Quick Links
-Search Website
-Have A Question?
-Wallace News
-About This Site

Misinformation Alert!
Wallace Bio & Accomplishments
Wallace Chronology
Frequently Asked Questions
Wallace Quotes
Wallace Archives
Miscellaneous Facts

Bibliography / Texts
Wallace Writings Bibliography
Texts of Wallace Writings
Texts of Wallace Interviews
Wallace Writings: Names Index
Wallace Writings: Subject Index
Writings on Wallace
Wallace Obituaries
Wallace's Most Cited Works

Taxonomic / Systematic Works
Wallace on Conservation
Smith on Wallace
Research Threads
Wallace Images
Just for Fun
Frequently Cited Colleagues
Wallace-Related Maps & Figures

Alfred Russel Wallace : Alfred Wallace : A. R. Wallace :
Russel Wallace : Alfred Russell Wallace (sic)

Writings on Wallace:
Selected Modern Secondary Literature

['A.T.' = 'added terms']

Abberley, Will, 2017. "The love of the chase is an inherent delight in man": Hunting and masculine emotions in the Victorian zoologist's travel memoir. RCC Perspectives, No. 4 (Men and Nature: Hegemonic Masculinities and Environmental Change): 61-68.

Abberley, Will, 2019. Mimicry and Display in Victorian Literary Culture: Nature, Science and the Nineteenth-Century Imagination. New York: Cambridge University Press. A.T.: Thomas Hardy, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Oscar Wilde, adaptation

Achenbach, Joel, 8 Feb. 2009. The work in Darwin's shadow; Evolution history lives in a D.C. dining room. The Washington Post: A1, A14. A.T.: Robert Heggestad, insects, specimens, cabinet [concerning the possible re-discovery of a Wallace insect collection]

Adams, Alexander B., 1969. Eternal Quest: The Story of the Great Naturalists. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. 509 pp.

Agnarsson, Ingi, & Kuntner, Matjaž, 2012. The generation of a biodiversity hotspot: Biogeography and phylogeography of the western Indian Ocean islands. In K. Anamthawat-Jonsson, ed., Current Topics in Phylogenetics and Phylogeography of Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems (Rijeka: In Tech Publishers): 33-82. A.T.: Madagascar, Mascarene Islands, Comoros, Gondwana [includes analysis on “Wallacean islands”]

Aguiar, José Otávio, & Limeira-DaSilva, Victor Rafael, 2013. Entre o gabinete e a viagem de campo: Alfred Russel Wallace e suas concepções científicas. Igualitária: Revista do Curso de História da Estácio BH 1(2): 10 pp.

Aiken, R. B., 1982. Theories of sexual difference: The sexual selection hypothesis and its antecedents, 1786-1919. Quaestiones Entomologicae 18(1-4): 1-14. A.T.: sexual characters, Charles Darwin, St. George Mivart

Albritton, Claude C., Jr., 1984. Geologic time. Journal of Geological Education 32(1): 29-37. A.T.: Ussher, Steno, Buffon, Hutton, Werner, Lyell, Cuvier, radiometric dating [general summary of the concept's history, including description of advances in the nineteenth century]

Ali, Jason R., & Heaney, Lawrence R., 2021. Wallace's line, Wallacea, and associated divides and areas: History of a tortuous tangle of ideas and labels. Biological Reviews 96(3): 922-942. A.T.: transition zones, biogeography, faunal realms

Ali, Jason R., & Heaney, Lawrence R., Jan. 2023. Alfred R. Wallace's enduring influence on biogeographical studies of the Indo‐Australian archipelago. Journal of Biogeography 50(1): 32-40. A.T.: Wallace’s Line, Merrill, Wallacea

Aliabadian, Mansour, Sluys, Ronald, Roselaar, Cees S., & Nijman, Vincent, 2008. Species diversity and endemism: Testing the mid-domain effect on species richness patterns of songbirds in the Palearctic Region. Contributions to Zoology 77(2): 99-108. A.T.: birds, hotspot analysis, Palaearctic, endemism, mid-domain effect

Allchin, Douglas, Sept. 2012. The Minnesota Case Study Collection: New historical inquiry case studies for nature of science education. Science & Education 21(9): 1263-1281. A.T.: evolution, history of science

Allchin, Douglas, Feb. 2014. On genius & happenstance in scientific discovery. American Biology Teacher 76(2): 145-148. A.T.: biography, education

Allen, John A., Jan. 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 108(1): 1-2.

Alter, Stephen G., Summer 2007. Race, language, and mental evolution in Darwin's Descent of Man. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 43(3): 239-255. A.T.: human evolution, Ernst Haeckel, polygenism, monogenism

Alvarado, Carlos S., 2015. The ether and psychic phenomena: Some old speculations. Journal of Scientific Exploration 29(2): 295-297. A.T.: force, spiritualism, physical effects, reality

Alves, Abel, Feb. 2008. Humanity's place in nature, 1863-1928: Horror, curiosity and the expeditions of Huxley, Wallace, Blavatsky and Lovecraft. Theology and Science 6(1): 73-88. A.T.: evolution, xenophobia, spiritualism, theosophy

Alves, José Jerônimo de Alencar, Jul.-Set. 2011. A natureza e a cultura no compasso de um naturalista do século XIX: Wallace e a Amazônia. História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos (Rio de Janeiro) 18(3): 775-788. A.T.: traveling naturalists, culture, ethics, Brazil

Amigoni, David, 2007. Colonies, Cults and Evolution: Literature, Science and Culture in Nineteenth-century Writing. Cambridge, U.K. & New York: Cambridge University Press. 237 pp. A.T.: orangutans, culture, colonialization

Andelson, Robert V., Oct. 1993. Henry George and the reconstruction of capitalism: An address. American Journal of Economics and Sociology 52(4): 493-501. A.T.: morality, land ownership, valuation, public improvements

Anderson, John G. T., 2013. Deep Things Out of Darkness: A History of Natural History. Berkeley: University of California Press. 346 pp. A.T.: Wallace, Bates, biography, Darwin

Anderson, Kay, & Perrin, Colin, 2007. 'The miserablest people in the world': Race, humanism and the Australian aborigine. Australian Journal of Anthropology 18(1): 18-39. A.T.: racial thinking, human evolution, cultural evolution, human diversity, polygenism

Anderson, Warwick, Winter 1992. Climates of opinion: Acclimatization in nineteenth-century France and England. Victorian Studies 35(2): 135-157. A.T.: introduced species, climatic influence, Jardin d'Acclimatation, Geoffroy

Anonymous, Aug. 1972. Wallace’s Palm Trees of the Amazon. Taxon 21(4): 521-522. [book review of reprint edition]

Anonymous, Jan.-Feb. 1983. letter. The Eclectic Theosophist No. 73: 6-7. [reprint of an 1877 letter from H. P. Blavatsky to Wallace, concerning her book Isis Unveiled]

Anonymous, 1984 & 1985. Wallace's notebooks (4) and journals (5) [in 2 parts]. The Linnean 1(3): 13; 1(4): 19-20. A.T.: orangutan, synonyms, nomenclature

Anonymous ('C. L. J.'), June 2002. Alfred Russel Wallace as gardener. Indumentum (Vancouver Rhododendron Society) 33(10): 7-8. A.T.: Old Orchard, American tour, Nutwood Cottage, biography

Anonymous, Sept. 2008. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913): An ornithological celebration. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 128(3): 147-148. A.T.: Tom Gladwin, biography, birds

Anonymous, 2015. Discovering Alfred Russel Wallace in Thurrock: The World-renowned Scientist Who Lived in Grays at 'The Dell' From 1872 to 1876. Thurrock Local History Society. 20 pp. A.T.: biography [See free electronic copy at: https://online.pubhtml5.com/igbi/iblo/#p=1 ]

Arita, Héctor T., Julio-Septiembre 2008. Wallace y el colugo. Ciencias (Mexico) 1(91): 16-18. [re: Wallace on the flying lemurs, Cynocephalidae]

Armstrong, Patrick, July 1998. Crossing the Line: Alfred Russel Wallace in Bali and Lombok, 1856. Journal of Indian Ocean Studies 5(3): 267-286. A.T.: biography, field biology, natural history, collecting, biogeography, writing style

Armstrong, Patrick, 2019. Alfred Russel Wallace. London: Reaktion Books Ltd. 175 pp.

Attenborough, David, Sept. 2015. Alfred Russel Wallace an appreciation. Natural History 123(7): 6-9. A.T.: biography, natural history, traveling naturalists

Avery, Margaret, 1923. Six Great Scientists. London: Methuen. 100 pp. A.T.: biography, Darwin

Ayala, Francisco J., 15 May 2007. Darwin's greatest discovery: Design without designer. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, Supplement 1: 8567-8573. A.T.: evolution, design, intelligent design, chance, Paley, mutations, natural selection, necessity

Aznar, Justo, Autumn 2019. Is there a purpose in the biological evolution of living beings? National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 19(3): 403-413. A.T.: ontology, human evolution, ethics, chance, teleology, teleonomy, biological altruism

Baker, A., March 2007. Occam's Razor in science: A case study from biogeography. Biology and Philosophy 22(2): 193-215. A.T.: philosophy of science, Hamilton, Dirac, Maxwell, biogeography, Buffon, Croizat, dispersalism, extensionism [parsimony principles as applied to large-scale biogeographical models]

Baker, Daniel B., June 1996. Pfeiffer, Wallace, Allen and Smith: The discovery of the Hymenoptera of the Malay Archipelago. Archives of Natural History 23(2): 153-200.

Baker, Daniel B., Dec. 2001. Alfred Russel Wallace's record of his consignments to Samuel Stevens, 1854-1861. Zoologische Mededeelingen 75(16-25): 254-341. [The author reported that this paper was published despite his attempt to withdraw it as a result of errors introduced during its editing process.]

Balari, Sergio, & Lorenzo, Guillermo, 2014. From Wallace's problem to Owen's solution. Biolinguistics 8: 108-119. A.T.: origin of language, Richard Owen, Wallace's problem, linguistics [book review of Derek Bickerton's More than Nature Needs]

Balashov, Yuri V., Dec. 1991. Resource letter AP-1: The anthropic principle. American Journal of Physics 59(12): 1069-1076.

Balick, Michael J., Sept. 1980. Wallace, Spruce and Palm Trees of the Amazon: An historical perspective. Botanical Museum Leaflets 28(3): 263-269. A.T.: palms, correspondence, Royal Botanic Gardens

Balke, Michael, et al. (7 other authors), 7 July 2009. New Guinea highland origin of a widespread arthropod supertramp. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, Biological Sciences 276: 2359-2367. [a faunal analysis concerning the Wallacea region] A.T.: taxon cycles, Australasia, Wallace's line, phylogeny, phylogenetic analysis, biogeography, Rhantus

Ballard, Chris, 2008. 'Oceanic negroes': British anthropology of Papuans, 1820-1869. In Bronwen Douglas & Chris Ballard, eds., Foreign Bodies: Oceania and the Science of Race 1750-1940 (Canberra: ANU E Press): 157-201. A.T.: New Guinea, ethnography, John Crawfurd, George Windsor Earl, Wallace's line, human races

Bannister, Robert C., July-Sept. 1970. "The survival of the fittest is our doctrine": History or histrionics? Journal of the History of Ideas 31(3): 377-398. A.T.: Mathew Carey, Francis Bowen, Lester Ward, Herbert Spencer, Social Darwinism, reformers [on the reaction to Darwinism by Henry George, Henry C. Carey, Edward Bellamy, & others]

Bannister, Robert C., 1979. Social Darwinism; Science and Myth in Anglo-American Social Thought. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. 292 pp.

Barcat, Juan Antonio, Sep./Oct. 2009. Alfred Russel Wallace y la civilización. Medicina 69(4): 491. A.T.: social evolution, The Malay Archipelago, civilization

Barnes, Boyd, 2008. Natural Theology and Natural History in Darwin's Time: Design, Direction, Superintendence and Uniformity in British Thought, 1818-1876. Ph.D. Dissertation, Vanderbilt University, Nashville. 244 pp. A.T.: William Buckland, Adam Sedgwick, William Whewell, Baden Powell, Thomas Huxley, Asa Gray

Barrow, Logie, 1986. Independent Spirits; Spiritualism and English Plebeians, 1850-1910. London & New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul. 338 pp.

Barton, Nicholas H., & Rodriguez de Cara, Maria Angeles, May 2009. The evolution of strong reproductive isolation. Evolution 63(5): 1171-1190. A.T.: reinforcement, speciation, adaptation, incompatibility, hybrids

Barton, Nick, 20 Oct. 2000. The rapid origin of reproductive isolation. Science 290(5491): 462-463. [regarding the reinforcement of reproductive barriers between diverging populations]

Bastin, John, 1986. Introduction to Wallace's The Malay Archipelago (Singapore & New York: Oxford University Press): vii-xxvii. A.T.: biography, natural history

Beccaloni, George, Nov. 2008. Homes sweet homes: A biographical tour of Wallace's many places of residence. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 7-43. A.T.: biography

Beccaloni, George, Nov. 2008. Wallace's annotated copy of the Darwin-Wallace paper on natural selection. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 91-101.

Beccaloni, George, April 2014. Trouble with tiger beetles: Singapore Science Centre's Wallace Exhibition spreads tiger beetle myth. A.T.: natural selection, Van Wyhe

Beccaloni, George, 2014. Henry Walter Bates: Guilty until proven innocent? A.T.: Van Wyhe

Beccaloni, George, May 2015. Alfred Russel Wallace and natural selection: The real story. Taprobanica 7(3): 120-125.

Beccaloni, George, 2017. Introduction to Wallace's The Malay Archipelago (London: The Folio Society): xix-lii.

Beccaloni, George B., 2017. Worlds after Wallace [interview concerning Wallace's activities in the Malay Archipelago]. In Springer, Anna-Sophie & Turpin, Etienne, eds., Reverse Hallucinations in the Archipelago (Berlin: K. Verlag & Haus der Kulturen der Welt): 68-83.

Beccaloni, George B., Aug. 2020. Was Alfred Russel Wallace "…the greatest field biologist of the nineteenth century"? https://www.researchgate.net/publication/343834494_WAS_ALFRED_RUSSEL_WALLACE_THE_GREATEST_FIELD_BIOLOGIST_OF_THE_NINETEENTH_CENTURY#fullTextFileContent

Beccaloni, George, Dec. 2022. The 'letter from Ternate': What happened to Wallace's legendary 1858 letter and Darwin’s reply to it? The Linnean 38(3): 16-24. A.T.: Ternate essay, missing correspondence

Beccaloni, George B., ed., 25 March 2023. Catalogue of the Correspondence of Alfred Russel Wallace. 1st Edition. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7769858

Beccaloni, George, 2023. Alfred Russel Wallace and the Malay Archipelago. Evolve Magazine 51: 38-43. A.T.: biography

Beccaloni, George, & Smith, Vincent S., 28 Feb. 2008. Celebrations for Darwin downplay Wallace's role. Nature 451(7182): 1050.

Beck, Jan, Kitching, Ian J., & Linsenmair, K. Eduard, Nov. 2006. Wallace's line revisited: Has vicariance or dispersal shaped the distribution of Malesian hawkmoths (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae)? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 89(3): 455-468. A.T.: Wallacea, sea level, insects, biogeography, faunal similarity, Preston's coefficient, faunal turnover, speciation, life histories

Beck, Naomi, 2013. Social Darwinism. In Michael Ruse, ed., The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Darwin and Evolutionary Thought (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press): 195-201. [available online as Papers on Economics and Evolution #1215 (Evolutionary Economics Group, Max Planck Institute of Economics)]

Beddall, Barbara G., 1968. Wallace, Darwin, and the theory of natural selection: A study in the development of ideas and attitudes. Journal of the History of Biology 1(2): 261-323. A.T.: biography, Bates, Lyell, evolution, Lamarck, varieties, Linnean Society, Hooker

Beddall, Barbara G., ed., 1969. Wallace and Bates in the Tropics; An Introduction to the Theory of Natural Selection. London: Macmillan. 241 pp.

Beddall, Barbara G., Spring 1972. Wallace, Darwin, and Edward Blyth: Further notes on the development of evolution theory. Journal of the History of Biology 5(1): 153-158.

Beddall, Barbara G., Spring 1988. Darwin and divergence: The Wallace connection. Journal of the History of Biology 21(1): 1-68. A.T.: natural selection, evolution, Brooks, Brackman, Lyell, Gray

Beddall, Barbara G., Summer 1988. Wallace's annotated copy of Darwin's Origin of Species. Journal of the History of Biology 21(2): 265-289. A.T.: natural selection, domestic breeds, variability, annotations

Beddall, Barbara G., 1998. Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823-1913). In Edward Craig, ed., Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy (London & New York: Routledge), Vol. 9: 678-679.

Bellés, Xavier, Autumn 2013. The naturalist who got ahead of Darwin. Mètode (University of Valencia) 79: 6-13. [available online in html]

Bell, Graham, 2010. Fluctuating selection: The perpetual renewal of adaptation in variable environments. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 365: 87-97. A.T.: natural selection, evolution, gradualism, oligogenic model, multi-scale environments

Bensley, D. Alan, July/Aug. 2006. Why great thinkers sometimes fail to think critically. Skeptical Inquirer 30(4): 47-52. A.T.: Arthur Conan Doyle, critical thinking, spiritualism, skeptics

Benton, Ted, Spring 1997. Where to draw the line?: Alfred Russel Wallace in Borneo. Studies in Travel Writing No. 1: 96-116. A.T.: orangutan, The Malay Archipelago, native peoples, naturalism, humanism, human evolution

Benton, Ted, Nov. 2008. Wallace's dilemmas: The laws of nature and the human spirit. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 368-390. A.T.: spiritualism, human evolution, racial evolution

Benton, Ted, Oct. 2009. Race, sex and the 'earthly paradise': Wallace versus Darwin on human evolution and prospects. Sociological Review 57, Supplement S2: 23-46. A.T.: naturalism, natural selection, The Descent of Man, moral sense, humanism

Benton, Ted, Nov. 2009. Darwin and Wallace as environmental philosophers. Environmental Values 18(4): 487-502. A.T.: human evolution, sexual selection, environmental justice, orangutan, natural selection, The Descent of Man, spiritualism

Benton, Ted, 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace: Explorer, Evolutionist, Public Intellectual. Manchester U.K.: Siri Scientific Press. 224 pp.

Berlinski, David, April 2008. The God of the gaps. Commentary 125(4): 34-40. A.T.: surplusage, Stephen Jay Gould, human evolution, Darwin, cosmology [concerning the relation of consciousness to evolution, and scientific ideas thereon]

Bermingham, Eldredge, & Dick, Christopher, 21 Sept. 2001. The Inga--Newcomer or museum antiquity? Science 293(5538): 2214-2216. A.T.: biogeography [on the accumulating time hypothesis of high tropical diversities]

Bernstein, Ralph E., 3 June 1982. Wallace: The man who almost pipped Darwin. New Scientist 94: 652-655. A.T.: biography

Bernstein, Ralph E., Winter 1984. Darwin's alter ego: Co-originator Alfred Wallace. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine (Chicago) 27(2): 234-238. A.T.: biography

Berra, Tim M., Oct. 2013. Wallace's acceptance of Darwin's priority in his own words. The Linnean 29(2): 23-40.

Berry, Andrew, 18 May 2000. An ugly baby [in part a review of Knapp 1999]. London Review of Books 22(10): 26-27. A.T.: biography

Berry, Andrew, ed., 2002. Infinite Tropics: An Alfred Russel Wallace Anthology. London & New York: Verso. 430 pp.

Berry, Andrew, Nov. 2008. "Ardent beetle-hunters": Natural history, collecting, and the theory of evolution. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 47-65.

Berry, Andrew, 11 April 2013. Evolution's red-hot radical. Nature 496(7444): 162-164. A.T.: biography

Berry, Andrew, 3 March 2014. Scientist, socialist: The enduring appeal of Alfred Russel Wallace. Current Biology 24(5): R178-R180. [book review of Ted Benton's Alfred Russel Wallace, Explorer, Evolutionist, Public Intellectual]

Berry, Andrew, 2014. Introduction to Wallace's The Malay Archipelago (London: Penguin Books): ix-lxviii+. A.T.: biography

Berry, Andrew, Sept. 2015. Odyssey of a naturalist. Natural History 123(7): 10-15. A.T.: biography

Berry, Andrew, Fall 2015. Alfred Russel Wallace: The power of place. Victorian Review 41(2): 91-111. A.T.: geography, geographers, biography, geology, biogeography, land nationalization, naturalists

Berry, Andrew, 20 April 2020. Beyond science: Alfred Russel Wallace in the public eye. Current Biology 30(8): R332-R333.

Berry, Andrew, 4 Jan. 2023. Alfred Russel Wallace's first expedition ended in flames. Nature 613(7942): 22-24.

Berry, Andrew, & Browne, Janet, 18 July 2022. Mendel and Darwin. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 119(30): e2122144119.

Berry, Andrew / Costa, James T. / Browne, Janet / Wood, James, 16 Dec. 2013. Feature: Wallace centennial ('Alfred Russel Wallace--natural selection, socialism, and spiritualism' / 'Wallace on the evolutionary trail' / 'Wallace and Darwin' / 'Wallace as writer'). Current Biology 23(24): R1066-R1073.

Bickerton, Derek, 2014. More than Nature Needs: Language, Mind, and Evolution. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press. 324 pp.

Bignami, Marialuisa, 2011. Joseph Conrad and Alfred Russel Wallace look at the Malay Archipelago. In Carlo Pagetti, ed., Darwin nel Tempo: Modernità Letteraria e Immaginario Scientifico: Milano, 11-12 Novembre 2009 (Milano: Cisalpino): 237-249. A.T.: literature

Bijl, Wouter van der, Zeuss, Dirk, Chazot, Nicolas, Tunström, Kalle, Wahlberg, Niklas, Wiklund, Christer, Fitzpatrick, John L., & Wheat, Christopher W., 2020. Butterfly dichromatism primarily evolved via Darwin's, not Wallace's, model. Evolution Letters 4(6): 545-555. A.T.: phylogeny, sexual dimorphism, color, regression, sexual selection, European butterflies

Bini, Luis Mauricio, Diniz-Filho, José Alexandre F., Rangel, Thiago F. L. V. B., Bastos, Rogério Pereira, & Pinto, Miriam Plaza, Sept. 2006. Challenging Wallacean and Linnean shortfalls: Knowledge gradients and conservation planning in a biodiversity hotspot. Diversity and Distributions 12(5): 475-482. A.T.: Cerrado, frogs, Brazil, Wallacean shortfall, reserves

Blaisdell, Muriel L., 1992. Darwinism and Its Data; The Adaptive Coloration of Animals. New York & London: Garland. 404 pp. A.T.: protective coloration, mimicry, natural selection, aposematism

Blassingame, Wyatt, 1964. Naturalist-explorers. New York: Franklin Watts. 145 pp. A.T.: biography [juvenile literature]

Blinderman, Charles, 1998. Alfred Russel Wallace. In Gary Kelly & Edd Applegate, eds., British Reform Writers, 1832-1914 (Detroit: Gale Research; Dictionary of Literary Biography Vol. 190): 325-333. A.T.: literature

Blitz, David, 1992. Chapter 4. Alfred Russel Wallace: Evolution and the supernatural. In Blitz's Emergent Evolution: Qualitative Novelty and the Levels of Reality (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers): 43-49.

Blum, Deborah, 2006. Ghost Hunters. New York: The Penguin Press. 370 pp. [on the investigation of spiritualistic phenomena in the late nineteenth century, especially as connected to William James; contains a chapter on Wallace]

Bock, Walter J., June 2009. The Darwin-Wallace myth of 1858. Proceedings of the Zoological Society 62(1): 1-12. A.T.: Linnean Society, natural selection, evolution

Bock, Walter J., March 2010. Multiple explanations in Darwinian evolutionary theory. Acta Biotheoretica 58(1): 65-79. A.T.: nomological theory, natural selection, evolution

Boekhout van Solinge, Tim, 2008. The land of the orangutan and the bird of paradise under threat. In Ragnhild Sollund, ed., Global Harms: Ecological Crime and Speciesism (New York: Nova Science Publishing): Chapter 4. A.T.: deforestation, conservation, Indonesia, Malay Archipelago, extinction, erosion

Böhle, Uta-Regina, Hilger, Hartmut H., & Martin, William F., Oct. 1996. Island colonization and evolution of the insular woody habit in Echium L. (Boraginaceae). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 93(21): 11740-11745. A.T.: speciation, founding populations, shrubs, islands, colonization [discusses early theory by Wallace connecting woody habit to selection for longevity]

Boice, Robert, 1977. Surplusage. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 9(6): 452-454. [discusses "the question as to why an organism should have a surplusage of mental power beyond the evolutionary needs of its possessor"]

Bolles, Robert C., & Beecher, Michael D., eds., 1988. Evolution and Learning. Hillsdale NJ & London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 263 pp. [includes discussions of Wallace's ideas on learning and conditioning]

Bonebrake, Timothy C., March 2013. Conservation implications of adaptation to tropical climates from a historical perspective. Journal of Biogeography 40(3): 409-414. A.T.: Humboldt, Darwin, global warming, climate change, tropics

Borgia, Gerald, June 1986. Sexual selection in bowerbirds. Scientific American 254(6): 92-100. A.T.: Australasia, competition, Darwin

Bowler, Peter J., Jan. 1976. Alfred Russel Wallace's concepts of variation. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 31(1): 17-29. A.T.: natural selection, Darwin

Bowler, Peter J., 1989. Evolution: The History of an Idea (rev. ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press. 432 pp.

Bowler, Peter J., 1990. Charles Darwin; The Man and His Influence. Oxford, U.K.: Basil Blackwell. 250 pp.

Bowler, Peter J., 20 Dec. 2009. Do we need a non-Darwinian industry? Notes & Records of the Royal Society 63(4): 393-398. A.T.: evolution, Darwin, Darwinism, Social Darwinism

Bowler, Peter J., 2013. Darwin Deleted; Imagining a World Without Darwin. Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press. 318 pp.

Boyer, Pascal, Robbins, Philip, & Jack, Anthony I., Dec. 2005. Varieties of self-systems worth having. Consciousness and Cognition 14(4): 647-660. A.T.: cognitive science, agency, self-awareness, memory, mind-reading, evolution, self [on the worth of self-consciousness]

Brackman, Arnold C., 1980. A Delicate Arrangement; The Strange Case of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace. New York: Times Books. 370 pp. A.T.: biography

Brake, Mark, 2012. Alien Life Imagined: Communicating the Science and Culture of Astrobiology. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. 276 pp. A.T.: astronomy, New Astronomy, cosmology, extraterrestrial life

Brick, Greg, 2023. "Two distinct creators": Comparing Darwin's and Wallace's formative travels, and how it influenced their theory of evolution. Open Journal for Studies in History 6(1): 23-32. A.T.: natural selection, sexual selection

Brook, Anthony, Dec. 2018. Alfred Russel Wallace: His Sussex connections. Hastings & District Geological Society Journal 24: 14-16. [available online]

Brooke, John Hedley, May 1977. Natural theology and the plurality of worlds: Observations on the Brewster-Whewell debate. Annals of Science 34(3): 221-286. A.T.: extraterrestrial life, natural theology, plurality of worlds, nebular hypothesis, teleology, Vestiges, Origin of Species

Brooke, John Hedley, 1991. Science and Religion; Some Historical Perspectives. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. 432 pp.

Brooks, John L., Dec. 1972. Extinction and the origin of organic diversity. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 44: 19-56. A.T.: natural selection, Lyell, Principles of Geology, 'On the Law...', affinities, distribution, Forbes, polarity, butterflies, gaps, Passeres, fossil record, species, varieties, Darwin, Aru

Brooks, John L., 1984. Just Before the Origin: Alfred Russel Wallace's Theory of Evolution. New York: Columbia University Press. 284 pp.

Brooks, John L., 1985. Development of Wallace's perceptions of biogeography, 1848-1859. Earth Sciences History 4(2): 113-117. A.T.: Amazon, Wallace's line, gaps, distribution, physiographic change, Aru

Brotman, C., Dec. 2001. Alfred Wallace and the anthropology of sound in Victorian culture. Endeavour 25(4): 144-147. A.T.: music, musical sense, Malay Archipelago

Brown, C. Mackenzie, Sept. 2007. Colonial and post-colonial elaborations of avataric evolutionism. Zygon 42(3): 715-748. A.T.: Annie Besant, Hinduism, Ghose, Vedic studies [mentions influence of Wallace on the pandit Chamupati and other followers of Dayananda]

Brown, R. M., & Guttman, S. I., July 2002. Phylogenetic systematics of the Rana signata complex of Philippine and Bornean stream frogs: Reconsideration of Huxley's modification of Wallace's Line at the Oriental-Australian faunal zone interface. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 76(3): 393-461. A.T.: biogeography, Sunda Shelf, Ranidae, vicariance, barriers, dispersal

Browne, Janet, 1983. The Secular Ark; Studies in the History of Biogeography. New Haven & London: Yale University Press. 273 pp. A.T.: history of science

Browne, Janet, Winter 2010. Making Darwin: Biography and the changing representations of Charles Darwin. Journal of Interdisciplinary History 40(3): 347-373. A.T.: historiography, biographers, Victorian era, Victorian literature

Browning, William E., 2021. Stolen Priority: The Case of Alfred Russell Wallace and Charles Darwin. Moline IL: privately printed. 217 pp. A.T.: biography

Brumm, Adam, Shagir, Kama Jaya, Ismail, Taufiq, Hakim, Budianto, Perston, Yinika, Newman, Kim, & Macknight, Campbell, April 2019. Retracing Alfred Russel Wallace’s 1857 expedition to the Maros karsts of Sulawesi. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 126(4): 637-654. A.T.: Jacob Mesman, natural history specimens, collections, fieldwork, landscape analysis

Bruni, Luis Emilio, 2008. Semiotic freedom: Emergence and teleology in biological and cognitive interfaces. The American Journal of Semiotics 24(1-3): 57-73, 205. A.T.: biosemiotics, Gregory Bateson, cybernetics, information theory

Bryant, William, 2003. Naturalist in the River: The Life and Early Writings of Alfred Russel Wallace. iUniverse.com. 180 pp. A.T.: biography, Brazil, Amazon

Buchanan, Roderick D., & Bradley, James, Sept. 2017. "Darwin’s delay": A reassessment of the evidence. Isis 108(3): 529-552.

