Quick Links
-Search Website
-Have A Question?
-Wallace News
-About This Site

Misinformation Alert!
Wallace Bio & Accomplishments
Wallace Chronology
Frequently Asked Questions
Wallace Quotes
Wallace Archives
Miscellaneous Facts

Bibliography / Texts
Wallace Writings Bibliography
Texts of Wallace Writings
Texts of Wallace Interviews
Wallace Writings: Names Index
Wallace Writings: Subject Index
Writings on Wallace
Wallace Obituaries
Wallace's Most Cited Works

Taxonomic / Systematic Works
Wallace on Conservation
Smith on Wallace
Research Threads
Wallace Images
Just for Fun
Frequently Cited Colleagues
Wallace-Related Maps & Figures

Alfred Russel Wallace : Alfred Wallace : A. R. Wallace :
Russel Wallace : Alfred Russell Wallace (sic)

Miscellaneous Facts and Other Items

Over the years I have collected a fair number of specific facts and details regarding Wallace's life and activities, and this seems like a good way to make them public--perhaps for future biographers! These items are reported below, chronologically as possible.

Regrettably, a few of these items are not accompanied by a source for the information given and should be considered hearsay (though hearsay likely to be correct!) for the moment--note use of the word "apparently" in these entries.


--Wilson's 2000 and Raby's 2001 biographies of Wallace list his relative Rebecca Greenell as having died in 1826, thus conflicting with Wallace's statement in his autobiography that his family moved to Hertford in 1828 in connection with that event. But in 2008 George Beccaloni and I visited her gravesite in that town, and into the gravestone is in fact cut the date 1828 (moreover, her will was executed in late 1828).

--Wallace was a reader of the The Gardeners' Chronicle as early as 1841 or 1842, per comments in My Life (S729), Vol. 1, p. 193.

--It is known that in 1843 Wallace contacted the early British photographer W. H. Fox Talbot on an idea of his (see S712a), but it is not known who might have suggested he do so. Perhaps it was Thomas Sims, his future brother-in-law, who later became an early professional photographer, but it is not clear the two knew one another at that point. Another, better, candidate is John Dillwyn Llewelyn (1810-1882), another early photographer, brother of Lewis L. Dillwyn and son of Lewis W. Dillwyn, both of whom Wallace knew from his early days at Neath, on. Further, J. D. Llewelyn was also an avid botanist, and was married to one of Fox Talbot's relatives.

--A note was printed in the Hereford Times issue of 19 October 1844 to the effect that "Kington. Mechanics' Institution. Some time ago a prize was awarded to Mr. A. R. Wallace, one of its members, for an essay on 'the best method of conducting the Kington Mechanics' Institution.' We are informed that it possesses great merit." The 2 November issue of the same paper contains an anonymous letter to the Editor agreeing as to the quality of the essay, but noting that it had been the only essay submitted for the prize! The Hereford Journal issue of 22 October printed the same first letter, though it referred to Wallace as "Mr. A. Wallace." There has been some question as to whether the essay itself (designated item 'S1a' in my list) was in fact written by Wallace (instead of "for him," or by some other Wallace) but I have just (May 2018) determined that Wallace's bosses at the time, the Sayce brothers, also held offices in the Kington Mechanics' Institution, so the referral, at least, seems very likely to be to him (and not some other Wallace). The essay includes mentions of several of Wallace's pet themes of the time, so it also seems likely that, despite its somewhat erudite tone, he was the one who composed it (or perhaps originally delivered it as a talk that was transcribed by someone who "improved" it). The newspaper letters remain somewhat puzzling.

--In Wallace's My Life, published in 1905, he wrote: "Some time in 1844 Mr. Spencer Hall gave some lectures on mesmerism illustrated by experiments." However, notes in the 15 and 22 February issues of the Leicestershire Mercury indicate that Hall's lectures in Leicester took place on 18 and 19 February 1845, several weeks before Wallace left the area. No evidence could be found that Hall also lectured in Leicester in 1844, though a note in the Saturday 18 March 1843 issue of the Leicestershire Mercury indicates that he lectured (or was to lecture?) at the Mechanics' Institute in Leicester "on Thursday and Friday evenings." This was some nine months or more before Wallace arrived in town, however.

--According to bibliographic records in the British online database COPAC, the National Library of Wales holds three maps Wallace took part in making circa 1845-1847: of Neath, Briton-Ferry Demesne, and Llantwit Lower. Images of these maps can now be viewed at John van Wyhe's website "Wallace Online."

--The first English edition of F. J. F. Meyen's Grundriss der Pflanzengeographie, published in 1846, lists Wallace as a subscriber.

--According to a story printed on page 3 of the 25 December 1846 issue of The Welshman, the third annual meeting of the Neath Mechanics' Institution took place the preceding week, and included discussions regarding the erection of a building to house them. The story mentions how "At a meeting of the Committee held on the 21st of August, a memorial and plan for a new building in which to hold the future meetings, drawn up by Mr. A. Wallace, was unanimously approved and adopted... Three plans with estimates for a desirable building have been prepared, two by Mr. Moxham, and one by Mr. A. Wallace."

--The Literary Gazette and Journal of the Belles Lettres, Science, and Art (London) issue of 16 July 1853 reports that at the 21 June 1853 meeting of the Linnean Society of London "Mr. A. R. Wallace exhibited drawings of Leopoldina pulchra, Raphia taedigera, Bactris sp. &c., as specimens of a work upon the palm-trees of the Amazon, on which he is now engaged."

--An entry for 15 August 1853 in the diary of Lewis Llewelyn Dillwyn (1814-1892), now in transcription online at https://collections.swansea.ac.uk/s/dillwyn-papers/page/dillwyn-diaries, notes an afternoon visit with "Mr. Strickland and Mr. Wallace" to show them "my Labuan collections." I am not aware that Wallace, who was a follower of Hugh E. Strickland's ideas on classification, says anywhere that he actually ever met the man, but this record suggests he did, on this occasion. Dillwyn probably knew Strickland, as he had corresponded with him on several occasions, and Wallace knew Dillwyn; further, this date is just several months before Wallace departed for Singapore and Sarawak, and a discussion of the fauna of Labuan (a small island off the coast of northwestern Borneo) would have been of high interest to him (and Dillwyn later co-authored a book on Labuan faunas). Still, one cannot discount the possibility that some other "Mr. Wallace" was involved.

--On pages 22-26 of Wallace's Palm Trees of the Amazon and Their Uses is a description of the species of the palm that produces the açai beverage (then referred to as "assai"). Most of Wallace's discourse concerns the preparation and use of the extract, now an increasingly popular health drink additive.

--The Literary Gazette and Journal of the Belles Lettres, Science, and Art (London) issue of 11 March 1854 reports that Wallace was made a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society at their 27 February 1854 meeting.

--Page lxix of the Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society for 1855 indicates that at their meeting of 26 February 1855 a "Letter from A. R. Wallace, Esq., F.R.G.S., the late explorer of the Rio Negro, to Dr. Shaw, dated Saráwak, Nov. 1854, giving an account of Singapore and Malacca, as far as Mount Ophir, on his way to Borneo" was read. It apparently also was read at that year's annual meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, as it appears in a list of presentations made in Section E, Geography and Ethnology, noted on page 5 of the 10 September 1855 issue of the Glasgow Herald. I have not found anywhere where the whole letter was printed.

--The 5 March 1856 issue of the South Australian Register (Adelaide) records that Wallace's paper 'On the Rio Negro' (S11) was discussed in some detail at the 24th monthly meeting of the Adelaide Philosophical Society, on 10 April 1855.

--At a meeting held at Mitcheldean on 17 June 1856, the following words were spoken (according to page vii of the Proceedings of the Cotteswold Naturalists' Club, Volume 2, 1860): "...These are 'hard times' for those who will persist in drawing them, particularly when taken in connection with a proposition of Mr. Alfred Wallace (referred to in the [Geological Quarterly Journal, May, 1856, page lxvi-lxviii]) 'That every species has come into existence coincident both in time and space, with a pre-existing closely allied species.' Although Mr. Hamilton, the President, remarks that he thinks 'It may be doubted whether this assumed law can be maintained as a universal generalization,' this is a question which has not been and must be fairly worked out, and must therefore long remain an open one amongst Geologists and Palaeontologists who are worthy Members of such Associations as ours..."

--The 18 April 1862 issue of the Morning Post reports that Wallace was elected a fellow of the Zoological Society of London at the monthly general meeting, held the day before at the Society's house in Hanover-square.

--In Letter WCP1852.4051 in the Wallace Correspondence collection, Wallace to Darwin dated 30 September 1862, Wallace notes that he had returned from Devonshire to ("arrived" at) 5 Westbourne Terrace on "Saturday", presumably the 27th. This bears on assessing the length of his visit to Rajah Brooke's estate in the former location.

--Page 8 of the Leicestershire Mercury issue of 13 December 1862 reports on a paper Henry Walter Bates gave at a Leicester Literary and Philosophical Society meeting. Bates is quoted as saying "In the autumn of 1847, Mr. A. R. Wallace, whose acquaintance I had made when he was one of the junior masters of the Leicester Collegiate School, proposed to me, that we should make together a voyage to explore the Natural History of the banks of the great river Amazon... Mr. Wallace was led to choose the Amazon, from having read a pleasantly written little book, which had been recently published on the subject by Mr. Edwards, a North American artist."

--Page xlii of The British Association for the Advancement of Science's (Annual) Report for 1862 (published 1863) notes the petition that "Dr. Gray, Dr. Sclater, Mr. Alfred Newton, and Mr. Wallace be a Committee to report on the Acclimatization of Domestic Quadrupeds and Birds, and how they are affected by migration."

--Wallace was elected "by acclamation" to the Entomological Society of London at their meeting of 1 June 1863.

