplement VII-XII (1878): 43-49; Littell's Living Age 135 (5th s., vol. 20): 67-86 (13 Oct. 1877: no. 1739) / 135 (5th s., vol. 20): 352-358 (10 Nov. 1877: no. 1743); re-organized version of the two parts reprinted in American Naturalist 11(11): 641-662 (Nov. 1877) / 11(12): 713-728 (Dec. 1877); in German in Kosmos (Nov. & Dec. 1878); in French as 'Les Couleurs des Animaux et des Plantes' in La Revue Britannique 6 (nouvelle série): 67-118 (Novembre 1877); expanded version of Part I entitled 'The Colours of Animals and Sexual Selection' printed as Essay V of TNOE: 158-220 (April 1878); this then reprinted with further additions in NSTN: 338-394 (May 1891); expanded version of Part II entitled 'The Colours of Plants and the Origin of the Colour-sense' printed as Essay VI of TNOE: 221-248 (April 1878); this then reprinted with further additions in NSTN: 395-415 (May 1891).

S273. Slate-writing Extraordinary [lttE]. Spectator 50: 1239-1240 (6 Oct. 1877: no. 2571).
--reprints: The Spiritualist (London) 11(15): 174 (12 Oct. 1877); The Medium and Daybreak (London) 8: 641a (12 Oct. 1877: no. 393); The Star (Guernsey) 64(52): 4c (11 Oct. 1877); untitled in Psychological Review 5: 368-369 (Nov. 1882); as 'Wallace on Slate-writing' in The American Socialist 2(43): 342c-343a (25 Oct. 1877); in Psychography: A Treatise on One of the Objective Forms of Psychic or Spiritual Phenomena by M. A. (Oxon.) [pseudonym of William Stainton Moses] (W. H. Harrison, London, 1878): 104-105; excerpt reprinted in 'The Possibilities of Mal-observation in Relation to Evidence for the Phenomena of Spiritualism' [a paper by C. C. Massey read at the SPR meeting of 5 July 1886] in Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research 4 (1886-87): 84 (75-99) (Part X, 1887); excerpt reprinted in Light (London) 6: 315 (10 July 1886: no. 288).

S274. Hartlaub's Birds of Madagascar [review of Die Vögel Madagascars und der Benachbarten Inselgruppen. Ein Beitrag zur Zoologie der Äthiopischen Region. by Gustav Hartlaub, 1877; anonymous, but obliquely referred to by Alfred Newton (Nature 17: 9-10), to whose comments Wallace later responded in S280]. Nature 16: 498-499 (11 Oct. 1877: no. 415).
--reprint: The Antananarivo Annual and Madagascar Magazine no. 5: 39-41 (Christmas 1881).

S275. The Zoological Relations of Madagascar and Africa [lttE]. Nature 16: 548 (25 Oct. 1877: no. 417).

S276. lttE [concerning remarks by William B. Carpenter; one of several printed as 'Mr. Wallace and Reichenbach's Odyle']. Nature 17: 8 (8-9) (1 Nov. 1877: no. 418).

S277. lttE [concerning remarks by William B. Carpenter; one of several printed as 'The Radiometer and Its Lessons']. Nature 17: 44 (43-44) (15 Nov. 1877: no. 420).
--reprint: as 'Mr. Wallace on Dr. Carpenter' in Banner of Light (Boston) 42(11): 8b (8 Dec. 1877).

S278. Bees Killed by Tritoma [lttE]. Nature 17: 45 (15 Nov. 1877: no. 420).

S279. Humming-birds. Fortnightly Review 22 (n.s.; 28, o.s.): 773-791 (1 Dec. 1877: no. 132, n.s.).
--reprints: Littell's Living Age 136 (5th s., vol. 21): 3-14 (5 Jan. 1878: no. 1751); expanded version printed as Essay IV of TNOE: 124-157 (April 1878); this then reprinted in NSTN: 312-337 (May 1891).

S280. The Comparative Richness of Faunas and Floras Tested Numerically [lttE]. Nature 17: 100-101 (6 Dec. 1877: no. 423).

S281. Mr. Crookes and Eva Fay [lttE concerning William B. Carpenter's comments on the medium Eva Fay]. Nature 17: 101 (6 Dec. 1877: no. 423).

S282. Test Materialisation Séance With Mr. W. Eglinton [signed "Alfred R. Wallace, William Tebb, William Williams Clark"]. The Spiritualist (London) 11(23): 272 (7 Dec. 1877).
--reprints: Banner of Light (Boston) 42(14): 1d (29 Dec. 1877); abbreviated versions printed in The Theosophist (Bombay) 2(8): 183 (May 1881: no. 20), and Collected
Writings 1881-1882
by Helena P. Blavatsky (The Theosophical Publ. House, Wheaton IL, 1968), Vol. 3: 145-146.

S283. Psychological Curiosities of Scepticism. A Reply to Dr. Carpenter. Fraser's Magazine 16 (n.s.): 694-706 (Dec. 1877: no. 96).
--reprints: in Supplement IX of Popular Science Monthly Supplement VII-XII: 230-239 (1878); in The Psycho-Physiological Sciences, and Their Assailants (Colby & Rich, Boston, 1878): 37-55.

S284. Northern Affinities of Chilian Insects [lttE]. Nature 17: 182-183 (3 Jan. 1878: no. 427).

S285. The Curiosities of Credulity. Athenaeum no. 2620: 54-55 (12 Jan. 1878).
--reprint: as 'Letter From Mr. Wallace,' first half of 'Carpenter, Wallace, and Spiritualism,' in Supplement XI of Popular Science Monthly Supplement VII-XII: 463-464 (followed by 'Dr. Carpenter's Rejoinder' on pp. 464-465) (1878).

S285a. A Substitute for the Reincarnation Theory. The Spiritualist (London) 12(4): 43 (25 Jan. 1878).

S286. Distribution [by Alfred Russel Wallace and William T. Thiselton Dyer]. in Encyclopædia Britannica (9th ed., 25 vols., Adam & Charles Black, Edinburgh, 1875-1889), Vol. 7: 267-290 (pp. 267-286 by Wallace; pp. 286-290 by Thiselton Dyer) (Jan. 1878).
--reprint: as pamphlet entitled The Distribution of Life, Animal and Vegetable, in Space and Time (Humboldt Library of Popular Science Literature, Vol. 6, no. 64: J. Fitzgerald, New York, Jan. 1885; pp. (1)-48; 2 tables).

S287. Psychological Curiosities of Credulity [lttE concerning remarks by William B. Carpenter]. Athenaeum no. 2623: 157 (2 Feb. 1878).

S288. The Climate and Physical Aspects of the Equatorial Zone. Essay I of TNOE: 1-26 (April 1878).
--reprint: in NSTN: 217-237 (May 1891).

S289. Equatorial Vegetation. Essay II of TNOE: 27-68 (April 1878).
--reprint: in NSTN: 238-269 (May 1891).

S290. Animal Life in the Tropical Forests. Essay III of TNOE: 69-123 (April 1878).
--reprint: in NSTN: 270-311 (May 1891).

S291. A Twenty Years' Error in the Geography of Australia [lttE]. Nature 18: 193-194 (20 June 1878: no. 451).
--reprinted in Supplement to the South Australian Register: 2g (4 Sept. 1878) [introduced by Wallace's relative C. A. Wilson].

S291a. Eradicating Bindweed [brief request for information; signed 'A. R. W.' and probably Wallace]. The Garden 14: 143a (10 Aug. 1878: no. 351).

S292. Epping Forest. Fortnightly Review 24 (n.s.; 30, o.s.): 628-645 (1 Nov. 1878: no. 143, n.s.).
--reprints: Littell's Living Age 139 (5th s., vol. 24): 707-717 (21 Dec. 1878: no. 1801); with a few additions as 'Epping Forest, and the Temperate Forest Regions' in SSS, Vol. 2: 74-98 (Nov. 1900).

S293. Remarkable Local Colour-variation in Lizards [lttE introducing remarks by the Baron de Basterot on color-variation in Capri lizards]. Nature 19: 4 (7 Nov. 1878: no. 472).

S294. Scilla autumnalis in Essex [note on distribution]. Journal of Botany 7 (n.s.): 346 (Nov. 1878).

S294a. discussion/N [of paper on spiritualism in Eastern lands by Capt. Richard Burton read at the British National Association of Spiritualists meeting of 2 Dec. 1878]. The Spiritualist (London) 13: 283 (271-275, 283-286) (13 Dec. 1878: no. 24).

S295. lttE [one of two printed as 'The Formation of Mountains']. Nature 19: 121 (121) (12 Dec. 1878: no. 476).

S296. discussion/N [of paper on the Australasian-Pacific races of man by S. J. Whitmee read at the Anthropological Institute meeting of 7 Jan. 1879]. Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain & Ireland 8: 367-368 (360-369) (1879).

S297. discussion/N [of paper on New Guinea tribes by W. G. Lawes read at the Anthropological Institute meeting of 7 Jan. 1879]. Journal of the Anthropological Instititute of Great Britain & Ireland 8: 377 (369-377) (1879).