Budil, Ivo, 2014. Alfred Russel Wallace, William Rathbone Greg and the Origin of Social Darwinism. West Bohemian Historical Review No. 2: 59-76.

Bueno Hernández, Alfredo, & Llorente Bousquets, Jorge, 2000. Una visión histórica de la biogeografía dispersionista con críticas a sus fundamentos. Caldasia 22(2): 161-184. A.T.: dispersal, biogeography, history of biogeography, dispersalism, Darwin

Bueno Hernández, Alfredo, & Llorente Bousquets, Jorge, 2003. La obra biogeográfica de Alfred Russel Wallace. Parte I: Su viaje a la Amazonia y sus primeras ideas sobre distribución. In Juan J. Morrone & Jorge Llorente Bousquets, eds., Una Perspectiva Latinoamericana de la Biogeografía (México, D.F.: Las Prensas de Ciencias, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México): 29-38. A.T.: distribution, Amazon, Brazil, history of biogeography, natural history

Bueno Hernández, Alfredo, & Llorente Bousquets, Jorge, 2003. El Pensamiento Biogeográfico de Alfred Russel Wallace. Bogotá: Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales. 191 pp. A.T.: biogeography, history of biogeography

Bueno Hernández, Alfredo, & Llorente Bousquets, Jorge, 2005. La obra biogeográfica de Alfred Russel Wallace. Parte II: El modelo extensionista y la inflexión al permanentismo. In Jorge Llorente Bousquets & Juan J. Morrone, eds., Regionalización Biogeográfica en Iberoamérica y Tópicos Afines (México, D.F.: Las Prensas de Ciencias, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México): 19-44. A.T.: extensionism, biogeography, history of biogeography

Bueno Hernández, Alfredo, & Llorente-Bousquets, Jorge E., April 2006. The other face of Lyell: Historical biogeography in his Principles of Geology. Journal of Biogeography 33(4): 549-559. A.T.: dispersal, dispersalism, history of biogeography, natural law

Bueno Hernández, Alfredo, Morrone, Juan J., Luna-Reyes, M. de las Mercedes, & Pérez-Malváez, Carlos, 1999. Raíces históricas del concepto de centro de origen en la biogeografía dispersionista: Del Edén bíblico al modelo de Darwin-Wallace. Sciences et Techniques en Perspective 3(1): 27-45. A.T.: dispersalism, centers of origin, historical biogeography, history of biogeography

Bueno-Hernández, Alfredo, Barahona, Ana, Morrone, Juan J., Espinosa, David, & Juárez-Barrera, Fabiola, 2023. Historiographical approaches to biogeography: A critical review. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 45(3). 23 pp. A.T.: historical biogeography, evolutionary biogeography

Bulmer, Michael, 22 May 2005. The theory of natural selection of Alfred Russel Wallace FRS. Notes & Records of the Royal Society 59(2): 125-136. A.T.: varieties, Ternate paper, Darwin, evolution

Burnet, Ian, 2017. Where Australia Collides with Asia: The Epic Voyages of Joseph Banks, Charles Darwin, Alfred Russel Wallace, and the Origin of On the Origin of Species. Sydney NSW: Rosenberg Publishing Pty Ltd. 206 pp.

Byatt, Jean I., 1974. A short comment on Alfred Russel Wallace's paper entitled 'On the peculiar species of the British fauna and flora' (1880). Proceedings of the Croydon Natural History and Scientific Society 15(5): 97-100.

Bynum, W. F., & Porter, Roy, eds., 2005. Oxford Dictionary of Scientific Quotations [entry "Alfred Russel Wallace," pp. 602-606]. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press. 712 pp.

Cain, A. J., Jan.-Feb. 1984. Islands and evolution: Theory and opinion in Darwin's earlier years. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 21(1-2): 5-27. A.T.: island biogeography, classification, distribution

Camerini, Jane R., 1987. Darwin, Wallace, and Maps. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison. 345 pp.

Camerini, Jane R., Dec. 1993. Evolution, biogeography, and maps: An early history of Wallace's Line. Isis 84(4): 700-727. Reprinted with minor changes in Roy MacLeod & Philip J. Rehbock, eds., 1994, Darwin's Laboratory: Evolutionary Theory and Natural History in the Pacific (Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press): 70-109.

Camerini, Jane R., 1996. Wallace in the field. Osiris 11, 2nd s.: 44-65. A.T.: field naturalists, fieldwork, natural history collectors

Camerini, Jane R., 1997. Remains of the day: Early Victorians in the field. In Bernard Lightman, ed., Victorian Science in Context (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 354-377. A.T.: field naturalists, fieldwork, natural history collectors

Camerini, Jane R., ed., 2002. The Alfred Russel Wallace Reader: A Selection of Writings from the Field. Baltimore & London: Johns Hopkins University Press. 219 pp. A.T.: natural history collecting, naturalists, biography

Cameron, Lauren, 1 Nov. 2022. Tracking the rise and fall of Wallaceism: Alfred Russel Wallace's Darwinism and its transatlantic influences. Nineteenth Century Studies 34: 42-60.

Campbell, Anthony K., 2003. What Darwin missed. Astrophysics and Space Science 285: 571-585. A.T.: natural selection, panspermia, origin of life [discusses Fred Hoyle's criticism of Darwinian-style evolution as slow incremental change, and the relevance of molecular biodiversity]

Camus, Patricio A., 2009. Ever since Darwin? Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 82: 471-476. A.T.: anniversaries, Ternate essay, natural selection, Lamarck

Canguilhem, Georges, 1959. Les Concepts de "Lutte Pour l'Existence" et de "Sélection Naturelle" en 1858: Charles Darwin et Alfred Russel Wallace. Paris: Les Conférences du Palais de la Découverte Ser. D: Histoire des Sciences, No. 61. 17 pp.

Caponi, Gustavo, 2009. Definitivamente no estaba ahí: La ausencia de la teoría de la selección natural en Sobre la Tendencia de las Variedades a Apartarse Indefinidamente del Tipo Original de Alfred Russel Wallace. Ludus Vitalis 17(32): 55-73. A.T.: Charles Darwin, natural selection, divergence, lineages, Jean Gayon [suggests that the Ternate essay avoids the issue of divergence of forms]

Caponi, Gustavo, 2011. Las raíces del programa adaptacionista. Scientiæ Studia (São Paulo) 9(4): 705-738. A.T.: Karl Semper, adaptationism, Darwin

Cardoso, Pedro, Erwin, Terry L., Borges, Paulo A. V., & New, Tim R., Nov. 2011. The seven impediments in invertebrate conservation and how to overcome them. Biological Conservation 144(11): 2647-2655. A.T.: conservation, ecosystem services, biodiversity [discusses Wallacean shortfalls]

Carmo, Viviane Arruda do, 2008. As concepções de Alfred Russel Wallace acerca da cor e ornamentos dos animais e sua crítica à seleção sexual. Filosofia e História da Biologia 3: 377-392. A.T.: Darwin, sexual selection

Carmo, Viviane Arruda do, 2021. Wallace, Sclater e os modelos de distribuição biogeográfica. Filosofia e História da Biologia 16(1): 113-129.

Carmo, Viviane Arruda do, & Martins, Lilian Al-Chueyr Pereira, 2006. Charles Darwin, Alfred Russel Wallace e a seleção natural: Um estudo comparativo. In Maria Elice Brzezinski Prestes, Lilian Al-Chueyr Pereira Martins & Waldir Stefano, eds., Filosofia e História da Biologia 1 (São Paulo: Fundo Mackenzie de Pesquisa, MackPesquisa): 335-350. A.T.: natural selection

Carmo, Viviane Arruda do, Bizzo, Nélio, & Martins, Lilian Al-Chueyr Pereira, 2009. Alfred Russel Wallace e o princípio de seleção natural. Filosofia e História da Biologia 4: 209-233. A.T.: natural selection

Carmo, Viviane Arruda do, Martins, Lilian Al-Chueyr Pereira, & Bizzo, Nelio Vincenzo, 2012. As contribuições de Alfred Russel Wallace para a biogeografia. Filosofia e História da Biologia 7(1): 117-136. A.T.: biogeography, history of biogeography

Carmo, Viviane Arruda do, 2011. Episódios da História da Biologia e o Ensino da Ciência: As Contribuições de Alfred Russel Wallace. Ph.D. Dissertation, Faculdade de Educação, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo.

Caro, Tim, Feb. 2005. The adaptive significance of coloration in mammals. BioScience 55(2): 125-136. A.T.: protective coloration, aposematism, signals, communication, camouflage

Caro, Tim, Jan. 2017. Wallace on coloration: Contemporary perspective and unresolved insights. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 32(1): 23-30. A.T.: protective coloration, warning colors, attractive colors

Caro, Tim, 1 June 2023. An evolutionary route to warning coloration. Nature 618: 34-35. A.T.: aposematism, camouflage, crypsis, Loeffler-Henry

Caro, Tim, Merilaita, Sami, & Stevens, Martin, Nov. 2008. The colours of animals: From Wallace to the present day. I. Cryptic coloration. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 125-143.

Caro, Tim, Hill, Geoffrey, Lindström, Leena, & Speed, Michael, Nov. 2008. The colours of animals: From Wallace to the present day. II. Conspicuous coloration. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 144-165.

Carrington-Smith, Denise, 2022. Alfred Russel Wallace: The Journey of a Lifetime. La Vergne TN: Storixus Media and Publishing. 292 pp.

Carstensen, Daniel W., & Olesen, Jens M., Aug. 2009. Wallacea and its nectarivorous birds: Nestedness and modules. Journal of Biogeography 36(8): 1540-1550. A.T.: biogeography, nestedness, modularity, cluster analysis

Cerullo, John J., 1982. The Secularization of the Soul; Psychical Research in Modern Britain. Philadelphia: Institute for the Study of Human Issues. 194 pp. A.T.: spiritualism, Victorian science, William Crookes

Chakrabarti, Raj, Rabitz, Herschel, Springs, Stacey L., & McLendon, George L., 27 June 2008. Mutagenic evidence for the optimal control of evolutionary dynamics. Physical Review Letters 100, 258103. A.T.: complex systems, fitness measures

Charwat, Elaine, June 2014. AR Wallace and the cockatoo conundrum. Pulse (Linnean Society of London) No. 22 (online). A.T.: Wallace art

Chase, Malcolm, 1979. A Victorian scientist at Grays: 1872-1876. Panorama: The Journal of the Thurrock Local History Society No. 22: 8-17. A.T.: biography

Chesterton, G. K., Jan. 1904. Alfred Russel Wallace. English Illustrated Magazine (London) 30, n.s.: 420-422. A.T.: biography, bibliography

Chhem, Rethy K., Dec. 2013. Monsoons, mosquitoes and malaria: Alfred Russel Wallace in the Malay Archipelago. Jati 18: 247-254. A.T.: malaria, history of medecine, colonialism

Christensen, Bryce, Dec. 2011. Darwin vs. Wallace: When poetry dies and when poetry survives in the not-so-natural selection of memetic evolution. Changing English 18(4): 397-405. A.T.: memes, science

Chua, Christine, 2020. Some original sketches of Alfred Russel Wallace in contemporary newspapers. With assistance from John van Wyhe. http://darwin-online.org.uk/converted/pdf/2020_ARW_Sketches_A1126.pdf

Cicuzza, Daniele, 20 Dec. 2014. A rediscovery of Alfred Russel Wallace's fern collection from Borneo at the Cambridge University Herbarium. Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science 68(4): 403-412. A.T.: botany

Cirkovic, Milan M., Jan.-Feb. 2005. Permanence--An adaptationist solution to Fermi's Paradox? JBIS, Journal of the British Interplanetary Society 58(1-2): 62-70. A.T.: extraterrestrial intelligence, history of astronomy, astrobiology [discusses adaptationism in the context of astrobiology]

Claeys, Gregory, April 2000. The "survival of the fittest" and the origins of Social Darwinism. Journal of the History of Ideas 61(2): 223-240. A.T.: Malthus, political economy, race

Claeys, Gregory, Nov. 2008. Wallace and Owenism. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 235-262. A.T.: Robert Owen, socialism, social evolution

Clark, Brett, & York, Richard, June 2007. The restoration of nature and biogeography: An introduction to Alfred Russel Wallace's "Epping Forest" in 1878. Organization & Environment 20(2): 213-234. [followed on pages 235-248 by Wallace's essay 'Epping Forest' (S292)] A.T.: ecology, biogeography, trees, conservation, biography, evolution, land planning, environmental protection

Claybourne, Anna, & Veres, Laszlo, 2014. Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace. London: Collins. 81 pp. A.T.: biography [juvenile literature]

Clemens, Florence, July 1939. Conrad's favorite bedside book. South Atlantic Quarterly 38: 305-315. A.T.: literature, literary influence [on Joseph Conrad's fondness for The Malay Archipelago]

Clement, Mark, 2016. Evolution and empire: Alfred Russel Wallace and Dutch colonial rule in Southeast Asia in the mid-nineteenth century. Britain and the World 9(1): 55-75. A.T.: colonialism, imperialism

Clement, Mark, May 2017. Queer colonial journeys: Alfred Russel Wallace and Somerset Maugham in the Malay Archipelago. Journal of the History of Sexuality 26(2): 161-187. A.T.: sexuality, homosexuality, travel literature, Ali, companionship, sexual expression

Clements, Harry, 1983. Alfred Russel Wallace: Biologist and Social Reformer. London: Hutchinson. 215 pp. A.T.: biography, social studies, social criticism, humanitarianism

Clodd, Edward, 1972 [reprint of 1897 ed.]. Pioneers of Evolution From Thales to Huxley. Freeport NY: Books for Libraries Press. 274 pp. A.T.: biography, history of science, evolutionists

Clode, D., & O'Brien, R., 2001. Why Wallace drew the line: A re-analysis of Wallace's bird collections in the Malay Archipelago and the origins of biogeography. In Ian Metcalfe et al., eds., Faunal and Floral Migrations and Evolution in SE Asia-Australia (Lisse, Netherlands: A. A. Balkema Publishers): 113-121. A.T.: Wallace's Line, biogeography, faunas, island biogegraphy, birds, Australasia, Wallacea

Cluysenaar, Anne, 2008. Batu-Angas; Envisioning Nature With Alfred Russel Wallace. Bridgen, Wales: Seren. [a collection of her poems]

Cluysenaar, Anne, Winter 2010. Nicely balanced relations: The life of Alfred Russel Wallace. Planet: The Welsh Internationalist No. 197: 93-100.

Coase, Ronald H., ed., April 1969. Three lectures on Progress and Poverty by Alfred Marshall. Journal of Law and Economics 12(1): 184-226. [reprints Marshall's comments on Wallace's land nationalization plan, and a pair of letter interchanges between Marshall and Wallace]

Cochran, Ferdouz V., Brunsell, Nathaniel A., & Suyker, Andrew E., 2016. A thermodynamic approach for assessing agroecosystem sustainability. Ecological Indicators 67: 204–214. A.T.: biophysical indicators, thermodynamic entropy, irrigation, environmental stress

Coleman, William, 1999. The Strange "Laissez-Faire" of Alfred Russel Wallace: The Connection Between Natural Selection and Political Economy Reconsidered. Hobart: University of Tasmania School of Economics Discussion Paper 1999-04. 26 pp. Reprinted in John Laurent & John Nightingale, eds., 2001, Darwinism and Evolutionary Economics (Cheltenham, U.K. & Northampton MA: Edward Elgar): 36-48.

Collar, Nigel J. & Prys-Jones, Robert P., Dec. 2013. Pioneer of Asian ornithology: Alfred Russel Wallace. BirdingASIA no. 20: 15-30.

Collard, David, Winter 2009. Alfred Russel Wallace and the political economists. History of Political Economy 41(4): 605-644. A.T.: political economy, Malthus, Mill, Spencer, Henry George, Alfred Marshall, Jevons, Sidgwick, socialism, Irving Fisher, capitalism, interest

Collard, David, June 2019. Land and economics. In Charles H. Smith, James T. Costa, & David Collard, eds., An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 235-273. A.T.: land nationalization, social economy, well-being

Collins, Samuel Gerald, 2015. Networked spirits and smart séances: Aura and the anthropological gaze in the era of the internet of things. History and Anthropology 26(4): 419-436. A.T.: spiritualism, animism, E. B. Tylor

Colp, Ralph, Jr., 1983. Charles Darwin: Man and scientist. Centennial Review 27(2): 96-110. A.T.: biography

Colp, Ralph, Jr., March 1992. "I will gladly do my best." How Charles Darwin obtained a Civil List Pension for Alfred Russel Wallace. Isis 83(1): 2-26. A.T.: Arabella Buckley, biography, Huxley, Hooker

Colson, Mary, 2015. Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace. New York: Gareth Stevens Publishing. 48 pp. A.T.: biography [juvenile literature]

Colwell, Robert K., 5 Dec. 2000. A barrier runs through it ... or maybe just a river. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97(25): 13470-13472. [discusses the riverine barrier hypothesis as related to Amazon distribution patterns] A.T.: divergence, biogeography

Condamine, Fabien L., Toussaint, Emmanuel F. A., Clamens, Anne-Laure, Genson, Gwenaelle, Sperlin, Felix A. H., & Kergoat, Gael J., 2 July 2015. Deciphering the evolution of birdwing butterflies 150 years after Alfred Russel Wallace. Scientific Reports 5: 11860, 11 pages. A.T.: biogeography, diversification rates

Conlin, Jonathan, 2014. Evolution and the Victorians: Science, Culture and Politics in Darwin's Britain. London: Bloomsbury Publishing. 257 pp.

Conniff, Richard, Sept. 2015. Alfred Russel Wallace--species seeker extraordinaire. Skeptic Magazine 20(3): 8-15. A.T.: biography, history of science, Darwin

Corballis, Michael C., Aug. 2017. The evolution of language: Sharing our mental lives. Journal of Neurolinguistics 43 B: 120-132.

Cornish, Caroline, 2015. Curating global knowledge: The Museum of Economic Botany at Kew Gardens. In Diarmid A. Finnegan & Jonathan Jeffrey Wright, eds., Spaces of Global Knowledge: Exhibition, Encounter and Exchange in an Age of Empire (Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate): 119-142. A.T.: cultural geography, museum collections, botanical collections, indigo

Coronado, Guillermo, July-Dec. 2002. A. R. Wallace, la evolución, y su ensayo de 1858. Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica 40(101): 153-169. A.T.: Ternate essay, history of science

Coronado, Guillermo, Dec. 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace en el centenario de su muerte. Revista de Biología Tropical 61(4): 1543-1550. A.T.: biography

Corral Cuartas, Álvaro, 2022. Selección sexual y evolución humana. Una controversia entre Charles Darwin y Alfred Wallace sobre el principio de economía y unidad de la ciencia. Ideas y Valores 71, Supl. 8: 41-65. A.T. : human evolution, controversies, sexual selection, beliefs, scientific theories

Costa, James T., June 2013. Synonymy and its discontents: Alfred Russel Wallace's nomenclatural proposals from the 'Species Notebook' of 1855-1859. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 70(2): 131-148. A.T.: biogeography, field notes, taxonomy, collections, specimens

Costa, James T., Dec. 2013. Engaging with Lyell: Alfred Russel Wallace's Sarawak law and Ternate papers as reactions to Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology. Theory in Biosciences 132(4): 225-237. A.T.: Darwin, natural selection, biogeography, history of science

Costa, James T., ed., 2013. On the Organic Law of Change: A Facsimile Edition and Annotated Transcription of Alfred Russel Wallace's Species Notebook of 1855-1859. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press. 573 pp. A.T.: natural selection, history of science, fieldwork

Costa, James T., 2013. On the organic law of change: Alfred Russel Wallace and the book that should have been. Evolve (Linnean Society of London) Issue 17: 30-33.

Costa, James T., May-June 2014. Rediscovering Wallace's "species notebook." Reports of the National Center for Science Education 34(3): 1.1-1.5. A.T.: evolution, natural selection, fieldwork

Costa, James T., 2014. Wallace, Darwin, and the Origin of Species. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press. 331 pp.

Costa, James T., Sept. 2015. The consilient Mr. Wallace. Skeptic Magazine 20(3): 16-21. A.T.: consiliency

Costa, James T., June 2019. Field study, collecting, and systematic representation. In Charles H. Smith, James T. Costa, & David Collard, eds., An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 67-95.

Costa, James T., June 2019. Wallace, Darwin, and natural selection. In Charles H. Smith, James T. Costa, & David Collard, eds., An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 97-144.

Costa, James T., June 2019. Historical and ecological biogeography. In Charles H. Smith, James T. Costa, & David Collard, eds., An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 299-339.

Costa, James T., 2021. There is hardly any question in biology of more importance: Charles Darwin and the nature of variation. In David W. Pfennig, ed., Phenotypic Plasticity & Evolution; Causes, Consequences, Controversies (Boca Raton FL: CRC Press): 25-54. A.T.: trait variation, pangenesis, Fleeming Jenkin, Robert Edmond Grant, Lamarck, transmutationism

Costa, James T., 2023. Radical by Nature: The Revolutionary Life of Alfred Russel Wallace. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.

Costa, James T., & Beccaloni, George, 17 Nov. 2014. Deepening the darkness? Alfred Russel Wallace in the Malay Archipelago. Current Biology 24(22): R1070-R1072.

Costa, James T., & Beccaloni, George, 5 April 2023 online. Alfred Russel Wallace's unrealized last book: Insights from the plan for Darwin and Wallace. Notes & Records of the Royal Society. 35 pp. A.T.: Mendelism, mutationism, neo-Lamarckism, Modern Synthesis

Cottler, Joseph, 1966. Alfred Wallace, Explorer-Naturalist. Boston: Little, Brown. 212 pp. A.T.: biography [juvenile literature]

Cox, Murray P., Karafet, Tatiana M., Lansing, J. Stephen, Sudoyo, Herawati, & Hammer, Michael F., 22 May 2010. Autosomal and X-linked single nucleotide polymorphisms reveal a steep Asian-Melanesian ancestry cline in eastern Indonesia and a sex bias in admixture rates. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, Biological Sciences 277(1687): 1589-1596.

Cranbrook, Earl of, Nov. 2008. Preface: Alfred Wallace, field collector. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): ix-xix.

Cranbrook, Earl of, June 2013. The 'Everett Collection from Borneo Caves' in the Natural History Museum, London: Its origin, composition and potential for research. Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 86(1): 79-112. A.T.: archeology, paleontology

Cranbrook, Earl of, & Mann, Darren J., 2016. Alfred Russel Wallace and his collections in the Malay Archipelago, with a proposal for international cooperation to produce a digital catalogue. In Indraneil Das & Andrew Alek Tuen, eds., Naturalists, Explorers and Field Scientists in South-East Asia and Australasia (Cham, Switzerland: Springer): 15-50. A.T.: natural history specimens, digitization, birds, insects, Samuel Stevens, Sarawak

Cranbrook, Earl of, & Marshall, Adrian G., Dec. 2014. Alfred Russel Wallace's assistants, and other helpers, in the Malay Archipelago 1854-62. Sarawak Museum Journal 73 (no. 94, n.s.): 73-122.

Cranbrook, Earl of, Hills, Daphne M., McCarthy, Colin J., & Prŷs-Jones, Robert, 2005. A. R. Wallace, collector: Tracing his vertebrate specimens, part I. In Andrew A. Tuen & Indraneil Das, eds., Wallace in Sarawak--150 Years Later: An International Conference on Biogeography and Biodiversity (Kota Samarahan, Sarawak: Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak): 8-34.

Crawford, Peter, 23 & 30 Dec. 1982. Alfred Russel Wallace: More Darwinian than Darwin himself. The Listener (British Broadcasting Corporation): 25-26. [a short biographical sketch connected to a BBC presentation on Wallace]

Crawforth, Anthony, 2009. The Butterfly Hunter: Henry Walter Bates, FRS, 1825-1892. Buckingham, U.K.: University of Buckingham Press. 272 pp. A.T.: biography

Cremo, Michael A., 2003. Human Devolution: A Vedic Alternative to Darwin's Theory. Los Angeles: Bhaktivedanta Book Publishing Inc. 554 pp.

Cronin, Helena, 1991. The Ant and the Peacock; Altruism and Sexual Selection From Darwin to Today. New York: Cambridge University Press. 490 pp.

Dagg, Joachim L., 30 March 2018. Comparing the respective transmutation mechanisms of Patrick Matthew, Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 123(4): 864-878. A.T.: evolution, history of science

Damiani, Giuseppe, 2009. Corrections to chance fluctuations: Quantum mind in biological evolution? Rivista di Biologia 102(3): 421-448. A.T.: syntropy, entropy, information, self-organization, Darwin, Lamarck

Daniels, Barbara, 2001. Usk: Origin of a Thinker: The Story of Alfred Russel Wallace. Nottingham: Poetry Monthly Press. 36 pp. A.T.: biography

Darlington, C. D., 1959. Darwin's Place in History. Oxford, U.K.: Basil Blackwell. 101 pp. A.T.: evolution, natural selection

Das, Indraneil, & Pui Yong Min, Dec. 2015. Alfred Russel Wallace, evolutionist, on postage stamps. Biophilately 64(4): 235.

Davidge, J. L., June 1942. Great theosophists. I. Scientists. Sir Alfred Russel Wallace. The Theosophist 63(9): 201-202 (196-208). A.T.: theosophy, spiritualism

Davies, Roy, 2008. The Darwin Conspiracy; Origins of a Scientific Crime. London: Golden Square Books. 224 pp. A.T.: conspiracies, history of science, natural selection

Davies, Roy, Feb. 2012. How Charles Darwin received Wallace's Ternate paper 15 days earlier than he claimed: A comment on van Wyhe and Rookmaaker (2012). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 105(2): 472-477.

Davies, Roy, July 2013. 1 July 1858: What Wallace knew; What Lyell thought he knew; What both he and Hooker took on trust; And what Charles Darwin never told them. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 109(3): 725-736. A.T.: Ternate paper

Davies, Thomas G., 2000. Neath's Wicked World; And Other Essays on the History of Neath and District. Swansea, Wales: West Glamorgan Archive Service. 242 pp.

Davis, Adam C., & Arnocky, Steven, 25 May 2022. Darwin versus Wallace: Esthetic evolution and preferential mate choice. Frontiers in Psychology 13: 862385. A.T.: intersexual selection, Lande–Kirkpatrick null model, good genes

Davis, Mike, March 1998. The unknown Wallace. Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 9(1): 73-77. [biographical, with a socialist slant]

Dawkins, Richard, Oct. 2002. The reading of the Darwin-Wallace papers commemorated--in the Royal Academy of Arts. The Linnean 18(4): 17-24. A.T.: natural selection, Ternate paper, Sarawak law paper, Edward Blyth, Patrick Matthew

Daws, Gavan, & Fujita, Marty, 1999. Archipelago: The Islands of Indonesia: From the Nineteenth-century Discoveries of Alfred Russel Wallace to the Fate of Forests and Reefs in the Twenty-first Century. Berkeley CA: University of California Press. 275 pp.

De Beer, Gavin, 1958. Foreword to Evolution by Natural Selection (published for the XV International Congress of Zoology and the Linnean Society of London by The University Press, Cambridge, England): 1-22.