--Various British Association for the Advancement of Science (Annual) Reports indicate that Wallace was elected to that body in 1863.

--In 1863 Wallace was appointed to a committee to review the zoological nomenclature rules that had been set up by Hugh E. Strickland in 1842. According to a committee report in the Report of the Thirty-Fifth Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement for Science (for the meetings held in 1865 in Birmingham), at that meeting "Mr. Wallace had brought with him a written memorandum containing notes of what he thought could be altered or modified with advantange. The members present then read over the printed rules and recommendations one by one, and carefully compared them with the memoranda above mentioned, as well as with many letters from other naturalists..." (p. 27). Gordon McOuat writes ("Species, Rules, and Meaning: The Politics of Language and the Ends of Definitions in 19th Century Natural History," Studies in History & Philosophy of Science 27(4): 473-519, on p. 514): "...Strickland had said in 1838 that 'A name whose meaning is glaringly false may be changed.' Among those opposing this line was Alfred Russel Wallace, who wanted it deleted from the 2nd edition of the Rules issued by the BAAS in 1863. He was not successful."

--According to the 44th annual report of the Leeds Philosophical & Literary Society, Wallace gave his talk 'On the Varieties of Man in the Malay Archipelago' before that body at a meeting during the 1863-64 session.

--on page 495 of a feature called 'London Correspondence' in Volume Three of the Canada Medical Journal, Wallace is mentioned as having resided during the 1865 Birmingham BAAS meetings with Dr. William Turner, Professor R. P. Howard of Montreal, and Dr. Gibb of London.

--According to Gerald E. Myers in his biography William James: His Life and Thought (1986), James's first known publication as of that date was his anonymous review of Wallace's paper 'The Origin of Human Races and the Antiquity of Man...' (S93) for the North American Review in July 1865.

--According to a note in the 18 April 1866 issue of the Pall Mall Gazette, Wallace married Annie Mitten on 5 April 1866, in Hurstpierpoint, Sussex.

--According to a note printed in the 21 June 1866 issue of the London Standard Wallace's signature was included on a memorial presented to Gladstone "expressing a negation of the statement that scientific men were universally opposed to the removal of the natural history collection from their present location in the British Museum, and stating their opinion that it is of fundamental importance to the progress of the natural sciences in this country that the administration of the natural history collection should be separated from the library and art collections, and placed under one officer, who should be immediately responsible to one of the Queen's ministers."

--According to pages 210-211 of Volume 2 of C. J. F. Bunbury's The Life of Sir Charles J. F. Bunbury Bart. (1906), Wallace was present at a party at the Lyell's house on 11 December 1866 which was attended by many notables (and Bunbury first met Wallace there).

--Wallace was elected a member of the Ethnological Society of London in 1866 and was a Council member in 1869-1870.

--The Joint Stock Companies' Directory for 1867 lists Wallace as a director of the Crown Slate and Slab Company (Ltd), established 1865.

--According to the Birmingham Daily Post issue of 16 April 1868, Wallace delivered a lecture on birds' nests and birds' colors at the Midland Institute on 13 April 1868. The 4 January issue of the Birmingham Journal states that he was also scheduled to give a lecture on 6 April concerning animal life in the tropics.

--The Forty-Eighth Report of the Council of the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society for 1867-68 (published 1868) indicates that on 21 April 1868 and 23 April 1868, respectively, Wallace delivered lectures to the Society entitled 'On the Climate and Vegetation of the Tropics' and 'On the Animal Life of the Tropics.'

--The Spiritual Magazine issue of June 1868 includes a lengthy response by the electrician Cromwell Varley to a letter from John Tyndall requesting information on spiritualism from "men with heavy scientific appendages to their names," and forwarded to Varley by Wallace.

--The usually reserved Joseph Hooker included the following words in his presidential address at the British Association for the Advancement of Science annual meetings in Norwich in 1868 (as recorded in the Report for that year): "...Many of the metaphysicians' objections have been controverted by that champion of Natural Selection, Mr. Darwin's true knight, Alfred Wallace, in his papers on 'Protection' and 'Creation by Law', &c., in which the doctrines of 'Continual Interference,' the 'Theory of Beauty,' and kindred subjects, are discussed with admirable sagacity, knowledge, and skill. But of Mr. Wallace and his many contributions to philosophical biology, it is not easy to speak without enthusiasm; for, putting aside their great merits, he, throughout his writings, with a modesty as rare as I believe it to be in him unconscious, forgets his own unquestioned claims to the honour of having originated, independently of Mr. Darwin, the theories which he so ably defends."

--An ad in the 24 September 1868 issue of The Bradford Observer lists Wallace as being scheduled to give lectures on the 20th and 22nd of October as part of a series sponsored by the Bradford Philosophical Society.

--According to a story printed in the 15 February 1869 issue of The Morning Post, Wallace formed part of a large deputation (in Wallace's case, he was one of several representing the Society of Arts) that on the 13th met with British government officials on the subject of the planned museum of science and art in the East End of London.

--The Human Nature issue of May 1869 reports: "The Conferences at Gower Street are still maintained with unabated vigour. Mrs Hardinge has contributed much to their success. Mr Home has occasionally lent his aid. Mr A. R. Wallace, the eminent scientist, gave a valuable lecture on April 12, which was listened to with much interest."

--The British Association's annual Report series lists Wallace as a vice-president of Section D, Biology, for the August 1869 meetings at Exeter.

--Wallace is listed in the Congress's Transactions as a member of a "Special Committee" connected with the Third Session of the International Congress of Prehistoric Archæology, which met in Norwich from 20 to 28 August 1869.

--A notice on page 3 of The Times (London) issue of 8 November 1869 lists Wallace as one of the five members of the "Committee of Divisional (First and Second Mortgages) Bondholders," "Atlantic and Great Western Railway."

--According to a note printed on page 8 of the Liverpool Daily Post issue of 23 November 1869 (and also in the 22 November 1869 issue of the Daily News (London)), "The Committee of Divisional Bondholders of the Atlantic and Great Western Railway, consisting of Messrs. George Bacon, William Bean, Robert Glass, William Parsons, and Alfred R. Wallace, have just issued a report. It refers to the formation of the committee at a private meeting of some of the holders of first and second Mortgage Bonds of this undertaking, held on the 5th ultimo. The constitution of the committee is then described, and a good deal of pointed matter, which cannot fail to be interesting to the holders of all classes of this company's securities, follows..."

--According to a note printed in the 21 April 1870 number of Nature, Wallace took part in a discussion on the "ravages committed on granaries by Calandra granaria and C. oryzae" held during the 4 April 1870 meeting of the Entomological Society of London.

--At a meeting of the Entomological Society of London held 4 July 1870, Wallace is said to have "mentioned instances of protective mimicry in insects, recently observed by Mr. Everett in Borneo," according to a note printed in the 11 August 1870 issue of Nature.

--A note in the 26 November 1870 issue of Athenaeum goes as follows: "Mr. A. R. Wallace writes to say that our statement that he has ready for publication 'An Answer to the Arguments of Hume, Lecky and others, against Miracles,' is calculated to mislead. The only foundation for it is the fact, that I lately read a paper with the above title at a private gathering; and a report of it, corrected by myself, had already appeared in print before your announcement."

--A note on page 3 of The Dundee Courier & Argus issue of 2 January 1871 mentions that the "following signatures have been recently received to the petition in favour of the medical education of women..."; Wallace's name is on the list.

--An 1871 Land Tenure Reform Assocation pamphlet entitled Report of the Inaugural Public Meeting... (held 15 May 1871, with John Stuart Mill in the Chair) lists Wallace as being a member of their General Council.

--On page 7 of the 11 July 1871 issue of The Morning Post (London) there is coverage of the first John Hampden libel court case, under the title "Threatening the President of the Entomological Society," which includes a summary of testimony by Wallace and his wife.

--The 9 November 1871 issue of Nature mentions that Wallace took part in a discussion of Sir John Lubbock's paper 'On the Origin of Insects,' presented at the 2 November 1871 meeting of the Linnean Society.

--The 22 February 1872 issue of Nature notes that Wallace took part in a discussion of W. F. Kirby's paper 'Comparative Geographical Distribution of Butterflies and Birds,' presented at the 15 February 1872 meeting of the Linnean Society.

--A note in The Daily News (London) issue of 30 May 1872 discusses the annual general meeting of the London Library the day before, including changes in the governing committee. Wallace is noted as having been replaced on that committee.

--An ad in the 9 July 1872 issue of The Standard (London) indicates that at that point Wallace was one of four Directors of a company called Wood Close and Polgooth United Tin Mining Company (Ltd), whose object it was to develop a tin ore prospect in Cornwall.

--The 28 November 1872 issue of Nature mentions that at the 18 November meeting of the Entomological Society "Mr. Wallace forwarded exuviae of some insect, apparently of the family Tincina, which had committed ravages amongst the dried mosses and lichens collected by Dr. Spruce, in Brazil."

--According to a story appearing in the 31 October 1872 issue of Nature, Wallace was named to a committee of the Royal Society formed to advise on how the H.M.S. Challenger scientific expedition should be conducted.

--It is reported in the 30 January 1873 issue of Nature that Wallace had just been elected to the Council of the Anthropological Institute at their annual meeting.

--According to a story in the Bradford Observer of 6 February 1873, Wallace attended a lecture on 'The Failure of the Church of England a Reason for Its Disendowment' by Elias Bradford in Clayton on the 4th, and was given a place "on the platform" during the lecture.

--A note in the 8 February 1873 issue of Athenaeum indicates that during the 4 February meeting of the Anthropological Institute a committee was set up "for the purpose of promoting Psychological Research." Initial members included Wallace, Galton, Beddoe, Hyde Clarke, Forbes, Lubbock, and Tylor.