S298. The Formation of Mountains [lttE]. Nature 19: 244 (16 Jan. 1879: no. 481).

S299. review [of Leisure-time Studies, Chiefly Biological: A Series of Essays and Lectures by Andrew Wilson, 1878]. Nature 19: 286-287 (30 Jan. 1879: no. 483).

S300. lttE [one of two printed as 'The Formation of Mountains']. Nature 19: 289 (289) (30 Jan. 1879: no. 483).

S301. New Guinea and Its Inhabitants. Contemporary Review 34: 421-441 (Feb. 1879).
--reprints: Littell's Living Age 140 (5th s., vol. 25): 771-783 (29 March 1879: no. 1815); in two parts in Popular Science Monthly 14: 742-750 (April 1879) / 15: 57-68 (May 1879); expanded version printed in SSS, Vol. 1: 416-460 (Nov. 1900).

S302. Animals and Their Native Countries. Nineteenth Century 5: 247-259 (Feb. 1879: no. 24).
--reprints: in Eclectic Magazine 29(4) (n.s.): 412-419 (April 1879); as 'Evolution and the Distribution of Animals' in SSS, Vol. 1: 267-284 (Nov. 1900).

S302a. discussion/N [of various papers and motions presented by others at meetings of the Club, 1879-1880]. Proceedings and Transactions of the Croydon Microscopical and Natural History Club From February 20th, 1878, to January 19th, 1881 (1881): vii, xx, xxv, xxxiv, xxxvi, xliii, xliv, xlv, lv-lvii, lviii. [extract here]

S303. Organisation and Intelligence [review of Habit and Intelligence: Essays on the Laws of Life and Mind (2nd ed.) by Joseph John Murphy, 1879; and Life and Habit by Samuel Butler, 1877]. Nature 19: 477-480 (27 March 1879: no. 491).

S304. Colour in Nature [review of The Colour Sense, Its Origin and Development; An Essay in Comparative Psychology by Grant Allen, 1879]. Nature 19: 501-505 (3 April 1879: no. 492).

S305. review [of The Evolution of Man: A Popular Exposition of the Principal Points of Human Ontogeny and Phylogeny by Ernst Haeckel, 1879]. Academy 15: 326-327 (12 April 1879: no. 362, n.s.) / Academy 15: 351-352 (19 April 1879: no. 363, n.s.).

S306. Reciprocity the True Free Trade. Nineteenth Century 5: 638-649 (April 1879: no. 26).
--reprint: as 'Reciprocity the Essence of Free Trade' in SSS, Vol. 2: 167-187 (includes S312 as pp. 183-187) (Nov. 1900).

S307. Waterton's Life and Travels [review of Wanderings in South America, the North-west of the United States, and the Antilles, in the Years 1812, 1816, 1820, and 1824 (new ed., ed. by Rev. John G. Wood) by Charles Waterton, 1879]. Nature 19: 576-578 (24 April 1879: no. 495).

S308. discussion [of comments by Grant Allen on S304; printed with Allen's letter as 'Colour in Nature']. Nature 19: 581 (580-581) (24 April 1879: no. 495).

S309. Did Flowers Exist During the Carboniferous Epoch? [lttE]. Nature 19: 582 (24 April 1879: no. 495).

S310. Bounties and Countervailing Duties [lttE followed by reply by the Editor]. Spectator 52: 531 (531) (26 April 1879: no. 2652).

S311. review [of Evolution, Old and New; Or, The Theories of Buffon, Dr. Erasmus Darwin, and Lamarck, As Compared With That of Mr. Charles Darwin by Samuel Butler, 1879]. Nature 20: 141-144 (12 June 1879: no. 502).

S312. A Few Words in Reply to Mr. Lowe. Nineteenth Century 6: 179-181 (July 1879: no. 29).
--reprint: in SSS, Vol. 2: 183-187 (Nov. 1900).

S313. Glacial Epochs and Warm Polar Climates [running title for notice of books on glacial theory by James Croll, James Geikie, George S. Nares, Oswald Heer & Julius Payer; anonymous, but referred to in a letter from Wallace to Darwin dated 9 Jan. 1880 (Marchant, 1916, p. 250)]. Quarterly Review 148: 119-135 (July 1879: no. 295).
--reprint: portions incorporated into Chapters 7-9 of Island Life (Oct. 1880).

S314. review [of Scientific Lectures by Sir John Lubbock, 1879]. Nature 20: 335-336 (7 Aug. 1879: no. 510).

S314a. A Gorilla at the Crystal Palace [newspaper accounts/N of the private showing of a living gorilla, including summaries of remarks made by Wallace at the event]. The Times (London) no. 29652: 10b (21 Aug. 1879); The Morning Post (London) no. 33432: 6d (21 Aug. 1879).

S315. review [of The Natural History of the Agricultural Ant of Texas by Henry Christopher McCook, 1879]. Nature 20: 501 (25 Sept. 1879: no. 517).

S315a. Memorial to Elliott Coues, Esquire, Assistant Surgeon United States Army [letter signed by Wallace and 36 others thanking Coues for his efforts regarding ornithological bibliography]. American Naturalist 13(9): 597-598 (Sept. 1879).

S316. Islands, As Illustrating the Laws of the Geographical Distribution of Animals [from a lecture delivered in the Hulme Town Hall, Manchester, 15 Oct. 1879]. in Science Lectures for the People. Eleventh Series (Manchester & London, April 1880): no. 1 (Jan. 1880; pp. 1-18).

S317. Wallace's Australasia [lttE]. Nature 20: 625-626 (30 Oct. 1879: no. 522).

S318. The Protective Colours of Animals. in Science for All ed. by Robert Brown (5 vols., Cassell, Petter, Galpin & Co., London, Paris & New York, 1877-1882), Vol. 2: 128-137 (Oct. 1879).
--reprint: as 'The Protective Colors of Animals' in Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly 20(5): 632-638 (Nov. 1885).

S319. Protective Mimicry in Animals. in Science for All ed. by Robert Brown (5 vols., Cassell, Petter, Galpin & Co., London, Paris & New York, 1877-1882), Vol. 2: 284-296 (Oct. 1879).

S320. discussion/N [of paper on a Dutch expedition to Sumatra by P. J. Veth read at the RGS meeting of 10 Nov. 1879]. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society & Monthly Record of Geography 1(12) (new monthly s.): 775-777 (759-777) (Dec. 1879).

S321. Popular Natural History [review of Animal Life; Being a Series of Descriptions of the Various Sub-kingdoms of the Animal Kingdom by E. Perceval Wright, 1879]. Nature 21: 232-235 (8 Jan. 1880: no. 532).

S321a. discussion/N [of  'The Future of Epping Forest,' a paper by William Paul read at the Society of Arts meeting of 28 Jan. 1880]. Journal of the Society of Arts (London) 28: 184 (177-185) (30 Jan. 1880). [contributed by James Moore]

S322. The Origin of Species and Genera. Nineteenth Century 7: 93-106 (Jan. 1880: no. 35).
--reprints: Eclectic Magazine 31(3) (n.s.; 94(3), o.s.): 317-326 (March 1880); in French as 'L'Origine des Espèces et des Genres' in La Revue Scientifique 18 (2e s.): 672-678 (17 Janvier 1880); revised version printed in SSS, Vol. 1: 285-304 (Nov. 1900).

S322a. On the Peculiar Species of the British Fauna and Flora [lengthy abstract/U of a paper read at the Club meeting of 17 March 1880]. Proceedings and Transactions of the Croydon Microscopical and Natural History Club From February 20th, 1878, to January 19th, 1881 (1881): 58-60.

S323. Wallace's Australasia [lttE responding to published criticism]. Nature 21: 562 (15 April 1880: no. 546).

S323a. letter extract [from an 1880 letter to "his cousin" C. A. Wilson concerning a pest species; included with Wilson's contextual notes as a lttE entitled 'Phylloxera vastatrix']. South Australian Register (Adelaide) 45: 6g (8 May 1880: no. 10447).

S324. Two Darwinian Essays [review of Studies in the Theory of Descent Pt. I by August Weismann, 1880; and Degeneration: A Chapter in Darwinism by E. Ray Lankester, 1880]. Nature 22: 141-142 (17 June 1880: no. 555).
--large portions reprinted as 'A Darwinian Study' and 'Degeneration' in Science 1(3): 32 (17 July 1880) / 1(6): 63 (7 Aug. 1880).

S325. Dr. Croll's Excentricity Theory [lttE]. Geological Magazine 7 (Decade II, n.s.), no. 6: 284-285 (June 1880).

S325a. Clerical Restrictions at the Universities [news story/N including an open memorial/N to Prime Minister Gladstone concerning the employ of clerics in university positions; signed by hundreds of noteworthies, including Wallace]. The Times (London) no. 29928: 10c (8 July 1880).

S325b. comments/N [on archeological and glacial subjects, offered during a field meeting of the Essex Field Club held on 24 July 1880]. Essex Field Club, Journal of Proceedings at Ordinary, Field, and Other Meetings 2: xxxiv-xxxvii (xxviii-xxxviii) (1882).