De Beer, Gavin, April 1958. The Darwin-Wallace centenary. Endeavour 17 (No. 66): 61-76. A.T.: history of biology, natural selection, Mendel, paleontological record, systematics

Deacon, Terrence W., 11 May 2010. A role for relaxed selection in the evolution of the language capacity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107, Supplement 2: 9000-9006. A.T.: brain, complexity, domestication, natural selection, development, external redundancy

DeCarvalho, Roy J., Oct. 1988 & Jan. 1989. Methods and manifestations: The Wallace-Carpenter debate over spiritualism (in 2 parts). Journal of Religion and Psychical Research 11(4): 183-194; 12(1): 20-25. A.T.: Robert Owen, Robert Dale Owen, William B. Carpenter

Deen, Daniel, Hollis, Brian, & Zarpentine, Chris, 2013. Darwin and the levels of selection. In Michael Ruse, ed., The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Darwin and Evolutionary Thought (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press): 202-210. A.T.: natural selection, social insects, sterility, morality, intelligence, individuality

Degler, Carl N., 1991. In Search of Human Nature; The Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought. New York & Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press. 400 pp. A.T.: Boas, animal consciousness, human consciousness

DelMonte, Michael M., Jan. 2011. Post-Darwinian psychology: Does mind really matter? International Journal of Healing and Caring 11(1). A.T.: psychotherapy, evolutionary psychology, causality, evolution

Denise, Aprile, & Kardinal, Jeni, 2022. The Incredible Adventures of Alfred Russel Wallace in Eastern Indonesia. Bali: SeaTrek Sailing Adventures. 34 pp. [English and Bahasa Indonesia editions; juvenile literature]

Depew, David J., & Weber, Bruce H., 1995. Darwinism Evolving; Systems Dynamics and the Genealogy of Natural Selection. Cambridge MA & London: MIT Press. 588 pp. A.T.: natural selection, Darwin, Origin of Species

Desmond, Adrian, & Moore, James, 1992. Darwin. New York: Warner Books. 808 pp. A.T.: biography

Diamond, Jared M., 24 Feb. 1994. Two-faced mimicry. Nature 367: 683-684. [concerning mimicry of Philemon friarbirds by Oriolus orioles]

Diamond, Jared M., Aug. 1997. Mr. Wallace's Line. Discover 18(8): 76-83. A.T.: New Guinea, Borneo, Celebes [discusses natural history and ethnography related to Wallace's Line]

Díaz, José Fonfría, 30 June 2014. Alfred Russel Wallace: Hacia la resolución del problema de las especies. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa (S.E.A.), No. 54: 5-34.

Díaz-Muñoz, Samuel L., Feb. 2012. Role of recent and old riverine barriers in fine-scale population genetic structure of Geoffroy's tamarin (Saguinus geoffroyi) in the Panama Canal watershed. Ecology and Evolution 2(2): 298-309.

Dick, Steven J., 1996. The Biological Universe: The Twentieth-century Extraterrestrial Life Debate and the Limits of Science. Cambridge, U.K. & New York: Cambridge University Press. 578 pp. A.T.: Plurality of Worlds, anthropocentrism, pluralism, Milky Way, universe, Sun, history of astronomy, solar system, planetary biology, evolution, origin of life

Dick, Steven J., Nov. 2008. The universe and Alfred Russel Wallace. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 320-340. A.T.: Mars, anthropic principle, extraterrestrial life

Dick, Steven J., 2018. Space, time and aliens: The role of imagination in Outer Space. In Alexander C. T. Geppert, ed., Imagining Outer Space: European Astroculture in the Twentieth Century 2nd ed. (London: Palgrave Macmillan): 31-50. A.T.: cinema, movies, science fiction, novels, Asimov, Clarke

Dickenson, John, July 1992. The naturalist on the River Amazons and a wider world: Reflections on the centenary of Henry Walter Bates. Geographical Journal 158(2): 207-214. A.T.: Amazonia, Brazil, Mackinder, history of geography

Dickenson, John, 1996. Bates, Wallace and economic botany in mid-nineteenth century Amazonia. In M. R. D. Seaward & S. M. D. Fitzgerald, eds., Richard Spruce (1817-1893): Botanist and Explorer (Kew, U.K.: Royal Botanic Gardens): 65-80. A.T.: palm trees, foodstuffs, cash crops, imports, ethnobotany

Diego Blanco, Hugo, 1995. Alfred Russell [sic] Wallace. Elementos (Puebla) 3(23): 37-44. A.T.: biography

Dion, Mark, 1994. The Delirium of Alfred Russel Wallace [artwork].

Disertori, Beppino, 1972. Storia della parapsicologia [The history of parapsychology]. Rivista Sperimentale di Freniatria e Medicina Legale delle Alienazioni Mentali (Reggio) 96: 405-416.

Dixon, Deborah, April 2007. A benevolent and sceptical inquiry: Exploring 'Fortean geographies' with the Mothman. Cultural Geographies 14(2): 189-210. A.T.: Charles Fort, paranormal, skepticism, extra-geographies, Forteanism, science [regarding the economies of belief, and how the exceptional is often disregarded or discredited]

Donoghue, Michael J., 19 April 2011. Bipolar biogeography. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108(16): 6341-6342. A.T.: disjunctions, phylogenetic systematics [on Wallace's and Darwin's views]

Dorion, Christiane (illustrated by Harry Tennant), 2020. Darwin’s Rival: Alfred Russel Wallace and the Search for Evolution. Somerville MA: Candlewick Studio. 58 pp. [juvenile literature]

Drawhorn, Gerrell M., 2005. Seeking the 'missing link': Wallace's significance in fostering the science of palaeoanthropology. In Andrew A. Tuen & Indraneil Das, eds., Wallace in Sarawak--150 Years Later: An International Conference on Biogeography and Biodiversity (Kota Samarahan, Sarawak: Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak): 45-56. A.T.: Alfred Hart Everett, Bau Cave, Sarawak law

Drawhorn, Gerrell M., Dec. 2017. Ali the cook and "Peter" the collector: Two Wallace helpers in his last Sarawak days. Sarawak Museum Journal 78 (no. 99, n.s.): 139-155.

Drawhorn, Jerry, Dec. 2016. The alienation of Ali: Was Wallace's assistant from Sarawak or Ternate? Sarawak Museum Journal 76 (no. 97, n.s.): 165-200.

Drury, Jonathan P., & Burroughs, Nathan, May 2016. Nest shape explains variation in sexual dichromatism in New World blackbirds. Journal of Avian Biology 47(3): 312-320. A.T.: crypsis, concealment, ornamentation

Dugatkin, Lee, Sept. 2015. Demolishing Wallace's "white picket fence" around human cognition. Skeptic Magazine 20(3): 22-26. A.T.: altruism, Ficedula, capuchin, animal behavior

Dunbar, M. J., 1982. William Dawson and evolutionary theory. In B. Mamet & M. J. Copeland, eds., Proceedings of the Third North American Paleontological Convention, Volume 1 (Montreal: McGill University): 143-146. A.T.: Darwinism, Haeckel

Dunn, Robert R., Sept. 2004. Blurring Wallace's line. Natural History 113(7): 61. [laments environmental destruction, extinction, and invasions in the region]

Durant, John R., 1979. Scientific naturalism and social reform in the thought of Alfred Russel Wallace. British Journal for the History of Science 12(40): 31-58. A.T.: Robert Owen, George Combe, Robert Chambers, human evolution, Spencer, W. R. Greg, Social Darwinism, socialism, eugenics

Dytham, Calvin, & Travis, Justin M. J., June 2006. Evolving dispersal and age at death. Oikos 113(3): 530-538. A.T.: aging, dispersal distance, programmed death, gerontology [on the relation of dispersal to adaptive death]

Eaton, George, 1986. Alfred Russel Wallace, 1823-1913: Biologist and Social Reformer: A Portrait of His Life and Work and a History of Neath Mechanics Institute and Museum. Neath, Wales: published by the author. 32 pp. A.T.: biography

Eaton, George, 1987. A History of Neath From Earliest Times. Swansea: Christopher Davies. 200 pp. A.T.: biography

Ebach, Malte C., 27 March 2013. The bioregionalisation revival. Zootaxa 3635(3): 269-274. A.T.: biogeography, resources, Australia, Antarctica, conservation, hydrothermal vents

Ebach, Malte C., & Parenti, Lynne R., 2015. The dichotomy of the modern bioregionalization revival. Journal of Biogeography 42(10): 1801-1808. A.T.: biogeography, areagrams, area monophyly, Neotropical region, Australian region

Eccles, John C., 1989. Evolution of the Brain: Creation of the Self. London & New York: Routledge. 282 pp. A.T.: consciousness, mental evolution, mind-brain problem, experience, dualist hypothesis

Edwards, Fred Langford, & Beccaloni, George, 2009. Alfred Russel Wallace: The Forgotten Evolutionist. Ikonolux. 32 pp. A.T.: biography

Edwards, Kevin J., 2021. In search of James Croll: Archives, genealogy, publications and other resources. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 112(3-4): 309-328.

Egerton, Frank N., Jan. 2012. History of ecological sciences, part 41: Victorian naturalists in Amazonia--Wallace, Bates, Spruce. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 93(1): 35-59.

Egerton, Frank N., April 2012. History of ecological sciences, part 42: Victorian naturalists abroad--Hooker, Huxley, Wallace. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 93(2): 125-159.

Egerton, Frank N., Jan. 2019. History of ecological sciences, part 61B: Terrestrial biogeography and paleobiogeography, 1840s–1940s. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 100(1): 1-63.

Egerton, Frank N., May 2022. History of the ecological sciences, part 65: Early studies in Amazonia, Orellana/Carvajal to Roosevelt. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 103(2): 1-25. A.T.: Richard Spruce, Rio Negro, Henry Walter Bates

Eiseley, Loren C., Nov. 1955. Was Darwin wrong about the human brain? Harper's Magazine 211 (No. 1266): 66-70. A.T.: human evolution, Piltdown skull, instinct

Eiseley, Loren C., 1958. Darwin's Century; Evolution and the Men Who Discovered It. Garden City NY: Doubleday. 378 pp.

Eiseley, Loren C., Feb. 1959. Alfred Russel Wallace. Scientific American 200(2): 70-84. A.T.: biography

Eiseley, Loren C., 1959. Charles Darwin, Edward Blyth, and the theory of natural selection. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 103(1): 94-158. A.T.: Malthus, species, Magazine of Natural History

Eiseley, Loren, 1979. Darwin and the Mysterious Mr. X; New Light on the Evolutionists. New York: E.P. Dutton. 279 pp. A.T.: biography, Edward Blyth

Elkin, A. P., Dec. 1964. Oceania 35(2): 157-158. [book review of modern ed. of The Malay Archipelago]

Ellen, Roy, March 2011. The place of the eolithic controversy in the anthropology of Alfred Russel Wallace. The Linnean 27(1): 22-33. A.T.: eoliths, archeology, Benjamin Harrison

Elsdon-Baker, Fern, June 2008. Spirited dispute: The secret split between Wallace and Romanes. Endeavour 32(2): 75-78. A.T.: spiritualism, Darwinism, correspondence

Elstob, Isobel, Jan. 2018. The artist-historian: Victorian natural history in the work of Mark Dion. Journal of Victorian Culture 23(1): 86-102. A.T.: artwork, installations, photography, historiography, postmodernism, contemporary art

Endersby, Jim, 2003. Escaping Darwin's shadow. Journal of the History of Biology 36(2): 385-403. [essay book review]

Endersby, Jim, April 2006. Wallace redux? Minerva 44(2): 209-218. [essay review of Wallace biographies by Slotten & Fichman]

England, Richard, 1997. Natural selection before the Origin: Public reactions of some naturalists to the Darwin-Wallace papers (Thomas Boyd, Arthur Hussey, and Henry Baker Tristram). Journal of the History of Biology 30(2): 267-290. A.T.: natural selection, Linnean Society, Wollaston, Bentham

England, Richard, ed., 2003. Design After Darwin, 1860-1900. Bristol, U.K.: Thoemmes. 4 vols., 1226 pp.

Erdelen, W. R., 2001. The linear approach to biogeography: Should we erase Wallace's Line? In Ian Metcalfe et al., eds., Faunal and Floral Migrations and Evolution in SE Asia-Australia (Lisse, Netherlands: A. A. Balkema Publishers): 123-132. A.T.: zoogeography, boundaries, barriers, distribution, Wallacea, paleogeography, Malay Archipelago

Escalante, Tania, Rodríguez-Tapia, Gerardo, Szumik, Claudia, Morrone, Juan J., & Rivas, Miguel, Dec. 2010. Delimitation of the Nearctic region according to mammalian distributional patterns. Journal of Mammalogy 91(6): 1381-1388. A.T.: endemism, subregions, mammals

Esselstyn, Jacob A., Oliveros, Carl H., Moyle, Robert G., Peterson, A. Townsend, McGuire, Jimmy A., & Brown, Rafe M., Nov. 2010. Integrating phylogenetic and taxonomic evidence illuminates complex biogeographic patterns along Huxley's modification of Wallace's Line. Journal of Biogeography 37(11): 2054-2066. A.T.: vertebrates, Palawan, Borneo, phylogeny, Sunda Shelf, Philippines

Evenhuis, Neal L., 2003. Publication and dating of the journals forming the Annals and Magazine of Natural History and the Journal of Natural History. Zootaxa 385: 1-68. A.T.: publication history, bibliography

Ewan, Joseph, 1972. Wallace and his Palm Trees of the Amazon. Principes 16(1): 24-25. [book review of reprint ed.]

Ewan, Joseph, 1992. Through the jungle of Amazon travel narratives of naturalists. Archives of Natural History 19(2): 185-207. A.T.: Florence, Adalbert, Edwards, Osculati, Herndon, Agassiz, Orton, Herbert Smith, Spruce, Fountain, MacCreagh, Gates, Dickey, Sick, Guppy, Shoumatoff, Yungjohann, Schultes

Faber, Doris, 1991. Nature and the Environment. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 296 pp. [juvenile literature]

Fagan, Melinda Bonnie, Dec. 2007. Wallace, Darwin, and the practice of natural history. Journal of the History of Biology 40(4): 601-635. A.T.: specimen collecting, fieldwork

Fagan, Melinda Bonnie, Nov. 2008. Theory and practice in the field: Wallace's work in natural history (1844-1858). In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 66-90.

Farber, Paul L., Spring 1976. The type-concept in zoology during the first half of the nineteenth century. Journal of the History of Biology 9(1): 93-119. A.T.: history of biology, classification, nomenclature, natural history collections, Cuvier, morphology, Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire

Farber, Paul L., 1994. The Temptations of Evolutionary Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press. 210 pp. A.T.: human evolution, higher attributes, consciousness, moral sense, spiritualism, evolution

Ferguson, Christine, Fall 2015. Other worlds: Alfred Russel Wallace and cross-cultural spiritualism. Victorian Review 41(2): 177-191.

Fernandes, Alexandre M., Wink, Michael, & Aleixo, Alexandre, Aug. 2012. Phylogeography of the chestnut-tailed antbird (Myrmeciza hemimelaena) clarifies the role of rivers in Amazonian biogeography. Journal of Biogeography 39(8): 1524-1535. A.T.: conservation biogeography, Pleistocene, speciation

Ferreira, Juliana Mesquita Hidalgo, & Carmo, Viviane Arruda do, 2007. Wallace e a origem do homem: Suas concepções e as interpretações historiográficas. Filosofia e História da Biologia 2: 227-244. A.T.: origin of man, evolution, spiritualism, Malcolm Kottler, human evolution

Ferreira, Ricardo, 1990 [also in 2013 reprint ed.]. Bates, Darwin, Wallace e a Teoria da Evolução. Brasìlia: Editora Universidade de Brasìlia. 100 pp.

Fichman, Martin, Spring 1977. Wallace: Zoogeography and the problem of land bridges. Journal of the History of Biology 10(1): 45-63. A.T.: historical biogeography, continental extensions, islands, barriers, Malay Archipelago, faunas, faunal regions

Fichman, Martin, 1981. Alfred Russel Wallace. Boston: Twayne Publishers. 188 pp. A.T.: biography

Fichman, Martin, 1984. Ideological factors in the dissemination of Darwinism in England 1860-1900. In Everett Mendelsohn, ed., Transformation and Tradition in the Sciences; Essays in Honor of I. Bernard Cohen (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press): 471-485. A.T.: history of science, human evolution, natural selection, Chauncey Wright, Mivart, Huxley

Fichman, Martin, 1997. Biology and politics: Defining the boundaries. In Bernard Lightman, ed., Victorian Science in Context (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 94-118. A.T.: sociology of science, Victorian naturalists, Lamarckism, Spencer, Galton, socialism, Bellamy, Henry George

Fichman, Martin, June 2001. Alfred Russel Wallace's North American tour: Transatlantic evolutionism. Endeavour 25(2): 74-78. A.T.: biography, lecture tour

Fichman, Martin, July 2001. Science in theistic contexts: A case study of Alfred Russel Wallace on human evolution. Osiris 16, 2nd s.: 227-250. A.T.: theism, spiritualism, human evolution, natural selection, teleology

Fichman, Martin, 2004 (Dec. 2003). An Elusive Victorian: The Evolution of Alfred Russel Wallace. Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press. 382 pp. A.T.: biography

Fichman, Martin, Nov. 2008. Alfred Russel Wallace and anti-vaccinationism in the late Victorian cultural context, 1870-1907. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 305-319.

Fichman, Martin, Sept. 2014. Wallace's travels and theories in the Malay Archipelago. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 47, Part A: 201-205. A.T.: book review

Fichman, Martin, Fall 2015. Alfred Russel Wallace: A survey of recent literature. Victorian Review 41(2): 49-69.

Fichman, Martin, Fall 2015. Alfred Russel Wallace on science and the problems of progress. Victorian Review 41(2): 71-89. A.T.: sociology of science, spiritualism, reformism, social evolution, social economy

Fichman, Martin, June 2019. Wallace as social critic, sociologist, and societal "prophet." In Charles H. Smith, James T. Costa, & David Collard, eds., An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 191-233.

Fichman, Martin, & Keelan, Jennifer E., Sept. 2007. Resister's logic: The anti-vaccination arguments of Alfred Russel Wallace and their role in the debates over compulsory vaccination in England, 1870-1907. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38(3): 585-607.

Finnegan, Diarmid A.. 2021. The Voice of Science: British Scientists on the Lecture Circuit in Gilded Age America. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. 286 pp.

Fisch, Menachem, & Schaffer, Simon, eds., 1991. William Whewell; A Composite Portrait. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon Press. 403 pp.

Fisher, Irving, Dec. 1914. Objections to a compensated dollar answered. American Economic Review 4: 818-839. A.T.: monetary policy, money, paper dollar standard, gold standard, prices

Fisher, Irving, 1918. Stabilizing the dollar in purchasing power. In Elisha M. Friedman, ed., American Problems of Reconstruction (New York: E.P. Dutton): 361-390. A.T.: monetary policy, prices, gold standard, commodities

Fisher, Irving, 1920. Stabilizing the Dollar; A Plan to Stabilize the General Price Level Without Fixing Individual Prices. New York: Macmillan. 305 pp. [dedicated to Wallace]

Fisler, Marie, Crémière, Cédric, Darlu, Pierre, & Lecointre, Guillaume, 15 Jan. 2020. The treeness of the tree of historical trees of life. PLOS One https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0226567 . 79 pp. A.T.: trees, classification, hierarchies

Flannery, Michael A., 2008. Alfred Russel Wallace's Theory of Intelligent Evolution. Riesel TX: Erasmus Press. 225 pp.

Flannery, Michael A., 2011. Alfred Russel Wallace: A Rediscovered Life. Seattle: Discovery Institute Press. 165 pp.

Flannery, Michael A., Summer 2012. Planetary history, Wallace, and natural selection. Journal of Interdisciplinary History 43(1): 63-76. A.T.: book review

Flannery, Michael, Jan. 2015. Alfred Russel Wallace's medical libertarianism: State medicine, human progress, and evolutionary purpose. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 70(1): 74-104. A.T.: vaccination, antivaccination, socialism, eugenics

Flannery, Michael, 2016. Alfred Russel Wallace, nature's prophet: From natural selection to natural theology. In Indraneil Das & Andrew Alek Tuen, eds., Naturalists, Explorers and Field Scientists in South-East Asia and Australasia (Cham, Switzerland: Springer): 51-70. A.T.: design, William Paley

Flannery, Michael A., 2020. Alfred Russel Wallace’s intelligent evolution and natural theology. Religions 11, 316. 19 pp.

Flannery, Tim F., 2010. Here on Earth: A Natural History of the Planet. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press. 316 pp.

Flores-Villela, Oscar, 1988. Alfred Russel Wallace 1833-1913. Ciencias (Mexico) Número Especial 2, Evolución: Teorias y controversias: 4-11.

Flores Villela, Oscar, & Rodríguez Caso, Juan Manuel, 2009. Alfred Russel Wallace: El último gran intelectual de la época victoriana. In Juan José Morrone & Patricia Magaña, eds., Evolución Biológica: Una Versión Actualizada desde la Revista Ciencias (México: Las Prensas de Ciencias, UNAM): 25-41. A.T.: biography, evolution

Flores Villela, Oscar, Vázquez Vega, Luis Felipe, & Méndez Vázquez, Luis Josué, Nov. 2013. Las regiones biogeográficas de Wallace y las placas tectónicas. Boletín del Centro de Ecología: Oikos No. 10: [7-9]. A.T.: faunal regions, biogeography

Focher, Federico, 2006. L'Uomo che Gettò nel Panico Darwin: La Vita e le Scoperte di Alfred Russel Wallace. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri. 242 pp. A.T.: biography

Focher, Federico, 2020. Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace 'followers' of Alexander von Humboldt. Bulletin of Environmental and Life Sciences 2: 17-30.

Fonfría, José, 2003. El Explorador de la Evolución: Wallace. Tres Cantos, España: Nivola. 312 pp. A.T.: evolution, natural selection

Fonfría Díaz, José, 30 June, 2014. Alfred Russel Wallace: Hacia la resolución del problema de las especies. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa (S.E.A.) No. 54: 5-34. A.T.: biography

"The Forgotten Voyage: The Story of Alfred Russel Wallace," 1983. Chicago: Films Incorporated. [videocassette of historical dramatization of Wallace's Far Eastern travels, originally broadcast on BBC2 on 24 Dec. 1982; written by Elaine Morgan, produced and directed by Peter Crawford, and starring Tim Preece]

Forsdyke, Donald R., Spring 1999. The origin of species revisited. Queen's Quarterly 106(1): 112-132. [discusses the place of George Romanes in late nineteenth century evolutionary studies]

Forsdyke, Donald R., 7 May 2009. Samuel Butler and human long term memory: Is the cupboard bare? Journal of Theoretical Biology 258(1): 156-164. [on the related ideas of Samuel Butler and William and Gregory Bateson]

Fosberg, F. Raymond, Nov./Dec. 1990. Science Books & Films 26(2): 118-119. [book review of modern ed. of The Malay Archipelago]

Fox, Paul, 2001. Capturing paradise: Alfred Russel Wallace's red bird of paradise. In Carolyn Rasmussen et al., A Museum for the People: A History of Museum Victoria and Its Predecessors, 1854-2000 (Carlton North, Victoria, Australia: Scribe Publications): 33-35. A.T.: John Gould, museum specimens, paradise birds

Frafjord, Karl, 2003. Brevet som forandret verden. Fauna 56(3): 132-137. [concerning the early history of natural selection and the Wallace-Darwin relationship]

Franks, Daniel W., 2005. Modelling the Evolution of Warning Signals and Mimicry With Individual-based Simulations. Ph.D. Dissertation, School of Computing, University of Leeds, Leeds, U.K. 137 pp.

Freeman, Derek, Sept. 1974. The evolutionary theories of Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer. Current Anthropology 15(3): 211-237. A.T.: anthropology, human evolution, Darwinism, Lamarck

Fuller, Errol, Sept. 2015. Pheasants under glass. Natural History 123(7): 18-23. [how the market in exotic specimens fueled Wallace's scientific career] A.T.: taxidermy, natural history collecting, specimens

Fundación Cultural Orinoco, 1994. Dos Naturalistas Británicos en la Amazonia Venezolana: Alfred Russel Wallace, Richard Spruce. Caracas: Fundación Cultural Orinoco. 270 pp.

Funk, W. Chris, Caldwell, Janalee P., Peden, Colin E., Padial, J. M., De la Riva, Ignacio, & Cannatella, David C., Aug. 2007. Tests of biogeographic hypotheses for diversification in the Amazonian forest frog, Physalaemus petersi. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44(2): 825-837. A.T.: phylogeography, Amazon, mitochondrial DNA

Gaffney, Mason, 1987. Wallace, Alfred Russel. In John Eatwell, Murray Milgate, & Peter Newman, eds., The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics (London: Macmillan), Vol. 4: 850-851. A.T.: biography, economics, land reform, land nationalization

Gaffney, Mason, Oct. 1997. Alfred Russel Wallace's campaign to nationalize land: How Darwin's peer learned from John Stuart Mill and became Henry George's ally. American Journal of Economics & Sociology 56(4): 609-615. A.T.: land nationalization, political economy, land economics, Social Darwinism

Gaffney, Mason, Nov. 1998. Alfred Russel Wallace as an activist. Natural History 107(9): 4. A.T.: land reform

Gallardo, Milton H., 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913): Obra y figura. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 86(3): 241-250. A.T.: Darwinism, evolution, natural selection

Galli, Loris, 2020. Alfred Russel Wallace or Alexander von Humboldt: Who "invented" biogeography? Bulletin of Environmental and Life Sciences 2: 37-39.

Gander, Richard, ed., 1998. Alfred Russel Wallace at School, 1830-37. Rustington, W. Sussex. 11 pp. A.T.: biography, Hertford Grammar School, Richard Hale School

Garcia, John, & Hankins, Walter G., 1977. On the origin of food aversion paradigms. In Lewis M. Barker et al., eds., Learning Mechanisms in Food Selection (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press): 3-19. A.T.: learning, taste, visual stimuli, animal behavior

Gardiner, Brian G., Jan. 1995. The joint essay of Darwin and Wallace. The Linnean 1995 11(1): 13-24. A.T.: Ternate essay, Linnean Society, Lyell, Hooker

Gardiner, Brian G., Oct. 2000. Wallace and land nationalization. The Linnean 16(4): 15-18.

Gardiner, Brian G., Oct. 2002. Editorial. The Linnean 18(4): 1-4. [reprints letter Wallace sent responding to the letter informing him of the 1 July 1858 Linnean Society presentations]

Gardiner, Brian, Milner, Richard, & Morris, Mary, eds., Jan. 2009. Survival of the Fittest; Celebrating the 150th Anniversary of the Darwin-Wallace Theory of Evolution. London: The Linnean Special Issue No. 9. 120 pp. A.T.: natural selection, Charles Darwin

Garwood, Christine, Dec. 2001. Alfred Russel Wallace and the flat earth controversy. Endeavour 25(4): 139-143. A.T.: geodesy, Bedford Canal

Garwood, Christine, 2007. Flat Earth: The History of an Infamous Idea. London: Macmillan. 436 pp.

Gascon, Claude, et al. (8 others), 5 Dec. 2000. Riverine barriers and the geographic distribution of Amazonian species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97(25): 13672-13677. A.T.: biogeography, frogs, mammals, species richness

Gayon, Jean, 1990. Critics and criticisms of the modern synthesis; The viewpoint of a philosopher. In Max K. Hecht et al., eds., Evolutionary Biology, Vol. 24 (New York & London: Plenum): 1-49. A.T.: evolution, philosophy of science, book review, Darwinism, punctuated equilibria, natural selection, fitness, adaptations, ontology, species, hierarchical thinking

Gayon, Jean, 1992. Darwin et l'Après Darwin: Une Histoire de l'Hypothèse de Sélection Naturelle. Paris: Éditions Kimé. 453+ pp. [translated into English as Darwinism's Struggle for Survival: Heredity and the Hypothesis of Natural Selection (Cambridge, U.K. & New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998, 516 pp.)]

Gayon, Jean, 2009. Darwin et Wallace; Un débat constitutif pour la théorie de l’évolution par sélection naturelle. Mémoires de la Classe des Sciences, Académie Royale de Belgique, Collection in 8̊ 3(31, 2063): 89-122.

Gayon, Jean, Feb. 2010. Sexual selection: Another Darwinian process. Comptes Rendus Biologies 333(2): 134-144.

Gayon, Jean, 2010. La sélection naturelle appliquée à l’homme et à l’esprit. In A. Prochiantz, ed., Darwin: 200 Ans (Paris: Odile Jacob): 173-195. A.T.: human evolution, natural selection, Darwin

Gayon, Jean, 2016. Natural selection, regression, and heredity in Darwinian and post-Darwinian evolutionary theory. In Staffan Müller-Wille & Christina Brandt, eds., Heredity Explored: Between Public Domain and Experimental Science, 1850–1930 (Cambridge MA: MIT Press): 167-188. A.T.: evolution, reversion, Galton, Weismann

George, Wilma, 1964. Biologist Philosopher; A Study of the Life and Writings of Alfred Russel Wallace. London: Abelard-Schuman. 320 pp.

George, Wilma, 1971. The reaction of A. R. Wallace to the work of Gregor Mendel. Folia Mendeliana (Paris) No. 6: 173-177. A.T.: Mendelism, heredity

George, Wilma, 1979. Alfred Wallace, the gentle trader: Collecting in Amazonia and the Malay Archipelago 1848-1862. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 9(4): 503-514. A.T.: natural history, specimens, collections

George, Wilma, 1981. Wallace and his Line. In T. C. Whitmore, ed., Wallace's Line and Plate Tectonics (New York: Oxford University Press): 3-8. A.T.: Wallace's Line, Malay Archipelago, barriers, biogeography, faunal regions, Wallacea

Ghate, Niranjan, 2017. अल्फ्रेड रसेल वलेस / Alfred Russel Wallace. Pune, Maharashtra, India: Mehta Publishing House. 102 pp. [in Marathi]

Ghiselin, Michael T., 1969. The Triumph of the Darwinian Method. Berkeley: University of California Press. 287 pp.