--Issue No. 131 (21 November 1889) of the Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society Held at Philadelphia indicates that Wallace was Society Member no. 1724, elected 18 April 1873.

--According to a notice printed on page 1 of the 18 December 1873 issue of The Morning Post (London), Wallace was a Director of The Heatherside Nurseries Company (Limited), a company formed "for the purpose of purchasing and working the extensive and flourishing Nursery Grounds, situated at Heatherside, near Bagshot, Surrey."

--Wallace was a member of the British National Association of Spiritualists, and apparently was also a founder of the organization (it was formed in 1873).

--On page 8 of the Daily News (London) issue of 9 June 1874, in the classifieds section, is the following short ad: "Wanted, a gardener, to make himself generally useful. Wife to wash preferred. --Apply with full particulars and reference to last place, to A. R. Wallace, Grays, Essex."

--According to a story printed in the 12 November 1874 issue of Nature, on 3 November 1874 Wallace appeared at a meeting of the Zoological Society of London and "exhibited some rhinoceros horns obtained in Borneo by Mr. Everett, proving that this animal was still found living in that island."

--The Chelmsford Chronicle issue of 14 April 1876 notes "The fifth of this season's entertainments was held in the Grays Elementary schools on Tuesday, and consisted of an interesting account of the native races of the Malay Archipelago, and surrounding countries, by Mr. Alfred R. Wallace, of the Dell, Grays."

--The 17 November 1876 issue of the Huddersfield Chronicle reports: "On Wednesday, at a meeting of the council of the British National Association of Spiritualists eleven new ordinary members were elected. Mr. A. R. Wallace and Captain [Richard?] Burton were invited to become honorary members, and Mr. C. C. Massey was elected a vice-president."

--Catherine Berry's 1876 book Experiences in Spiritualism includes the following passage on page 34: "...On another occasion, we were at a séance given by Miss Nichol, when the guitar was asked to be placed on the table, whereupon the spirits began playing it, when a severe blow was struck at one of the party, and the blood flowed from his temple. The gentleman who was struck, Mr. Alfred R. Wallace, the eminent naturalist, said--'It was my own fault entirely, I broke the conditions--the orders were to join hands; and I was very curious to know what sort of hand was playing the guitar, and that was the cause of the blow.' We again sat, and saw no more of the wound, the spirits having used their endeavours to heal it."

--Wallace's help is acknowledged in the Preface to his friend Arabella Buckley's book A Short History of Natural Science, published in 1876 (with subsequent editions). Wallace also drew figures eight and nine for the book; these depict the telescopes used by Galileo and Kepler.

--A story in the Nature issue of 1 November 1877 indicates that a series of lectures had been arranged at the Bristol Museum and Library and that Wallace was scheduled to give the first one (on 19 November), on 'The Distribution of Animals as Indicating Geographical Changes.'

--Thomas Huxley's book Physiography (1877) contains a description of Wallace's Bedford Canal experiment on the curvature of the earth's surface.

--The Leicester Chronicle issue of 30 March 1878 reports that Wallace gave a lecture in that city titled 'The Distribution of Animals as Indicating Geographical Change' on 25 March 1878. It was sponsored by the Leicester Literary and Philosophical Society.

--Wallace was elected an honorary member of the Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences at least as early as 1878.

--An 1878 report published by a Royal Commission on Copyright contains the information that The Malay Archipelago's published price was one pound eight shillings for the two volume 1869 edition, and seven shillings 6 pence for the one volume 1872 edition. The one-volume American edition sold for $2.50.

--In a letter dated 2 July 1879 referring to Herbert Spencer's then newly-published Data of Ethics (partially reproduced in the Life and Letters of Herbert Spencer (1908)) Wallace writes: "I must express my admiration of the complete way in which you have developed the true nature of ethics. On that aspect of the question I agree with you unhesitatingly throughout . . . But I doubt if evolution alone, even as you have exhibited its action, can account for the development of the advanced and enthusiastic altruism that not only exists now, but apparently has always existed among men . . . "

--Raphael Meldola's 27 January 1883 presidential address to the Essex Field Club (reported in the June 1883 issue of the Transactions of the Essex Field Club) includes mention that Wallace was still an Honorary Member of the Club as of that time. According to its Transactions, Vol. 1 (1880-1881), he was originally elected on 10 January 1880.

--A note in the June 1880 issue of The Sentinel (London) refers to a series of discussions held in February and March concerning the subject "Art, Philanthropy, Spiritualism, Conversion, Roman Catholicism, Temperance,--their power over evil compared." "Mr. A. R. Wallace" is listed as having contributed a letter (which one assumes must have been read publicly) to the proceedings.

--On page 249 of Volume 2 of the Proceedings of the Birmingham Philosophical Society Wallace is mentioned as having given the lecture 'Probable Causes of the Mild Climate of the Arctic Regions in Past Ages' at the 11 November 1880 meeting of the Society.

--According to the Essex Field Club's Journal of Proceedings, Vol. 2 (1882), Wallace gave a winter Science Lecture entitled 'The Natural History of Islands' to the Club at their meeting of 4 January 1881. It notes that in response to a question he replied "the essential point to be decided was whether a fish, after being carried any considerable distance in such a way [in a bird's stomach], could be disgorged alive, and asked Mr. Harting whether he knew of such an occurrence."

--Wallace is listed (in its proceedings) as an Honorary Foreign Member of the Terzo Congresso Geografico Internazionale held 15-22 September 1881 in Venice (he did not attend). In 1890 and 1894 he is listed (in their Bollettino series) as an Honorary Member of the Società Geografica Italiana.

--The Land Nationalization edition of 1909 indicates (on p. 210) that Wallace read The Echo as of October 1881; in 1877 The Echo was called "the most liberal of London newspapers" on subjects like agnosticism.

--An 1882 pamphlet entitled Some Account of the Lectures Hitherto Delivered in Connection With the Literary and Philosophical Society of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne... indicates that Wallace had given two sets of lectures to that body as of that date: 'Nature in the Tropics' (three lectures in 1867-68), and 'The Colours of Animals and Plants, Their Causes and Their Uses' (two lectures in 1876-77).

--According to the news story "The Nationalisation of the Land" that appeared in the 1 February 1882 issue of The Freeman's Journal (Dublin), during an early meeting of the Land Nationalisation Society on 31 January Wallace stated that "one object of the society was to support the particular scheme they had been discussing, and which he had worked out some time ago." At the same meeting Henry George was present, and reputedly "urged them to unite on the broad priniciple, and then not to fear to be too bold. He was in favour of the immediate nationalisation of the land, and deprecated the awarding of any compensation" [i.e. for landlords].

--According to Deborah Blum, Ghost Hunters (2006), p. 72, Wallace attended the first meeting of the (British) Society for Psychical Research, held 20 February 1882.

--a news report from 20 February 1882 lists Wallace as one of many signers of a memorial to Prime Minister Gladstone regarding the opium trade.

--The English Mechanic and World of Science issue of 17 March 1882, page 31, indicates that "the Glasgow popular science lectures were brought to a close last week by a lecture by Mr. A. R. Wallace on the biological relations of New Zealand and Australia."

--According to The Belfast News-Letter issue of 18 March 1882, "A lecture ['Island Life'], under the auspices of the Belfast Natural History and Philosophical Society, was delivered in St. George's Hall, last evening, by Mr. Alfred Russel Wallace, the distinguished traveller and well-known writer on natural history."

--The 23 March 1882 issue of The Freeman's Journal notes: "The afternoon Scientific Lecture at the Royal Dublin Society House yesterday was given by Mr. Alfred R. Wallace, FRGS, whose subject was 'Continents and Islands,' their physical and biological relations." The 25 March issue of the same title reports that the "Afternoon Scientific Lecture of yesterday was delivered at the Royal Dublin Society House, at four o'clock, by Alfred R. Wallace, F.R.G.S., whose subject was 'The Natural History of Islands.' The theatre was crowded."

--According to a note in the 6 July 1882 issue of Nature, "At the summer commencements of the University of Dublin, held on June 29 last, the degree of LL.D. Honoris causâ was conferred on...Mr. Alfred Russel Wallace."

--The 1899 Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal indicate that Wallace was made an "Honorary Member" of that Society on 7 February 1883.

--Wallace is listed as an "Honorary or Corresponding Member" of the Central Association of Spiritualists, London, in the Light (London) issue of 17 February 1883.

--The English Mechanic and World of Science issue of 23 February 1883, page 564, indicates that "On Monday evening, Mr. A. R. Wallace, LL.D., lectured to the Birmingham and Midland Institute on 'Island Life.'"

--According to a note printed in the Aberdeen Evening Express issue of 27 March 1883, Wallace's signature was included on a memorial "praying for the pardon of Prince Krapotkine," who had already been confined for five years.

--The Journal of Proceedings of the Essex Field Club, Vol. 4 (1892), reports that on 31 March 1883 Wallace was made a member of the Club's committee charged with exploration of Deneholes near Gray's Thurrock, Essex. A field investigation took place during the period 13 October to 10 November 1883.

--A story in the Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette issue of 6 June 1883 reports: "...I mentioned the name of Mr. Sellar, who was factor on the Sutherland estates. This gentleman was some relation--I am not sure that he was not the grandfather--of Mr. Craig Sellar, a respected and advanced member of the Liberal party in the present Parliament. The facts relating to the Sutherland estates were published first by Professor Wallace in his book, but at the solicitation of Mr. Craig Sellar this part of the work was expunged. Now, however, the full details are stated bluntly, and without either emasculation or concealment, in Mr. McKenzie's book, and in this form they will secure far wider currency than they would have done in the former volume. I suppose Mr. McKenzie is more independent than Prof. Wallace, or better able to bear the possible consequences of his strong writing. But there is enormous pressure brought to bear upon writers on these matters to prevent the free circulation of their opinions and the full statement of their facts..."