S326. European Caddis-flies [review of A Monographic Revision and Synopsis of the Trichoptera of the European Fauna by Robert McLachlan, 1874-1880]. Nature 22: 314-315 (5 Aug. 1880: no. 562).

S327. English and American Bee-keeping [review of books on bee-keeping by Henry Taylor (1880), James Robinson (1880), and Albert J. Cook (1879)]. Nature 22: 433-434 (9 Sept. 1880: no. 567).

S328. The Emotions and Senses of Insects [review of Insect Variety, Its Propagation and Distribution by Archibald H. Swinton, 1880]. Academy 18: 294-296 (23 Oct. 1880: no. 442, n.s.).

S329. How to Nationalize the Land: A Radical Solution of the Irish Land Problem. Contemporary Review 38: 716-736 (Nov. 1880).
--reprinted with note in SSS, Vol. 2: 265-295 (Nov. 1900).

S330. review [of Siberia in Europe: A Visit to the Valley of the Petchora, in North-east Russia. With Descriptions of the Natural History, Migrations of Birds, etc. by Henry Seebohm, 1880]. Academy 18: 408-409 (4 Dec. 1880: no. 448, n.s.).

S331. Geological Climates [lttE]. Nature 23: 124 (9 Dec. 1880: no. 580).

S332. review [of New Guinea: What I Did and What I Saw by Luigi M. D'Albertis, 1880]. Nature 23: 152-155 (16 Dec. 1880: no. 581) / Nature 23: 175-178 (23 Dec. 1880: no. 582).
--reprint: Littell's Living Age 148 (5th s., vol. 33): 186-189 (15 Jan. 1881: no. 1909).

S333. Climates of Vancouver Island and Bournemouth [lttE]. Nature 23: 169 (23 Dec. 1880: no. 582).

S334. Correction of an Error in Island Life [lttE]. Nature 23: 195 (30 Dec. 1880: no. 583).

S334a. Wallace and Darwin [letter extract to James M. Peebles concerning a difference between Wallace's and Darwin's ideas on man]. in the Appendix to The Scientific Basis of Spiritualism by Epes Sargent (Colby & Rich, Publishers, Boston, 1880): 360-361.

S335. lttE [one of two printed as 'Geological Climates']. Nature 23: 217 (217) (6 Jan. 1881: no. 584).

S336. lttE [one of two printed as 'Geological Climates']. Nature 23: 266-267 (266-267) (20 Jan. 1881: no. 586).

S337. review [of Anthropology; An Introduction to the Study of Man and Civilization by Edward B. Tylor, 1881]. Nature 24: 242-245 (14 July 1881: no. 611).

S338. review [of Studies in the Theory of Descent Pt. II by August Weismann, 1881]. Nature 24: 457-458 (15 Sept. 1881: no. 620).

S339. lttE [written at the request of the Editor; one of two letters printed as 'Nationalisation of the Land']. Mark Lane Express 51: 1351a-b (1351a-c) (3 Oct. 1881).

S340. Abstract of Four Lectures on the Natural History of Islands [from a series of lectures given at Rugby School on 6, 13, 20, & 27(?) Oct. 1881; consists of four summaries/U composed of excerpts]. Report of the Rugby School Natural History Society, 1881: 1-17 ('Lecture I. Sea and Land' (pp. 1-4); 'Lecture II. Recent Continental Islands' (pp. 4-9); 'Lecture III. Ancient Continental Islands' (pp. 9-12); 'Lecture IV. Oceanic Islands' (pp. 12-17)) (1882).
--different but equally thorough summaries/P printed in Rugby School's magazine The Meteor of 3 Nov. 1881 (1st and 2nd lectures, pp. 127-129), 29 Nov. 1881 (3rd, pp. 141-142), and 21 Dec. 1881 (4th, pp. 151-152).

S341. Nationalisation of the Land [letter to, and written at the request of, the Editor]. Mark Lane Express 51: 1383a-c (10 Oct. 1881).

S342. review [of The Head-hunters of Borneo: A Narrative of Travel Up the Mahakkam and Down the Barito; Also Journeyings in Sumatra by Carl Bock, 1881]. Nature 25: 3-4 (3 Nov. 1881: no. 627).

S342a. Butterflies [review of Butterflies: Their Structure, Changes, and Life-Histories, with Special Reference to American Forms by Samuel H. Scudder, 1881; anonymous, but mentioned in a letter (mss. item WP6/8/4(3), Natural History Museum London)]. Nature 25: 5-6 (3 Nov. 1881: no. 627).

S343. lttE [one of several printed as 'Nationalisation of the Land']. Mark Lane Express 51: 1544a-b (1544a-b) (14 Nov. 1881).

S344. The Land Question [lttE]. The Times (London) no. 30362: 11f (26 Nov. 1881).

S345. The Land Question [lttE]. The Times (London) no. 30371: 10d (7 Dec. 1881).

S345a. letter [to Mrs. T. L. Nichols concerning an imprisoned spiritualist; dated 16 July 1881]. in A Memorial to the Home Secretary in Behalf of Mrs. Susan Willis Fletcher, A Spiritualist, Unjustly Condemned to Twelve Months' Imprisonment With Hard Labour (London, 1881?): 44-45.

S346. The Land Question [lttE]. The Times (London) no. 30394: 3c (3 Jan. 1882).

S347. Land Nationalisation Society. Conference This Day. [note/N summarizing the meeting and Wallace's address to it]. The Echo (London) no. 4075: 3c (16 Jan. 1882).
--reprints: similarly thorough accounts of the meeting printed as 'Land Nationalisation Society' in The Standard (London) no. 17940: 2d (17 Jan. 1882) and as 'The Nationalization of the Land' in The North-Eastern Daily Gazette (Middlesbrough) no. 4551: 3b-c (17 Jan. 1882).

S348. review [of Vignettes From Nature by Grant Allen, 1881]. Nature 25: 381-382 (23 Feb. 1882: no. 643).

S349. review [of The Story of Our Museum; Showing How We Formed It, And What It Taught Us by Rev. Henry Housman, 1881]. Nature 25: 407-408 (2 March 1882: no. 644).

S350. Monkeys. Contemporary Review 41: 417-430 (March 1882).
--reprints: Popular Science Monthly 21: 20-34 (May 1882); Littell's Living Age 152 (5th s., vol. 37): 771-780 (31 March 1882: no. 1971); Eclectic Magazine 35(5) (n.s.; 98(5), o.s.): 664-674 (May 1882); Scientific American Supplement 14: 5479-5482 (5 Aug. 1882: no. 344); excerpt reprinted as 'The Likeness of Monkeys to Men' in The World's Best Essays ed. by David J. Brewer (Ferd. P. Kaiser, St. Louis, 1900): 3872-3875; revised version printed as 'Monkeys: Their Affinities and Distribution' in SSS, Vol. 1: 146-184 (Nov. 1900).

S351. review [of Rhopalocera Malayana: A Description of the Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula by William L. Distant, 1882]. Nature 26: 6-7 (4 May 1882: no. 653).

S352. review [of Studies in the Theory of Descent Pt. III by August Weismann, 1882]. Nature 26: 52-53 (18 May 1882: no. 655).

S353. Dr. Fritz Müller on Some Difficult Cases of Mimicry. Nature 26: 86-87 (25 May 1882: no. 656).
-- reprint: in German as 'Über Dr. Fritz Müller's Erklärung Einiger Schwierig Erschienenen Mimicry-Falle' in Kosmos: Zeitschrift für Einheitliche Weltanschauung auf Grund der Entwickelungslehre 11(6): 380-383 (1882).

S354. review [of Worked Examination Questions in Plane Geometrical Drawing by Frederick E. Hulme, 1882]. Nature 26: 103 (1 June 1882: no. 657).

S354a. The Nationalization of the Land [newspaper account/N describing Wallace's introduction of Henry George at a function in London]. Reynolds's Newspaper no. 1674: 5d (10 Sept. 1882).

S355. review [of Wanderings South and East by Walter Coote, 1882; and Pioneering in the Far East, And Journeyings to California in 1849, and the White Sea in 1878 by Ludwig Verner Helms, 1882; anonymous, but attributed to Wallace in the Index for Vol. 26, and mentioned in a letter (item WP6/8/4(3), Natural History Museum London)]. Nature 26: 476 (14 Sept. 1882: no. 672).

S356. lttE [one of several printed as 'Materialisation and Exposures']. Light (London) 2: 447-448 (447-448) (7 Oct. 1882: no. 92).
--excerpt reprinted in lttE by John W. Truesdell entitled 'Materialization' in the Boston Investigator 56(51): 2a-b (2a-b) (30 March 1887: no. 2911). [Truesdell reports that as of his writing the Boston paper Banner of Light had reprinted Wallace's letter "not less than three times"]

S356a. The Conduct of Public Physical Seances [open declaration on the proper conduct of "public or promiscuous" seances drawn up by a committee of the Central Association of Spiritualists; signed by scores of individuals, including Wallace]. Light (London) 2: 98-99 (18 Nov. 1882: no. 98). [later reprinted in Light numerous times]

S357. review [of The Sportman's Handbook to Practical Collecting, Preserving, and Artistic Setting Up of Trophies and Specimens (2nd ed.) by Rowland Ward, 1882]. Nature 27: 146 (14 Dec. 1882: no. 685).