Ghiselin, Michael T., Spring 1993. Alfred Russel Wallace & the birth of biogeography: The living evidence for evolution. Pacific Discovery 46(2): 17-23. A.T.: Charles Darwin, biography

Ginnobili, Santiago, & Blanco, Daniel, March 2019. Wallace's and Darwin's natural selection theories. Synthese 196(3): 991-1017.

Glaubrecht, Matthias, 2002. The "experience" of nature: From Salomon Müller to Ernst Mayr, or the insights of travelling naturalists toward a zoological geography and evolutionary biology. Verhandlungen zur Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie 9: 245-282. A.T.: Australasia, Otto Finsch, Malay Archipelago

Glaubrecht, Matthias, Dezember 2002. Alfred Russel Wallace. Der ewige Zweite. Geo (Hamburg) (12): 133-156. A.T.: biography

Glaubrecht, Matthias, 2008. Alfred Russel Wallace und der Wettlauf um die Evolutionstheorie (in two parts). Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau 61(7): 346-353; 61(8): 403-408.

Glaubrecht, Matthias, 2013. Am Ende des Archipels: Alfred Russel Wallace. Berlin: Galiani. 442 pp. A.T.: biography

Glaubrecht, Matthias, 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace--Die Evolution eines Evolutionisten (in two parts). Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau 66(11): 565-575; 66(12): 622-634.

Glaubrecht, Matthias (& Alfred Russel Wallace), 2014. Alfred Russel Wallace: Abenteuer am Amazonas und am Rio Negro. Berlin: Verlag Galiani. 619 pp.

Glaubrecht, Matthias, & Kotrba, M., Oct. 2004. Alfred Russel Wallace's discovery of "curious horned flies" and the aftermath. Archives of Natural History 31(2): 275-299. A.T.: Phytalmia, New Guinea, Saunders, Gerstaecker, Felder, Rosenberg

Glickman, Stephen E., 1985/1992. Some thoughts on the evolution of comparative psychology. In Sigmund Koch & David E. Leary, eds., A Century of Psychology as Science (Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association): 738-782. A.T.: mental evolution, human evolution, ethology, history of science

Glickman, Stephen E., 2009. Charles Darwin, Alfred Russel Wallace, and the evolution/creation of the human brain and mind. Gayana 73, Supplement: 32-41. A.T.: human evolution, Darwin, phrenology, spiritualism

Goh, Daniel P. S., Sept. 2007. Imperialism and 'medieval' natives; The Malay image in Anglo-American travelogues and colonialism in Malaya and the Philippines. International Journal of Cultural Studies 10(3): 323-341. [discusses some of Wallace's views on the ethnological status of the Malays]

Goldhor, Susan, Winter 2014. Alfred Russel Wallace: The fungal connection. Fungi 7(5): 34-36.

Gómez Gutiérrez, Alberto, Julio-Septiembre 2015. Darwin y Wallace: ¿binomio o polinomio?. Universitas Médica 56(3): 290-299. A.T.: Sarawak law, Colombia, Charles Darwin

Gonzalez, Guillermo, Dec. 2005. Habitable zones in the universe. Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres 35(6): 555-606. [discusses the systematic search for places in the universe where there may be life]

González, Jorge M., 23 Abril 2018. Alfred Russel Wallace: Por el Amazonas hasta Venezuela. Wall Street International Magazine. 8 pp. A.T.: El Dorado, Bates, natural history, biography

González, Jorge M., 20 Mayo 2018. Alfred Russel Wallace en California: El reencuentro de dos hermanos. Wall Street International Magazine. 9 pp. A.T.: John Wallace, biography, Yosemite, Stockton

González Recio, José Luis, 2010. La recepción de los textos de Darwin y Wallace en la Linnean Society. Una crónica del silencio. ÉNDOXA: Series Filosóficas (Madrid) No. 24: 61-87.

Gordon, Scott, Fall 1989. Darwin and political economy: The connection reconsidered. Journal of the History of Biology 22(3): 437-459. A.T.: Malthus, populations, competition

Gould, Stephen Jay, Jan. 1980. Wallace's fatal flaw. Natural History 89(1): 26-40. A.T.: sexual selection, human evolution, hyperselectionism, Panglossianism

Gould, Stephen Jay, Feb. 1980. In the midst of life... Natural History 89(2): 34-40. A.T.: human evolution, evolution, cosmology

Gould, Stephen Jay, May 1983. Mind and supermind. Natural History 92(5): 34-38. A.T.: anthropic principle, cosmology, Freeman Dyson

Gould, Stephen Jay, June 1985. Fleeming Jenkin revisited. Natural History 94(6): 14-20. A.T.: evolution, blending inheritance, variation

Gould, Stephen Jay, July 1985. Here goes nothing. Natural History 94(7): 12-19. A.T.: mimicry, frogs, Bates, incipient stages, development, evolution

Gould, Stephen Jay, Dec. 1996-Jan. 1997. War of the worldviews. Natural History 105(12): 22-33. A.T.: Percival Lowell, Mars, Martians, extraterrestrial life

Gould, Stephen Jay, Sept. 1998. Second-guessing the future. Natural History 107(7): 20-29, 64-66. A.T.: The Wonderful Century, nineteenth century, social evolution, technology

Grant, Verne, March-April 1966. The selective origin of incompatibility barriers in the plant genus Gilia. American Naturalist 100: 99-118. [discusses reproductive isolation and names "the Wallace effect"]

Grant, Verne, Oct.-Nov.-Dec. 1994. Evolution of the species concept. Biologisches Zentralblatt 113: 401-415.

Green, John, 7 March 2012. Alfred Russel Wallace: Socialist and co-founder of evolutionary theory. London Progressive Journal (online).

Green, Len, 1995. Alfred Russel Wallace: His Life and Work. Bengeo, Hertford: Occasional Paper No. 4, Hertford and Ware Local History Society. 36 pp. [revised by Philip Sheail for the Hertford Museum in Jan. 2014. 40 pp.]

Greene, Harry W., & McDiarmid, Roy W., 2005. Wallace and Savage: Heroes, theories, and venomous snake mimicry. In Maureen Donnelly et al., eds., Ecology and Evolution in the Tropics: A Herpetological Perspective (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 190-208.

Greene, John C., 1981. Darwinism as a world view. In Science, Ideology and World View: Essays in the History of Evolutionary Ideas (Berkeley: University of California Press): 128-157. A.T.: philosophy of science, history of science, Spencer, Darwin, Huxley, human evolution

Greenwood, John D., Feb. 2008. Mechanism, purpose and progress: Darwin and early American psychology. History of the Human Sciences 21(1): 103-126. [includes discussion of relation of James Mark Baldwin's ideas to Wallace's] A.T.: Romanes, Morgan

Greer, Kirsten, Nov. 2013. Geopolitics and the avian imperial archive: The zoogeography of region-making in the Nineteenth-Century British Mediterranean. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 103(6): 1317-1331. A.T.: British Empire, birds, field ornithology

Gregory, T. Ryan, March 2009. Artificial selection and domestication: Modern lessons from Darwin's enduring analogy. Evolution: Education and Outreach 2(1): 5-27. A.T.: crops, adaptation, selection

Greydanus, Donald E., 21 Dec. 2012. Historical perspectives on the antaean animadversion of vaccine science in the 21st Century. Journal of Clinical Trials 3(3): 6 pp. A.T.: vaccination, autism, smallpox

Griffiths, Alison, July 1996. 'Journeys for those who can not travel': Promenade cinema and the museum life group. Wide Angle 18(3): 53-84. [quotes Wallace on the expectations of visitors to museums]

Griffiths, Martyn J., compiler, 2014. Alfred Russel Wallace OM, FRS: During His Stay in Neath (1841-1843 and 1845-1848): British Naturalist, Explorer, Geographer, Anthropologist and Biologist. Neath: Neath Antiquarian Society. 26 pp.

Gross, Charles, Oct. 2010. Alfred Russell Wallace and the evolution of the human mind. The Neuroscientist 16(5): 496-507. A.T.: consciousness, creation science, phrenology, mesmerism, cognition, spiritualism, instinct

Gruber, Howard E., 1974. Darwin on Man; A Psychological Study of Scientific Creativity. New York: E. P. Dutton. 495 pp.

Guerrero, Ricardo, Sept. 2008. The session that did not shake the world (the Linnean Society, 1st July 1858). International Microbiology 11(3): 209-212. A.T.: natural selection

Guerrero, Ricardo, & Margulis, Lynn, 2013. Darwin-Wallace paradigm shift. Ten days that never shook the world. In Gabriel Trueba & Carlos Montúfar, eds., Evolution from the Galapagos: Two Centuries after Darwin (New York: Springer): 3-9. A.T.: 1858, Linnean Society

Guhl, Felipe, 2021. In Search of the Origin: Alfred Russel Wallace’s Explorations in the Amazon 1848-1852. Bogotá: Universidad de los Andes, Ediciones Uniandes : Colombian Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences, Villegas Editores. 339 pp.

Guillén Rodríguez, Fedro Carlos, 1996. El Científico que Creía en los Fantasmas: Alfred Russel Wallace. México: Pangea. 104 pp.

Gunnell, Gregg F., 2013. Biogeography and the legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace. Geologica Belgica 16(4): 211-216. A.T.: natural selection, biography, Madagascar, rafting, lemurs

Gutmann, Wolfgang F., 1981. Der Eingang essentialistischer Philosopheme ins Evolutionsdenken seit Darwin. In Philipp Kaiser & D. Stefan Peters, eds., Evolutionstheorie und Ethische Fragestellungen (Regensburg: Pustet): 59-95.

Haggath, Neil, 2022. The ability to believe: The bizarre worlds of astronomical antireality. In Brian Jones, ed., Yearbook of Astronomy 2023 (Barnsley, South Yorkshire, England: White Owl): 251-257. A.T.: flat earth, Rowbotham

Hale, Piers J., 2010. Of mice and men: Evolution and the socialist utopia. William Morris, H. G. Wells, and George Bernard Shaw. Journal of the History of Biology 43(1): 17-66. A.T.: Malthus, Weismann, neo-Darwinism, Lamarckism, acquired characters

Hall, Jason P. W., & Harvey, Donald J., July 2002. The phylogeography of Amazonia revisited: New evidence from riodinid butterflies. Evolution 56(7): 1489-1497. A.T.: Charis, endemism, biogeography, area cladograms, barriers

Hall, R., Oct. 2009. Southeast Asia's changing palaeogeography. Blumea 54(1-3): 148-161. A.T.: Sundaland, Wallaceas, currents

Haller, John S., Jr., 2020. Chapter 4. Higher intelligence: Alfred Russel Wallace. In Haller’s Fictions of Certitude; Science, Faith, and the Search for Meaning, 1840-1920 (Tuscaloosa AL: University of Alabama Press): 82-105.

Hammer, Samuel, May 2005. A science historian's take on Wallace. Global Ecology and Biogeography 14(3): 294-295. A.T.: book review, Fichman

Hampson, Robert, 2000. The inward turn: Wallace and Clifford. Chapter Three of Hampson's Cross-Cultural Encounters in Joseph Conrad's Malay Fiction (Basingstroke, Hampshire, U.K. & New York: Palgrave): 72-98. A.T.: Hugh Clifford, The Malay Archipelago, race, gender, literature

Hampton, Simon Jonathan, 2004. Domain mismatches, scruffy engineering, exaptations and spandrels. Theory & Psychology 14(2): 147-166. [discusses some of Wallace's views on utility in the context of evolutionary psychology]

Hanau, Stefanie, 2010. Alfred Russel Wallace und die Entstehung der Modernen Selektionstheorie. GRIN Verlag. 72 pp.

Hangay, György, Dec. 2006. Alfred Russel Wallace és a fajok eredete. Vadon (Budapest) (6): 26-29.

Hanson, Thor, 2011. Feathers: The Evolution of a Natural Miracle. New York: Basic Books. 336 pp.

Harley, Alexis, 2018. The Malay Archipelago and the poetics of nature. In Richard Fulton, Stephen Hancock, Peter Hoffenberg & Allison Paynter, eds., South Seas Encounters: Nineteenth-Century Oceania, Britain, and America (New York: Routledge): 179-195.

Härlin, Mikael, 2015. Alfred Russel Wallace: I skuggan av Darwin. Populär Historia No. 8: 54-57.

Harold, Antony S., Feb. 2005. Peixes do Rio Negro. Fishes of the Rio Negro. Copeia (1): 212-214. [review of the book publishing Wallace's Rio Negro fishes sketches]

Harris, Frank, 1920. Russel Wallace. In Contemporary Portraits (Third Series) (New York: published by the author): 103-114. [originally published in Pearson’s Magazine 38(5): 197-199 (Nov. 1917)]

Harrisson, Tom, 1960. Alfred Russel Wallace and a century of evolution in Borneo. In R. D. Purchon, ed., Proceedings of the Centenary and Bicentenary Congress of Biology (Singapore: University of Malaya Press): 25-38. A.T.: Sarawak, Rajah James Brooke, birds, Alfred H. Everett, caves

Hartman, H., Autumn 1990. The evolution of natural selection: Darwin versus Wallace. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 34(1): 78-88. A.T.: human evolution, sexual selection, psychology

Healy, Susan D., Morgan, Kate V., & Bailey, Ida E., 2015. Nest construction behaviour. In D. Charles Deeming & Silas James Reynolds, eds., Nests, Eggs, & Incubation: New Ideas About Avian Reproduction (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 16-28. A.T.: instinct, animal behavior, birds

Heaney, Lawrence R., 2013. Introduction to (and commentary on) Wallace's Island Life (Chicago: University of Chicago Press): xi-lxxi. A.T.: islands, island biogeography, historical biogeography

Heberer, Gerhard, ed., 1959. Darwin-Wallace Dokumente zur Begründung der Abstammungslehre vor 100 Jahren 1858/59-1958/59. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer. 71 pp.

Hedley, Esme, & Caro, Tim, April 2022. Aposematism and mimicry in birds. Ibis 164(2): 606-617. A.T.: warning coloration, predation, palatability

Heffernan, William C., Jan.-March 1978. The singularity of our inhabited world: William Whewell and A. R. Wallace in dissent. Journal of the History of Ideas 39(1): 81-100. A.T.: Percival Lowell, plurality of worlds, Man's Place in the Universe, extraterresterial life, Mars

Heffernan, William C., July-Sept. 1981. Percival Lowell and the debate over extraterrestrial life. Journal of the History of Ideas 42(3): 527-530.

Helfand, Michael S., Winter 1977. T.H. Huxley's Evolution and Ethics: The politics of evolution and the evolution of politics. Victorian Studies 20(2): 159-177. A.T.: Henry George, evolutionary ethics

Helmreich, Anne L., 1997. Re-presenting nature: Ideology, art, and science in William Robinson's "Wild Garden." In Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn, ed., Nature and Ideology; Natural Garden Design in the Twentieth Century (Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection): 81-111. A.T.: gardening, habitats, plant morphology, beauty, landscape

Hemming, John, 2015. Naturalists in Paradise: Wallace, Bates and Spruce in the Amazon. New York: Thames & Hudson. 368 pp.

Henderson, Gerald M., 1958. Alfred Russel Wallace: His Role and Influence in Nineteenth Century Evolutionary Thought. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. 280 pp.

Hesketh, Ian, April 2020. The First Darwinian: Alfred Russel Wallace and the meaning of Darwinism. Journal of Victorian Culture 25(2): 171-184. A.T.: Darwinism, evolution, history of biology, natural selection, Victorian period

Hetherington, Norriss S., Jan.-March 1981. Percival Lowell: Professional scientist or interloper? Journal of the History of Ideas 42(1): 159-161. A.T.: Mars, plurality of worlds

Hill, Geoffrey E., 2002. A Red Bird in a Brown Bag: The Function and Evolution of Colorful Plumage in the House Finch. New York: Oxford University Press. 318 pp.

Hiriart, Andrés Cota, 2018. Alfred Russel Wallace, el otro padre de la evolución. Revista de la Universidad de México No. 8: 131-134.

Hodge, Jonathan, May 2023. On revisiting Wallace's 1858 theory of natural selection. In Pierre-Olivier Méthot, ed., Philosophy, History and Biology: Essays in Honour of Jean Gayon (Cham, Switzerland: Springer): 177-197.

Hodge, Michael J. S., 1991. Origins and Species; A Study of the Historical Sources of Darwinism and the Contexts of Some Other Accounts of Organic Diversity From Plato and Aristotle On. New York & London: Garland. 759 pp.

Hoffmann, H., 30 Jan. 1925. Moderne Probleme der Tiergeographie. Die Naturwissenschaften 13(5): 77-83. [discusses implications of the Wegnerian hypothesis for zoogeography]

Hogben, Lancelot T., 1918. Alfred Russel Wallace, The Story of a Great Discoverer. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (Pioneers of Progress Men of Science series). 64 pp.

Holmes, Rev. John Haynes, 1913. Alfred Russel Wallace: Scientist and Prophet. New York: Church of the Messiah. 26 pp.

Holt, Ben G., et al. (14 other authors), 4 Jan. 2013. An update of Wallace’s zoogeographic regions of the world. Science 339(6115): 74-78. A.T.: zoogeography, amphibians, birds, mammals

Hoquet, Thierry, 2011. Translating natural selection: True concept, but false term? Bionomina 3: 1-23. [concerning the adoption and use of the term] A.T.: Darwinism, philosophy of science, breeding, translations, French, German

Hoquet, Thierry, & Levandowsky, Michael, 2015. Utility vs. beauty: Darwin, Wallace and the subsequent history of the debate on sexual selection. In Thierry Hoquet, ed., Current Perspectives on Sexual Selection (Springer: History, Philosophy and Theory of the Life Sciences 9): 19-44.

Horta, Marcio Rodrigues, April-June 2003. O impacto do manuscrito de Wallace de 1858. Scientiae Studia (São Paulo) 1(2): 217-229.

Horta, Marcio Rodrigues, Oct.-Dec. 2003. A primeira teoria evolucionista de Wallace. Scientiae Studia (São Paulo) 1(4): 519-530.

Hortal, Joaquín, Bello, Francesco de, Diniz-Filho, J. A. F., Lewinsohn, Thomas M., Lobo, Jorge M., & Ladle, Richard J., 2015. Seven shortfalls that beset large-scale knowledge of biodiversity. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 46: 523-549. A.T.: macroecology, scientific ignorance, functional ecology, knowledge shortfalls, Linnaeus, Frank W. Preston, Christen Raunkiaer, George Evelyn Hutchinson, Charles Elton

Hortal, Joaquín, Diniz-Filho, José Alexandre F., Low, Martyn E. Y., Stigall, Alycia L., & Yeo, Darren C. J., 6 Jan. 2023. Alfred Russel Wallace’s legacy: An interdisciplinary conception of evolution in space and time. NPJ Biodiversity 2, Article 3.

Hossfeld, Uwe, 2004. The travels of Jena zoologists in the Indo-Malayan region. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 55, Supplement II, No. 7: 77-105. A.T.: Haeckel

Hossfeld, Uwe, & Olsson, Lennart, Dec. 2013. The prominent absence of Alfred Russel Wallace at the Darwin anniversaries in Germany in 1909, 1959 and 2009. Theory in Biosciences 132(4): 251-257.

Houston, Amy, 1997. Conrad and Alfred Russel Wallace. In Gene M. Moore et al., eds., Conrad: Intertexts and Appropriations: Essays in Memory of Yves Hervouet (Amsterdam & Atlanta: Rodopi): 29-48. A.T.: literary influences, Joseph Conrad, The Malay Archipelago

How, Martin J., & Zanker, Johannes M., 2014. Motion camouflage induced by zebra stripes. Zoology 117(3): 163-170. A.T.: adaptations, dazzle, motion illusion

Howes, Hilary, March 2012. 'Shrieking savages' and 'men of milder customs': Dr. Adolf Bernhard Meyer in New Guinea, 1873. Journal of Pacific History 47(1): 21-44.

Howes, Hilary, 2014. Anglo-German anthropology in the Malay Archipelago, 1869-1910: Adolf Bernhard Meyer, Alfred Russel Wallace and A. C. Haddon. In Heather Ellis & Ulrike Kirchberger, eds., Anglo-German Scholarly Networks in the Long Nineteenth Century (Leiden: Brill): 126-146.

Hoyt, William Graves, 1976. Lowell and Mars. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. 376 pp.

Hsu, Yu-Feng, 9 Sept. 2020. The identity of Alfred Wallace's mysterious butterfly taxon Lycaena nisa solved: Famegana nisa comb. nov., a senior synonym of F. alsulus (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae, Polyommatinae). ZooKeys 966: 153-162.

Hugh-Jones, Jo, 1981. A Dangerous Paradise: Travels of Alfred Russell Wallace Through South East Asia. Singapore: Longman Malaysia. 56 pp. [juvenile literature]

Hugh-Jones, Jo, May 1988. New Internationalist No. 183: 31. [book review of modern ed. of The Malay Archipelago]

Hughes, Nicholas, & Taib, Rinto, 2022. The Quest for the Legendary House of Alfred Russel Wallace in Ternate. City of Ternate and The Alfred Russel Wallace Memorial Fund. Pp. xviii, 70.

Hughes, R. Elwyn, Dec. 1989. Alfred Russel Wallace; Some notes on the Welsh connection. British Journal for the History of Science 22(4): 401-418. A.T.: biography, Dillwyn, Mechanics Institutes, Neath, Swansea

Hughes, R. Elwyn, 1991. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913): The making of a scientific nonconformist. Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain 63: 175-183. A.T.: Dillwyn, biography, Wales, human evolution, spiritualism

Hughes, R. Elwyn, 1997. Alfred Russel Wallace: Gwyddonydd Anwyddonol. Caerdydd: Gwasg Prifysgol Cymru. 208 pp.

Hughes, R. Elwyn, 2008. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) a Lewis Weston Dillwyn: Dau naturiaethwr a'r Gymraeg. Y Traethodydd (Denbigh [Dinbych], Wales) 163: 164-173.

Hughes, Thea Stanley, 1980. Alfred Russel Wallace. In Hughes' Enduring Deeds in Science, Exploration & Leadership (Miller's Point, N.S.W. & Palo Alto, CA: Movement Publications): 94-119. [biographical sketch]

Hull, David, 1973. Darwin and His Critics; The Reception of Darwin's Theory of Evolution by the Scientific Community. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press. 473 pp.

Hull, David L., March 2005. Deconstructing Darwin: Evolutionary theory in context. Journal of the History of Biology 38(1): 137-152. A.T.: Robert Young, externalism, internalism, Victorian society, just-so stories

Hunter, Allan, 1983. Joseph Conrad and the Ethics of Darwinism; The Challenges of Science. London & Canberra: Croom Helm. 259 pp.

Hutchings, Christabel, 2007. "Men of Monmouthshire": Letters from Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) to Thomas Henry Thomas (1839-1915). The Monmouthshire Antiquary 23: 87-94. A.T.: Wales, photographs

Huxley, Julian, 1927. Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823-1913). In H. W. C. Davis & J. R. H. Weaver, eds., Dictionary of National Biography, 1912-21 Third Supplement (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 546-549.

Hyman, Ray, June 1986. Parapsychological research: A tutorial review and critical appraisal. Proceedings of the IEEE 74(6): 823-849. A.T.: psychical research, paranormal, historical survey, Crookes, Sidgwick, Hare, Gurney, Myers, Barrett, Rhine, extra-sensory perception, Price

Hyman, Ray, 1989. The Elusive Quarry: A Scientific Appraisal of Psychical Research. Buffalo: Prometheus Books. 447 pp.

Ibrahim, Nizar, & Kutschera, Ulrich, Dec. 2013. The ornithologist Alfred Russel Wallace and the controversy surrounding the dinosaurian origin of birds. Theory in Biosciences 132(4): 267-275. A.T.: dinosaurs, Ernst Mayr, evolution, Archaeopteryx, Huxley

Inglis, Brian, 17 June 1982. Beaten by the facts. New Scientist 94: 803-804. [short letter to the Editor emphasizing Wallace's criticism of the notion of miracles]

Inglis, Brian, 1992. Natural and Supernatural; A History of the Paranormal From Earliest Times to 1914 (rev. ed.). Bridport Dorset, U.K.: Prism Press. 508 pp. A.T.: hallucinations, materialism, spirit photographs, spiritualism

Jenno, July-Aug. 1976. Alfred Russell Wallace; Natural selection and theosophy. Canadian Theosophist 57(3): 58, 62-64. A.T.: Blavatsky, occultism

Johnson, Curtis N., Fall 2007. The preface to Darwin's Origin of Species: The curious history of the "historical sketch." Journal of the History of Biology 40(3): 529-556. [discusses the events of 1858]

Johnson, Kirk Wallace, 2018. The Feather Thief; Beauty, Obsession, and the Natural History Heist of the Century. New York: Viking. 308 pp.

Johnson, Norman A., Nov. 2008. Direct selection for reproductive isolation: The Wallace effect and reinforcement. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 114-124.

Jones, Greta, 1980. Social Darwinism and English Thought; The Interaction Between Biological and Social Theory. Sussex, U.K.: The Harvester Press / Atlantic Highlands NJ: Humanities Press. 234 pp. A.T.: human evolution, social evolution, moral evolution, Baldwin, Bateson, eugenics, Kidd, Galton

Jones, Greta, March 2002. Alfred Russel Wallace, Robert Owen and the theory of natural selection. British Journal for the History of Science 35(1): 73-96. A.T.: socialism, instinct, learning, colonization, Malthus, Malthusianism

Jones, Howard, May 2015. The vision of Alfred Russel Wallace. The Journal for Spiritual and Consciousness Studies 38(1): 17-24. A.T.: spiritualism, biography

Jones, Lamar B., April 1994. T. H. Huxley's critique of Henry George: An expanded perspective. American Journal of Economics and Sociology 53(2): 245-255. A.T.: Progress and Poverty

Jung, Carl G., May 1920. The psychological foundations of belief in spirits. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research 31 (pt. 79): 75-93. A.T.: spiritualism, dreams, mental disease, visions, collective unconscious

Kanduc, Darja, 1 June 2012. Peptide cross-reactivity: The original sin of vaccines. Frontiers in Bioscience S4: 1393-1401. [concerning harmful effects of immune cross-reactivity on vaccinology]

Karadog, Aneirin, & Smith, Alyn, 2023. Wallace: Bywyd Chwilfrydig Alfred Russel Wallace. Cardiff (Caerdydd): Llyfrau Broga Books. 32 pp. [in Welsh; juvenile literature]

Kathirithamby, Jeyaraney, 17 Nov. 2005. How Wallace and Dampier faced tsunamis at sea. Nature 438: 282. A.T.: waves, earthquakes

Kawano, Kazuo, March 2022. Darwin's and Wallace's fascinations with oversized morphology and the question of developmental plasticity. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 115(2): 194-201. A.T.: beetles, species, allometry, variation

Kazyutinsky, V. V., & Balashov, Y. V., 1989. [Anthropic principle: History and present status]. Priroda (Nature) (Moscow) N1: 23-32. [in Russian]

Keast, J. Allen, 1983. In the steps of Alfred Russel Wallace: Biogeography of the Asian-Australian interchange zone. In R. W. Sims et al., eds., Evolution, Time, and Space: The Emergence of the Biosphere (Systematics Association Special Volume 23): 367-407.

Keezer, William S., May 1965. Alfred Russel Wallace: Naturalist, zoogeographer, spiritualist, and evolutionist. Bios 36(2): 66-70.

Keith, Sir Arthur, 1953. The inconsistencies of Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913). The Rationalist Annual 1953: 28-37. A.T.: biography, spiritualism

Kemp, Christopher, 2017. 6. The one that got away for 160 years: Wallace’s pike cichlid (Crenicichla monicae). In Kemp’s The Lost Species: Great Expeditions in the Collections of Natural History Museums (Chicago: University of Chicago Press): 51-58.

Kevin, James J., Jr., 1985. 'Man's Place in the Universe': Alfred Russel Wallace, Teleological Evolution, and the Question of Extraterrestrial Life. M.A. Thesis, University of Notre Dame, South Bend IN. 93 pp.

Kilner, R. M., Aug. 2006. The evolution of egg colour and patterning in birds. Biological Reviews 81(3): 383-406. A.T.: Cuculus, variation, protective coloration, co-evolution, predation

Kimler, William C., 1983. One Hundred Years of Mimicry: History of an Evolutionary Exemplar. Ph.D. Dissertation, Cornell University, Ithaca NY. 414 pp.

Kleeberg, Bernhard, 2007. Zwischen Funktion und Telos: Evolutionistische Naturästhetik bei Haeckel, Wallace und Darwin. In Kurt Bayertz, ed., Der Darwinismus-Streit (Hamburg: Felix Meiner): 132-153.

Kleiner, Scott A., April 1981. Problem solving and discovery in the growth of Darwin's theories of evolution. Synthese 47(1): 119-162. A.T.: philosophy of science

Kleiner, Scott A., Dec. 1985. Darwin's and Wallace's revolutionary research programme. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36(4): 367-392. A.T.: research, biogeography, explanation, philosophy of science, Lyell, new species

Knapp, Sandra, 1999 [also in 2013 reprint ed.]. Footsteps in the Forest: Alfred Russel Wallace in the Amazon. London: Natural History Museum. 90 pp. A.T.: biography, botany

Knapp, Sandra, Aug. 2001. Leicester and evolution: The story of Alfred Russel Wallace. Transactions of the Leicester Literary & Philosophical Society 95: 13-14.