--The Journal of Science issue of August 1883 states that "Mr. A. R. Wallace has been elected a foreign member of the Dutch Society of Sciences, at Haarlem."

--The Pall Mall Gazette issue of 11 October 1883 contains a long note titled "The Nationalization of the Land" on page 6 which begins: "We have received a great number of letters in reply to Mr. Harrison's article on 'Nationalization of the Land.' Space does not permit of our printing them all, or any of them in full, but we give some of the many points of Mr. Harrison's critics:-- No part of Mr. Harrison's argument has provoked so much criticism as the assertion that the question was one with which the workmen in towns had no business to interfere. 'This most extraordinary statement,' writes Mr. Alfred Wallace, 'is a proof that Mr. Harrison has not sufficiently studied the works of Mr. George, or noted the growing feeling of householders in our large cities against the confiscation of their property by landlords or the grinding tyranny of agents.'..."

--The Auk issue of January 1900 contains a list indicating that Wallace was elected an Honorary Member of the American Ornithologists' Union in 1883.

--As part of an advertisement for the book The Natural Genesis (by Gerald Massey; 1883) appearing at the book's end, a brief endorsement from Wallace (who apparently was privy to printers' proofs of the work) appears: "Thanks for your great and wonderful work. I see it contains many things of profound interest. The sections on 'Numbers' and 'Language' appear to me especially interesting."

--Wallace was possibly a vice-president of the London Society for the Abolition of Compulsory Vaccination starting in March 1884. An unnumbered page following page 136 of the 1884 volume of The Vaccinator Inquirer contains a listing of the Society's officers, including what appear to be nearly fifty vice-presidents (although two of these are for some reason specially singled out under the "Vice-Presidents" category).

--In the Light (London) issue of 9 August 1884 it is mentioned that M. Madach Aladar's Hungarian translation of "A Defence of Modern Spiritualism" is just appearing.

--Page 8 of the Belfast News-Letter issue of 28 July 1885 contains a quote from a Wallace letter replying to an invitation to attend the fourth International Anti-Vaccination Congress in Belgium: "I beg to express my warmest sympathy with the cause which this Congress is assembled to advocate. I wish you speedy and complete success in overthrowing the cruel and despotic vaccination laws under which almost the whole civilised world now groans."

--In a note printed in the 8 August 1885 issue of the Derby Daily Telegraph it was reported that: "At a conference on the land question on Friday evening [7 August 1885] it was resolved to urge the Government to appoint a land nationaliser on the proposed Royal Commission on the Depression of Trade. The names of Mr. W. Saunders and Dr. A. R. Wallace were submitted and approved."

--A story in the 13 August 1885 issue of Nature relates how the publisher Macmillan has decided to produce "a new series of Geographical Text Books" to be edited by Archibald Geikie, and with the cooperation of a number of figures, including Wallace.

--The December 1885 number of The Entomologist includes a note from Raphael Meldola dated 26 September 1885 that mentions he had stayed "at Lyme Regis in August, with my friend Mr. A. R. Wallace." At the 18 December 1886 meeting of the Essex Field Club, Meldola adds that "they had seen all round the coast the evidences of former landslips (some of them being historical), the great masses of material slipping seawards over the slippery beds of the Liassic Clays and then undergoing erosion by the action of the sea" (Journal of Proceedings, Vol. 4, cxcix).

--Volume 40 of the Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute (1907) lists Wallace as having been made an honorary member of the New Zealand Institute in 1885.

--In a letter to the Editor published in the 30 January 1886 issue of Light (London), William F. Barrett quotes a "recent" letter he has received from Wallace: "I am not at all dissatisfied with the progress of the Society [for Psychical Research]'s work. The energy of Messrs. Myers and Gurney is admirable, and I feel convinced that if they go on much faster they will be classed with 'deluded Spiritualists,' and will get no more attention from the literary public than the Spiritualists themselves." Wallace would, however, increasingly sour on the Society's approach.

--According to a story in the 12 February 1886 issue of Science, Wallace was involved in the initiation of the German spiritualism journal Sphinx, along with William Barrett and Elliot Coues.

--The 20 March 1886 issue of Light (London) describes in some detail a paper delivered by Prof. William Barrett at the 6 March meeting of the Society for Psychical Research. In the paper Barrett describes a sitting he took part in with the medium Eglinton on 5 January 1878, also attended by Hensleigh Wedgwood and his sister, F. W. H. Myers, and Wallace.

--The Journal of Proceedings of the Essex Field Club, Vol. 4 (1892), notes that Wallace attended the Club's 20 March 1886 meeting and contributed to discussion on a lecture ('The Protective Value of Colour and Attitude in Caterpillars') delivered on that date by Edward B. Poulton.

--A story in the New-York Evangelist issue of 22 April 1886 reports that Wallace will be "coming to the United States on the invitation of Mr. Augustus Lowell of Boston, to deliver a course of eight lectures before the Lowell Institute, in October . . . [and] will lecture in other cities under the management of the Williams Lecture Bureau of Boston."

--The Essex Field Club's Journal of Proceedings, Vol. 4 (1892), indicates that Wallace gave a lecture entitled 'The Darwinian Theory: What It Is, and How It Is Demonstrated' at the 2 October 1886 meeting of the Club.

--approximate itinerary, first part of American lecture tour: leaves London (9 Oct. 1886); arrives in New York (23 Oct. 1886); goes to Boston (28 Oct. 1886); gives first Lowell lecture (1 Nov. 1886); gives second Lowell lecture (4 Nov. 1886); gives third Lowell lecture (8 Nov. 1886); attends meeting of the National Academy of Sciences in Boston (9-11 Nov. 1886); gives fourth Lowell lecture (15 Nov. 1886); gives fifth Lowell lecture (16 Nov. 1886); gives sixth Lowell lecture (18 Nov. 1886); goes to Williamstown and gives lecture (19 Nov. 1886); gives seventh Lowell lecture (22 Nov. 1886); gives lecture in Meriden CT (23 Nov. 1886); gives eighth Lowell lecture (24 Nov. 1886); arrives in New Haven and visits Prof. O. C. Marsh (26 Nov. 1886); delivers a lecture on oceanic islands at Vassar College (29 Nov. 1886); lectures at the Peabody Institute and Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore (30 Nov. & 2, 6, 7 and 9 Dec. 1886); returns to Boston (11 Dec. 1886); leaves Boston and reaches Washington, D.C. (31 Dec. 1886).

--synopses of Wallace's Lowell Institute lectures: 1st, 1 Nov. 1886 (Boston Daily Advertiser 2 Nov. 1886: 8a; Banner of Light 6 Nov. 1886: 8b); 2nd, 4 Nov. 1886 (Boston Herald 5 Nov. 1886; Banner of Light 13 Nov. 1886: 5b); 3rd, 8 Nov. 1886 (Banner of Light 20 Nov. 1886: 5c); 4th, 12 Nov. 1886 (Boston Daily Advertiser 12 Nov. 1886: 8d); 6th, 18 Nov. 1886 (Banner of Light 27 Nov. 1886: 8c); 8th and final, 24 Nov. 1886 (Banner of Light 11 Dec. 1886: 3c; Boston Daily Advertiser 25 Nov. 1886: 8b; Boston Post 25 Nov. 1886).

--an anonymous note in The Literary World (Boston) issue of 13 Nov. 1886: "The question is being asked here today why the name of Alfred Russell Wallace, England's most eminent living naturalist, now lecturing before your Lowell Institute, does not appear among the distinguished guests of Harvard College and the numerous recipients of its academic honors, at its 250th anniversary. Was he not invited? And if not why not?"

--The Peabody Institute's (Baltimore) Twentieth Annual Report of the Provost (1887) reports that Wallace delivered "four illustrated lectures, Nov. 30, Dec. 2, 7, 9 [1886], on The Theory of Development and the Origin and Uses of Color in Animals and Plants."

--On pages 136-137 of Trevor Pearce's book Pragmatism's Evolution that writer indicates how reformer Jane Addams attended at least two of the five lectures on natural history Wallace gave in Baltimore in late 1886.

--approximate itinerary, middle part of American lecture tour: gives lecture at the American Geographical Society in New York (11 Jan. 1887); returns to D.C. (13 Jan. 1887); begins ten days' visit to Canada, visiting Rochester NY, Niagara Falls, Kingston ON (lectures 8 March 1887), and Toronto (lectures on 10, 11 &12 March 1887); returns to Washington, D.C. (18 March 1887); leaves D.C. for the West (6 April 1887); leaves West Virginia (13 April 1887) for Cincinnati, remaining there twelve days (lectures on 22 & 23 April); leaves Cincinnati (25 April 1887); continues on to Bloomington IN (lectures on 26 April 1887), St. Louis, Kansas City, Council Bluffs, Sioux City (giving three lectures there), Kansas City again, Lawrence KS (lectures on 6 May 1887), Manhattan KS (lectures on 9 May 1887), and Salina KS (lectures on 16 May 1887); leaves Salina for Denver (18 May 1887); reaches Denver (19 May 1887) and continues on to Cheyenne the same day; reaches Ogden (20 May 1887) and continues on to Salt Lake City; returns to Ogden (21 May 1887), then continues westward.

--The Independent (New York), issue of 3 February 1887, states that in Washington, D.C., the Literary Society met "last week" and that the guest of the evening was Wallace, who was introduced to the group by John Wesley Powell, president of the Society.

--The Washington Critic issue of 4 February 1887 notes: "Mrs. Isabella Beecher Hooker gives a reception to-night at her residence, 1603 Massachusetts avenue, 9 o'clock, to meet Mr. Alfred Russell Wallace, the distinguished English scientist."