S357a. Our Better Moments [lttE dated 29 Dec. 1882 introducing a poem by Wallace's younger brother Herbert]. Light (London) 3: 2 (6 Jan. 1883: no. 105).

S358. The Debt of Science to Darwin. Century Magazine 25(3): 420-432 (Jan. 1883).
--reprint: in NSTN: 450-475 (May 1891).

S358aa. Mr. Wallace on Land Nationalization [lttE dated 29 January]. Pall Mall Gazette no. 5594: 2a-b (3 Feb. 1883).

S358ab. Land Nationalization.--A Correction [lttE dated 10 February making a correction to S358aa]. Pall Mall Gazette no. 5602: 2a-b (13 Feb. 1883).

S358a. letter [read at a LNS-sponsored meeting in Bristol, responding to Alfred Marshall's lectures on Henry George's Progress and Poverty; printed as part of a news story/N covering the event titled 'The Nationalisation of the Land']. The Western Daily Press (Bristol) no. 7734: 3e (17 March 1883).

S359. lttE [one of two printed as 'Difficult Cases of Mimicry']. Nature 27: 481-482 (481-482) (22 March 1883: no. 699).

S360. On the Value of the "Neoarctic" as One of the Primary Zoological Regions [lttE]. Nature 27: 482-483 (22 March 1883: no. 699).
--reprint: in 'On the Value of the "Nearctic" as One of the Primary Zoological Regions. Replies to Criticisms by Mr. Alfred Russel Wallace and Prof. Theodore Gill.' by Angelo Heilprin, in Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 35(3): 266-267 (266-275) (Nov. & Dec. 1883).

S360a. Progress and Poverty [lttE responding to a lttE by Alfred Marshall (printed 17 March 1883) that responded to item 358a above]. The Western Daily Press (Bristol) no. 7739: 3c (23 March 1883).

S361. President's Address, Summarised [summary/U of Wallace's address to the second annual meeting of the LNS, 27 June 1883]. in Report of the Land Nationalization Society. 1881-3. (Land Nationalization Society, London, 1883): (5)-6.
--note/N entitled 'Land Nationalization' describing the meeting and Wallace's address printed in The Times (London) no. 30859: 4f (29 June 1883).

S361a. Pentstemons [lttE]. The Garden 23: 582a (30 June 1883: no. 606).

S362. review [of Ants and Their Ways by Rev. W. Farren White, 1883]. Nature 28: 293-294 (26 July 1883: no. 717).

S363. review [of Manual of Taxidermy; A Complete Guide in Collecting and Preserving Birds and Mammals by Charles J. Maynard, 1883]. Nature 28: 317-318 (2 Aug. 1883: no. 718).

S364. How Land Nationalisation Will Benefit Householders, Labourers, and Mechanics. Land Nationalisation Society Tract no. 3: Land Nationalisation Society, London, n.d. (probably published in 1882 or before 27 June in 1883); pp. (1)-7.

S365. The "Why" and the "How" of Land Nationalisation. I. Macmillan's Magazine 48: 357-368 (Sept. 1883: no. 287) / II. Macmillan's Magazine 48: 485-493 (Oct. 1883: no. 288).
--reprints: as pamphlet (Macmillan & Co., London, 1883; pp. (1)-(24)); with some revision as Land Nationalisation Society Tract no. 6 (Land Nationalisation Society, London, n.d.; pp. (1)-32); with slight revision in SSS, Vol. 2: 296-332 (Nov. 1900); SSS version reprinted incompletely in Land and Labour 13(11): 98-100 (Nov. 1902) / 13(12): 107-109 (Dec. 1902) / 14(1): 2-4 (Jan. 1903) / 14(2): 14-15 (Feb. 1903).

S365a. letter [to Raphael Meldola, supporting exploration of the Deneholes at Grays, and read during the 27 October 1883 meeting of the Essex Field Club]. Essex Field Club, Journal of Proceedings 4: lx (lviii-lxi) (1892).
--reprint: Essex Times, issue of 3 Nov. 1883.

S366. Lord Jersey on Land Nationalization [lttE]. The Times (London) no. 30964: 12a (30 Oct. 1883).

S367. Mr. Wallace's Reply to Mr. T. Mellard Reade on the Age of the Earth [lttE]. Geological Magazine 10 (Decade II, n.s.), no. 10: 478-480 (Oct. 1883).

S368. letter [of support to the Berne International Anti-Vaccination Congress held on 28 Sept. 1883 "and following days"]. The Vaccination Inquirer and Health Review 5: 160 (Nov. 1883: no. 56).
--reprinted in large part on pp. 31-32 of the 'Appendix' to The Results of Vaccination, and the Inequity and Injustice of Its Enforcement by William Tebb (E. W. Allen, London, 1887; Snow & Farnham, Providence, 1892).

S368a. Mr. S. Smith, M. P., on Land Nationalisation [lttE]. Liverpool Daily Post no. 8866: 7h-i (4 Dec. 1883).
--reprint: in The Nationalisation of the Land by Samuel Smith (Kegan Paul, Trench & Co., 1884): 39-43.

S368ab. discussion/N [included as part of a news story/N entitled 'Posthumous Paper by Darwin'; contributed to the LSL meeting of 6 Dec. 1883, which included George Romanes' reading of Charles Darwin's so-called "posthumous" essay on instinct]. The Times (London) no. 30997: 10e (7 Dec. 1883).
--reprint of Wallace's discussion/N: in news story entitled 'Darwin's Essay on Instinct' in English Mechanic and World of Science no. 977: 318b (318a-b) (14 Dec. 1883).

S368ac. Man and Evolution [lttE on how evolution and natural selection apply to the development of the human mind]. The Daily News (London) no. 11760: 6b (22 Dec. 1883).

S368b. Appendix VII. Correspondence With Mr. A. R. Wallace. [several exchanges of letters with Thomas Sellar, concerning the evaluation of the 1814 Sutherland evictions given in the first edition of Land Nationalisation]. in The Sutherland Evictions of 1814; Former and Recent Statements Respecting Them Examined by Thomas Sellar (Longmans, Green, and Co., London, 1883): lxxv-xcii.

S369. lttE [one of several printed as 'Mr. [Henry] George's Theories']. The Times (London) no. 31042: 3a-b (3a-b) (29 Jan. 1884).

S369a. The Land Nationalisation Scheme of Mr. A. R. Wallace [summary/N of a lecture Wallace gave at Bristol on 6 February 1884]. The Western Daily Press (Bristol) no. 8013: 3a (7 Feb. 1884).

S370. The Morality of Interest--The Tyranny of Capital. The Christian Socialist no. 10: 150-151 (March 1884).
--reprint: in My Life, Vol. 2: 244-249 (Oct. 1905).

S370a. comment [short positive comment on William Tebbs' Compulsory Vaccination in England]. Vaccination Inquirer and Health Review 5: 235 (March 1884: no. 60).

S370b. Sutherlandia spectabilis [lttE]. The Garden 25: 441b (24 May 1884: no. 653).

S371. How to Experiment in Land Nationalisation. Land Nationalisation Society Tract no. 8: Land Nationalisation Society, London, n.d. (probably published in late 1883 or 1884); pp. (1)-3.

S371a. President's Address [to the third annual meeting of the LNS, 18 June 1884]. in Report of the Land Nationalisation Society. 1883-4. (LNS, London, 1884): (5)-22.

S371b. Gas Water v. Wireworm [brief request for information; signed 'A. R. W.' and probably Wallace]. The Garden 25: 544b (28 June 1884: no. 658).

S371c. Datura meteloides [brief note offering to supply seeds]. The Garden 26: 352a (25 Oct. 1884: no. 675).

S372. Two Bee Books [review of A Collection of Papers on Bee-keeping in India published by the Dept. of Revenue and Agriculture, Government of India, 1883; and The Honey-bee; Its Nature, Homes, and Products by William H. Harris, 1884]. Nature 31: 1-2 (6 Nov. 1884: no. 784).

S373. review [of Éléments de Mécanique, Avec de Nombreux Exercises by "F. I. C."]. Nature 31: 78 (27 Nov. 1884: no. 787).

S374. (To Members of Parliament and Others.) Forty-five Years of Registration Statistics, Proving Vaccination to Be Both Useless and Dangerous. E. W. Allen, London, Dec. 1884 or Jan. 1885; pp. (1)-38 (in two parts: 'Part I. Small-pox Mortality and Vaccination.' (pp. 3-24) and 'Part II. Comparative Mortality of the Vaccinated and the Unvaccinated.' (pp. 25-38)); fold-out.
--reprint: St. Louis Medical Journal 12: 145-158, 193-201 (April & May 1885).
--Second Edition ["with corrections, notes, and an Appendix by Alexander Wheeler"]. E. W. Allen, London, 1889; pp. (1)-45 (Wheeler's Appendix on pp. 41-45); fold-out.