Knapp, Sandra, 2007. Alfred Russel Wallace; The problem of the origin of species (1823-1913). In Robert Huxley, ed., The Great Naturalists (London: Thames & Hudson): 277-285. [biographical sketch concentrating on Wallace's pre-1862 years]

Knapp, Sandra, Nov. 2008. Wallace, conservation, and sustainable development. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 201-220.

Knapp, Sandra, Sanders, Lynn, & Baker, William, 2002. Alfred Russel Wallace and the palms of the Amazon. Palms 46(3): 109-119. A.T.: specimens, collections, Kew, Palm Trees of the Amazon

Koch-Weser, Suzanne, 1977. Alfred Russel Wallace on man. Synthesis (Harvard University) 3(4): 5-32. A.T.: human evolution, spiritualism

Kogan, Nathan, Spring 1994. On aesthetics and its origins: Some psychobiological and evolutionary considerations. Social Research 61(1): 139-165. A.T.: musical sensitivity, beauty, art, facial aesthetics, attractiveness

Kohler, Michèle, Oct. 2009. Rose Hill. Geoscientist 19(10): 5. [concerning Wallace's place of residence 1876-1878]

Kohn, Marek, 2004. A Reason for Everything; Natural Selection and the English Imagination. London: Faber & Faber Limited. 392 pp. A.T.: Malthus, biography

Kottler, Malcolm Jay, June 1974. Alfred Russel Wallace, the origin of man, and spiritualism. Isis 65: 144-192. A.T.: human evolution, natural selection, Huxley, Tyndall, Crookes, Carpenter, psychical research

Kottler, Malcolm Jay, 1978. Charles Darwin's biological species concept and theory of geographic speciation: the transmutation notebooks. Annals of Science 35: 275-297. A.T.: Lyell, isolation, speciation, Darwin

Kottler, Malcolm Jay, June 1980. Darwin, Wallace, and the origin of sexual dimorphism. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 124(3): 203-226. A.T.: coloration, natural selection, mimicry, birds nests, female choice

Kottler, Malcolm Jay, 1985. Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace: Two decades of debate over natural selection. In David Kohn, ed., The Darwinian Heritage (Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press): 367-432.

Krasner, James, 1992. The geometric jungle: Imperialistic vision in the writings of Alfred Russel Wallace, H. M. Tomlinson, and Joseph Conrad. Chapter Three of Krasner's The Entangled Eye: Visual Perception and the Representation of Nature in Post-Darwinian Narrative (New York: Oxford University Press): 108-138. A.T.: landscape, perception

Kreft, Holger, & Jetz, Walter, Nov. 2010. A framework for delineating biogeographical regions based on species distribution. Journal of Biogeography 37(11): 2029-2053. A.T.: biogeography, cluster analysis, zoogeography, mammals

Kubota, Bunji, 1980. [Sun Yat-sen's theory of equalization of land rights]. Rekishigaku Kenkyu (Japan) No. 487: 18-33. [in Japanese]

Kuklick, Henrika, Aug. 1996. Islands in the Pacific: Darwinian biogeography and British anthropology. American Ethnologist 23(3): 611-638. A.T.: Alfred Haddon, ethnology, Torres Straits, diffusionism

Kullander, Sven O., & Varella, Henrique R., Sept. 2015. Wallace's pike cichlid gets a name after 160 years: A new species of cichlid fish (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from the Upper Rio Negro in Brazil. Copeia 103(3): 512-519. A.T.: Crenicichla

Kunte, Krushnamegh, 22 July 2008. Mimetic butterflies support Wallace's model of sexual dimorphism. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 275(1643): 1617-1624. A.T.: female-limited mimicry, polymorphism, Batesian mimicry, stabilizing selection

Kunte, Krushnamegh, Nov. 2009. Female-limited mimetic polymorphism: a review of theories and a critique of sexual selection as balancing selection. Animal Behaviour 78(5): 1029-1036. A.T.: Batesian mimicry

Kutschera, U., 2003. A comparative analysis of the Darwin-Wallace papers and the development of the concept of natural selection. Theory in Biosciences 122(4): 343-359. A.T.: Linnean Society

Kutschera, Ulrich, 2009. Charles Darwin's Origin of Species, directional selection, and the evolutionary sciences today. Naturwissenschaften 96(11): 1247-1263. A.T.: symbiogenesis, synthetic theory, natural selection

Kutschera, U., 13 Sept. 2012. History of science: Wallace pioneered astrobiology too. Nature 489: 208.

Kutschera, U., 14 June 2013. The age of man: A father figure. Science 340(6138): 1287. A.T.: Anthropocene

Kutschera, Ulrich, Okt. 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace. Autodidakt und Exzentriker der Biologie. Biologie in Unserer Zeit 43(5): 306-312.

Kutschera, Ulrich, 2013. Design-Fehler in der Natur: Alfred Russel Wallace und die Gott-lose Evolution. Münster: Lit Verlag. 378 pp. A.T.: spiritualism, design, creationism

Kutschera, Ulrich, 12 June 2014. Alfred Russel Wallace: An early champion of women's rights. Nature 510(7504): 218.

Kutschera, Ulrich, 2017. Symbiogenesis and cell evolution: An anti-Darwinian research agenda? In Richard G. Delisle, ed., The Darwinian Tradition in Context (Cham, Switzerland: Springer): 309-331. A.T.: macroevolution, symbiogenesis

Kutschera, Ulrich, & Hossfeld, Uwe, Dec. 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913): The forgotten co-founder of the Neo-Darwinian theory of biological evolution. Theory in Biosciences 132(4): 207-214. A.T.: biography

Kutschera, Ulrich, & Kleinhans, Simon, Dec. 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace and the destruction of island life: The iguana tragedy. Theory in Biosciences 132(4): 259-265. A.T.: extinction, Darwin, evolution

Kutschera, Ulrich, & Niklas, Karl J., Dec. 2013. Metabolic scaling theory in plant biology and the three oxygen paradoxa of aerobic life. Theory in Biosciences 132(4): 277-288. A.T.: body size, respiration rates, design in nature, photorespiration, wildfires

Lamont, Peter, 2004. Spiritualism and a mid-Victorian crisis of evidence. The Historical Journal 47(4): 897-920. A.T.: David Dunglas Home, seances, conjurors, mediums, science

Lane, K. Maria D., 2011. Geographies of Mars: Seeing and Knowing the Red Planet. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 266 pp.

Langlois, Cyril, 22 Oct. 2015. L'autre découvreur de la sélection naturelle: Alfred R. Wallace. Planet Terre.

Larsen, Jordan, 20 Dec. 2017. The evolving spirit: morals and mutualism in Arabella Buckley’s evolutionary epic. Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science 71(4): 385-408.

Laverty, Martin, June 2013. Three men and a bird--Motley, Dillwyn, Stickland (sic) and Copsychus stricklandii--and an introduction to Bornean nature for Alfred Russel Wallace. Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 86(1): 113-119.

Leonard, Thomas C., July 2009. Origins of the myth of social Darwinism: The ambiguous legacy of Richard Hofstadter's Social Darwinism in American Thought. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 71(1): 37-51. A.T.: eugenics, Spencer, Malthusianism, Marx, political economy

Lesch, John E., Dec. 1975. The role of isolation in evolution: George J. Romanes and John T. Gulick. Isis 66: 483-503. A.T.: Darwinism, species formation, divergence, physiological selection, sterility, land snails

Leslie, Mitch, 3 May 2006. What good is growing old? Science of Aging Knowledge Environment 2006 (8): article no. 12. [concerning programmed death in the evolutionary context]

Lester, Ahren, Oct. 2014. Homing in: Alfred Russel Wallace's homes in Britain (1852 to 1913). The Linnean 30(2): 22-32.

Lester, Ahren, April 2015. Alfred Russel Wallace's introduction to botany through John Lindley. Archives of Natural History 42(1): 175-178.

Lester, Ahren, April 2015. Botanical contributions to the Library of Useful Knowledge. Archives of Natural History 42(1): 181-184.

Levine, George, 2002. My life as a machine: Francis Galton, with some reflections on A. R. Wallace. Chapter Five of Levine's Dying to Know: Scientific Epistemology and Narrative in Victorian England (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 104-125. A.T.: autobiography

Levit, Georgy S., & Polatayko, Sergey V., Dec. 2013. At home among strangers: Alfred Russel Wallace in Russia. Theory in Biosciences 132(4): 289-297. A.T.: Darwinism

Lewis, Gwyn Illtyd, 1964. Alfred Russel Wallace: A note on his stay in Radnorshire. The Transactions of the Radnorshire Society 34: 60-62.

Lewis, Ralph W., 1983. Evolution: A system of theories. In J. Peter Zetterberg, ed., Evolution Versus Creationism: The Public Education Controversy (Phoenix: Oryx Press): 37-64. A.T.: philosophy of science, natural selection, synthetic theory

Leyin, Alan, Nov. 2014. Alfred Russel Wallace and public engagement: Alienating the enthusiast. https://wallacefund.myspecies.info/content/alfred-russel-wallace-and-public-engagement-alienating-enthusiast

Leyin, Alan, Dec. 2014. Re-visioning Alfred Russel Wallace. https://wallacefund.myspecies.info/content/re-visioning-alfred-russel-wallace

Lieberman, Bruce S., 2000. Paleobiogeography. New York: Kluwer. 208 pp.

Lieberman, Bruce S., 2005. Geobiology and paleobiogeography: Tracking the coevolution of the Earth and its biota. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 219: 23-33. A.T.: phylogenetics, extinction, geographic information systems

Lier, Gerda, 2010. Das Unsterblichkeitsproblem [Immortality]: Grundannahmen und Voraussetzungen. Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. Frankfurt am Main. Göttingen: V&R Unipress. 2 vols.

Lima, Carla Oliveira de, 2013. “Alguma terra bem distante onde reina um sertão constante”: As interações do viajante britânico Alfred Russel Wallace com a natureza e as sociedades tradicionais do Rio Negro. Historiae (Rio Grande do Sul) 4(1): 65-78. A.T.: Amazonia

Lima, Carla Oliveira de, Jul./Dez. 2020. Alfred Russel Wallace: Trabalho de campo, ciência e interações na Amazônia. Revista Helius 3(2), 2: 788-818.

Lima, Luiz Eduardo Corrêa, Jan./Mar. 2009. Os 200 anos de Darwin, os 150 da Origem das Espécies e a importância de Wallace. Ângulo (Brazil) No. 116: 38-41.

Limeira-DaSilva, Victor Rafael, May/Aug. 2019. History of the "human sciences" and Wallace’s scientific voyage in the Amazon: Notes on historiographical absences. Estudos Históricos 32(67): 549-563. A.T.: historiography, ethnography, history of science

Limeira-DaSilva, Victor Rafael, 2022. The itinerary of Alfred Russel Wallace's Amazonian journey (1848–1852): A source for researchers and readers. Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 76(3): 633-652.

Limeira-DaSilva, Victor Rafael, & Aguiar, José O., 2016. Índios/as, negros/as, mestiços/as para além da paisagem Amazônica: A construção de experiências locais em notas etnográficas da obra de Alfred Russel Wallace (1850-1852). Clio: Revista de Pesquisa Histórica 34(2): 156-179.

Limeira-DaSilva, Victor Rafael, & Sánchez, Arteaga, Juanma, Nov. 2021. Alfred Russel Wallace and the models of Amazonian "Indians" displayed at the Crystal Palace Ethnological Exhibition. Nuncius 36(3): 646-675.

Limoges, Camille, 1970. La Sélection Naturelle; Étude sur la Première Constitution d'un Concept (1837-1859). Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. 184 pp.

Lin, Albert Y.-M. , & Lomas, J. Derek, 2022. The enigma of mind: A theory of evolution and conscious experience. In Emily Joan Ward & Robin Reuvers, eds., Enigmas (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press): 179-228. A.T.: harmonisation, human evolution, imagination, altered states, ethnobotany, resonance

Lindholm, Markus, 2022. Barbeint i Amazonas: Historien om Alfred Russel Wallace. Oslo: Spartacus. 249 pp. [in Norwegian]

Linnean Society of London, 1958. Darwin-Wallace Centenary. Journal of the Linnean Society of London Botany Volume 56 / Journal of the Linnean Society of London Zoology Volume 44. 152 pp.

Lisboa de Andrade, Nana Patrícia, 2021. A importância da interação com os indigenas para o êxito da viagem de Wallace pelo Rio Negro e, a ausência desse persona no imaginário social em Inferno Verde, de Alberto Rangel. Anais Eletrônicos do VI Seminário Formaçao de Professores e Ensino de Língua Inglesa V. 6, 2021: 49-59. A.T.: indigenous people, Amazon, Brazil, O Tapará

Liu, Li, Dec. 2010. Evolutionism combined with spiritualism: A. R. Wallace's approach. Journal of Cambridge Studies 5(4): 16-26.

Livi, Silvia Helena Becker, Jun. 1990. A terra e o homem no universo. Caderno Brasileiro de Ensino de Física 7, n. Especial: 7-27.

Livingstone, David N., Dec. 1987. Human acclimatization: Perspectives on a contested field of inquiry in science, medicine and geography. History of Science 25(4): 359-394. A.T.: health, labor, geography, imperialism, colonial policy

Lloyd, David, 2015. Alfred Russel Wallace: Self-educated genius and polymath. Progress in Botany 76: 43-74. A.T.: biography

Lloyd, David, Wimpenny, Julian, & Venables, Alfred, Sept. 2010. Alfred Russel Wallace deserves better. Journal of Biosciences 35(3): 339-349. A.T.: conspiracies, biography, evolution

Loewenberg, Bert James, 1957. Darwin, Wallace and the Theory of Natural Selection; Including the Linnean Society Papers. New Haven: Gerald E. Cinamon. 97 pp.

Lohman, David J., et al. (8 other authors), 2011. Biogeography of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 42: 205-226. A.T.: phylogeography, Southeast Asia, Wallacea

Lomolino, Mark V., June 2019. Wallace at the foundations of biogeography and the frontiers of conservation biology. In Charles H. Smith, James T. Costa, & David Collard, eds., An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 341-355.

Lowrey, Kathleen Bolling, Aug. 2010. Alfred Russel Wallace as ancestor figure; Reflections on anthropological lineage after the Darwin bicentennial. Anthropology Today 26(4): 18-21.

Lowrey, Kathleen, Fall 2015. The time travellers: Alfred Russel Wallace and Peter Kropotkin. Victorian Review 41(2): 133-149. A.T.: sexism, sentimentality, Marx

Lowry, David B., June 2012. Ecotypes and the controversy over stages in the formation of new species. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 106(2): 241-247. A.T.: biosystematics, isolation, adaptation, speciation, genecology

Lowry, Elizabeth Schleber, 2017. The Seybert Report: Rhetoric, Rationale, and the Problem of Psi Research. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan. 112 pp. A.T.: psychical research, paranormal, spiritualism

Loxdale, Hugh D., Jan. 2010. Setting the scene. . . Meeting up with Darwin and Wallace. Ecological Entomology 35, Supplement 1: 1-9. A.T.: biography, geological time, evolution

Luce, Robert S., 1982. Alfred Russel Wallace: A naturalist in Darwin's shadow. San José Studies 8(3): 107-123. A.T.: biography, zoogeography

Lyons, Sherrie Lynne, 2009. Species, Serpents, Spirits, and Skulls; Science at the Margins in the Victorian Age. Albany: State University of New York Press. 245 pp. [considers Wallace’s views on human evolution as related to spiritualism]

Lyons, Sherrie, June 2019. The many influences shaping Wallace's views on human evolution. In Charles H. Smith, James T. Costa, & David Collard, eds., An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 167-189.

Malinchak, Michele, 1987. Spiritualism and the Philosophy of Alfred Russel Wallace. Ph.D. Dissertation, Drew University, Madison NJ. 255 pp.

Mallet, James, July 1995. A species definition for the modern synthesis. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 10(7): 294-299. [defends Wallace's views on defining "species"]

Mallet, James, 9 June 2004. Poulton, Wallace and Jordan: How discoveries in Papilio butterflies led to a new species concept 100 years ago. Systematics and Biodiversity 1(4): 441-452.

Mallet, James, Nov. 2008. Wallace and the species concept of the early Darwinians. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 102-113.

Mallet, James, 2009. Alfred Russel Wallace and the Darwinian species concept: His paper on the swallowtail butterflies (Papilionidae) of 1865. Gayana 73, Supplement: 42-54. A.T.: species concepts, mimicry, evolution

Mallet, James, 2010. Why was Darwin's view of species rejected by twentieth century biologists? Biology and Philosophy 25(4): 497-527. A.T.: variation, isolation, species concepts, levels of selection

Manna, Sal, July 2006. Charles Darwin, Alfred Russel Wallace, evolution and the man after whom the Calaveras County town of Wallace is named. Las Calaveras (San Andreas, CA) 54(4): 1-7. [concerning Wallace's brother John]

Manna, Sal, Sept. 2008. A brothers' reunion: Evolution's champion Alfred Russel Wallace and forty-niner John Wallace. California History 85(4): 4-25. A.T.: California, biography

Manna, Salvatore John, 2017. Glorious Trees; Alfred Russel Wallace in California. Burson CA: Calaveras History Publishing. 339 pp.

Manríquez, Germán, 2010. Emergence of Darwinian theories on evolution of Homo sapiens (Catarrhini: Hominidae) and their relevance for social sciences. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 83(4): 501-510. A.T.: human evolution, Darwin, Spencer, Marx, Huxley, social evolution

Marais, Johann Lodewyk, Desember 2009. Charles Darwin, die natuurwetenskappe en die verwondering in T T Cloete se poësie [Charles Darwin, the natural sciences and wonderment in the poetry of T T Cloete]. Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe 49(4): 547-562. [concerning in part the use of Wallace’s imagery in Cloete's poems]

Marchant, James, 1913. Introduction to Wallace's The Revolt of Democracy (London: Cassell & Company): vii-xlv. A.T.: biography

Marchant, James, ed., 24 April 1916. Alfred Russel Wallace; Letters and Reminiscences. London & New York: Cassell and Co. 2 vols., 507 pp. [one-volume, June 1916 Harper & Brothers ed. [onsite corrected plain-text pdf here]; Harper & Brothers ed. reprinted in 1975 by Arno Press]

Marks, Jonathan, March 2019. The coevolution of human origins, human variation, and their meaning in the nineteenth century. Zygon 54(1): 246-251. A.T.: science and religion, nineteenth century scholarship, biology, race, theology

Marranghello, M., & Consul, R. A., Jan./Jun. 2004. Medida do raio de curvatura da terra com auxílio de um canal de navegação. Acta Scientiae (Canoas) 6(1): 7-9. A.T.: earth curvature, geodesy, experimental method

Marsh, Charles A., 19 July 1958. Alfred Russel Wallace [letter to the Editor about a visit Marsh made to Old Orchard in 1905]. British Medical Journal No. 5089: 166-167.

Marsh, D. M., et al. (9 other authors), March 2007. Ecological and genetic evidence that low-order streams inhibit dispersal by red-backed salamanders (Plethodon cinereus). Canadian Journal of Zoology 85(3): 319-327. A.T.: barriers, gene flow

Mashad, Dhurorudin, 2010. Alfred Russel Wallace: Pencetus Teori Seleksi Alam dan Garis Imajiner Nusantara. Jakarta: Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. 284 pp. [biography of Wallace, in Indonesian]

Mashad, Dhurorudin, 2011. Alfred Russel Wallace: Kiprah dan Karyanya Sebagai Ilmuwan Sosial. Jakarta: Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. 274 pp.

Maslow, Jonathan, 1996. The collector: Alfred Russel Wallace in the Amazon Valley. Chapter Four of Maslow's Footsteps in the Jungle: Adventures in the Scientific Exploration of the American Tropics (Chicago: Ivan R. Dee): 87-107.

Mason, Daniel, March 2008. The ecstasy of Alfred Russel Wallace. Harper's Magazine 316(1894): 78-82. [interesting "historical novel" version of Wallace's communications with Darwin circa 1856-58]

Massarani, Luisa, 1999. Alfred Russel--El olvidado. Cómo ves? Ciudad de México 1(12): 28-29.

Matysioková, Beata, Remeš, Vladimír, & Cockburn, Andrew, 2017. Broad‐scale variation in sexual dichromatism in songbirds is not explained by sex differences in exposure to predators during incubation. Journal of Avian Biology 48(10):1322-1330. [on whether nest predation favors more cryptic females]

May, Roy H., Nov. 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913): Una apreciación a los cien años de su muerte. Zeledonia 17(2): 3-12.

Mayer, William V., Nov.-Dec. 1987. Wallace and Darwin. American Biology Teacher 49(8): 406-410.

Mayr, Ernst, March 1944. Wallace's Line in the light of recent zoogeographic studies. Quarterly Review of Biology 19(1): 1-14.

Mayr, Ernst, April 1959. Isolation as an evolutionary factor. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 103(2): 221-230.

Mayr, Ernst, 1982. The Growth of Biological Thought: Diversity, Evolution, and Inheritance. Cambridge MA & London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. 974 pp.

McCalman, Iain, 2009. Darwin's Armada; Four Voyages and the Battle for the Theory of Evolution. New York & London: W. W. Norton & Co. 423 pp.

McCalman, Iain, 2011. Alfred Wallace's conversion: Plebeian radicalism and the spiritual evolution of the mind. In Deirdre Coleman & Hilary Fraser, eds., Minds, Bodies, Machines 1770-1930 (Basingstoke, U.K.: Palgrave Macmillan): 124-139.

McCarthy, Dennis, 2009. Here Be Dragons: How the Study of Animal and Plant Distributions Revolutionized Our Views of Life and Earth. New York: Oxford University Press. 214 pp.

McCormack, Carey, 2017. Collection and discovery: Indigenous guides and Alfred Russel Wallace in Southeast Asia, 1854-1862. Journal of Indian Ocean World Studies 1(1): 110-127. A.T.: travel narratives, field assistants, fieldwork

McEntee, Jay P., Zelazny, Zoe, & Burleigh, J. Gordon, Nov. 2021. On the relationship between nest concealment and the conspicuous coloration of female passerines: A test of Wallace's hypothesis. Revista Ecuatoriana de Medicina y Ciencias Biológicas 42(2): 141-158. A.T.: macroevolution, mating sites, social selection, plumage

McGhie, Henry A., Oct. 2009. Letters from Alfred Russel Wallace concerning the Darwin commemorations of 1909. Archives of Natural History 36(2): 352-354.

McGill, Hilda M., 1960-61. The case of the missing journal. Manchester Review 1960-61: 124-128. [concerning Wallace's search in 1906 for some missing field journals kept by Richard Spruce; submitted by Christine Garwood]

McKinney, H. Lewis, Oct. 1966. Alfred Russel Wallace and the discovery of natural selection. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 21: 333-357.

McKinney, H. Lewis, 1969. Wallace's earliest observations on evolution: 28 December 1845. Isis 60(3): 370-373.

McKinney, H. Lewis, 1971. Introduction to Wallace's Palm Trees of the Amazon (Lawrence KS: Coronado Press): 2 unnumbered pages.

McKinney, H. Lewis, ed., 1971. Lamarck to Darwin: Contributions to Evolutionary Biology 1809-1859. Lawrence KS: Coronado Press. 122 pp.

McKinney, H. Lewis, 1972. Wallace and Natural Selection. New Haven & London: Yale University Press. 193 pp.

McKinney, H. Lewis, 1972. Introduction to Wallace's A Narrative of Travels on the Amazon and Rio Negro 2nd ed. (New York: Dover): (v)-xiii.

McKinney, H. Lewis, 1976. Wallace, Alfred Russel. In Charles Coulton Gillispie, ed., Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons), Vol. 14: 133-140.

Medina Precioso, Juan Ramón, 2021. Alfred Russel Wallace. Córdoba, Spain: Guadalmazán. 545 pp. A.T.: biography

Mehmet, Ozey, Juni 1992. Erosentrisme Wallace di Nusantara [A. R. Wallace: The Malay Archipelago]. Prisma (Jakarta) 21(6): 81-88. [in Bahasan]

Mestre, Arístides, Enero-Mayo 1918. Alfred Russel Wallace en la historia de la filosofía biológica. Memorias de la Sociedad Cubana de Historia Natural "Felipe Poey" (Havana) 3(4/5/6): 228-242.

Metcalfe, Ian, Smith, Jeremy M. B., Morwood, Mike, & Davidson, Iain, eds., 2001. Faunal and Floral Migrations and Evolution in SE Asia-Australasia. Lisse, Netherlands: A. A. Balkema Publishers. 416 pp.

Meulendijks, Max, Sept. 2021. Eclipsing the eclipse?: A neo-Darwinian historiography revisited. Journal of the History of Biology 54(3): 403-443. A.T.: variation, De Vries, Huxley, Haeckel, Darwin

Michaux, B., Sept. 1991. Distributional patterns and tectonic development in Indonesia: Wallace reinterpreted. Australian Systematic Botany 4(1): 25-36. A.T.: paleobiogeography, geological change, continental fragments

Michaux, B., 2000. Island life. Journal of Biogeography 27(1): 219-222.

Michaux, Bernard, Nov. 2008. Alfred Russel Wallace, biogeographer. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 166-185.

Michaux, B., Dec. 2009. Reciprocality between biology and geology: Reconstructing polar Gondwana. Gondwana Research 16(3-4): 655-668.

Michaux, Bernard, 2010. Biogeology of Wallacea: Geotectonic models, areas of endemism, and natural biogeographical units. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 101(1): 193-212. A.T.: Philippines, biogeography, molecular phylogeny

Michaux, Bernard, 2013. Tewkesbury Walks: An Exploration of Biogeography and Evolution. Springer Verlag. 107 pp.

Middleton, Richard, 31 Jan. 2020. Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823-1913). Natstand family document. 34 pp. A.T.: genealogy www.natstand.org.uk/pdf/WallaceAR000.pdf

Milam, Erika Lorraine, 2010. Looking for a Few Good Males: Female Choice in Evolutionary Biology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 236 pp.

Milner, Richard, 1990. Darwin for the prosecution, Wallace for the defense: Part I: How two great naturalists put the supernatural on trial; Part II: Spirit of a dead controversy. North Country Naturalist 2: 19-50.

Milner, Richard, Oct. 1996. Charles Darwin and associates, ghostbusters. Scientific American 275(4): 72-77.

Milner, Richard, 2015. Wallace, Darwin, and the spiritualism scandal of 1876. Skeptic Magazine 20(3): 27-33.

Milner, Richard, 2016. Three birds of a feather--Darwin, Wallace and Attenborough: An unbroken tradition of finding where the wild things are. In Brian Convey & Peter Davis, eds., Changing Perceptions of Nature (London: Boydell and Brewer): 41-51.

Milner, Richard, & Shermer, Michael, 2015. Wallace and the flat earthers. Skeptic Magazine 20(3): 34-36.

Mitchell, Benjamin David, June 2014. Capturing the will: Imposture, delusion, and exposure in Alfred Russel Wallace's defence of spirit photography. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 46(6): 15-24.

Mittelbach, Gary G., et al. (22 authors overall), April 2007. Evolution and the latitudinal diversity gradient: Speciation, extinction and biogeography. Ecology Letters 10(4): 315-331. A.T.: biodiversity, tropics, evolutionary speed, diversification

Molina, Gérard, 1996. Wallace, Alfred Russel. In Patrick Tort, ed., Dictionnaire du Darwinisme et de l'Évolution (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France), Vol. 3: 4565-4586.

Monson, Charles C. 2017. The Age of Angels: Spiritualism and evolutionary progressionism in a nineteenth-century geologic time chart. Historical Biology 30(4): 554-563. A.T.: Anthropocene, Psychozoic, geologic time, progressionism, Hiram Alvin Reid

Moody, J. W. T., 1971. The reading of the Darwin and Wallace papers: An historical "non-event." Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 5(6): 474-476.

Moog, Florence, Oct. 1960. Alfred Russell [sic] Wallace--evolution's forgotten man. American Biology Teacher 22: 414-418.

Moore, Gene M., Fall 2007. Who are the Alfuros? Conradiana 39(3): 199-210. [concerning the identity of a "lost" Indonesian people, and their mention in Wallace's and Joseph Conrad's writings]

Moore, James, 1997. Wallace's Malthusian moment: The common context revisited. In Bernard Lightman, ed., Victorian Science in Context (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 290-311.

Moore, James, 2005. Revolution of the space invaders; Darwin and Wallace on the geography of life. In David N. Livingstone & Charles W. J. Withers, eds., Geography and Revolution (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 106-132.

Moore, James, 2007. Wallace in Wonderland. Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology 11: 139-154. Reprinted in Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Nov. 2008, Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 353-367. [a look at Wallace's spiritualism]

Moreira, Ildeu de Castro, Julho 2002. O escravo do naturalista. Ciência Hoje 31(184): 40-48.

Moreira, Ildeu de Castro, August 2007. Saber nativo [Native knowledge]. Revista de História da Biblioteca Nacional No. 23: 44-49. A.T.: Bates, Amazonia

Moreira, Ildeu de Castro, 11 Julho 2008. Darwin, Wallace e o Brasil; A teoria da seleção natural de Darwin e Wallace faz 150 anos! E o que isto tem a ver com o Brasil? Jornal da Ciência (São Paulo) 22(625): 6.