--The Washington Critic issue of 5 February 1887 notes: "The reception given last evening at the residence of Mr. Stilson Hutchins, 1603 Massachusetts avenue, in compliment to Professor Alfred RUssell Wallace, the distinguished English naturalist, was largely attended, the guests being received by Mrs. Isabella Beecher Hooker. Among those present were Senators Hale and Morrill, Senator and Mrs. Aldrich, Senator and Mrs. Dolph and Miss Dolph, Senator and Mrs. Pugh, Senator Hawley, Senator Conger and ladies, Senator and Mrs. Sabin, Mrs. Senator Cockrell and sister, Mrs. Wilkinson of Missouri, Senator McMillan, wife and daughters; Senator and Mrs. Van Wyck, Mrs. Senator Warner Miller, Mrs. Senator Blair, Mrs. Chief Justice Waite, Justice Bradley, Rev. Mr. Shippen, Mrs. General Lander, Major J. W. Powell, Lester F. Ward and wife, Mr., Mrs. and Miss Chandler and Dr. and Mrs. Stanton."

--The Evening Star, Supplement, issue of 7 February 1887, notes: "Mr. Edward Muybridge, the photographer whose work with the camera has thrown much light upon the subject of animal locomotion, attended the meeting of the Biological society Saturday night and displayed a series of photographs...Among his hearers Saturday evening was Mr. A. R. Wallace, the distinguished English naturalist, now visiting this city...Much interest was shown by Mr. Wallace and other scientists present in a series of pictures representing the flight of a pigeon in a line slowly ascending. These pictures revealed a forward movement of the wings. Mr. Wallace suggested that a similar series representing the flight of a butterfly would afford an interesting study..."

--A Science story from its 29 March 1889 issue indicates that Wallace delivered a speech entitled 'The Great Problems of Anthropology' to a 12 February 1887 special meeting of the Women's Anthropological Society of America in Washington, D.C. (an event also mentioned in Wallace's My Life).

--The Abstract of the Proceedings of the Anthropological Society (of Washington, D.C.) for 15 February 1887 indicates that Wallace gave the talk 'Social Economy versus Political Economy' on their 119th regular meeting, on that date, at the Columbian University (now Georgetown University). He was also elected an honorary member of the society at that time (and is so listed in the By-Laws of the Anthropological Society of Washington (1894)).

--The Evening Star issue of 19 February 1887 notes that: "Mr. Thomas Wilson, 1218 Connecticut avenue, gives a dinner party this evening to bring together Mr. Alfred Russell Wallace, the distinguished English scientist, and some of the equally distinguished Washington scientists and jurists."

--The Washington Critic issue of 4 March 1887 reports that "Dr. and Mrs. Bland entertained Professor Alfred Russell Wallace, the eminent English scientist, at their residence last night. A select party of literary and scientific ladies and gentlemen were invited to meet the Professor and hear him talk on his favorite theme, 'Sociology.' The Evening Star issue of 5 March 1887 adds: "Col. and Mrs. Phillips gave a reception in honor of Dr. Alfred Russell Wallace, of England, at their residence, 1008 H street, Wednesday evening of this week. From 8 o'clock until after 11 their parlors were thronged with a distinguished company, who were cordially received by the host and hostess and presented to the eminent scientist. Among those present were Prof. Newcomb, General Baum, of Georgia; Judge Upton, formerly second comptroller; Col. and Mrs. Morse, Maj. and Mrs. Powell, Mr. and Mrs. Larner, Mr. and Mrs. Ward, Gen. Haldeman, ex-minister to Siam; Mrs. Hibbets, Mrs. Monroe, Mrs. Long, of Richmond; Dr. Parker and others. The floral decorations in the dining-room were profuse and very tastefully arranged, the large table center-piece being particularly admired."

--The Washington Post issue of 27 March 1887 reports the following story: "The fortnightly 'conversation' held on Friday evenings at the residence of Mrs. Case, 4 Iowa Circle, for the discussion of questions pertaining to occult science, proved unusually interesting last week, a large number of ladies and gentlemen having assembled to listen to a paper delivered by Prof. Russell Wallace, announced a fortnight since. Contrary to the general custom of the society, by which the managing committee select a theme for discussion, Prof. Wallace was given the privilege of choosing his own subject, and spoke upon "Modern Spiritualism," early giving evidence of being as strong an advocate of that phase of belief as of the theory of evolution, in connection with which he is better known to the public. Quite a spirited discussion followed his paper, participated in by Prof. Otis A. Mason, Prof. Eliot Coues, Judge and Mrs. A. J. Willard, Representative Wm. A. Springer and others..."

--approximate itinerary, last part of American lecture tour: crossing Nevada (22 May 1887); has dinner at Reno (22 May 1887); reaches San Francisco (23 May 1887); gives two lectures in San Francisco (25 & 27 May 1887); visits the redwood grove nearby in the company of John Muir (28 May 1887); leaves for Stockton (29 May 1887); returns to San Francisco to give spiritualism lecture (5 June 1887); returns to Stockton, then visits Yosemite and Calaveras Big Trees (8 June to 17 June 1887); spends time with brother in Stockton and Santa Cruz (last half of June 1887); leaves Stockton for the East (7 July 1887); spends several days in the Sierra Nevada; thereafter passes through Reno, Ogden, Salt Lake City, and the Wasatch Mountains, reaching Gunnison CO on 16 July 1887; continues on to Denver (18 July 1887) and stays in the area for over a week; leaves Denver (26 July 1887) and passes near Omaha (27 July 1887); reaches Chicago (28 July 1887); continues on to the Michigan Agricultural College and gives lectures there on 29 July & 1 Aug. 1887; reaches Kingston ON on 2 Aug. 1887 and stays a few days; travels by steamer through the Thousand Islands area on the St. Lawrence River (7 Aug. 1887); reaches Montreal on 8 Aug. 1887 and stays a couple of days; continues on to Quebec and sight-sees for a day; leaves Quebec the early morning of 12 Aug. 1887 and reaches north coast of Ireland on 19 Aug. 1887; disembarks at Liverpool the morning of 20 Aug. 1887.

--a short note on page 1g of the Daily Evening Bulletin (San Francisco) issue of 19 May 1887, shortly before Wallace delivered his talks there in late May, describes him as "the most eminent living naturalist in the world."

--Synopses of two of Wallace's May 1887 talks in San Francisco given in San Francisco Chronicle 26 May 1887: 6d & 28 May 1887: 6d; Religio-Philosophical Journal (Chicago) 11 June 1887: 2e-3a; and Daily Evening Bulletin (San Francisco) 26 May 1887: 2e & 28 May 1887: 4b. The 25 May talk was apparently presided over by the naturalist Joseph LeConte.

--A note printed on page 4e of the Golden Gate (San Francisco) issue of 4 June 1887 includes a quote from Wallace taken from a letter he sent to Dr. Albert Morton regarding the latter's invitation to Wallace to give a lecture: "I have never lectured publicy on Spiritualism, partly because I feel that I can do more good by writing on the subject, and also from the fact that I have no power of expression or of style to do justice to it."

--The Daily Alta California issue of 6 June 1887 notes that Wallace has arrived in town, and is staying at the Baldwin Hotel.

--The Daily Alta California issue of 2 July 1887 reports that "Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace, the eminent English scientist, returned a few days ago from a trip through Sonoma County, and honored our sanctum with a call."

--Lectures on Darwinism in Newcastle-Upon-Tyne on 19 Feb. 1888 (Durham Chronicle 24 Feb. 1888: 6a-6b; The Two Worlds 2 March 1888: 237).

--A note in the Nature issue of 10 October 1889 indicates that Wallace was scheduled to present the first of a new series of twenty-one lectures sponsored by the Committee of the Sunday Lecture Society on 20 October at St. George's Hall, Langham Place, on 'The Origin and Uses of the Colours of Animals.' An ad in the 19 October issue of The Morning Post (London) for the same presentation indicates that T. H. Huxley was the president of the Society, whose vice-presidents included George Darwin, George Romanes, Herbert Spencer, and John Tyndall.

--A notice in the 2 November 1889 issue of The York Herald indicates that Wallace would give the first of a series of lectures sponsored by the Yorkshire Philosophical Society on the 8th of that month, on 'Colours of Animals.'

--A note in the Nature issue of 5 December 1889 indicates Wallace was presented with the degree of D.C.L., honoris causâ, from Oxford, on 26 November 1889.

--Lectures on Darwinism in Liverpool on 16 Feb. 1890 (Liverpool Mercury 17 Feb. 1890: 6f; The Medium and Daybreak 28 Feb. 1890: 133a-135a).

--A story in the 8 May 1890 issue of The Dundee Courier & Argus reviews a lecture ('Colour in Animals--Its Origin and Use') Wallace gave under the auspices of the Castle Street Literary Society the night before. Profs. D'Arcy Thompson and Patrick Geddes were in attendance.

--The 1890 volume of the Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Antiquarian Field Club lists Wallace as a member of the club as of that year; a note on page 7 of the 17 August 1889 issue of the Southern Times and Dorset County Herald states he had just been made a new member. However, a note on page 2 of the Western Gazette issue of 25 June 1909 states that he had just been made an "honorary member" of that organization.

--Wallace was presented with the Royal Geographical Society's Founder's Medal during their meeting of 23 May 1892.

--A story in the 9 June 1892 issue of Nature reports that at the Anniversary Meeting of the Linnean Society, 24 May 1892, Wallace was presented with the society's Gold Medal "in recognition of the service rendered by him to zoological sciences by numerous valuable publications."

--As part of a story printed in The Californian issue of September 1892, Elliot Coues mentions that during a trip to England in 1884 he "had the pleasure and the honor" of being a guest at Wallace's house in Godalming.