S374a. Church Funds: How to Use Them [lttE]. The Daily News (London) no. 12097: 5c-5d (19 Jan. 1885).

S375. How to Cause Wealth to Be More Equally Distributed [from a paper read in Prince's Hall, Piccadilly, on 30 Jan. 1885]. in Industrial Remuneration Conference; The Report of the Proceedings and Papers (Cassell & Co., Ltd., London, Paris, New York, & Melbourne, June 1885): 368-392.
--abstract/Y entitled 'How to Cause Wealth to Be More Equably Distributed' [prepared "for the newspapers"] reprinted in My Life, Vol. 2: 251-253 (Oct. 1905); another summary/N printed as part of  'Conference on Industrial Remuneration. Third Day.' in The Democrat (London) no. 14: 2a (14 Feb. 1885).

S376. The Industrial Remuneration Conference [lttE "correcting misapprehension" concerning the aims and methods of the LNS]. The Times (London) no. 31360: 6d (3 Feb. 1885); also printed as 'The Industrial Remuneration Conference and Land Nationalisation' in The Daily News (London) no. 12110: 3a (3 Feb. 1885).

S376aa. Mr. Auberon Herbert on Land Prophets [lttE dated 20 March]. Pall Mall Gazette no. 6248: 2a-b (21 March 1885).

S376a. Vaccination Judged by Its Results. Pall Mall Gazette no. 6250: 1-2 (24 March 1885).
--excerpt reprinted in 'What Is the Truth About Vaccination?' by William Tebb in Westminster Review (London ed.) 131(1): 198-199 (187-200) (Jan. 1889).

S377. review [of Differential Calculus for Beginners, With a Selection of Easy Examples by Alexander Knox, 1885]. Nature 31: 527 (9 April 1885: no. 806).

S378. The Colours of Arctic Animals [lttE]. Nature 31: 552 (16 April 1885: no. 807).
--partial reprint as 'The Colours of Arctic Animals' in Supplement to the Manchester Weekly Times 25 April 1885: 8b.

S379. Modern Spiritualism. Are Its Phenomena in Harmony With Science? The Sunday Herald (Boston) 26 April 1885: 9c-d.
--reprints: as 'Are the Phenomena of Spiritualism in Harmony With Science?' in Light (London) 5: 255-256 (30 May 1885: no. 230); again in Light (London) 33: 31-32 (18 Jan. 1913: no. 1671); under same title as a pamphlet (London Spiritualist Alliance, 1913; pp. 4); under same title but "revised and corrected by the author" in The Medium and Daybreak (London) 16: 809b-810b (18 Dec. 1885: no. 820); as 'Science and Spiritualism--Their Conclusions Not Necessarily Antagonistic' in Banner of Light (Boston) 57(11): 8a-b (30 May 1885); as 'Science and Spiritualism; Are the Phenomena of Spiritualism in Harmony With Science?' in The Christian Register (Boston) 65(9): 132a-d (4 March 1886); in German as 'Wissenschaftliche und Übersinnliche Anschauungen, Ein Nachweis Ihrer Übereinstimmung' in Sphinx (Leipzig) 1(2): 85-94 (Feb. 1886); as part of a pamphlet entitled Harmony of Spiritualism With Science (Southern Science Record Office, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia, n.d.): (1)-(4). [excerpts, summaries, etc., under various titles: Journal of Science 7 (3rd s.; 22, o.s.): 400-407 (in article by "R. M. N.") (July 1885); Banner of Light (Boston) 57(7): 4c (2 May 1885); Religio-Philosophical Journal (Chicago) 38(11): 4a-b (9 May 1885)]

S380. President's Address [to the fourth annual meeting of the LNS, 13 May 1885]. in Report of the Land Nationalisation Society. 1884-5. (LNS, London, 1885): (5)-15.
--reprints: as separate as 'Address by Alfred Russel Wallace, LL.D., President of the Land Nationalisation Society, At the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Society, May 13th, 1885' (n.d., n.p., pp. (1)- 2-11-(12)); abbreviated version of address printed as 'Mr. Russel Wallace's Address' in The Democrat (London) no. 28: 2c-3c (23 May 1885).

S381. review [of A Naturalist's Wanderings in the Eastern Archipelago, A Narrative of Travel and Exploration From 1878 to 1883 by Henry O. Forbes, 1885]. Nature 32: 218-220 (9 July 1885: no. 819).

S382. The "Journal of Science" on Spiritualism [a reply to criticism of S379 by "R. M. N."]. Light (London) 5: 327-328 (11 July 1885: no. 236).
--excerpt reprinted as part of a pamphlet entitled Harmony of Spiritualism With Science (Southern Science Record Office, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia, n.d.): (4).

S383. Harmony of Spiritualism With Science [a reply to criticism of S379 by Frederick F. Cook]. Light (London) 5: 352 (25 July 1885: no. 238).

S383aa. Illegal Roadside Enclosures [lttE]. The Daily News (London) no. 12310: 3e (24 Sept. 1885).

S383a. Gesnerads in Greenhouses [brief request for information; signed 'A. R. W., Godalming']. The Garden 28: 477c (7 Nov. 1885: no. 729).

S384. review [of The Wanderings of Plants and Animals From Their First Home by Victor Hehn, 1885]. Nature 33: 170-171 (24 Dec. 1885: no. 843).

S384aa. lttE [one of two printed as 'Three Acres and a Cow' concerning land reform]. The Daily News (London) no. 12390: 7b (7b) (26 Dec. 1885).

S384a. Alfred Russel Wallace, LL.D. [one of many short responses collected into a book]. in Andrew Reid, ed., Why I Am a Liberal: Being Definitions and Personal Confessions of Faith by the Best Minds of the Liberal Party (Cassell & Co., Ltd., London et al., 1885): 103-104.

S385. State-tenants Versus Freeholders. Land Nationalisation Society Tract no. 15: The Land Nationalisation Society, London, n.d. (probably published in the second half of 1885 or the first half of 1886); pp. (1)-7.
--reprints: as Appendix II in Land Nationalisation (new ed.): 239-245 (July 1892); as part of S585 in SSS, Vol. 2: 345-351 (Nov. 1900); reprinted from SSS in Land and Labour 12(10): 115-116 (Oct. 1901).

S385a. The Condition of the Working Man [lttE replying to Sir Robert Giffen's comments on the well-being of the average worker]. The Daily News (London) no. 12418: 2b (28 Jan. 1886).

S386. President's Address [summary/U of Wallace's address to the fifth annual meeting of the LNS, 29 June 1886]. in Report of the Land Nationalisation Society. 1885-6. (Land Nationalisation Society, London, 1886): (3)-7.

S387. The Depression of Trade, Its Causes and Its Remedies [delivered 18 June 1886 in Kinnaird Hall, Dundee]. in The Claims of Labour; A Course of Lectures Delivered in Scotland in the Summer of 1886, On Various Aspects of the Labour Problem by John Burnett and others (Co-operative Printing Co., Ltd., Edinburgh, Dec. 1886): 112-154.
--reprints: as pamphlet (Claims of Labour Lecture no. 4: Co-operative Printing Co., Ltd., Edinburgh, 1886; pp. (1)-40); in SSS, Vol. 2: 188-222 (Nov. 1900).

S388. Central American Entomology [review of Biologia Centrali-Americana. Insecta: Coleoptera Vol. III, Part 2, Malacodermata by Rev. Henry Stephen Gorham, 1880-86; and Vol. V, Longicornia by Henry W. Bates and Bruchides by David Sharp, 1879-86]. Nature 34: 333-334 (12 Aug. 1886: no. 876).

S389. Romanes Versus Darwin. An Episode in the History of the Evolution Theory. Fortnightly Review 40 (n.s.; 46, o.s.): 300-316 (1 Sept. 1886: no. 237, n.s.).
--reprint: Library Magazine (New York) 2 (3rd s.): 127-132, 145-151 (1887).

S390. lttE [one of several printed as 'Physiological Selection and the Origin of Species']. Nature 34: 467-468 (467-468) (16 Sept. 1886: no. 881).

S391. Note on Compensation to Landlords. Land Nationalisation Society Tract no. 16: Land Nationalisation Society, London, n.d. (probably published in late summer or early autumn 1886, per information provided in Report of the Land Nationalisation Society. 1886-7.); pp. (1)-4.

S391a. The Wind as a Seed-carrier [a paper read in Boston on 11 Nov. 1886 at the semi-annual meeting of the National Academy of Sciences]. summary/N printed as part of an article entitled 'The Fall Meeting of the National Academy' in Science 8: 450 (448-450) (19 Nov. 1886: no. 198).

S392. review [of Lessons in Elementary Dynamics arranged by Henry G. Madan, 1886]. Nature 35: 51 (18 Nov. 1886: no. 890).