Morgan, Elfed, 1978. From Afon Nedd to Rio Negro: The formative years of Alfred Russel Wallace. Transactions of the Neath Antiquarian Society: 69-78. A.T.: biography, Wales, Amazonia

Morgan, Susan, 1996. Place Matters: Gendered Geography in Victorian Women's Travel Books About Southeast Asia. New Brunswick NJ: Rutgers University Press. 345 pp.

Morgante, João Strenghel, 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace: Coproponente da seleção natural, tributo ao centenário de seu falecimento. Genética e Sociedad 8(1): 74-85.

Morris, Richard, 2018. Alfred Russel Wallace, OM, FRS 1823-1913 and Epping Forest. Revised and enlarged ed. Loughton: Loughton and District Historical Society. 24 pp.

Morrison, David A., 2014. review. Systematic Biology 63(2): 284-288. [book review of James Costa's On the Organic Law of Change]

Morrison, David A., Nov. 2016. review. Systematic Biology 65(6): 1117-1119. [book review of Andrea Wulf's The Invention of Nature] A.T.: Alexander von Humboldt, biogeography, interconnectedness of nature

Morton, Peter, 1984. The Vital Science: Biology and the Literary Imagination, 1860-1900. London & Boston: Allen & Unwin. 257 pp.

Morueta-Holme, Naia, & Svenning, Jens-Christian, 16 Aug. 2018. Geography of plants in the New World: Humboldt’s relevance in the age of big data. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 103(3): 315-329. A.T.: Anthropocene, biogeography, Humboldtian science, plant geography

Morwood, M. J., Sutikna, T., Saptomo, E. W., Jatmiko, Hobbs, D. R., & Westaway, K. E., Nov. 2009. Preface: Research at Liang Bua, Flores, Indonesia. Journal of Human Evolution 57(5): 437-449. A.T.: archaeology, cave faunas, Homo, excavation

Muchhala, Nathan, & Thomson, James D., 22 June 2009. Going to great lengths: Selection for long corolla tubes in an extremely specialized bat-flower mutualism. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 276(1665): 2147-2152. A.T.: bat pollination, tongue length, pollination

Müller, Chris J., Wahlberg, Niklas, & Beheregaray, Luciano B., June 2010. 'After Africa': The evolutionary history and systematics of the genus Charaxes Ochsenheimer (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in the Indo-Pacific region. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 100(2): 457-481. A.T.: biogeography, molecular phylogeny, diversification

Müller, Werner A., 2015. In Fortsetzung der französischen Vorarbeiten: Skurriles bei Schopenhauer, Beiträge von Erasmus Darwin und Alfred R. Wallace. In Müller's R-Evolution des Biologischen Weltbildes bei Goethe, Kant und Ihren Zeitgenossen (Berlin: Springer Spektrum): 117-119.

Nanjundiah, Vidyanand, March 2008. Co-discoverer. Resonance 13(3): 277-282. [review of Raby 2001]

Nelson, Gareth, Fall 1978. From Candolle to Croizat: Comments on the history of biogeography. Journal of the History of Biology 11(2): 269-305. A.T.: Mayr, Lyell, Buffon, Humboldt

Nelson, Gareth, July 1995. When I was alive by Alfred Russel Wallace. The Linnean 11(2): 20-31.

Nelson, Gareth, Jan. 2009. The two Wallaces then and now. In Survival of the Fittest; Celebrating the 150th Anniversary of the Darwin-Wallace Theory of Evolution (The Linnean Special Issue No. 9): 25-34.

Nelson, Geoffrey K., June 1988. Modern spiritualist conception of ultimate reality. Ultimate Reality and Meaning 11(2): 102-114. A.T.: spiritualism, philosophy of spiritualism, Andrew Davis, Stainton Moses, J. Arthur Findley, Christian spiritualism

Neumann, Joseph, 2017. Wallace's controversy with Darwin on man's mental evolution, on the position of the natives in human evolution, and his anticipation of cultural evolution, as distinct from biological evolution. In Assaf Marom & Erella Hovers, eds., Human Paleontology and Prehistory: Contributions in Honor of Yoel Rak (Cham, Switzerland: Springer): 11-20.

Noble, Denis, July 2021. The role of stochasticity in biological communication processes. Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 162: 122-128.

Nojiri, Wataru, 2009. [Distribution, boundary, and evolution: Alfred Russel Wallace’s biogeographic theory]. Japanese Journal of Human Geography 61(4): 293-311. [in Japanese]

Nojiri, Wataru, 2021. Concepts of evolutionary theory and biogeography through a comparison of Darwin and Wallace. Bulletin of the Research Institute, St. Andrew's University 46(3): 129-154. A.T.: evolutionism, geographic speciation

Nurbaity, Nurbaity, Busyeiri, Muhammad Latif, & Kurniati, Nurul Adha, 2021. Marginalization of indigenous people in Alfred Russel Wallace's The Malay Archipelago. Proceeding International Conference on Literature (Konferensi Internasional Kesusastraan-KIK XXX HISKI di Palu, 16 November 2021): 9-15.

Oates, David, Dec. 1988. Social Darwinism and natural theodicy. Zygon 23(4): 439-454. A.T.: individualism, evil, progress, Spencer, Huxley

O'Connell, Henry P., Nov. 2009. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913): Evolution and medicine. Journal of Medical Biography 17(4): 214-216.

O'Connor, Sue, & Veth, Peter M., eds., 2000. East of Wallace's Line: Studies of Past and Present Maritime Cultures of the Indo-Pacific Region. Rotterdam: Balkema. 380 pp.

O'Hanlon, James C., Holwell, Gregory I., & Herberstein, Marie E., Jan. 2014. Pollinator deception in the orchid mantis. American Naturalist 183(1): 126-132. [concerning mimicry of a flower by a predator]

O'Hanlon, J. C., Li, D., & Norma-Rashid, Y., 2013. Coloration and morphology of the orchid mantis Hymenopus coronatus (Mantodea: Hymenopodidae). Journal of Orthoptera Research 22(1): 35-44.

O'Hara, James E., June 1995. Henry Walter Bates--His life and contributions to biology. Archives of Natural History 22(2): 195-219.

O'Hara, Robert J., 1987. Strickland and Wallace, and the systematic argument for evolution [abstract]. American Zoologist 27(4): 107A.

O'Hara, Robert J., April 1991. Representations of the natural system in the nineteenth century. Biology and Philosophy 6(2): 255-274.

O'Hara, Robert J., Sept. 1993. Systematic generalization, historical fate, and the species problem. Systematic Biology 42(3): 231-246.

O'Hara, Robert J., 1994. Evolutionary history and the species problem. American Zoologist 34(1): 12-22.

Olesen, Bjorn, Jan.-March 2013. Waltzing with Wallace's standardwing. Nature Watch (Singapore) 21(1): 3-7.

Oliveira, Ubirajara, Vasconcelos, Marcelo F., & Santos, Adalberto J., 2017. Biogeography of Amazon birds: Rivers limit species composition, but not areas of endemism. Scientific Reports 7, Article number 2992 (2017).

Oliver, Jeffrey C., & Monteiro, Antónia, 7 July 2011. On the origins of sexual dimorphism in butterflies. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, Biological Sciences 278(1714): 1981-1988. A.T.: Nymphalidae, phylogeny, sexual selection, character mapping

Ollerton, Jeff, 3 Aug. 2005. Flowering time and the Wallace Effect. Heredity 95: 181-182. A.T.: reinforcement, reproductive isolation, speciation

Omodeo, Pietro, 2004. Selezione, storia di una parola e di un concetto. Nuncius 19(1): 143-171.

Oppenheim, Janet, 1985. The Other World; Spiritualism and Psychical Research in England, 1850-1914. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. 503 pp.

Osborn, Henry Fairfield, 1928. Impressions of Great Naturalists; Reminiscences of Darwin, Huxley, Balfour, Cope and Others (2nd rev. ed.). New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 294 pp.

Ospovat, Dov, 1978. Perfect adaptation and teleological explanation: Approaches to the problem of the history of life in the mid-nineteenth century. Studies in History of Biology 2: 33-56.

Owen, Janet, March 2020. Alfred Russel Wallace’s collecting journey in Dorey, New Guinea. Journal of the History of Collections 32(1): 129-142.

Packer, Joseph Clayton, 2012. "Because We Are Alone..." Arguments for Humans as the Universe's Only Intelligent Life Form from Ancient Philosophers to Today's Scientists. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. 276 pp.

Packer, Joseph, 2015. Alien Life and Human Purpose: A Rhetorical Examination Through History. Lanham MD: Lexington Books. 251 pp.

Paget, R. A. S., 1951. The origin of language. Science News (Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England) 20: 82-94. [mentions Wallace's ideas on the mouth gesture theory of the origin of language]

Pain, Stephanie, 5 April 2003. The lost palms of Pará. New Scientist 178(2389): 48-49. [reports rediscovery of some palm specimens Wallace sent to Kew from the Amazon]

Palfreman, Jon, Dec. 1976. William Crookes: Spiritualism and science. Ethics in Science & Medicine 3(4): 211-227.

Palfreman, Jon, March 1979. Between scepticism and credulity: A study of Victorian scientific attitudes to modern spiritualism. In Roy Wallis, ed., On the Margins of Science: The Social Construction of Rejected Knowledge (Sociological Review Monograph 27): 201-236.

Pammel, L. H., 1926. Alfred Russell [sic] Wallace. In Pammel's Prominent Men I Have Met (Ames, Iowa): 5-8. [from a series of articles written for the Ames Daily Tribune; contains a letter to Pammel from Wallace]

Pannell, Sandra, March 1992. Travelling to other worlds: Narratives of headhunting, appropriation and the other in the 'Eastern Archipelago.' Oceania 62(3): 162-178. A.T.: naturalists, Forbes, Mayawo, museums

Pantin, C. F. A., 1959. Alfred Russel Wallace: His pre-Darwinian essay of 1855. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London 1958-59 171(2): 139-153.

Pantin, C. F. A., June 1959. Alfred Russel Wallace, F.R.S., and his essays of 1858 and 1855. Notes & Records of the Royal Society of London 14(1): 67-84. A.T.: biography, Wells, Matthew, Darwin

Papavero, Nelson, & Llorente-Bousquets, Jorge, eds., 1994. Principia Taxonómica: Una Introducción a los Fundamentos Lógicos, Filosóficos y Metodológicos de las Escuelas de Taxonomía Biológica. Vol. 5. Wallace y Darwin. México: Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. 147 pp. [CD-Rom version: 2008]

Papavero, Nelson, & Santos, Christian Fausto Moraes dos, 2010. Nos bastidores da teoria da evolução: Wallace e Darwin. In Christian Fausto Moraes dos Santos, organizer, História das Idéias: Viajantes, Naturalistas e Ciências na Modernidade (Maringá, Paraná: Editora da Universidade Estadual de Maringá), 109-131.

Papavero, Nelson, & Santos, Christian Fausto Moraes dos, 2014. Evolucionismo darwinista? Contribuições de Alfred Russel Wallace à teoria da evolução. Revista Brasileira de História (São Paulo), 34(67): 159-180. A.T.: Darwin, biography

Parnell, Peter, 2009. Trumpery. New York: Dramatists Play Service. 55 pp. [dramatic play about the Darwin-Wallace relationship]

Parrinder, Patrick, 2017. Experiments in solitude: The island fictions of August Strindberg, Joseph Conrad and D. H. Lawrence. Literary Geographies 3(2): 139-152. A.T.: island classification, utopia, biogeography

Parssinen, T. M., Fall 1974. Popular science and society: The phrenology movement in early Victorian Britain. Journal of Social History 8(1): 1-20. A.T.: Gall, Combe

Partridge, Derek, Sept. 2015. 1 July 1858 and the 1844 essay: What Lyell and Hooker decided; and what Darwin did not want and did not know. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 116(1): 247-251.

Partridge, Derek, 15 April 2020. The impact of A. R. Wallace's Sarawak Law Paper Resurrected. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 10. 16 pp.

Paterson, Hugh, 2005. The competitive Darwin. Supplement to Paleobiology 31(2): 56-76. A.T.: divergence, sexual selection, species, natural selection, adaptation, variation

Patinkin, Don, Summer 1993. Irving Fisher and his compensated dollar plan. Economic Quarterly 79(3): 1-33. [discusses Wallace's anticipation of Chicago School economics]

Patton, James L., Da Silva, Maria Nazareth F., & Malcolm, Jay R., 2000. Mammals of the Rio Juruá and the evolutionary and ecological diversification of Amazonia. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History No. 244. 306 pp. A.T.: riverine barriers, phylogeography, phylogenetics

Paul, Diane B., Fall 1988. The selection of the "survival of the fittest." Journal of the History of Biology 21(3): 411-424. A.T.: Spencer, variation, the unfit, fitness, tautology

Paul, Diane B., 2003. Darwin, social Darwinism and eugenics. In Jonathan Hodge & Gregory Radick, eds., The Cambridge Companion to Darwin (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press): 214-239. A.T.: social progress, Germany

Paul, Diane B., Nov. 2008. Wallace, women, and eugenics. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 263-278.

Pauly, Philip J., Winter 1982. Samuel Butler and his Darwinian critics. Victorian Studies 25(2): 161-180. A.T.: instinct, inheritance, Lamarck, Darwin, Romanes, Grant Allen

Pearson, M. B., 1993. A. R. Wallace's Sketches of the Palms of the Amazon With an Account of Their Uses and Distribution. The Linnean 1993: Newsletter and Proceedings 9(3): 22-23.

Pearson, M. B., 1995. A. R. Wallace's Malay Archipelago journals and notebooks. The Linnean 1995 11(2): 12-13.

Peck, Steven L., March 2003. Randomness, contingency, and faith: Is there a science of subjectivity? Zygon 38(1): 5-23. [discusses Wallace's spiritualism from the perspective of metaphysics]

Pels, Peter, 1995. Spiritual facts and super-visions: The 'conversion' of Alfred Russel Wallace. Etnofoor 8(2): 69-91. A.T.: spiritualism, Victorian society, Tylor

Pels, Peter, 2003. Spirits of modernity: Alfred Wallace, Edward Tylor, and the visual politics of fact. In Birgit Meyer & Peter Pels, eds., Magic and Modernity: Interfaces of Revelation and Concealment (Stanford: Stanford University Press): 241-271.

Penniston, Rachel, June 2009. A study of mimicry theory: Its development, critics, and applications to different areas of history and philosophy of science. In Joe Cain, ed., First Class Essays (London: Department of Science and Technology Studies, University College, London).

Peretó, Juli, & Costa, Manuel, 2008. La Lluita per la Vida: Charles R. Darwin, Alfred R. Wallace. València, Spain: Publications Universitat De València (Breviaris, Band 20). 89 pp.

Pérez-Malváez, Carlos, & Ruiz, Rosaura, 2003. Las ideas biogeográficas y su presencia en una revista Mexicana: La Naturaleza. LLULL 26(55): 207-244. A.T.: biogeography

Peterson, Erik L., Summer 2008. William Bateson from Balanoglossus to Materials for the Study of Variation: The transatlantic roots of discontinuity and the (un)naturalness of selection. Journal of the History of Biology 41(2): 267-305. [discusses Wallace's criticisms of Bateson's work]

Petronievics, Branislav, 1925. Charles Darwin und Alfred Russel Wallace: Beitrag zur höheren Psychologie und zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte. Isis 7(1): 25-57.

Phillips, Farren, 2022. The Second in the World to Discover Evolution: Alfred Russel Wallace. San Diego: Yeehoo Press. 34 pp. [juvenile literature]

Phillips, Jonathan D., 2008. Goal functions in ecosystem and biosphere evolution. Progress in Physical Geography 32(1): 51-64. A.T.: evolution, Gaia theory, goal functions, resource space allocation, biogeochemical selection

Pickens, A. L., July 1934. Letters concerning Wallace, Newton and Tristram. Auk 51: 404-406. A.T.: zoogeography

Pires, Fernando Dias de Ávila, 1963. Seleção Natural; Centenário da Comunicação de Darwin & Wallace Sôbre a Seleção Natural. Rio de Janeiro: Publicações Avulsas do Museu Nacional No. 46. 20 pp.

Pires, Fernando Dias de Ávila, 31 de Marco 1974. Caracterização zoogeográfica da Província Amazônica. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias 46(1): 133-181.

Pires, Tiago H. S., Borghezan, Elio A., Machado, Valeria N., Powell, Daniel L., Röpke, Cristhiana P., Oliveira, Claudio, Zuanon, Jansen, & Farias, Izeni P., June 2018. Testing Wallace’s intuition: Water type, reproductive isolation and divergence in an Amazonian fish. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 31(6): 882-892. A.T.: classification, sexual selection, rivers, Crenuchus

Plowright, John, Winter 1987. Political economy and Christian polity: The influence of Henry George in England reassessed. Victorian Studies 30(2): 235-252. A.T.: single tax, political economy, Progress and Poverty

Polaszek, Andrew, & Cranbrook, Earl of, May 2006. Insect species described from Alfred Russel Wallace's Sarawak collections. Malayan Nature Journal 57(4): 433-462. A.T.: Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera, Diptera

Porter, Duncan M., Spring 1993. On the road to the Origin with Darwin, Hooker, and Gray. Journal of the History of Biology 26(1): 1-38. A.T.: natural selection, Charles Lyell, correspondence, variation, species

Porter, Duncan M., April 2012. Why did Wallace write to Darwin? The Linnean 28(1): 17-25. A.T.: Charles Lyell, Bates, correspondence

Poulton, Edward B., 1923-1924. Alfred Russel Wallace, 1823-1913. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London XCV-B: i-xxxv. A.T.: biography

Prance, Ghillean T., 28 July 1990. In praise of a famous man. New Scientist 127(1727): 56-57. [book review of modern ed. of The Malay Archipelago]

Prance, Ghillean, 1999. Alfred Russel Wallace. The Linnean 15(1): 18-36. A.T.: Amazonia, biography

Prasch, Thomas, 2015. "All the strange facts": Alfred Russel Wallace's spiritualism and evolutionary thought. In Alisa Clapp-Itnyre & Julie Melnyk, eds., "Perplext in Faith": Essays on Victorian Beliefs and Doubts (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing): 6-38. A.T.: spiritualism and science

Preston, Tim, 2013. The Letter from Ternate. Timpress. 96 pp.

Price, Leslie, 2011. Miracles and Modern Spiritualism: A re-review. Journal of Scientific Exploration 25(4): 781-787.

Price, Leslie, June 2012. Did Mr. Wallace join the Theosophical Society? PsyPioneer 8(6): 193-194. A.T.: theosophy

Procheş, Şerban, & Ramdhani, Syd, March 2012. The world's zoogeographical regions confirmed by cross-taxon analyses. BioScience 62(3): 260-270.

Prum, Richard O., Aug. 2012. Aesthetic evolution by mate choice: Darwin's really dangerous idea. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 367(1600): 2253-2265. [argues that modern sexual selection theory is essentially Neo-Wallacism]

Prum, Richard O., 2017. The Evolution of Beauty: How Darwin’s Forgotten Theory of Mate Choice Shapes the Animal World--And Us. New York: Doubleday. 428 pp.

Puig, Blanca, & Pérez Maceira, Jorge José, 2014. Aniversario de Alfred Russel Wallace. Revista Eureka sobre Enseñanza y Divulgación de las Ciencias 11(2): 269-272.

Punzalan, David, & Hosken, David J., 23 Nov. 2010. Sexual dimorphism: Why the sexes are (and are not) different. Current Biology 20(22): R972-R973. A.T.: coloration, morphs, sexual selection

Purchon, R. D., ed., 1960. Proceedings of the Centenary and Bicentenary Congress of Biology, Singapore, December 2-9, 1958; Papers Delivered in the University of Malaya in Commemoration of the Works of Darwin, Wallace and Linnaeus. Singapore: University of Malaya Press. 333 pp.

Puzanov, Ivan I., 1936. Alfred Wallace as a scientist and traveler. In: Wallace, A. R., Tropical Nature (Moscow: Biomedgiz): 8-25. [in Russian]

Pylypchuk, O. Ya., Strelko, O. H., Korobchenko, A. A., & Pylypchuk, O. O., 2022. Alfred Russel Wallace about harmony in the Universe. Space Science and Technology 28(2): 61-68. [in Ukrainian] A.T.: evolution, planets, plurality of worlds

Quammen, David, 1996. The Song of the Dodo; Island Biogeography in an Age of Extinctions. New York: Scribner. 702 pp.

Quammen, David, May 1996. Favorite books--The Malay Archipelago by Alfred Russel Wallace. Outside 21(5): 74.

Quammen, David, Spring 2006. Mr. Darwin's abominable volume. Virginia Quarterly Review 82(2): 4-31. [the story of the evolution of The Origin of Species, including Wallace's role]

Quammen, David, Dec. 2008. The man who wasn't Darwin. National Geographic 214(6): 106-133. [the general story of Wallace's days in the field]

Quammen, David, 11 April 2013. In retrospect: The Malay Archipelago. Nature 496(7444): 165-166.

Raby, Peter, 1997. Bright Paradise: Victorian Scientific Travellers. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press. 276 pp.

Raby, Peter, 2001. Alfred Russel Wallace, A Life. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press; London: Chatto & Windus. 340 pp. [translated into French as Alfred R. Wallace, L'Explorateur de l'Évolution (Paris: Les Éditions de l'Évolution, 2013, 443 pp.)]

Raby, Peter, Nov. 2008. The "finest butterfly in the world?": Wallace and his literary legacy. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 223-234.

Raby, Peter, 2014. Preface: Wallace and letter writing. In Charles H. Smith & Kelsey Patterson, eds., Dear Sir: Sixty-nine Years of Alfred Russel Wallace Letters to the Editor (Manchester, U.K.: Siri Scientific Press): vi-ix.

Racheli, Luigi, & Racheli, Tommaso, 2004. Patterns of Amazonian area relationships based on raw distributions of papilionid butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilioninae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 82: 345-357. A.T.: cladistics, vicariance, historical biogeography, Guyana, Amazonia, interfluvial areas

Rachels, James, Summer 1986. Darwin's moral lapse. National Forum 66(3): 22-24. A.T.: priority, ethical behavior

Radick, Gregory, 2003. Is the theory of natural selection independent of its history? In Jonathan Hodge & Gregory Radick, eds., The Cambridge Companion to Darwin (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press): 143-167. A.T.: cultural conditioning, adaptations, Malthusianism, Lyell, inseparability

Ragan, Mark A., 16 November 2009. Trees and networks before and after Darwin. Biology Direct 2009, 4:43. 38 pp. A.T.: evolution, affinities, network diagrams, Great Chain of Being, Linnaeus, branching trees, tree of life

Raia, Courtenay, 2019. The New Prometheans: Faith, Science, and the Supernatural Mind in the Victorian Fin de Siècle. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 424 pp.

Raven, Henry C., 1935. Wallace's Line and the distribution of Indo-Australian mammals. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 58(4): 179-293. A.T.: zoogeography

Rayher, Edward S., 1996. Confusion and Cohesion in Emerging Sciences: Darwin, Wallace, and Social Darwinism. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. 416 pp.

Recker, Doren, Sept. 1990. There's more than one way to recognize a Darwinian: Lyell's Darwinism. Philosophy of Science 57(3): 459-478. A.T.: philosophy of science, theories, scientific community, conceptual systems, historical context

Rees, Martin, Aug. 2022. What would Wallace do? Astronomy & Geophysics 63(4): 4.22-4.26. A.T.: extraterrestrial life

Reeuwijk, Alexander, 2011. Darwin, Wallace en de Anderen: Evolutie volgens Redmond O'Hanlon. Amsterdam: Atlas. 270 pp.

Reeuwijk, Alexander, 2013. Reizen Tussen de Lijnen: Dwars door Indonesië met Alfred Russel Wallace. Amsterdam: Atlas-Contact. 280 pp.

Reeuwijk, Alexander, 2018. Varanen, Orang-oetans en Paradijsvogels: Reizen door Indonesië met Alfred Russel Wallace. Groningen: Uitgeverij Kleine Uil. 286 pp.

Reeuwijk, Alexander, & Holleman, Roos, 2020. Wallacea: Een Ode aan Alfred Russel Wallace. Gorredijk, Netherlands: Noordboek. 127 pp. [exhibition catalog]

Rehbock, Philip E., 1983. The Philosophical Naturalists; Themes in Early Nineteenth-Century British Biology. Madison WI: University of Wisconsin Press. 281 pp.

Reid, Leslie, April 1962. Something curious or hitherto unknown. Quarterly Review 300: 206-217. [compares Wallace's writing style in The Malay Archipelago with Darwin's in his Journal of Researches]

Reisse, Jacques, 2014. Alfred Russel Wallace, Plus Darwiniste que Darwin mais Politiquement Moins Correct. Bruxelles: Académie Royal des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique. 214 pp.

Reisse, Jacques, & Richelle, Marc, publishing directors, 2014. L'Homme: Un Animal Commes les Autres? Actes du Colloque. Bruxelles: Académie Royal des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique. 167 pp.

Remington, Charles L., 1963. Historical backgrounds of mimicry. Proceedings of the XVI International Congress of Zoology (Washington, D.C.: The Congress), Vol. 4: 145-149. A.T.: Bates, Müller, warning colors

Revets, Stefan A., Dec. 2009. Alfred Russel Wallace, co-author of the Darwin-Wallace theory of evolution. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 92(4): 369-372. A.T.: neglect, biography

Reynolds, Stephen J., 2014. The World of Wallace: A History of His Life and the Line. Casuarina, Northern Territory: Occasional Paper No. 24, Historical Society of the Northern Territory. 20 pp.

Ribas, Camila C., 4 Jan. 2023. Escaping Darwin's shadow: How Alfred Russel Wallace inspires indigenous researchers. Nature 613(7942): 24-26.

Rice, Tony, 1999. Alfred Russel Wallace & Henry Walter Bates. In Rice's Voyages of Discovery: Three Centuries of Natural History Exploration (New York: Clarkson Potter): 260-289.

Richards, Evelleen, Aug. 2005. The whole Wallace: Mapping the multi-dimensional man. Metascience 14(2): 237-241. [review of Fichman 2004]

Richards, Evelleen, 2017. Darwin and the Making of Sexual Selection. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 669 pp.

Richards, Richard A., 1997. Darwin and the inefficacy of artificial selection. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 28(1): 75-97. A.T.: domestic breeding, analogical argument

Richards, Richard A., 1998. Darwin, domestic breeding and artificial selection. Endeavour 22(3): 106-109. A.T.: natural selection, analogical argument

Richards, Robert J., Jan. 1977. Lloyd Morgan's theory of instinct: From Darwinism to Neo-Darwinism. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 13: 12-32. A.T.: inherited habit, Darwin, Romanes, natural selection, acquired characters

Richards, Robert J., 1987. Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionary Theories of Mind and Behavior. Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press. 700 pp.

Richards, Robert J., 2003. Darwin on mind, morals and emotions. In Jonathan Hodge & Gregory Radick, eds., The Cambridge Companion to Darwin (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press): 92-115.

Richardson, Elsa, 2017. Second Sight in the Nineteenth Century: Prophecy, Imagination and Nationhood. London: Palgrave Macmillan. 260 pp.

Riddle, Brett R., 19 July 2016. Comparative phylogeography clarifies the complexity and problems of continental distribution that drove A. R. Wallace to favor islands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113(29): 7970-7977. A.T.: biogeography, island biogeography, biodiversity conservation, evolution, geographical distribution, biotas

Riddle, Brett R., & Hafner, David J., April 2010. Integrating pattern with process at biogeographic boundaries: The legacy of Wallace. Ecography 33(2): 321-325.

Ridley, Mark, March 1982. Coadaptation and the inadequacy of natural selection. British Journal for the History of Science 15(1): 45-68. A.T.: argument from design, Spencer, acquired characters, Weismann

Riquet, Johannes, 2021. 'The delirium of the dérive': Reflections on the poetics and politics of the archipelago. Postcolonial Studies. [online 12 Oct. 2021]

Ritchie, Michael G., 5 October 2007. Feathers, females, and fathers. Science 318: 54-55. [discussion of new research on the Wallace effect]

Roberts, Ffrangcon, 13 Sept. 1958. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913). Lancet (London) 2: 580-581.

Rockman, Alexis, & Castelli, Jean-Christophe, 2018. Paintings & Watercolors by Alexis Rockman; Envisioning Wallace's Line: Facets of Alfred Russel Wallace in Alexis Rockman's Artworks. Aspen CO: Baldwin Gallery. 75 pp.

Rodrigues Horta, Marcio, 23 Feb. 2016. Alfred Russel Wallace e a reencarnação. Jornal Ciência Espírita http://jornalcienciaespirita.spiritualist.one/alfred-russel-wallace-e-a-reencarnacao/

Rodríguez Caso, Juan Manuel, 1 Abr. 2018. Alfred R. Wallace: De la selección natural al compromiso social. Culturas Científicas (Santiago de Chile), Año 1, 1(1): 26-45.