--A story in the 13 October 1892 issue of The Dundee Courier & Argus indicates that Wallace was invited to take part in the funeral procession organized in honor of the death of Lord Tennyson (who died on the 6th).

--On page 211 of her book Recollections of a Happy Life (1892), Marianne North writes: "...every one was against such an unconventional idea, except my old friend Mr. Fergusson, and he wanted some good geographer to make a model, and suggested consulting Francis Galton or Mr. Wallace... Then I made a pilgrimage to see Mr. Wallace, and found him most delightful, and much interested in my plan. He recommended asking Mr. Trelawney Saunders to make my map, which he did..."

--A note on page 7 of the Western Gazette issue of 10 February 1893 indicates Wallace had just been "appointed" a vice-president of the newly-formed Chrysanthemum and Horticultural Society in the parish of Parkstone.

--A story in the Light (London) issue of 4 March 1893 indicates that Wallace was a member of the Advisory Council to the Psychical Congress in Chicago, held 21-25 August 1893. Some others involved in the same capacity included W. F. Barrett, Emma Hardinge Britten, William Crookes, Camille Flammarion, Francis Galton, Ernst Haeckel, Carl Du Prel, Lord Rayleigh, and Henry Sidgwick.

--George H. Darwin (Charles Darwin's son) sent the following interesting letter to the Editor of The Times (London), who printed it in the 7 June 1893 issue: "Sir,--The election of Mr. Alfred Russel Wallace to the Royal Society last week has been commented on in the public journals as showing the inefficiency of the method by which Fellows are elected. It seems, therefore, only just to the Royal Society to state that it is notorious that Mr. Wallace would have been elected at any time within the last 35 years if he had ever allowed himself to be nominated."

--In a 19 July 1894 letter to Norman Douglas printed on page 127 of Douglas's 1922 book Alone, Wallace indicates that he does "not read German."

--On page 27 of the 1894 second edition of his The History of Human Marriage, author Edward Westermarck adds excerpted quotes from a Wallace letter he received concerning the relation between gestation periods in apes and availability of food: "...I have referred this important statement to Mr. Alfred R. Wallace, who writes as follows: 'From the maps of rain distribution in Africa in Stanford's "Compendium," the driest months in the Gorilla country seem to be January and February, and these would probably be the months of greatest fruit supply.' As regards the Orang-utan, Mr. Wallace adds, 'I found the young suckling Orang-utan in May; that was about the second or third month of the dry season, in which fruits began to be plentiful.'" These remarks do not appear in the first edition of the book.

--Wallace is listed as an Honorary Corresponding Member of the Brooklyn Ethical Association in their 1894-1895 By-Laws.

--An anonymous letter to the Editor printed in the 25 May 1895 issue of Light (London) mentions that theosophist Henry S. Olcott's book People from the Other World is dedicated to William Crookes and Wallace.

--In The Leeds Times issue of 6 July 1895 there is an article on the then-recent deaths of Thomas Huxley (29 June 1895) and others ('The Tatler on Huxley and the God') in which the following words appear: "...each have completed the cycle of their years, and with the exception of Lord Kelvin and Russell Wallace, there is not now in England a pre-eminent voice to speak the authoritative parable of nature to the perplexed spirit of the time."

--An ad for the publishing firm Joseph Hughes and Co. placed in the 16 October 1895 issue of The Standard (London) includes mention of a book titled Natural History for Infants; the author is given as Wallace's daughter Violet. Pall Mall Gazette also lists the book in an ad in its 16 October 1895 issue, but I can find no other evidence of the existence of such a work.

--According to a note printed in the 23 November 1895 issue of The Bournemouth Guardian, Wallace played Joseph Henry Blake, an English chess master, in one of a series of simultaneous matches held earlier that month in Bournemouth. (Who won? The paper only says that Blake defeated "most" of his opponents...)

--The 1913-1914 volumes of the Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales lists Wallace as having been an Honorary Member since 1895.

--Records at the College of Psychic Studies in London include the information that Wallace signed as a "Subscriber" to the institution (then called the London Spiritualist Alliance) on 13 August 1896, along with several others (including Charles C. Massey and E. Dawson Rogers). A note in the 18 March 1911 of Light (London) reports that Wallace "was one of the nine gentlemen who subscribed to the memorandum and articles of association when the London Spiritualist Alliance was incorporated in 1896."

--According to The Abridged Diaries of Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1998, p. 173) and The Living of Charlotte Perkins Gilman; An Autobiography (1972, p. 211) Gilman visited Wallace at Parkstone on 24 October 1896, during her lengthy visit to England. Wallace arranged and chaired a lecture for her in a nearby hall; she spoke on 'Our Brains and What Ails Them.' The second source indicates they "played two games of chess, one he won, one was a draw--which was better than I expected."

--According to Volume 12 of the Transactions of the the Hertfordshire Natural History Society and Field Club (1906) Wallace was elected an honorary member of that group in 1896.

--According to a story printed on page 4 of the Yorkshire Factory Times (Huddersfield) issue of 25 June 1897, Wallace felt "that both publisher and author [John C. Cobden] have rendered a great service to humanity in publishing" The White Slaves of England.

--The Cheshire Observer issue of 14 August 1897 notes that Wallace was one of several prominent scientists who had "recently identified themselves with the [Cheshire Society of Natural Science] as honorary members."

--A Light (London) notice in its 18 June 1898 issue indicates that Wallace was the Chairman of the Thursday (23 June) afternoon session of the International Congress of Spiritualists, in London. Papers were presented by Prof. A. Alexander ('Brazilian Spiritism and Brazilian Evidence for Psychic Phenomena') and Dr. Moutin ('The Relations Between Magnetism and Spiritualism').

--The London Standard issue of 28 June 1898 mentions a paper by Elisée Reclus (revisiting his old idea of a giant scale model of the earth) read before the Royal Geographical Society the day before; it also notes "Mr. A. R. Wallace wrote, vigorously maintaining his old project of a hollow globe."

--A short note on page 6 of The Daily Chronicle (London) issue of 14 July 1898 reads: "Dr. Russel Wallace asks why employers whose workpeople are done to death in dangerous trades should not be charged with manslaughter, and no doubt many people have asked themselves the same question..."

--On page 331 of an article by Charles Brodie Patterson titled "Psychical Research" in the September 1898 issue of Mind, Wallace is referred to as "the greatest living English scientist."

--The Academy (London) issue of 10 December 1898 has a feature on pages 435-436 titled "Favourite Books of 1898. Some Notable Readers." querying various celebrities on their two favorite books of the past year. Wallace was asked, and omitting novels, replied: The Ballad of Reading Gaol, and Equality (by Edward Bellamy).

--On page 23 of the 1898 volume of the Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science, Wallace is listed as a "Foreign Correspondent."

--The Light (London) issue of 29 April 1899 carries a letter to the Editor by "Fiat Justitia" concerning the magician J. Nevil Maskelyne's "exposure" of a medium. Wallace's favorite motto was "fiat justitia" and he later testified against Maskelyne in a court proceeding (see S637), so this letter may well have been by him.

--An article in the 29 August 1899 issue of the South Australian Register (Adelaide) describes Wallace as "foremost naturalist of the age."

--The Daily News (London) issue of 30 September 1899 notes that a "National Memorial against the threatened war in South Africa" had just been issued; Wallace was included among the signatories of the document.

--The Academy (London) issue of 16 December 1899 has a feature on pages 723-724 titled "Favourite Books of 1899. Some More Readers." querying various celebrities on their two favorite books of the past year. Wallace replied: Elizabeth and Her German Garden, and Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform (by Ebenezer Howard).

--The Twenty-Eighth Annual Report and Proceedings, for the Year 1898-99, of the Chester Society of Natural Science, Literature & Art, Chester, England (an organization founded by Charles Kingsley), lists Wallace as an honorary member; later Reports also list him.

--The Times (London) issue of 10 March 1900 carries a notice on page 10 by The South Africa Concilliation Committee (a self-charged organization dedicated to trying to "re-establish goodwill between the British and Dutch races in South Africa" by monitoring facts and policy in that region) which names Wallace, along with many others, as a member.

--A story in the Light (London) issue of 13 October 1900 indicates that on 16 September 1900 a meeting was held in Paris prior to the International Congress of Spiritualists that year, and Wallace was elected an honorary president for the meetings, which ended on September 27 of that year.

--An article on T. H. Huxley printed in the 6 December 1900 issue of The Independent (New York) contains the following comment, excerpted from a Wallace letter: "Altho we had many differences of opinion, I never received from him a harsh or unkind word."

--The Academy (London) issue of 8 December 1900 has a feature on pages 578-579 titled "Favourite Books of 1900. Some Readers." querying various celebrities on their two favorite books of the past year. Wallace replied: "Mr. Richardson's How It Can Be Done, and Mr. Kenworthy's Anatomy of Misery. Both new editions, but unknown to me before."

--A 1900 or later "appeal for funds" pamphlet from the Garden City Association entitled A Solution of the Problem of Depopulation of Country Districts and Overcrowding in Large Cities lists Wallace as a member of that organization's Council.

--In a story concerning the eating habits of celebrities printed in the Current Literature issue of September 1901 Wallace reports that he finds "fish good for brain work," and that he believes, theoretically, in vegetarianism.

--A short editorial note in The Garden issue of 19 October 1901 mentions a Eucalyptus gunnii Wallace has growing in his garden. A drawing of a twig from the tree accompanies the note.

--On page 279 of Minot Judson Savage's 1901 book Life Beyond Death that author states "Alfred Russel Wallace is the most famous scientific man living on earth to-day."