S392a. Alfred Russel Wallace, LL.D. [an essay on independent government for Ireland]. in Ireland: A Book of Light on the Irish Problem ed. by Andrew Reid (Longmans, Green & Co., London, 1886): 42-50.

S393. Oceanic Islands: Their Physical and Biological Relations [synopsis/P of a lecture delivered at the American Geographical Society meeting of 11 Jan. 1887]. Bulletin of the American Geographical Society 19(1): 1-17 (followed on pp. 17-21 by related material by D. Morris originally printed in Nature) (1887).

S394. The American School of Evolutionists [review of The Origin of the Fittest: Essays on Evolution by Edward D. Cope, 1887]. The Nation (New York) 44: 121-123 (10 Feb. 1887: no. 1128).

S395. Mr. Romanes on Physiological Selection [letter dated 30 Jan., Washington, U. S. A.]. Nature 35: 366 (17 Feb. 1887: no. 903).

S396. Letter From Dr. Alfred R. Wallace, In Re Mrs. Ross [dated 23 Feb., Washington, D. C.; concerning William James and the medium Mrs. Ross]. Banner of Light (Boston) 60(25): 4d-e (5 March 1887).
--reprinted in the anonymous article 'Mr. Alfred Russel Wallace on an Alleged Exposure of Fraud in a Materialising Medium' in Light (London) 7: 211 (210-212) (14 May 1887: no. 332).

S397. review [of The Origin of the Fittest: Essays on Evolution by Edward D. Cope, 1887; signed 'A. H.' but referred to in My Life (Vol. 2, p. 133)]. The Independent (New York) 39: 335-336 (17 March 1887: no. 1998).

S397a. Science and Immortality [article/N posting results of an inquiry made among a number of luminaries; Wallace's short response one of many printed (and is followed by some excerpts from S379)]. The Christian Register (Boston) 66(14): 213c-d (210d-215d) (7 April 1887).
--Wallace's comment and some rather longer excerpts from S379 printed as 'Alfred R. Wallace, LL.D.' in Science and Immortality. The Christian Register Symposium, revised and enlarged. ed. By Samuel J. Barrows (George H. Ellis, Boston, 1887): 53-59; Wallace's comment reprinted in the article 'Immortality: Its Place in the Thought of To-day' by William Henry Johnson in Arena 19: 598 (583-601) (May 1898: no. 102).

S397b. Scientific Lectures by Alfred R. Wallace, LL.D., at the Avon Theater [newspaper item/N including an invitation to Wallace by the citizenry of Stockton, California, to give a course of lectures there; Wallace's response, dated 24 May 1887, is included]. The Mail (Stockton) 15(95): 2h (31 May 1887). [contributed by John van Wyhe]

S398. If a Man Die, Shall He Live Again? [a lecture given at Metropolitan Temple, San Francisco, on 5 June 1887]. Golden Gate (San Francisco) 4(21): 1 (11 June 1887).
--reprints: as pamphlet (Banner of Light Publishing Co., Boston, 1887 / Colby & Rich, Boston, 1887; pp. (1)-24); another pamphlet (E. W. Wallis, Manchester, England, 1887; pp. (1)-16); another pamphlet (Albert Morton, San Francisco, April? 1888; pp. 1-22; portrait front.); Banner of Light (Boston) 61(15): 1a-e, 2a-b (25 June 1887); Harbinger of Light (Melbourne) no. 211: 3529-3534 (1 Sept. 1887); Light (London) 7: 295-297 (2 July 1887: no. 339) / 7: 308-309 (9 July 1887: no. 340); The Carrier Dove (San Francisco) 4(7): 237b-243a (July 1887); somewhat edited in German as 'Unsere Gegenwärtige Kulturbewegung' in Sphinx (Leipzig) 10(59): 264-272 (Nov. 1890). [excerpts, summaries, etc., under various titles: Banner of Light (Boston) 61(14): 5a (18 June 1887); Religio-Philosophical Journal (Chicago) 42(18): 2a-c (25 June 1887); The Daily Alta California no. 13793: 1f (6 June 1887); The Daily Examiner (San Francisco) 44(157): 2f-g (6 June 1887); San Francisco Chronicle 45(142): 6d (6 June 1887); The Morning Call (San Francisco) 6 June 1887: 8a-b; untitled in The Proofs of Life After Death ed. by Robert J. Thompson (R. J. Thompson, Chicago, 1902): 285-296]

S399. letter [extract from letter on American land taxes read at the sixth annual meeting of the LNS, 8 June 1887; dated 8 Feb., Washington, D. C.]. in Report of the Land Nationalisation Society. 1886-7. (Land Nationalisation Society, London, 1887): 7.

S400. Professor Wallace's Séance With Fred Evans [newspaper item/N including a short note by Wallace attesting to the accuracy of the story]. Golden Gate (San Francisco) 4(20): 4b-c (4 June 1887).
--reprinted in 'Seance With Prof. A. R. Wallace' in James J. Owen, Psychography; Marvelous Manifestations of Psychic Power Given Through the Mediumship of Fred P. Evans Known as the "Independent Slate-writer" (Hicks-Judd Co., San Francisco, 1893): 57 (54-60); reprinted in 'Psychography' by B. O. Flower, The Arena 10(3): xviii (xvi-xviii) (August 1894); reprinted verbatim in Light (London) 7: 321 (16 July 1887: no. 341).

S401. American Museums. The Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University. Fortnightly Review 42 (n.s.; 48, o.s.): 347-359 (1 Sept. 1887: no. 249, n.s.).
--revised version printed in SSS, Vol. 2: 16-37 (Nov. 1900).

S402. The British Museum and American Museums [lttE]. Nature 36: 530-531 (6 Oct. 1887: no. 936).

S403. Land Lessons From America [from an address delivered at Essex Hall, Essex Street, Strand, on 1 Nov. 1887]. Land Nationalisation Tract no. 18: LNS, London, n.d.; pp. (1)-15.

S404. American Museums. Museums of American Pre-historic Archæology. Fortnightly Review 42 (n.s.; 48, o.s.): 665-675 (1 Nov. 1887: no. 251, n.s.).
--reprint: in SSS, Vol. 2: 37-58 (Nov. 1900).

S405. Note on American Museums and the British Museum [lttE]. Fortnightly Review 42 (n.s.; 48, o.s.): 740 (1 Nov. 1887: no. 251, n.s.).

S405a. comments [portions of a solicited letter from Wallace sent to "A," and included in the latter's lttE concerning bio-phosphorescence entitled 'Living Lights']. Science 10: 227 (226-227) (4 Nov. 1887: no. 248).

S406. The Antiquity of Man in North America. Nineteenth Century 22: 667-679 (Nov. 1887: no. 129).
--reprints: Littell's Living Age 175 (5th s., vol. 60): 472-480 (26 Nov. 1887: no. 2265); Eclectic Magazine 47(1) (n.s.; 110(1), o.s.): 44-53 (Jan. 1888); in NSTN: 433-449 (May 1891).

S407. address [Presidential Address to the seventh annual meeting of the LNS, 8 May 1888]. in Report of the Land Nationalisation Society, 1887-8 (Land Nationalisation Society, London, 1888): 10-16.

S408. replies [to questions regarding land purchase and rental posed during the seventh annual meeting of the LNS, 8 May 1888]. in Report of the Land Nationalisation Society, 1887-8 (Land Nationalisation Society, London, 1888): 23-24.

S408a. Paraffin Moulds of Spirit Hands [lttE introducing a communication from Darius Lyman concerning a form of spiritualistic manifestation]. Light (London) 8: 300 (300-301) (23 June 1888: no. 390).

S409. Account of a Spiritualistic Test. Nellie Morris. [a letter by Wallace introducing a series of letters by others concerning this subject]. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research 3 (1887-1888): 273-274 (273-288) (June 1888: no. 51).

S410. Mr. Gulick on Divergent Evolution [lttE]. Nature 38: 490-491 (20 Sept. 1888: no. 986).

S410a. Peasant Proprietorship or Land Nationalization for Ireland [lttE]. Pall Mall Gazette no. 7361: 11a-b 19 Oct. 1888).

S411. Nellie Morris [edited discussion/N concerning the "spirit" Nellie Morris consisting of three letters by Wallace and several by others]. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research 3 (1887-1888): 313-314, 315, 316-317 (312-318) (Oct. 1888: no. 55).
--most of the three letters reprinted in discussion entitled 'Materialisation: Evidence of Mr. Alfred Russel Wallace' in Light (London) 8: 530-531 (27 Oct. 1888).

S411a. letter extract [to George Lacy (?), concerning Wallace's system of terminable annuities in land reform; n.d.]. in Liberty and Law by George Lacy (Swan Sonnenschein, Lowery & Co., London, 1888): 331-332.

S412. Introductory Note by Alfred R. Wallace. to A Colonist's Plea for Land Nationalisation by Arthur J. Ogilvy (Land Nationalisation Tract no. 23: Land Nationalisation Society, London, n.d. (probably published in 1888)): (2).