Rodríguez Caso, Juan Manuel, 2019. Historización de la naturaleza del ser humano en A. R. Wallace. Saberes. Revista de Historia de las Ciencias y las Humanidades 2(5): 141-171. A.T.: human evolution, ethnography, evolution, anthropology, Amazon

Rodríguez Caso, Juan Manuel, julio-septiembre 2020. Alfred Russel Wallace, antropólogo: Contribuciones a la antropología física. Arbor Ciencia, Pensamiento y Cultura 196-797, a565. 12 pp.

Rodríguez Caso, Juan Manuel, julio-diciembre 2020. El "Darwinismo puro" de Alfred Russel Wallace: Aportaciones a la teoría evolutive moderna. Asclepio 72(2), p324. 13 pp.

Rodríguez Caso, Juan Manuel, & Noguera Solano, Ricardo, 2011. Alfred R. Wallace: Ciencia y humanismo bajo el prisma de la evolución. Ciencias No. 104, Oct./Dic. 2011: 15-21.

Rodríguez, Juan Manuel, Ruiz, Rosaura, Oliver, Celia, & Abarca, César, coordinators, 2015. Alfred R. Wallace, a Cien Años de su Muerte. México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. 102 pp.

Rogo, D. Scott, July-Aug. 1986. Psi and the scientific mind: Some historical notes. Parapsychology Review 17(4): 5-8. A.T.: psychical research, Crookes

Rookmaaker, Kees, & Wyhe, John van, Dec. 2012. In Alfred Russel Wallace's shadow: His forgotten assistant, Charles Allen (1839-1892). Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 85(2): 17-54.

Rookmaaker, Kees, & Wyhe, John van, Oct. 2015. The illustrations in A. R. Wallace's Malay Archipelago (1869) and in a much-enhanced French translation in Le Tour du Monde (1870-1873). Archives of Natural History 42(2): 358-362.

Rookmaaker, Kees, & Wyhe, John van, 14 Dec. 2018. A price list of birds collected by Alfred Russel Wallace inserted in The Ibis of 1863. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 138(4): 335-345.

Rosen, Jonathan, 12 February 2007. Missing link. The New Yorker 82(49): 76-81. [biographical sketch]

Rosenau, Joshua, 2012. Evolution and biogeography: Leading students in Darwin’s and Wallace's Footsteps. Evolution: Education and Outreach 5: 582-584. A.T.: teaching evolution, overcoming misconceptions

Rosenfeld, R. A., Aug. 2009. Alfred Russel Wallace and the RASC. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada 103(4): 165-168. [concerning a Wallace contact with the RASC]

Ross, Gary Noel, Sept. 2015. My Wallace moment: On the trail of birdwing butterflies. Natural History 123(7): 34-39.

Ross, John M., Autumn 1989. Alfred Russel Wallace: Theistic Darwinian. King's Theological Review 12 (Autumn): 46-48.

Rossler, Reimara, Kloeden, Peter E., & Rossler, Otto E., 1995. Slower aging in women: A proposed evolutionary explanation. Biosystems 36: 179-185.

Roszak, Theodore, 2004. Wallace's dilemma: Evolution and transcendence. In David Rothenburg & Wandee J. Pryor, eds., Writing the Future: Progress and Evolution (Cambridge MA & London: MIT Press): 2-17. A.T.: technology, artificial intelligence, language, Stephen Jay Gould, mind

Rowland, Hannah M., & Drinkwater, Eleanor, June 2019. Wallace on the colors of animals: Defense against predators. In Charles H. Smith, James T. Costa, & David Collard, eds., An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 145-166.

Rowson, Ben, & Wood, Harriet, March 2015. Shells from Alfred Russel Wallace in the National Museum of Wales. Mollusc World Issue 37: 19-23.

Roy, Kaustuv, & Goldberg, Emma E., Aug. 2007. Origination, extinction, and dispersal: Integrative models for understanding present-day diversity gradients. American Naturalist 170, Supplement: S71-S85.

Rueda, Marta, Rodriguez, Miguel Á., & Hawkins, Bradford A., Dec. 2013. Identifying global zoogeographical regions: Lessons from Wallace. Journal of Biogeography 40(12): 2215-2225.

Ruedas, Luis A., & Morales, Juan Carlos, April 2005. Evolutionary relationships among genera of Phalangeridae (Metatheria: Diprotodontia) inferred from mitochondrial DNA. Journal of Mammalogy 86(2): 353-365. [re: biogeography in Wallacea]

Ruiz Gutiérrez, Rosaura, & Rodríguez Caso, Juan Manuel, Nov. 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace y Charles Darwin: Dos maneras de interpretar la evolución. Boletín del Centro de Ecología: Oikos No. 10: [4 6].

Ruiz Pérez, Victoria, Octubre-Noviembre 2009. La extraordinaria vida de Alfred Russel Wallace (Él también merece ser celebrado). Encuentros en la Biología (Málaga) 2(125): 3 pp.

Rundell, Rebecca J., March 2011. Snails on an evolutionary tree: Gulick, speciation, and isolation. American Malacological Bulletin 29(1-2): 145-157.

Ruse, Michael, 1975. Darwin's debt to philosophy: An examination of the influence of the philosophical ideas of John F. W. Herschel and William Whewell on the development of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 6(2): 159-181.

Ruse, Michael, 1979. The Darwinian Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 320 pp.

Ruse, Michael, 1980. Charles Darwin and group selection. Annals of Science 37(6): 615-630.

Ruse, Michael, 2008. Alfred Russel Wallace, the discovery of natural selection, and the origins of humankind. In Oren Harman & Michael R. Dietrich, eds., Rebels, Mavericks, and Heretics in Biology (New Haven: Yale University Press): 20-36.

Ruse, Michael, Dec. 2013. Charles Robert Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace: Their dispute over units of selection. Theory in Biosciences 132(4): 215-224.

Ruskin, Steve, July/Aug. 2009. Darwinians in the Rockies: Asa Gray, Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, and Alfred Russel Wallace in Colorado, 1872-87. Colorado Heritage July/Aug. 2009: 24-31.

Sabadell, Miguel A., 1998. Ciencia y espiritismo: El extraño caso de Wallace y Darwin. In Eustoquio Molina, Alberto Carreras & Jesús Puertas, eds., Evolucionismo y Racionalismo (Zaragoza: Institución Fernando el Católico): 351-365.

Sachtleben, Hans, 1959. Darwin und Wallace als Entomologen. Beiträge zur Entomologie 9(7/8): 713-726.

Sagan, Carl, 1970. The surface environment and possible biology of Mars. In A. Dollfus, ed., Surface and Interiors of Planets and Satellites (London and New York: Academic Press): 535-556. A.T.: Is Mars Habitable?, Lowell, extraterrestrial life

Sales, Samara Keylla da Silva, & Oliveira, Mário Cézar Amorim de, 2019. Alfred Russel Wallace nos livros didáticos de biologia do ensino médio aprovados no PNLD-2015. XII Encontro Nacional de Pesquisa em Educação em Ciências (Natal, Rio Grande do Norte). 7 pp. A.T.: history of biology, content analysis, natural selection, teaching, instruction, textbooks

Sanjad, Nelson, & Ximenes, Cláudio, 2022. Intertextuality and knowledge translation in travel reports: The Capim River and its inhabitants in the narratives of Alfred Russel Wallace (1849), Joâo Barbosa Rodrigues (1874-1875) and Emil Goeldi (1897). Rodriguésia 73: e00512022.2022. 22 pp. A.T.: indigenous peoples, Amazon, travel narratives, naturalists

Santos, Geraldo Mendes dos, 2019. Alfred Wallace's echoes in the Amazon. World Journal of Social Science 6(1): 15-25. A.T.: biography, Rio Negro, poetry, Rio Uaupés, Amazon

Sargent, Theodore D., Jan. 1965. The role of experience in the nest building of the zebra finch. The Auk 82(1): 48-61. A.T.: instinct, behavior

Sarkar, Sahotra, March 1998. Wallace's belated revival. Journal of Biosciences 23(1): 3-7.

Sarkar, Sahotra, 2007. Doubting Darwin?: Creationist Designs on Evolution. Malden MA & Oxford, U.K.: Blackwell. 214 pp.

Sarkar, Sahotra, March 2008. Wallace and natural selection, 1858. Resonance (Bangalore) 13(3): 236-244. A.T.: biography

Saveson, John E., Summer 1970. Conrad's view of primitive peoples in Lord Jim and Heart of Darkness. Modern Fiction Studies 16(2): 163-183. A.T.: Spencer, human evolution, moral sense, Wells, Mivart, Hartmann

Sawyer, Stanley, & Hartl, Daniel, April 1981. On the evolution of behavioral reproductive isolation: The Wallace effect. Theoretical Population Biology 19(2): 261-273. A.T.: speciation models, sympatry, simulation

Scarpelli, Giacomo, 1985. Vaccinazione, che delusione! Kos: Rivista di Scienza e Etica (Milano) 13: 82-88.

Scarpelli, Giacomo, Dec. 1986. Alfred Russel Wallace: Dall'evoluzione della specie all'evoluzione dello spirito. Intersezioni: Rivista di Storia delle Idee (Bologna) 6(3): 455-478.

Scarpelli, Giacomo, Aprile 1989. Il gradualismo razziale nel pensiero evoluzionistico inglese. Rivista di Filosofia (Torino) 80(1): 95-126.

Scarpelli, Giacomo, 1992. 'Nothing in nature that is not useful;' The anti-vaccination crusade and the idea of harmonia naturae in Alfred Russel Wallace. Nuncius(Italy) 7(1): 109-130.

Scarpelli, Giacomo, 1993. Il Cranio di Cristallo; Evoluzione della Specie e Spiritualismo. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri. 219 pp.

Schadewald, Robert, April 1978. He knew earth is round, but his proof fell flat. Smithsonian 9 (April): 101-113. [a description of the Bedford Canal "flat earth" experiment]

Schall, Joseph J. & Pianka, Eric R., 25 Aug. 1978. Geographical trends in numbers of species. Science 201(4357): 679-686. A.T.: species density, zoogeography, species richness, birds, reptiles, mammals

Schär, Bernhard C., 2015. Earth scientists as time travelers and agents of colonial conquest. Swiss naturalists in the Dutch East Indies. Historical Social Research/Historische Sozialforschung 40(2): 67-80. A.T.: exploration, colonialism, imperialism, Celebes, Sarasin brothers

Schilthuizen, Menno, 2005. After the Sarawak Law: Evolutionary biology in Borneo since 1855. Borneo Research Bulletin 36: 200-212.

Schmidt, Karl Patterson, Dec. 1954. Faunal realms, regions, and provinces. Quarterly Review of Biology 29(4): 322-331.

Schmitt, Cannon, 2007. Victorian beetlemania. In Deborah Denenholz Morse & Martin A. Danahay, eds., Victorian Animal Dreams; Representations of Animals in Victorian Literature and Culture (Burlington VT: Ashgate): 35-51. A.T.: collecting, beetles

Schmitt, Cannon, 2009. Chapter 2. Alfred Russel Wallace's tropical memorabilia. In Schmitt's Darwin and the Memory of the Human; Evolution, Savages, and South America. Cambridge, U.K. & New York: Cambridge University Press. 243 pp. A.T.: indigenes, Darwin, narratives, preconceptions, misrepresentation, progress, civilization

Scholes, Edwin, & Laman, Tim, Sept. 2015. "So beautiful and grand": Seeking birds of paradise in Wallace's footsteps. Natural History 123(7): 24-33. A.T.: Aru Islands, Halmahera, New Guinea

Schwartz, Joel S., 1976. Charles Darwin's biographical sketch of Alfred Russel Wallace. Archives Internationale d'Histoire des Sciences 26: 106-107.

Schwartz, Joel S., 1984. Alfred Russel Wallace and "Leonainie": A hoax that would not die. Victorian Periodicals Review 17(1-2): 2-15.

Schwartz, Joel S., Summer 1984. Darwin, Wallace, and the Descent of Man. Journal of the History of Biology 17(2): 271-289. A.T.: human evolution, Darwin

Schwartz, Joel S., Spring 1990. Darwin, Wallace, and Huxley, and Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation. Journal of the History of Biology 23(1): 127-153.

Seaward, M. R. D., & FitzGerald, S. M. D., eds., 1996. Richard Spruce (1817-1893): Botanist and Explorer. Kew, U.K.: Royal Botanic Gardens. 359 pp.

Seaward, Mark R. D., Dec. 2010. Richard E. Schultes and the botanist-explorer Richard Spruce (1817-1893). Harvard Papers in Botany 15(2): 447-454.

Sera-Shriar, Efram, June 2020. Credible witnessing: A. R. Wallace, spiritualism, and a "new branch of anthropology." Modern Intellectual History 17(2): 357-384. A.T.: Miracles and Modern Spiritualism, Victorian science

Sera-Shriar, Efram, 2022. Psychic Investigators: Anthropology, Modern Spiritualism, & Credible Witnessing in the Late Victorian Age. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. 222 pp.

Severin, Timothy, 1998. The Spice Islands Voyage: The Quest for the Man Who Shared Darwin's Discovery of Evolution. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers. 267 pp.

Qi Shen, Jiqi Lu, Shujie Zhang, Zhixing You, Yingdang Ren, & Xiaocheng Shen. March 2022. The bio-geographical regions division of global terrestrial animal by multivariate similarity clustering analysis method. Open Journal of Ecology 12(3): 236-255. A.T.: regionalization, faunas

Shen Xiaocheng, Lu Jiqi, Shen Qi, Ren Yingdang, Liu Xintao, & Zhang Shujie, 2022. Clustering analysis of distributional patterns of global terrestrial mammal. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering B11: 97-110.

Shermer, Michael, 1991. Heretic-Scientist: Alfred Russel Wallace and the Evolution of Man. A Study on the Nature of Historical Change. Ph.D. Dissertation, Claremont Graduate School, Claremont CA. 396 pp.

Shermer, Michael, Dec. 1994. A heretic-scientist among the spiritualists: Alfred Russel Wallace and 19th-century spiritualism--Part I. Skeptic 3(1): 70-83.

Shermer, Michael, March 1995. A gentlemanly arrangement: Alfred Russel Wallace, Charles Darwin, and the resolution of a scientific priority dispute. Skeptic 3(2): 80-89.

Shermer, Michael, 1995. Hope springs eternal: Dr. Tipler meets Dr. Pangloss. Skeptic 3(4): 68-73. [links Frank Tipler's views on the anthropic principle to Wallace's ideas on evolution]

Shermer, Michael, Nov. 1996. Heretic-personality: Alfred Russel Wallace and the nature of heretical science. Skeptic 4(3): 84-93.

Shermer, Michael, 2001. The Borderlands of Science: Where Sense Meets Nonsense. New York: Oxford University Press. 360 pp.

Shermer, Michael, 2002. In Darwin's Shadow: The Life and Science of Alfred Russel Wallace: A Biographical Study on the Psychology of History. New York: Oxford University Press. 422 pp.

Shermer, Michael, 2013. Preface: The first Darwinian brings evolution to America: A reflection on Alfred Russel Wallace's other great expedition. In Charles H. Smith & Megan Derr, eds., Alfred Russel Wallace's 1886-1887 Travel Diary: The North American Lecture Tour (Manchester, U.K.: Siri Scientific Press): vii-ix.

Shermer, Michael, 2015. Heretic scientist. Skeptic Magazine 20(3): 37-41.

Sherratt, Thomas N., 2002. The coevolution of warning signals. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, Biological Sciences 269(1492): 741-746. A.T.: aposematism, warning colors, predation, conspicuousness

Sherratt, Thomas N., Aug. 2008. The evolution of Müllerian mimicry. Naturwissenschaften 95(8): 681-695. A.T.: Müller, warning signals, predation, palatable prey

Sherry, Norman, 1966. Conrad's Eastern World. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. 340 pp. A.T.: The Malay Archipelago, Lord Jim

Shipley, Brian C., 2001. 'Had Lord Kelvin a right?': John Perry, natural selection and the age of the Earth, 1894-1895. Geological Society of London Special Publications 190: 91-105. [concerning Lord Kelvin's calculation of the age of the Earth]

Shmuely, Shira, 24 August 2020. Alfred Wallace’s baby orangutan: Game, pet, specimen. Journal of the History of Biology 53: 321-343. A.T.: primates, adoption, animal behavior, human-animal relations

Shoumatoff, Alex, 22 Aug. 1988. A critic at large. New Yorker: 76-82. [mostly concerning Henry Walter Bates]

Silagi, Michael, Jan. 1989. Henry George and Europe: As dissident economist and path-breaking philosopher, he was a catalyst for British social reform. American Journal of Economics and Sociology 48(1): 113-122.

Silvertown, J., Servaes, C., Biss, P., & Macleod, D., Sept. 2005. Reinforcement of reproductive isolation between adjacent populations in the Park Grass Experiment. Heredity 95(3): 198-205. A.T.: Anthoxanthum, gene flow, sympatry

Simberloff, Daniel, 2014. The "balance of nature"--Evolution of a panchreston. PLoS Biology 12(10): e1001963. A.T.: history of science, ecology

Simons, Peter, 1983. Einleitung. to Wallace's Der Malayische Archipel, (Frankfurt-am-Main: Societäts-Verlag): 5-18.

Simpson, George Gaylord, April 1977. Too many lines; The limits of the Oriental and Australian zoogeographic regions. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 121(2): 107-120. A.T.: Wallace's Line, zoogeography, Wallacea, faunas, Sulawesi

Sintonen, Matti, Oct. 1991. How evolutionary theory faces the reality. Synthese 89(1): 163-183. A.T.: philosophy of science, theories, explanation, natural selection, paradigms, Darwin

Sirlin, Avi J., 2014. The Evolutionist: The Strange Tale of Alfred Russel Wallace. Twickenham: Aurora Metro Books. 334 pp. [fiction]

Sivasundaram, Sujit, May 2015. Imperial transgressions: The animal and human in the idea of race. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 35(1): 156-172. A.T.: feral children, phrenology, empire, race, ethnology, orangutans

Slotten, Ross A., 2004. The Heretic in Darwin's Court: The Life of Alfred Russel Wallace. New York: Columbia University Press. 602 pp.

Smith, Charles H., 1983. A system of world mammal faunal regions (in 2 parts). Journal of Biogeography 10(5): 455-466; 10(6): 467-482.

Smith, Charles H., 1984. Alfred Russel Wallace, 1823-1913. In T. W. Freeman, ed., Geographers: Biobibliographical Studies Volume 8 (London: Mansell): 125-133. A.T.: biography

Smith, Charles H., 1989. Historical biogeography: Geography as evolution, evolution as geography. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 16(4): 773-785.

Smith, Charles H., ed., 1991. Alfred Russel Wallace; An Anthology of His Shorter Writings. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press. 551 pp.

Smith, Charles H., 1992/1999. Alfred Russel Wallace on Spiritualism, Man, and Evolution: An Analytical Essay. Torrington, CT. 72 pp.

Smith, Charles H., 26 Feb. 1999. Alfred Russel Wallace on evolution: A change of mind? (paper presented at the Symposium on the History of Medicine and Science, Hattiesburg MS, 26-27 Feb. 1999).

Smith, Charles H., June 1999. Additions to the bibliography of Alfred Russel Wallace. Archives of Natural History 26(2): 273-277.

Smith, Charles H., 2002. Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823-1913). In W. J. Mander & Alan P. F. Sell, eds., Dictionary of Nineteenth-Century British Philosophers (Bristol, U.K.: Thoemmes Press), Vol. 2: 1156-1160.

Smith, Charles H., Sept. 2003. Alfred Russel Wallace, societal planning and environmental agenda. Environmental Conservation 30(3): 215-218.

Smith, Charles H., April 2004. Further additions to the bibliography of Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913). Archives of Natural History 31(1): 1-5.

Smith, Charles H., ed., 2004. Alfred Russel Wallace: Writings on Evolution, 1843-1912. Bristol, U.K.: Thoemmes Continuum. 3 vols., 1510 pp.

Smith, Charles H., 2004. Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823-1913). In H. C. G. Matthew & Brian Harrison, eds., Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press), Vol. 56: 920-927.

Smith, Charles H., Nov. 2004. Wallace's Unfinished Business. Complexity 10(2): 25-32. Reprinted in Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Nov. 2008, Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 341-352. [concerning the relation of Wallace's model of natural selection to cybernetics and systems theory]

Smith, Charles H., 2004. Alfred Russel Wallace on Man: A famous 'change of mind'--or not? History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26(2): 257-270.

Smith, Charles H., Sept. 2005. Alfred Russel Wallace, past and future. Journal of Biogeography 32(9): 1509-1515.

Smith, Charles H., 7 Sept. 2006. Reflections on Wallace. Nature 443(7107): 33-34. [reports the discovery of an unpublished early essay by Wallace on a possible means of preparing telescope lenses]

Smith, Charles H., 2007. Wallace, Alfred Russel. In Thomas Hockey, ed., Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers (New York: Springer), Vol. 2: 1191-1993.

Smith, Charles H., 2008. Wallace, Alfred Russel. In Noretta Koertge, ed., New Scientific Dictionary of Biography (Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons), Vol. 7: 224-228.

Smith, Charles H., Spring 2008. "Hussel," "Bussel" and "Kussel," Or, using Google Books to stalk the elusive Alfred Russel Wallace. Kentucky Libraries 72(2): 8-11.

Smith, Charles H., June 2008. Introduction. To Anne Cluysenaar, Batu-Angas; Envisioning Nature With Alfred Russel Wallace [a collection of her poems] (Bridgen, Wales: Seren): 10-14.

Smith, Charles H., Oct. 2008. Alfred Russel Wallace, journalist. Archives of Natural History 35(2): 203-207.

Smith, Charles H., Nov. 2008. Wallace, spiritualism, and beyond: "Change," or "no change"? In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 391-423.

Smith, Charles H., Jan. 2009. What's in a word? On reading--and misreading--Alfred Russel Wallace. In Survival of the Fittest; Celebrating the 150th Anniversary of the Darwin-Wallace Theory of Evolution (The Linnean Special Issue No. 9): 35-44.

Smith, Charles H., 4 May 2010. Alfred Russel Wallace, geographer. Geography Compass 4(5): 388-401.

Smith, Charles H., 2011. Alfred Russel Wallace notes 3. Two early publications. Archives of Natural History 38(2): 349-351.

Smith, Charles H., 2011. Alfred Russel Wallace notes 4. Contributions to The Garden, 1875-1912. Archives of Natural History 38(2): 351-353.

Smith, Charles H., 2011. "What lives where, and why": Alfred Russel Wallace, and the field of biogeography. Science & Technology Libraries 30(4): 307-325.

Smith, Charles H., Jan./Feb. 2012. Natural selection: A concept in need of some evolution? Complexity 17(3): 8-17.

Smith, Charles H., June 2012. Alfred Russel Wallace and the elimination of the unfit. Journal of Biosciences (Indian Academy of Sciences) 37(2): 203-205.

Smith, Charles H., Oct. 2012. Alfred Russel Wallace e a noção de causas finais na evolução. In A. C. Regner & A. Naves, organizers, Ecos de Darwin (Editora da UNISINOS, São Leopoldo, Brasil): 155-181.

Smith, Charles H., March 2013. A further look at the 1858 Wallace–Darwin mail delivery question. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 108(3): 715-718.

Smith, Charles H., 7 Nov. 2013. Enquête sur un Aventurier de l'Esprit: Le Véritable Alfred Russel Wallace. Paris: Editions de l'Evolution. 399 pp.

Smith, Charles H., Dec. 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace's world of final causes. Theory in Biosciences 132(4): 239-249.

Smith, Charles H., published online 8 Jan. 2014 (and in print 20 June 2014). Wallace, Darwin, and Ternate 1858. Notes & Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science 68(2): 165-170.

Smith, Charles H., April 2014. Alfred Russel Wallace notes 5: Just how well known was Wallace in his own time? The Linnean 30(1): 27-30.

Smith, Charles H., published online Nov. 2014 (and in print May 2015). Alfred Russel Wallace and the road to natural selection, 1844 to 1858. Journal of the History of Biology 48(2): 279-300.

Smith, Charles H., April 2015. Alfred Russel Wallace notes 6: More on the mailing date of the Ternate essay to Darwin. The Linnean 31(1): 26-27.

Smith, Charles H., published online Nov. 2015 (and in print June 2016). Did Wallace's Ternate essay and letter on natural selection come as a reply to Darwin's letter of 22 December 1857? A brief review. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 118(2): 421-425.

Smith, Charles H., 2016. Wallace and incipient structures: A world of 'more recondite' influences. In Indraneil Das & Andrew Alek Tuen, eds., Naturalists, Explorers and Field Scientists in South-East Asia and Australasia (Cham, Switzerland: Springer): 3-14. A.T.: elimination of the unfit, natural selection, Alexander von Humboldt

Smith, Charles H., Oct. 2018. Alfred Russel Wallace notes 8: Wallace's earliest exposures to the writings of Alexander von Humboldt. Archives of Natural History 45(2): 366-369. [June 2021 unreduced version]

Smith, Charles H., June 2019. The early evolution of Wallace as a thinker. In Charles H. Smith, James T. Costa, & David Collard, eds., An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 11-40.

Smith, Charles H., June 2019. Wallace and the "preter-normal." In Charles H. Smith, James T. Costa, & David Collard, eds., An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 41-66.

Smith, Charles H., June 2019. Physical geography, glaciology and geology. In Charles H. Smith, James T. Costa, & David Collard, eds., An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 275-297.

Smith, Charles H., 2013/2020. The Real Alfred Russel Wallace: Essays on an Outside-the-Box Thinker.

Smith, Charles H., Nov. 2020. Biography as a two-edged sword. Metascience 29(3): 417-419.

Smith, Charles H., Nov. 2020. How good was Wallace's memory? Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 12. 10 pp.

Smith, Charles H., Nov. 2020. Wallace on prayer. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 13. 7 pp.

Smith, Charles H., Nov. 2020. Background for Wallace's 1845 Kington essay. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 14. 8 pp.

Smith, Charles H., Jan. 2021. Wallace’s many "hats": What should we call him?. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 15. 7 pp.

Smith, Charles H., April 2021. The flexible Wallace. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 16. 11 pp.

Smith, Charles H., April 2021. More on the South Asian connection. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 17. 4 pp.

Smith, Charles H., Aug. 2021. Wallace on the balance of nature. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 18. 13 pp.

Smith, Charles H., Feb. 2022. Social evolution's useful idiots. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 19. 18 pp.

Smith, Charles H., April 2022. Did Darwin and Wallace "coauthor" the 1858 communication on natural selection? Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 20. 5 pp.

Smith, Charles H., May 2022. Wallace and the doorway to the universe. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 21. 23 pp.

Smith, Charles H., Aug. 2022. Stumbling blocks to an understanding of Wallace's worldview. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 22. 9 pp.

Smith, Charles H., Dec. 2022. The Jersey devil, and friends. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 23. 8 pp.

Smith, Charles H., Dec. 2022. Wallace at 200: Potential subjects for student theses. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 24. 7 pp.

Smith, Charles H., April 2023. Wallace and the 'physical environment'. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 25. 7 pp.

Smith, Charles H., May 2023. Confessions of a 'Wallace enthusiast'. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 26. 12 pp.

Smith, Charles H., Oct. 2023. When Wallace broke with Darwin. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 27. 9 pp.

Smith, Charles H., Nov. 2023. Wallace's 'change of mind', revisited. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 28. 27 pp.

Smith, Charles H., Jan. 2024. Alien entertainment: Are we being monitored by alien beings? Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 29. 9 pp.

Smith, Charles H., April 2024. Wallace a theist? Part 1. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 30. 17 pp.

Smith, Charles H., & Beccaloni, George, eds., Nov. 2008. Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press. 482 pp.

Smith, Charles H. & Derr, Megan, eds., 1 Jan. 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace's 1886-1887 Travel Diary; The North American Lecture Tour. Manchester, U.K.: Siri Scientific Press. 258 pp.

Smith, Charles H. & Patterson, Kelsey, eds., 30 Nov. 2014. Dear Sir: Sixty-Nine Years of Alfred Russel Wallace Letters to the Editor. Manchester, U.K.: Siri Scientific Press. 400 pp.

Smith, Charles H. & Walklate, Jennifer, Oct. 2017. Alfred Russel Wallace notes 7: Wallace, Bates, and John Plant: The Leicester connection. The Linnean 33(2): 18-24.

Smith, Charles H., Costa, James T., & Collard, David, eds., June 2019. An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion. Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press. 439 pp.

Smith, Charles H., Costa, James T., & Glaubrecht, Matthias, Fall 2019. Alfred Russel Wallace's 'Die Permanenz der Continente und Oceane'. Archives of Natural History 46(2): 265-282.

Smith, Charles H., Georges, Patrick, & Nguyen, Ngoc, 24 March 2023. Evolution and biogeography, and the systems measurement of mammalian biotas. Life (MDPI) 13(4), 873..

Smith, Charles H., Georges, Patrick, & Nguyen, Ngoc, 10 Nov. 2023. The systems measurement of mammalian biotas, part two. Life (MDPI) 13(11), 2193.

Smith, Charles H., Sarkar, Sahotra, & Wijegoonawardana, Nirmali, 6 March 2019. Alfred Russel Wallace notes 9: The South Asian connection. 8 pp.

Smith, Charles H., Taylor, Michael, & Drawhorn, Gerrell M., April 2010. Alfred Russel Wallace notes 1. Authorship of two early works. Archives of Natural History 37(1): 167-169.