--In the Preface to A. J. Ogilvy's 1901 work The Elements of Darwinism A Primer appear the following words: "Mr. A. R. Wallace...has kindly looked over my MS., and made some corrections and comments, so that it is not likely to contain any serious inaccuracies. At the same time I am not authorised to give it his imprimatur, because, as he remarks, 'There are some things in it with which I do not quite agree.'"

--A note printed on page 5 of the 4 April 1902 issue of the North Wales Express reads: "It will be learnt with regret that Dr. Alfred R. Wallace has declined to receive the honorary degree offered him by the University of Wales. Dr. Wallace is a native of Monmouthshire, so that his acceptance would have a special appropriateness, just as his refusal is doubly regrettable."

--A note on page 4 of the Western Gazette issue of 24 October 1902 indicates that Wallace had been "re-elected" as a vice-president of the Branksome and District Anti-Compulsory Vaccination Society.

--In an article entitled "The Man Who Is to Come" by Benjamin Kidd published on page 141 of the Current Literature issue of 1 January 1903, Kidd refers to a letter he received from Wallace that included the comment: "the interest of the fittest individual for the time being is the interest of the species."

--The Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research for February 1903 lists Wallace as an honorary member of the Society.

--On the first page of the 26 December 1903 issue of The Garden (London) birthday greetings are offered (Wallace's eightieth) for "this grand worker in the regions of science, whose name we hold in reverence and honour as one of the greatest of living Englishmen." Volume 64 (July-December 1903) of this title was dedicated to Wallace.

--In the Year-Book and Record, 1903, of the Royal Geographical Society, Wallace is listed by that Society's Council as a referee for "Biological Distribution."

--On page 138 of Nellie Beighle's 1903 book Book of Knowledge the author describes Wallace as "the foremost living European naturalist."

--An editorial note appears on page 124 of the February 1904 issue of The Open Court, stating: "When Alfred Russell Wallace visited this country in 1886-1887 he sent his picture to Mr. [Edward A.] Brackett, requesting an interview, and when they met both found themselves to be in pretty close agreement" [on matters of psychical research].

--A story in The Times (London) issue of 17 June 1904 reports on the 63rd annual general meeting of the members of the London Library the day before, and the election during it of Wallace as one of its vice-presidents. The Times was still listing him as a vice-president of the institution as of its issue of 1 August 1907, and he was apparently still one all the way through to his death.

--A story in the 21 October 1904 issue of Science reports that Wallace was to be one of the first vice-presidents of the newly-formed Ethological Society. A note in The Citizen (Gloucester) issue of 6 October 1904 confirms this, and he is listed as a v.p. in the first number of the Society's Journal.

--A note on page 732 of Volume 29 of the Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society (1904-05) indicates that Wallace donated three plants of Eucalyptus gunnii to the Society in 1904, and that these were planted in their gardens at Wisley during that year. Are they possibly still there?

--In the Preface to the 1904 book The Great & Good, An Introduction to Rational Religion, the author ("Great") says he is "indebted for advice and encouragement" to Wallace.

--In the feature "100 Years Ago in The American Ornithologists' Union" in the January 2005 issue of The Auk, Wallace is mentioned as having been an "Honorary Fellow" of the AOU as of 1905.

--According to a story printed in the Forest and Stream issue of 1 April 1905, Wallace was one of two honorary presidents of the Fourth International Ornithological Congress, held in London between 12 and 17 June, 1905.

--The 25 April 1905 issue of the Aberdeen Journal reports that Wallace was one of many who signed an "address" presented to Keir Hardie, and honoring him, at a "demonstration of the Independent Labour party in Manchester" on 23 April 1905.

--A note from Dr. J. M. Peebles printed in the 13 May 1905 issue of Light (London) indicates that "on the 23rd I am to spend a day and a night with that brave, regal-souled man, Alfred Russel Wallace." A Supplement to the issue of 3 June 1905 confirms that Peebles "had just returned from a visit to Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace, who reaffirmed what he said over thirty years ago, that the ministry of spirits to earth was as well established as any other fact."

--The 14 July 1905 edition of The Western Gazette. carries a story on a public meeting held in Broadstone on the 11th, concerning local water supply issues; Wallace was apparently in attendance, and pointed out "that to remove the rust from the mains it would be necessary to flush them to the amount of several gallons a day."

--According to a feature entitled "Phrenology and Scientists and What They Say" printed in the September 1905 issue of The Phrenological Journal and Science of Health, Wallace wrote a letter in 1896 containing the words "I am still as I have been all my life a firm believer in Phrenology, both in its scientific and practical aspects."

--A note in the Aberdeen Journal issue of 14 October 1905: "Dr Alfred Russel Wallace, the well-known scientist, speaking at Harrow [London?] last night, said he had been engaged in investigating the tunnel mystery by transcendental clairvoyance. He knew that the man who was with Miss Money was an old sweetheart of hers, and that she jumped from the train to avoid his approaches. Dr Wallace declared that he had since recognised the man." This refers to the famous (possible) murder of one Mary Money, whose body was found in the Merstham Tunnel, nineteen miles from London. The referral to our Wallace is incorrect, however: a different Wallace was involved in the psychic investigation.

--A letter by Jas. R. Williamson to the Editor of the Light (London) issue of 4 November 1905 discusses a new book titled Premature Burial, edited by Dr. Walter R. Hadwen. The letter describes some "personal testimonies" received by the book's authors; one is from Wallace, who reportedly wrote "I have no doubt of your facts, and I wish you success."

--In the article "Science v. Spiritualism" in the 5 December 1905 issue of the West Gippsland Gazette (Warragul, Victoria, Australia) Wallace is referred to as "collaborator of Darwin, and the foremost living European naturalist."

--The Ceylon Observer, Weekly Edition of 27 November 1905, p. 1729a, reports that the Ceylon Social Reform Society received a "letter of support from Wallace at its most recent Saturday meeting" regarding the intention to start a magazine regarding Ceylon history and culture. Wallace and others volunteered to become honorary members.

--The Western Gazette, issue of 23 February 1906, reports that "Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace is the first signatory to a monster declaration in favour of secular education alone in State or rate aided school. The declaration has already been signed by a large number of eminent scientific and literary men."

--According to a story printed on page nine of the Labour Leader issue of 6 July 1906 "Professor Alfred Russell Wallace condemns such agreements [i.e., anti-collectivist laws] as being 'unfair and absurd,' and points out that 'they are in restraint of free competition, which is the essence of the Individualist system.'"

--A note carried by the 10 September 1906 issue of the Hull Daily Mail reads: "Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace observes that, in his opinion, the best memorial to Herbert Spencer [who had died in 1903] would be a good and cheap edition of all his more popular works--that is, all except his special treatises on biology, psychology, and anthropology. No other memorial seems to me to be either necessary or advisable."

--Editor W. T. Stead of the Review of Reviews (London ed.), in the course of commenting on Wallace's article "The Native Problem in South Africa and Elsewhere" (S630) in RR's November 1906 issue, refers to Wallace as "our most eminent Socialist" (Volume 34, p. 499).

--In Volume 44 of The Journal of Botany, British and Foreign (1906) G. S. Boulger writes on page 417 (as part of his article "The Disappearance of British Plants"): "Some years ago Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace expressed to me the fear that, as it has already all but demolished the lichen-flora of Epping Forest, on the one side, and of Kew Gardens on the other, London smoke was killing the junipers on the more distant Surrey hills."

--A poem by Alice Dacre Mackay titled "Progression" that appeared on pages 76-83 of her 1906 collection Song of the London Man, Song of South Africa, and Other Poems (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., Ltd.) is "inscribed to Dr. Alfred Russell Wallace, F.R.S. A pioneer of the truths of Physical Evolution, and a trustful believer in the Evolution and Progression of the Soul."

--On page 12 of The Clarion (London) issue of 18 January 1907, Wallace calls "Absurd and Unfair" so-called "radius contracts" restricting the actions of company managers.

--The Manual and Who's Who of Spiritualism and Psychic Research (1936), p. 56, lists Wallace as having been the hon. president of the Bournemouth National Spiritualist Church from January 1907 until his death in 1913.

--A note entitled "Wichuraiana Roses from Seed" printed in the 3 August 1907 issue of The Garden discusses hybridized seedling roses sent to the editor by Wallace's wife, Annie.

--According to a note printed in The Bournemouth Graphic issue of 24 October 1907, Wallace had just been elected to the office of 'Chairman of Sections' at a recent meeting of the Bournemouth and District Society of Natural Science.

--An ad in the December 1907 issue of The Arena refers to Wallace as "the most eminent living evolutionary philosopher and one of the most fundamental and profound economic writers of the time."

--On page 121 of his 1907 book New Worlds for Old H. G. Wells writes: "Read, for example, that admirable paper 'Economic and Social Justice' in Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace's Studies, Scientific and Social, and you will have the clearest statement of the attitude of a representative modern Socialist to this question."

--In his article "Against All Cruelty: the Humanitarian League, 1891-1919" (History Workshop Journal, Issue 38, 1994, pp. 86-105) author Dan Weinbren cites Wallace as being a member of the Humanitarian League, but he gives no source for this information. However, Wallace is listed as having "associated [himself] with one or another branch of the League's work" in an attachment to Volume 7 of The Humane Review in 1907. The Humanitarian League was founded in the Spring of 1891 by Henry S. Salt.

--In an article titled "A Real Education Question" that appeared on page 4 of The West Australian (Perth) issue of 27 February 1908 appear the following words: "...Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace, the veteran leader of living scientists, in expounding his views on human development, considers that there is little proof that man has advanced intellectually since the early dawn of civilisation, and looks to sympathetic education, and wiser selection through marriage, as the chief lines of advancement by which the intellectual progress of the race must be secured."

--Page 283 of the Light (London) issue of 13 June 1908 carries a story on three spirit photographs, one of which "...was sent to Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace, who, in acknowledging it, said: 'I have to thank you for so kindly sending the exceedingly interesting photo of yourself and friends, with the extraordinary face upon the dog's head . . . It is far too clear and distinct to be any chance or imaginative face.'"