S413. Which Are the Highest Butterflies? [lttE introducing remarks by W. H. Edwards on Colorado butterflies]. Nature 39: 611-612 (25 April 1889: no. 1017).

S414. Address [Presidential Address to the eighth annual meeting of the LNS, 20 June 1889; includes notice of Poverty and the State by Herbert V. Mills (1889)]. in Report of the Land Nationalisation Society, 1888-9 (Land Nationalisation Society, London, 1889): 15-23.
--excerpt reprinted in Land and Labor no. 4: 2 (Feb. 1890).

S414a. Marsh Gentian [lttE signed 'A. R. W., Parkstone, Dorset']. The Garden 36: 233a (7 Sept. 1889: no. 929).

S415. Lamarck versus Weismann [lttE]. Nature 40: 619-620 (24 Oct. 1889: no. 1043).

S416. lttE [one of two printed as 'Mr. Angelo Lewis and Dr. Monck' concerning the medium Francis W. Monck]. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research 4 (1889-90): 143-144 (143-146) (Oct. 1889: no. 63).

S417. Protective Coloration of Eggs [lttE introducing remarks by Rev. Fred. F. Grensted]. Nature 41: 53 (21 Nov. 1889: no. 1047).

S418. letter [responding to an inquiry regarding "The Star's" (London?) comments on Wallace's support of land nationalisation and socialism]. Land and Labor no. 1: 7-8 (Nov. 1889).

S419. The Action of Natural Selection in Producing Old Age, Decay, and Death [added as footnote to essay/N entitled 'The Duration of Life'; written "between 1865 and 1870," according to source]. in Essays Upon Heredity and Kindred Biological Problems by August Weismann, authorised translation ed. by Edward B. Poulton, Selmar Schönland, and Arthur E. Shipley (The Clarendon Press, Oxford, Dec. 1889): 23 (5-35).

S420. testimony [the text of testimony Wallace presented before a Royal Commission on vaccination on 26 Feb., 5 March, 12 March & 21 May 1890]. in Third Report of the Royal Commission Appointed to Inquire Into the Subject of Vaccination; With Minutes of Evidence and Appendices (printed for Her Majesty's Stationery Office by Eyre & Spottiswoode, London, 24 Dec. 1890): 6-35, 121-131 (plus Appendix 2: 'Papers Handed in by Mr. Alfred Russel Wallace 26 February and 21 May,' consisting of Diagrams and Tables A through P).
--excerpts, summaries, etc., under various titles: The Vaccination Inquirer and Health Review 12: 164-168 (163-176) (1 Jan. 1891: no. 142); The Times (London) no. 33204: 4e (4e-f) (25 Dec. 1890); as pamphlet entitled Mr. Alfred Russel Wallace, LL.D., D.C.L., on Vaccination (London Society for the Abolition of Compulsory Vaccination, London, n.d.; pp. (1)-4).

S421. review [of A Naturalist Among the Head-hunters. Being an Account of Three Visits to the Solomon Islands in the Years 1886, 1887, and 1888. by Charles Morris Woodford, 1890]. Nature 41: 582-583 (24 April 1890: no. 1069).

S421a. Mr. Bellamy's "Looking Backward" [lttE]. Light (London) 10: 207 (26 April 1890: no. 486).
--reprinted as 'Prof. Wallace a Nationalist' in Boston Investigator 60(17): 5e (30 July 1890: no. 3085).

S421b. Mr. Bellamy's "Looking Backward" [lttE]. Light (London) 10: 231 (10 May 1890: no. 488).

S421c. letter extract [to T. D. A. Cockerell, printed in his article 'What Are the Uses of Bright Colors in Hymenoptera?']. Entomological News and Proceedings of the Entomological Section, Academy Natural Sciences, Philadelphia 1(5): 66 (65-68) (May 1890).

S422. The Instability of Peasant-proprietorship--The Necessity of Rent [first part of an article/N entitled 'The New Round Table: Land Nationalisation' with contributions from 10 writers]. Westminster Review 133(5): 541-543 (541-559) (May 1890).

S422a. Is Pre-existence a Necessary Corollary of Future Existence? [lttE concerning reincarnation]. Light (London) 10: 290 (14 June 1890: no. 493).

S423. Presidential Address Delivered by Dr. Alfred R. Wallace, at the Ninth Annual Meeting, June 19th, 1890 (Land Nationalisation Society Tract no. 33: Land Nationalisation Society, London, June 1890; pp. (1)-12); also printed untitled in Land and Labor no. 9: 2-5 (July 1890).
--reprint: a portion of address reprinted as part of S585 in SSS, Vol. 2: 351-354 (Nov. 1900).

S424. review [of The Colours of Animals: Their Meaning and Use Especially Considered in the Case of Insects by Edward B. Poulton, 1890]. Nature 42: 289-291 (24 July 1890: no. 1082).

S425. Birds and Flowers [lttE]. Nature 42: 295 (24 July 1890: no. 1082).

S425a. Pre-existence [lttE concerning reincarnation]. Light (London) 10: 362 (26 July 1890: no. 499).

S426. Taxation or Compensation [lttE sent in response to queries regarding Wallace's LNS annual meeting address]. The Democrat (London) 6(8): 192 (1 Aug. 1890).
--reprint: Land and Labor no. 10: 3-4 (Aug. 1890).

S427. Human Selection. Fortnightly Review 48 (n.s.; 54, o.s.): 325-337 (1 Sept. 1890: no. 285, n.s.).
--reprints: Popular Science Monthly 38: 93-106 (Nov. 1890); Eclectic Magazine 52(4) (n.s.; 115(4), o.s.): 547-555 (Oct. 1890); in German as 'Menschliche Auslese' in Die Zukunft (Berlin) 8: 10-24 (7 Juli 1894); in SSS, Vol. 1: 509-526 (Nov. 1900); as 'The Failure of Evolution; "Human Selection and Marriage"' in The Meaning of Modern Life ed. by Charles F. Horne (The National Alumni, New York, 1907): Chapter IX.

S427a. The Treatment of the Jews in Russia [news story/N including an open requisition inviting the Lord Mayor to take part in a public meeting on this subject; signed by dozens of noteworthies, including Wallace]. The Times (London) no. 33168: 8c (13 Nov. 1890).

S428. Dr. Romanes on Physiological Selection [lttE]. Nature 43: 79 (27 Nov. 1890: no. 1100).

S429. Dr. Romanes on Physiological Selection [lttE]. Nature 43: 150 (18 Dec. 1890: no. 1103).

S429a. letter extract [to B. O. Flower, editor of The Arena, commending the magazine for its content and orientation; included in an ad for the magazine]. Political Science Quarterly 5(4): 755 (Dec. 1890).

S430. Are There Objective Apparitions? Arena 3: 129-146 (Jan. 1891: no. 14).
--reprints: in French as 'Étude sur les Apparitions' in Annales des Sciences Psychiques 1: 131-147 (Mai 1891); in Miracles and Modern Spiritualism (3rd ed.): 231-254 (Jan. 1896); excerpts reprinted in Light (London) 11: 327-329 (11 July 1891: no. 549).

S431. An English Nationalist. Alfred Russell [sic] Wallace Converted by Bellamy's Book. [note/N containing extracts from two Wallace letters concerning Richard T. Ely's book An Introduction to Political Economy (1889)]. New York Times no. 12303: 9d (1 Feb. 1891).
--reprint: different extracts printed as 'A British Convert' in The New Nation 1(3): 50c (14 Feb. 1891) and as 'A Distinguished Convert' in The New Nation 1(9): 135a-b (28 March 1891).

S432. Modern Biology and Psychology [review of Animal Life and Intelligence by C. Lloyd Morgan, 1890]. Nature 43: 337-341 (12 Feb. 1891: no. 1111).

S433. Remarkable Ancient Sculptures From North-west America [notice of Sculptured Anthropoid Ape Heads Found In or Near the Valley of the John Day River, A Tributary of the Columbia River, Oregon by James Terry, 1891]. Nature 43: 396 (26 Feb. 1891: no. 1113).
--reprint: as 'Prehistoric Man' in Stone (Indianapolis) 4(2): 56 (June 1891).

S434. What Are Phantasms, And Why Do They Appear? Arena 3: 257-274 (Feb. 1891: no. 15).
--reprint: in Miracles and Modern Spiritualism (3rd ed.): 255-278 (Jan. 1896).

S435. lttE. Light (London) 11: 133-134 (21 March 1891: no. 533).
--reprint: as 'A Notable Example of the Natural Organic Power Through Which Mediums Are Influenced' in The Two Worlds (Manchester) 4: 435-436 (24 July 1891: no. 193).

S436. Mr. S. J. Davey's Experiments [lttE concerning the medium S. J. Davey; followed by comment by the Editor]. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research 5 (1891-1892): 43 (43-45) (March 1891: no. 78).

S437. Another Darwinian Critic [review of On the Modification of Organisms by David Syme, 1890]. Nature 43: 529-530 (9 April 1891: no. 1119).