Smith, Charles H., Beccaloni, George, Williams, James D., & Partridge, Derek, 2020. Discussion on 'Alfred Russel Wallace in the light of historical method' by John van Wyhe. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 103: 119-124.

Smith, Charles H., Williams, James, Stephens, Jonathan, & Beccaloni, George, Oct. 2010. Alfred Russel Wallace notes 2. The spelling 'Russel', and Wallace's date of birth. Archives of Natural History 37(2): 351-354.

Smith, Robert W., Fall 2015. Alfred Russel Wallace, extraterrestrial life, Mars, and the nature of the universe. Victorian Review 41(2): 151-175.

Smith, Robert W., June 2019. Wallace and extraterrestrial life. In Charles H. Smith, James T. Costa, & David Collard, eds., An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 357-380.

Smith, Roger, 1972. Alfred Russel Wallace: Philosophy of nature and man. British Journal for the History of Science 6: 177-199.

Smith, Susy, 1960. Alfred R. Wallace--Scientific enthusiast. Tomorrow (Bedfont, England, etc.) 8: 95-104.

Sochaczewski, Paul, May 2000. Beetle mania. Geographical 72(5): 33-36. A.T.: Singapore, beetles

Sochaczewski, Paul Spencer, 2005. Alfred Russel Wallace: The hero's journey in Sarawak. In Andrew A. Tuen & Indraneil Das, eds., Wallace in Sarawak--150 Years Later: An International Conference on Biogeography and Biodiversity (Kota Samarahan, Sarawak: Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak): 35-44.

Sochaczewski, Paul S., 2012. An Inordinate Fondness for Beetles: Campfire Conversations with Alfred Russel Wallace on People and Nature Based on Common Travel in the Malay Archipelago. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet. 416 pp.

Sochaczewski, Paul, 2016. An inordinate fondness for beetles. The hero's journey of Alfred Russel Wallace. In Indraneil Das & Andrew Alek Tuen, eds., Naturalists, Explorers and Field Scientists in South-East Asia and Australasia (Cham, Switzerland: Springer): 71-78. A.T.: biography, legacy

Sochaczewski, Paul Spencer, 2023. Look Here, Sir, What a Curious Bird; Searching for Ali, Alfred Russel Wallace's Faithful Companion. Geneva: Explorer’s Eye Press. 251 pp.

Sochaczewski, Paul Spencer, & Hallmark, David, Dec. 2005. On the origins of a theory. Geographical 77(12): 40-44.

Society for Insect Studies, 2015. The Life and Times of Alfred Russel Wallace: As Reported by the Members of the Society for Insect Studies in December 2013 on the Centenary of His Death. Roseville, New South Wales: Society for Insect Studies. 26 pp.

Soldado, Emerson Barão Rodrigues, Jairo José Matozinho Cubas, & Ana Maria Alfonso-Goldfarb. 2020. Alfred Russel Wallace na Amazônia e a construção de uma ideia: Seus estudos na distribuição dos animais como uma ferramenta no ensino de biologia. História da Ciȇncia e Ensino 21: 144-157.

Soler, J. J., & Moreno, J., Aug. 2012. Evolution of sexual dichromatism in relation to nesting habits in European passerines: A test of Wallace's hypothesis. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 25(8): 1614-1622. A.T.: birds' nests, sexual selection, plumage, natural selection, Darwin

Souza, Rosa Andréa Lopes de, Nov. 2018. As palmeiras de Alfred Russel Wallace na sala de aula: O ensino e a aprendizagem da classificação biológica por meio de interações discursivas. Alexandria: Revista de Educação em Ciência e Tecnologia 11(2): 109-129. A.T.: teaching, biological classification, palms, education

Souza, Rosa Andrea Lopes de, 2021. A Viagem de Alfred Russel Wallace ao Brasil uma Aplicação der História da Ciência no Ensino de Biologia. Belo Horizonte: Editora Dialética. 241 pp.

Souza, Rosa Andrea Lopes de, & Brzezinski Prestes, Maria Elice, Jul.-Dez. 2015. Motivação e emoção no ensino de biologia: Análise de sequência didática sobre a viagem de Wallace ao Brasil. Philosophy & History of Biology / Filosofia e História da Biologia 10(2): 233-256.

Sowan, Paul W., & Byatt, Jean I., 1974. Alfred Russel Wallace [1823-1913]; His residence in Croydon [1878-81] and his membership of the Croydon Microscopical and Natural History Club. Proceedings of the Croydon Natural History and Scientific Society 15(5): 83-97.

Speed, Michael P., & Ruxton, Graeme D., 21 Feb. 2005. Aposematism: What should our starting point be? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences 272: 431-438.

Speed, Michael P., & Ruxton, Graeme D., Dec. 2005. Warning displays in spiny animals: One (more) evolutionary route to aposematism. Evolution 59(12): 2499-2508.

Speed, Michael P., & Ruxton, Graeme D., March 2007. How bright and how nasty: Explaining diversity in warning signal strength. Evolution 61(3): 623-635.

Spooner, David, May 1992. From Apuleius to A. R. Wallace: Evolutionary theory and some literary animals and insects. Bestia: Yearbook of the Beast Fable Society 4: 66-74. Reprinted in David Spooner, 2002, The Insect-Populated Mind: How Insects Have Influenced the Evolution of Consciousness (Lanham MD: Hamilton Books).

Spooner, David, 2005. The Insect-populated Mind; How Insects Have Influenced the Evolution of Consciousness. Lanham, MD: Hamilton Books. 186 pp.

Spyer, Patricia, 2000. The Memory of Trade: Modernity's Entanglements on an Eastern Indonesian Island. Durham NC & London: Duke University Press. 354 pp.

Stack, David A., Winter 2000. The first Darwinian Left: Radical and Socialist responses to Darwin, 1859-1914. History of Political Thought 21(4): 682-710.

Stack, David A., 2003. Alfred Russel Wallace. Chapter Two of Stack's The First Darwinian Left: Socialism and Darwinism 1859-1914 (Gretton, Cheltenham, U.K.: New Clarion Press): 20-29.

Stack, David A., Nov. 2008. Out of "the limbo of 'unpractical politics'": The origins and essence of Wallace's advocacy of land nationalization. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 279-304.

Stape, J. H., 2000. Wallace, Alfred Russel. In Owen Knowles & Gene M. Moore, Oxford Reader's Companion to Conrad (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 396-397.

Stearn, W. T., 1960. 'Antitype' and 'antetype': A note on Wallace's 1855 essay. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London 171(2): 154.

Steer, Roger, 2003. Letter to an Influential Atheist. Carlisle, Cumbria, U.K. & Waynesboro GA: Authentic Lifestyle. 150 pp. [open "letter" to Richard Dawkins, with Wallace referred to a number of times]

Stefanelli-Silva, Gabriel, Zuanon, Jansen, & Pires, Tiago, 2019. Revisiting Amazonian water types: Experimental evidence highlights the importance of forest stream hydrochemistry in shaping adaptation in a fish species. Hydrobiologia 830(1): 151-160. A.T.: igarapé, habitats, reproductive isolation, Amazon, Rio Negro

Steinheimer, Frank D., Sept. 2003. Darwin, Rüppell, Landbeck & Co.--Important historical collections at The Natural History Museum, Tring. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 51(2/3): 175-188.

Stelbrink, Björn, Albrecht, Christian, Hall, Robert, & von Rintelen, Thomas, July 2012. The biogeography of Sulawesi revisited: Is there evidence for a vicariant origin of taxa on Wallace's "anomalous island"? Evolution 66(7): 2252-2271.

Stenger, Victor J., May-June 1993. The myth of quantum consciousness. Humanist 53(3): 13-15. A.T.: cosmology, quantum mechanics, Einstein

Stepan, Nancy, 1982. The Idea of Race in Science: Great Britain 1800-1960. Hamden CT: Archon Books. 230 pp.

Stepan, Nancy Leys, 2001. Chapter 2. An evolutionist's tropics. in Stepan's Picturing Tropical Nature. Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press. 283 pp.

Stern, Bernhard J., April 1935. Letters of Alfred Russel Wallace to Lester F. Ward. Scientific Monthly 40: 375-379.

Stevens, Martin, 2016. Cheats and Deceits: How Animals and Plants Exploit and Mislead. New York: Oxford University Press. 300 pp. A.T.: protective coloration, adaptations, predation, predators, prey, mimicry, dazzle, camouflage

Stevens, Martin, & Merilaita, Sami, eds., 2011. Animal Camouflage: Mechanisms and Function. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. 357 pp.

Stevens, P. F., 1995. George Bentham and the Darwin/Wallace papers of 1858: More myths surrounding the origin and acceptance of evolutionary ideas. The Linnean 1995 11(2): 14-16.

Stevenson, Brian, Aug. 2009. Samuel Stevens, naturalist (1817-1899). Micscape Magazine (Microscopy UK) (online).

Stocking, George W., Jr., 1987. Victorian Anthropology. New York: Free Press. 429 pp.

Stolzenburg, William, March-April 1993. Indonesia: Wallace's wonderland. Nature Conservancy 43(2): 16-23.

Stott, Rebecca, 2012. Darwin's Ghosts: In Search of the First Evolutionists. London & New York: Bloomsbury. 383 pp.

Sutphin, George L., & Kennedy, Brian K., 2009. Aging: Evolutionary theory meets genomic approaches. In Pierre Pontarotti, ed., Evolutionary Biology; Concept, Modeling, and Application (Berlin: Springer): 339-360.

Swan, Lawrence W., Spring 1993. The scientific spiritualist: Wallace comes to California. Pacific Discovery 46(2): 24-25.

Sweet, Samuel S., & Pianka, Eric R., Nov. 2003. The lizard kings; Small monitors roam to the east of an unseen frontier; Mammals roam to the west. Natural History 112(9): 40-45. A.T.: Wallacea, Wallace's Line

Sysling, Fenneke, July 2019. The human Wallace Line: Racial science and political afterlife. Medical History 63(3): 314-329. A.T.: anthropology, anthropometry, Malay Archipelago, boundaries

Tamura, Koichiro, Subramanian, Sankar, & Kumar, Sudhir, 2004. Temporal patterns of fruit fly (Drosophila) evolution revealed by mutation clocks. Molecular Biology and Evolution 21(1): 36-44. [on findings bearing on Wallace's views on rapid species change resulting from climatic change]

Tanghe, Koen B., Nov. 2017. A historical taxonomy of origin of species problems and its relevance to the historiography of evolutionary thought. Journal of the History of Biology 50(4): 927-987.

Taylor, David, 2000. A biogeographer's construction of tropical lands: A. R. Wallace, biogeographical method and the Malay Archipelago. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 21(1): 63-75.

Thomas, Ewart, 1998. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913). The Gazette (South London Botanical Institute) July 1998 (Part I: 5-6) & Oct. 1998 (Part II: 5-7).

Thompson, Dale, & Christian, Susie, 2001. Wallace’s Line. AFA Watchbird 28(2): 14-17.

Thuillier, Pierre, Juillet-Août 1977. Evolutionnisme et spiritisme: Le cas Wallace. La Recherche 8: 690-696.

Tierney, Kevin J., Fall 1992. Hyperselectionism and hyperbehaviorism are unstable strategies. The Psychological Record 42(4): 469-478.

Tinkler, Keith, Nov. 2008. Wallace and the Great Ice Age. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 186-200.

Tipler, Frank J., June 1981. A brief history of the extraterrestrial intelligence concept. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 22(2): 133-145. A.T.: history of astronomy, plurality of worlds, ETI, anthropic principle

Toledo-Piza Ragazzo, Mônica de, July 2000. Peixes do século passado. Pesquisa Fapesp No. 55. 2 pp. A.T.: Rio Negro, ichthyology

Torres González, Obdulia, 2018. Claves para comprender la resistencia de los colectivos antivacunas: una controversia científico-tecnológica pública. Revista de Humanidades de Valparaiso 6(11): 7-37.

Toussaint, Emmanuel F. A., Tänzler, Rene, Rahmadi, Cahyo, Balke, Michael, & Riedel, Alexander, 2015. Biogeography of Australasian flightless weevils (Curculionidae, Celeuthetini) suggests permeability of Lydekker's and Wallace's Lines. Zoologica Scripta 44(6): 632-644. A.T.: plate tectonics, distribution, ancestral range, phylogenetics, evolution, diversification

Travis, Anthony S., 2010. Raphael Meldola and the nineteenth-century neo-Darwinians. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 41(1): 143-172.

Travis, Justin M. J., 2004. The evolution of programmed death in a spatially structured population. Journal of Gerontology A: Biological Sciences 59(4): 301-305. A.T.: Weismann, spatial population structure, dispersal, aging

Tsao, Tiffany Aimee, 2009. Mutations of Progress: Evolution and Civilisation in the Indonesian Archipelago. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley. 211 pp.

Tsao, Tiffany, 2010. Paradise observed: Taxonomic perspective in Alfred Russel Wallace's The Malay Archipelago. Australasian Journal of Victorian Studies 15(2): 28-41.

Tsao, Tiffany, Sept. 2013. The muliplicity of humanity in the orangutan adoption accounts of Alfred Russel Wallace and William Temple Hornaday. Clio: A Journal of Literature, History, and the Philosophy of History 43(1): 1-31.

Tuan, Yi-Fu, Sept. 1963. Latitude and Alfred Russel Wallace. Journal of Geography 62(6): 258-261. A.T.: geodesy, flat earth, Bedford Canal experiment

Tuen, Andrew A., & Das, Indraneil, eds., 2005. Wallace in Sarawak--150 Years Later: An International Conference on Biogeography and Biodiversity. Kota Samarahan, Sarawak: Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak. 228 pp.

Turner, Frank M., 1974. Between Science and Religion; The Reaction to Scientific Naturalism in Late Victorian England. New Haven & London: Yale University Press. 273 pp.

Turner, John R. G., 1986. Why are there so few butterflies in Liverpool? Homage to Alfred Russel Wallace. Antenna 10(1): 18-24. A.T.: climate, butterfly diversity, habitat diversity, species-energy hypothesis

Tymn, Michael E., July 2007. An "Interview" with Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace. Journal of Spirituality & Paranormal Studies 30(3): 122-126.

Tymn, Michael, March/April 2008. The other evolutionist. Atlantis Rising No. 68: 41, 69-71. [succinctly discusses the role of spiritualism in Wallace's life]

Uchii, Soshichi, March 1993. [Darwin and Wallace on the Principle of Divergence]. Memoirs of the Faculty of Letters, Kyoto University 32: 43-103. [in Japanese]

Valle, Mariana Guelero do, & Motokane, Marcelo Tadeu, 2016. O uso de narrativas e o ensino de biologia: Análise de uma carta de Charles Darwin a Alfred Russel Wallace. Pesquisa em Foco (São Luis, Brasil) 21(1): 4-18.

Van den Bergh, Bea R. H., Jan./Feb. 2010. Some societal and historical scientific considerations regarding the mother-fetus relationship and parenthood. Infant and Child Development 19(1): 39-44.

Van Oosterzee, Penny, 1997. Where Worlds Collide: The Wallace Line. Ithaca NY & London: Cornell University Press. 234 pp.

Van Valen, Leigh M., 1988. Species, sets, and the derivative nature of philosophy. Biology and Philosophy 3: 49-66. A.T.: sets, philosophy of science, species category

Van Welzen, Peter C., Parnell, John A. N., & Slik, J. W. Ferry, July 2011. Wallace's Line and plant distributions: Two or three phytogeographical areas and where to group Java? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 103(3): 531-545.

Varki, Ajit, Geschwind, Daniel H., & Eichler, Evan E., Oct. 2008. Explaining human uniqueness: Genome interactions with environment, behaviour and culture. Nature Reviews Genetics 9(10): 749-763. A.T.: molecular variation, genomic mechanisms, gene expression, systems, human evolution, Wallace's conundrum

Verdcourt, Bernard, 1982. A. R. Wallace in Bedfordshire. Bedfordshire Magazine 18(142): 150-152. [submitted by Christine Garwood]

Verdejo Segura, Mª. del Mar, 2017. La traducción como vehículo de divulgación de la doctrina espiritista: El caso de Defensa del Espiritismo de A.R. Wallace. Quaderns de Filologia: Estudis Literaris No. 22: 233-253. A.T.: spiritualism, Miracles and Modern Spiritualism, translation

Verdejo Segura, Mª. del Mar, 2019. Un viaje por las traducciones españolas de los libros de viaje científicos: El caso de The Malay Archipelago, de A. R. Wallace. Revista de Historia de la Traducción 13. 15 pp.

Vereecken, Nicolas J., Dec. 2018. Wallace's giant bee for sale: Implications for trade regulation and conservation. Journal of Insect Conservation 22(5-6): 807-811. A.T.: conservation, endangered species, policy, IUCN, insect trade, international trade

Vermeij, Geerat J., 6 Sept. 1991. When biotas meet: Understanding biotic interchange. Science 253: 1099-1104. A.T.: biogeogaphy, invasion

Vermeulen, J. W. Charlotte, 1990. Sulawesi--Eiland van verrassingen [Sulawesi--island of surprises]. Dieren (Amsterdam) 6(5): 133-137+.

Vetter, Jeremy, 1999. Contemplating Man Under All His Varied Aspects: The Anthropological Work of Alfred Russel Wallace, 1843-70. M.Phil. Thesis, University of Oxford, Oxford, U. K. 95 pp.

Vetter, Jeremy, March 2006. Wallace's other line: Human biogeography and field practice in the eastern colonial tropics. Journal of the History of Biology 39(1): 89-123.

Vetter, Jeremy, 20 March 2010. The unmaking of an anthropologist: Wallace returns from the field, 1862-70. Notes & Records of the Royal Society 64(1): 25-42.

Vetter, Jeremy, Fall 2015. Politics, paternalism, and progressive evolution: Observations on colonial policy in the scientific travels of Alfred Russel Wallace. Victorian Review 41(2): 113-131.

Vincenzo Bizzo, Nelio Marco, Spring 1992. Darwin on man in the Origin of Species: Further factors considered. Journal of the History of Biology 25(1): 137-147.

Visvanathan, Shiv, March-May 2006. Alternative science. Theory, Culture & Society 23(2-3): 164-169. [concerning science as an adventure in exploring alternative explanations]

Vorzimmer, Peter J., 1970. Chapter 8. Darwin and Wallace. In Vorzimmer's Charles Darwin: The Years of Controversy; The Origin of Species and Its Critics 1859-1882 (Philadelphia: Temple University Press): 187-212.

Voss, Julia, & Sarkar, Sahotra, 2003. Depictions as surrogates for places: From Wallace's biogeography to Koch's dioramas. Philosophy & Geography 6(1): 59-81. A.T.: dioramas, museums, displays

Wainwright, Milton, July 2010. The origin of species without Darwin and Wallace. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 17(3): 187-204. A.T.: origin of life, acquired characters, variation, mimicry, natural selection

Wainwright, Milton, & Alharbi, Sulaiman Ali, 2011. The story of a largely unknown evolution--Germ theory hoax. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 18: 311-316. A.T.: George Sleeper, E. B. Poulton

Watanabe, Shoichi, 2020. Kofukunaru Jinsei Uoresu Den: Watanabe Shoichi Iko. Tokyo: Ikuhosha. 383 pp.

Weale, Michael E., 2015. Patrick Matthew's law of natural selection. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 115(4): 785-791.

Weber, Thomas P., April 2010. Alfred Russel Wallace and the antivaccination movement in Victorian England. Emerging Infectious Diseases 16(4): 664-668.

Weiss, Kenneth M., March/April 2006. Had Reverend Jenyns said yes: A small decision with a big impact on biology. Evolutionary Anthropology 15(2): 47-51. [concerning Darwin's offer to take part in the Beagle cruise]

Weldon, Paul J., & Burghardt, Gordon M., Sept. 2015. Evolving détente: The origin of warning signals via concurrent reciprocal selection. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 116(1): 239-246. A.T.: aposematism, evolution, CRS

Wells, Kentwood D., Fall 1971. Sir William Lawrence (1783-1867); A study of pre-Darwinian ideas on heredity and variation. Journal of the History of Biology 4(2): 319-361. A.T.: anthropology, human evolution, Blyth, human races, Prichard

Wells, Stephen H., Dec. 2008. William Dean Howells and the New Science: Darwinian Evolution and the Rise of Realism. Ph.D. Dissertation, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh. 298 pp.

Werth, Alexander J., Dec. 2017. Are there limits to evolutionary explanations? Journal of Physical Education and Sports Management 4(2): 1-14. A.T.: teleology, Darwinism, epistemology, Huxley, materialism

Westmoreland, David, & Kiltie, Richard A., Nov. 2007. Egg coloration and selection for crypsis in open-nesting blackbirds. Journal of Avian Biology 38(6): 682-689. [mentions Wallace's views on camouflage and finds evidence to support them]

Whincup, Paul, 2020. The quest for Alfred Russel Wallace's house on Ternate, Maluku Islands, Indonesia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 103: 50-54. A.T.: Fort Oranje, wells

whipplelib, 25 June 2013. Arabella Buckley: Spiritualist populariser of science. Whipple Library Books Blog, http://whipplelib.wordpress.com/2013/06/25/arabella-buckley-spiritualist-populariser-of-science/

Whitmore, T. C., ed., 1981. Wallace's Line and Plate Tectonics. Oxford, U.K. & New York: Clarendon Press. 90 pp.

Whitmore, T. C., ed., 1987. Biogeographical Evolution of the Malay Archipelago. Oxford, U.K. & New York: Clarendon Press. 147 pp.

Whittaker, Robert J., Fernández-Palacios, José María, & Matthews, Thomas J., 2023. Island Biogeography: Geo-environmental Dynamics, Ecology, Evolution, Human Impact, and Conservation. 3rd ed. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. 576 pp.

Whittaker, Robert J., Riddle, Brett R., Hawkins, Bradford A., & Ladle, Richard J., Nov. 2013. The geographical distribution of life and the problem of regionalization: 100 years after Alfred Russel Wallace. Journal of Biogeography 40(11): 2209-2214.

Wichler, Gerhard, 1938. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913), sein Leben, seine Arbeiten, sein Wesen, zugleich ein Beitrag zu dem Verhältnis von Wallace zu Darwin. Sudhoffs Archiv für Geschichte der Medizin und der Naturwissenschaften 30(6): 364-400.

Williams, James D., Oct. 2020. Wallace, Darwin, education, and the class question. Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 11. 7 pp.

Williams, J. H. Harley, 1961. Great Biologists. London: G. Bell & Sons. 159 pp.

Williams, Nigel, 22 April 2008. Evolution's forgotten anniversary. Current Biology 18(8): R316-R317. [concerning the 1 July 1858 presentation]

Williams-Ellis, Amabel, 1966. Darwin's Moon: A Biography of Alfred Russel Wallace. London & Glasgow: Blackie. 261 pp.

Wilson, John G., 2000. The Forgotten Naturalist: In Search of Alfred Russel Wallace. Melbourne: Australia Scholarly Publishing. 263 pp.

Wilson, John G., Nov. 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace and Charles Darwin: Perspectives on natural selection. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 137(2): 90-95.

Wilson, John G., 2016. Final years and death of Alfred Russel Wallace. 100 years later. In Indraneil Das & Andrew Alek Tuen, eds., Naturalists, Explorers and Field Scientists in South-East Asia and Australasia (Cham, Switzerland: Springer): 79-88. A.T.: biography

Winder, Nick, Winder, Isabelle, Jefferson, Bruce, & Jeffrey, Paul, 20 Dec. 2017. On ideas of evolution and the evolution of ideas: Communicating traditions of scientific enquiry. Open Science Framework https://osf.io/unzvb/ A.T.: theories, Darwin, Neo-Darwinism, epigenesis, plesionics

Windholz, George, Spring 1994. Bleuler's views on inheritance of acquired characteristics and on psi phenomena. Skeptical Inquirer 18(3): 273-279.

Winsor, Mary Pickard, 2000. Agassiz's notions of a museum: The vision and the myth. Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences No. 25: 249-271.

Wolfe, Tom, 2016. The Kingdom of Speech. New York: Little, Brown and Company. 185 pp. A.T.: human evolution, language, linguistics, communication, Daniel Everett

Wool, David, 2021. Milestones in the Evolving Theory of Evolution. Boca Raton FL: CRC Press. 344 pp.

Wright, Robert, 1994. The Moral Animal. New York: Pantheon Books. 467 pp.

Wu Tiren, 1975. Nanyang Hua yi di Hualesi A. R. Wallace 1823-1913. Singapore. 13 pp.

Wyhe, John van, 22 May 2007. Mind the gap: Did Darwin avoid publishing his theory for many years? Notes & Records of the Royal Society 61(2): 177-205.

Wyhe, John van, 2012. Wallace, Darwin and Southeast Asia: The real field site of evolution. In David J. Gower, Kenneth G. Johnson, James E. Richardson, Brian R. Rosen, Lukas Rüber, & Suzanne T. Williams, eds., Biotic Evolution and Environmental Change in Southeast Asia (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press): 16-31.

Wyhe, John van, 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace. In Michael Ruse, ed., The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Darwin and Evolutionary Thought (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press): 165-172.

Wyhe, John van, 2013. Dispelling the Darkness; Voyage in the Malay Archipelago and the Discovery of Evolution by Wallace and Darwin. Hackensack NJ: World Scientific. 405 pp.

Wyhe, John van, March 2014. A delicate adjustment: Wallace and Bates on the Amazon and "the problem of the origin of species." Journal of the History of Biology 47(4): 627-659.

Wyhe, John van, 2014. Wallace in Singapore. In Timothy P. Barnard, ed., Nature Contained: Environmental Histories of Singapore (Singapore: NUS Press): 85-109.

Wyhe, John van, Dec. 2015. Annotating Wallace's Malay Archipelago. Pulse (Linnean Society of London) Issue 28: 4-5.

Wyhe, John van, ed., 2015. The Annotated Malay Archipelago. Singapore: NUS Press. 801 pp.

Wyhe, John van, 2016. A rough draft of A. R. Wallace's "Sarawak law" paper. Archives of Natural History 43(2): 285-293.

Wyhe, John van, Dec. 2016. The impact of A. R. Wallace's Sarawak Law paper reassessed. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 60: 56-66.

Wyhe, John van, June 2018. Wallace's help: The many people who aided A. R. Wallace in the Malay Archipelago. Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 91(1): 41-68.

Wyhe, John van, 2020. A. R. Wallace in the light of historical method. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 103: 89-95.

Wyhe, John van, & Drawhorn, Gerrell M., June 2015. 'I am Ali Wallace': The Malay Assistant of Alfred Russel Wallace. Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 88(1): 3-31.

Wyhe, John van, & Kjærgaard, Peter C., June 2015. Going the whole orang: Darwin, Wallace and the natural history of orangutans. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 51: 53-63.

Wyhe, John van, & Rookmaaker, Kees, Jan. 2012. A new theory to explain the receipt of Wallace's Ternate essay by Darwin in 1858. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 105(1): 249-252.

Wyhe, John van, & Rookmaaker, Kees, 28 Feb. 2013. Wallace's mystery flycatcher. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 61(1): 1-5.

Wyhe, John van, & Rookmaaker, Kees, 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace: Letters from the Malay Archipelago. London: Oxford University Press. 319 pp.

Yin, Loh Chee, July/Dec. 1967. The A. R. Wallace Collection in the Sarawak Museum reference library. Sarawak Museum Journal 15(30/31), n.s.: 446-455.

Young, Robert M., May 1969. Malthus and the evolutionists: The common context of biological and social theory. Past and Present No. 43: 109-145.

Young, Robert M., 1970 [also in 1990 reprint]. Mind, Brain and Adaptation in the Nineteenth Century. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon Press. 278 pp.

Young, Robert M., 1971. "Non-scientific" factors in the Darwinian debate. In Actes du XIIe Congrès International d'Histoire des Sciences; Paris 1968 (Paris), Vol. VIII: 221-226.

Young, Robert M., July 1971. Darwin's metaphor: Does nature select? Monist 55(3): 442-503.

Yun, Anthony J., Lee, Patrick Y., & Doux, John, 2006. Osteoarthritis: An example of phenoptosis through autonomic dysfunction? Medical Hypotheses 67(5): 1079-1085. [concerning the evolution of programmed death]

Zahnle, Kevin, 12 July 2001. Decline and fall of the martian empire. Nature 412(6843): 209-213. [discusses the martian canals controversy, and Wallace's part in it]

Zetterberg, J. Peter, ed., 1983. Evolution Versus Creationism: The Public Education Controversy. Phoenix: Oryx Press. 516 pp.

Zhang, Zhi-yong, Zheng, Xiao-ming, & Ge, Song, Aug. 2007. Population genetic structure of Vitex negundo (Verbenaceae) in Three-Gorge Area of the Yangtze River: The riverine barrier to seed dispersal in plants. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 35(8): 506-516.

Zinsser, William, 26 Aug. 1990. A travel nut's library. New York Times 26 Aug. 1990 Late Edition-Final, Book Review Desk, Section 7: 1. [book review of modern ed. of The Malay Archipelago]

Zirkle, Conway, April 1941. Natural selection before the Origin of Species. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 84(1): 71-123.

Zuk, Marlene, April 1984. A charming resistance to parasites. Natural History 93(4): 28-34. [relates recent research to Wallace's views on the reasons for mate choice by females]

Go to top