S438. Presidential Address of Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace [to the tenth annual meeting of the LNS, 18 June 1891]. in Report of the Land Nationalisation Society. 1890-91. (Land Nationalisation Society, London, 1891): 16-23; also printed in Land and Labor no. 21: 1-4 (July 1891).

S438a. A Few Survivals From the Winter [note on hardiness of several garden plants]. The Garden 39: 563a-b (20 June 1891: no. 1022).

S438b. A Vegetable Man-Trap in Australia [note on Bauera rubioides, an Australian species]. The Garden 40: 17c-18a (4 July 1891: no. 1024).

S439. Introductory Note. to The History of Human Marriage by Edward Westermarck (Macmillan & Co., London & New York, July 1891): (v)-vi.

S439a. Laurence Oliphant and T. L. Harris [lttE discussing writer Oliphant and poet (Thomas Lake) Harris]. Light (London) 11: 379 (8 Aug. 1891: no. 553).

S439ac. The Inheritance of Acquired Characters [sizable lttE]. The Garden 40: 161b-c (15 Aug. 1891: no. 1030).

S439b. Life in Our Villages [one of many lttE replying to an article on village life; sent from Parkstone, Dorset]. The Daily News (London) no. 14181: 3a (3a-b) (16 Sept. 1891).
--reprinted in Appendix II of Life in Our Villages (2nd ed.) by "The Special Commissioner of the 'Daily News'" (Cassell & Company, London etc., 1891): 189-191.

S440. Variation and Natural Selection [lttE commenting on an address given by C. Lloyd Morgan to the Bristol Naturalists' Society]. Nature 44: 518-519 (1 Oct. 1891: no. 1144).

S441. English and American Flowers. I. Fortnightly Review 50 (n.s.; 56, o.s.): 525-534 (1 Oct. 1891: no. 298, n.s.) / English and American Flowers. II. Flowers and Forests of the Far West. Fortnightly Review 50 (n.s.; 56, o.s.): 796-810 (1 Dec. 1891: no. 300, n.s.).
--reprints: Littell's Living Age 191 (5th s., vol. 76): 742-747 (19 Dec. 1891: no. 2477) / 192 (5th s., vol. 77): 467-476 (20 Feb. 1892: no. 2486); in installments in Friends' Intelligencer and Journal 1892: 79-81, 95-97, 127-129, 143-145, 158-159; with slight changes in SSS, Vol. 1: 199-212, 213-234 (Nov. 1900); summary/N entitled 'English and American Flowers' printed in New York Times no. 12585: 4d-e (27 Dec. 1891).

S442. discussion [of comments by David Syme on S437; printed with Syme's letter as 'Topical Selection and Mimicry']. Nature 45: 31 (30-31) (12 Nov. 1891: no. 1150).

S443. Commons [letter]. Land and Labour no. 25: 2 (Nov. 1891).
--reprint: as 'Commons Enclosures' in Report of the Land Nationalisation Society. 1891-92. (Land Nationalisation Society Tract no. 48: Land Nationalisation Society, London, July 1892): 10-11.

S443a. A Personal Explanation [lttE apologizing to Edward Tylor concerning incorrect remarks Wallace made that Tylor didn't support the ideas of Edward Westermarck; dated 11 Dec. 1891, Parkstone, Dorset]. Academy no. 1024: 566a-566b (19 Dec. 1891).

S444. Popular Zoology [review of Animal Sketches by C. Lloyd Morgan, 1891]. Nature 45: 291-292 (28 Jan. 1892: no. 1161).

S445. Human Progress: Past and Future. Arena 5: 145-159 (Jan. 1892: no. 26).
--reprint: in German as 'Menschheitfortschritt' in Die Zukunft (Berlin) 8: 145-158 (1894); in SSS, Vol. 2: 493-509 (Nov. 1900).

S446. H. W. Bates, the Naturalist of the Amazons [obituary]. Nature 45: 398-399 (25 Feb. 1892: no. 1165).

S446aa. A Plea for Mercy [one of several lttE under this title concerning the murder of two gamekeepers]. The Daily News (London) no. 14336: 2e (15 March 1892).

S446a. Dr. Carl du Prel and Spiritualism [lttE discussing Du Prel's views on spiritualism]. Light (London) 12: 178 (9 April 1892: no. 587).

S447. A Remarkable Book on the Habits of Animals [review of The Naturalist in La Plata by William H. Hudson, 1892]. Nature 45: 553-556 (14 April 1892: no. 1172).

S447a. letter [to Annie Besant, responding to a survey of opinion on matters of common interest to spiritualists and theosophists; dated 31 March 1892, Parkstone, Dorset]. Lucifer 10: 94 (89-96) (15 April 1892: no. 56).
--letter reprinted as part of a story/N entitled 'Theosophy and Spiritualism. Have They a Common Ground?' in Review of Reviews (London) 5: 479 (May 1892: no. 29).

S448. Correction in Island Life [lttE]. Nature 46: 56 (19 May 1892: no. 1177).

S449. remarks [on receiving the Founder's Medal during the RGS meeting of 23 May 1892]. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society & Monthly Record of Geography 14(7) (new monthly s.): 485-486 (July 1892).

S450. Presidential Address [to the eleventh annual meeting of the LNS, 23 June 1892; consists in large part of a discussion of Justice by Herbert Spencer (1891) and Freeland; A Social Anticipation by Theodor Hertzka (1891)]. in Report of the Land Nationalisation Society. 1891-92. (Land Nationalisation Society Tract no. 48: Land Nationalisation Society, London, July 1892): 15-26; also printed in Land and Labor no. 33: 1-4 (July 1892).
--a portion reprinted as 'Herbert Spencer on the Land Question: A Criticism' in SSS, Vol. 2: 333-344 (Nov. 1900).

S451. Spiritualism. in Chambers's Encyclopædia (new ed., 10 vols., William & Robert Chambers, Ltd., London & Edinburgh, 1888-1892), Vol. 9: 645-649 (July 1892).
--reprint: as pamphlet (J. B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia, 1892; pp. (1)-14).

S452. Psychography in the Presence of Mr. Keeler [description of experiences at three séances]. Psychical Review 1(1): 16-18 (July 1892).

S452a. Hardy Australian Plants [sizable biogeographical/gardening note]. The Garden 42: 153a-b (20 Aug. 1892: no. 1083).

S453. The Permanence of the Great Oceanic Basins. Natural Science 1: 418-426 (Aug. 1892: no. 6).
--revised version printed in SSS, Vol. 1: 28-39 (Nov. 1900).

S454. Why I Voted for Mr. Gladstone. IV. [one of eight invited replies to an inquiry]. Nineteenth Century 32: 182-185 (177-193) (Aug. 1892: no. 186).

S454a. Sikkim Rhododendrons [brief request for information; signed 'A. R. W.' and probably Wallace]. The Garden 42: 397c (29 Oct. 1892: no. 1093).

S455. Our Molten Globe [an analysis of Physics of the Earth's Crust (2nd ed.) by Rev. Osmond Fisher, 1891]. Fortnightly Review 52 (n.s.; 58, o.s.): 572-584 (1 Nov. 1892: no. 311, n.s.).
--reprints: Littell's Living Age 195 (5th s., vol. 80): 771-779 (24 Dec. 1892: no. 2530); Eclectic Magazine 56(6) (n.s.; 119(6), o.s.): 836-843 (Dec. 1892); slightly revised version printed in SSS, Vol. 1: 40-58 (Nov. 1900); edited version reprinted in The Methodist Magazine 39(3): 261-268 (March 1894); summary/N entitled 'Is Our Globe Molten?' printed in New York Times no. 12909: 4e-f (8 Jan. 1893).

S456. An Ancient Glacial Epoch in Australia [notice of Notes on the Glacial Conglomerate, Wild Duck Creek by Edward J. Dunn, 1892]. Nature 47: 55-56 (17 Nov. 1892: no. 1203).
--summary/N printed in The Glacialists' Magazine 1(6): 142-143 (Jan. 1894).

S457. The Permanence of Ocean Basins [lttE]. Natural Science 1: 717-718 (Nov. 1892: no. 9).

S457a. summary/N [of a letter Wallace sent conveying his opinion as to whether Kew Gardens should open to the public at an earlier hour; included in an article entitled 'The Earlier Opening of Kew Gardens']. The Garden 42: 507c (507b-c) (3 Dec. 1892: no. 1098).

S457b. Terrestrial and Small Epiphytal Orchids [brief note offering to supply specimens from South Africa and Australia]. The Garden 42: 551c (17 Dec. 1892: no. 1100).

S458. lttE [one of two printed as 'The Earth's Age']. Nature 47: 175 (175) (22 Dec. 1892: no. 1208).

S459. Note on Sexual Selection. Natural Science 1: 749-750 (Dec. 1892: no. 10).

S459a. letter [to Alfred Newton, concerning the circumstances of Wallace's discovery of the principle of natural selection; dated 3 Dec. 1887, Frith Hill, Godalming]. in Charles Darwin: His Life Told in an Autobiographical Chapter, And in a Selected Series of His Published Letters ed. by Francis Darwin (John Murray, London, 1892): 189-190.

[Continued]