--A 24 June 1908 letter from Gertrude Jekyll to Wallace (item WCP1375 in the Wallace Correspondence Collection) includes the remarks: "Many thanks for the flower..." and "Your hybrid roses are very interesting..."

--The Nature issue of 2 July 1908 reports "As we went to press yesterday, July 1, the Linnean Society celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of the reading of the joint paper on natural selection by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace. At the afternoon meeting a medal, specially struck for the occasion, was presented to Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace... At the same meeting congratulatory addresses were received from British universities and British and foreign societies and academies. About a hundred of the fellows and guests of the society dined together at the Princes' Restaurant at 6:30, and later in the evening a reception was held at the rooms of the society."

--A story on page 355 of the 25 July 1908 issue of Light (London) concerning the "direct phenomena" of spiritualism [i.e., speaking, writing, drawing, music, painting] includes the information that "It is not usually known, for instance, that a committee of the Psychological Society of Edinburgh was formed in 1873 to report on these phenomena. Among the members of the Society who were, or afterwards became, distinguished, were Serjeant Cox, Sir William Crookes, and Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace."

--William J. Robinson, editor of The Medico-Pharmaceutical Guide and Critic, organized a 'symposium' by sending a question out to various notables on who they considered their favorite humanitarians of the nineteenth century. Wallace was one of the persons queried; his list consisted of: 1. Owen. 2. Tolstoy. 3. Bellamy. 4. Blatchford. 5. Elizabeth Fry. 6. Ruskin. 7. Shelley. 8. Whitman. 9. Wm. Watson. 10. Edwin Markham. The results of the 'symposium' were printed in the August 1908 issue of that title.

--According to an article in the 8 November 1908 New York Times Wallace was asked to give his opinion on Rutherford's work on radioactivity, and replied "I know nothing of the subject and have no opinion..."

--The Agricultural Bulletin of the Straits and Federated Malay States, Vol. 7, no. 11, November 1908, records the following comments by J. B. Carruthers on page 541: "Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace, whose name will always be associated with Malayan regions, writes to me in regard to the protective forest belts which have been, and are being, laid out through the Federated Malay States: 'They prevent the loss of soil which can never be replaced.' The italics are Dr. Wallace's."

--An article in the Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, New South Wales) issue of 26 February 1909 describes Wallace as "one of the greatest thinkers."

--A letter to the Editor printed on page 6 of the 2 April 1909 issue of The Register (Adelaide, Australia) includes the following words: "... And Professor Alfred Russel Wallace, the greatest scientist of the age, declares, 'Vaccination is a delusion, and its penal enforcement a crime'..."

--According to a note in the Morning Post (London) issue of 15 February 1909, Wallace was taking a "leading part" in the arrangements for a Darwin exhibition to be opened in South Kensington "towards the end of June."

--James Mark Baldwin's 1909 book Darwin and the Humanities has the following dedication: "To Alfred Russel Wallace, whose interest, like that of his co-worker Darwin, extends to all the Humanities."

--On page 11 of the 20 October 1910 issue of the Ceylon Observer appears the following obituary note: "Mr. Charles Henry Allen, second son of Mr. C. M. Allen, formerly of Perseverance estate, died today after an illness of some months' duration. He was an engineer by profession. It may be recalled that his father first came out East with Alfred Russell Wallace, subsequently starting the Perseverance estate at Gaylang..."

--The Science issue of 25 November 1910 reports that the "Royal Society of Edinburgh has elected honorary fellows as follows...", the list including Wallace.

--A discussion of Wallace appearing on page 12 of the 10 December 1910 issue of The Register (Adelaide, Australia) includes the following comment: "Dr. Wallace is to-day the greatest living representative of many famous men; and in spite of his advanced age, his intelligence is extraordinarily acute, and he is working hard, animated by unresting aspiration, and with a mind open to receive enlightenment from any and every quarter..." 'A bit over the top, perhaps, but still telling...

--A letter to the Editor from J. J. Gallagher in the March 1912 issue of the Railway Carmen's Journal includes the following comment: "...it is at least consoling to us poor ignorant, unenlightened fellows to know that we have among our number as companions in ignorance, four-fifths of all the college professors throughout the world, every Socialist of note, beginning with the peer of them all, Sir Alfred Russell Wallace of England; also the most eminent men of letters in this and every other country..."

--A. F. R. Wollaston's 1912 book Pygmies & Papuans; The Stone Age To-day in Dutch New Guinea is dedicated to Wallace.

--According to David Goodway in his 2012 book Anarchist Seeds Beneath the Snow (P M Press), Wallace declined to have his name added to a list of 'friends' of Peter Kropotkin who signed a 'congratulatory address' to him on the occasion of his seventieth birthday in 1912. Apparently Wallace objected to some wording in the address regarding the primacy of volunteerism in social advance: he did not consider "his [Kropotkin's] criticism of Darwin of much value," and added "I am a thorough Socialist, and I do not wish to be accused of having given it up for 'voluntaryism'--which is (I believe) hopeless as against our opponents of wealth privilege and monopoly."

--On page 107 of the February 1913 issue of The Bridgemen's Magazine (Indianapolis) it is written: "Of the master minds of the last century that of Dr. Alfred Wallace of London stands out in its field preeminent. Dr. Wallace is known the world over as the "Grand Old Man of Science."

--The April 1913 issue of Machinist's Monthly Journal notes on page 378 that Wallace, England's grand old man of science, announced on his ninetieth birthday that: "I am beginning a book suggesting necessary work for the labor party in its campaign against poverty, laying down what I believe to be the fundamental principles and means by which continuous progress in the well-being of the community can be secured."

--The 22 November 1913 issue of The Miami News carried a story on Helen Keller, in which she was quoted as saying: "I prefer to use the eye and ear of the world which the printed page makes mine. I prefer to read the opinions of well-informed persons, clear thinkers like Alfred Russel Wallace, William Morris, Bernard Shaw, Sir Oliver Lodge, H. G. Wells, William English Walling, Judge Lindsey, Robert Hunter, Karl Kautsky, Herbert Spencer, Darwin, and Marx..."

--In his obituary of Wallace that appeared at the end of the December 1913 issue of Popular Science Monthly, Henry Fairfield Osborn notes that Wallace sent him the following words in a letter dated 3 May 1912: "In accordance with your request I herewith send you a list of my published books. The delay has been caused by the only complete copy I had having been sent away for publication. I have always intended to make out a complete list of my various communications to periodical literature, but have hitherto been unable to find time to do so. All my scientific communications, however, will be found in the Royal Society's Catalogue of Scientific Papers which no doubt you have access to."

--On page 6 of the 2 January 1914 issue of the Chicago Daily Tribune it is remarked: "It was the late Sir Alfred Russel Wallace who raised the war cry against fatigue. He saw in the long hours of work in shops and factories the basic reason for much immorality, drunkenness, and crime..."

--On p. 436 of an article published in Volume 48 of the American Law Review in 1914, author Ernest G. Steven notes: "The most distinguished scientist of recent years, Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace, Darwin's codiscoverer of natural selection, who has just died at the age..."

--It was widely reported in a number of newspapers in early 1914 that Wallace's estate was valued at 5823 pounds, of which 2884 pounds was deemed "net personality." T. P.'s Weekly (30 January 2014, p. 139) noted the 5823 pounds figure was the "gross value." and that Wallace "made the Public Trustee his sole executor."

--The Science issue of January 1915 indicates that Wallace's widow, Annie Wallace, died at Broadstone, Dorset, on 10 December 1914.

--An ad in the book California the Wonderful by Edwin Markham (1914) contains the following endorsement from Wallace: "Edwin Markham is the greatest poet of the Social Passion that has yet appeared in the world."

--On page 4 of the 24 June 1915 issue of The Leader (Allahabad, India) it is reported that "Miss Violet Wallace in consideration of the scientific work of her father, Doctor Alfred Russell Wallace" has received a Civil List pension.

--The 1915 book The North-West Amazons: Notes of Some Months Spent Among Cannibal Tribes, by Thomas Whiffen, is dedicated "to the memory of the late Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace, O.M."

--A note on page 7 of the 18 August 1925 issue of The Register (Adelaide, Australia) includes the following: "...Mr. Wilson's grandfather was an early settler, a lawyer, and a cultured man, who was a relative or connection of Alfred Russell Wallace, on whose work he lectured here in 1857. Mr. Wilson was an English barrister in a large way in England, but some grandiose land and building venture financially crippled him, and he came to South Australia. He was in the first Adelaide City Council, and became our second Mayor. His lectures on old silver and various art and other subjects were numerous in the early days. He lived in Finniss street, North Adelaide, and was one of the first to grow strawberries here. His son, Mr. C. A. Wilson, was a naturalist, who from his early youth wrote on his hobby in The Register."

--The Aberdeen Press and Journal (Scotland) issue of 18 June 1928 carries the information that "Clare Verus Pontifex, Bournemouth, who left 30,339 pounds, directed in his will that a collection of spirit photographs made by the late Alfred Russel Wallace should be offered to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle."

--According to a note on page 15 of the 31 October 1928 issue of The Advertiser (Adelaide, Australia), "Mr. Wilson, a solicitor, Adelaide's second Mayor, was the son of an English surgeon, and arrived in South Australia in 1838. He was for many years a partner in the legal firm of Smart and Wilson, and at the time of his death, at Kensington, in 1863, aged 76, was Clerk of the Court of Appeals, being the oldest member of the legal profession in Adelaide. Mr. Wilson was a musician, and of literary and artistic tastes. His wife was a sister of the mother of Alfred Russel Wallace, the naturalist."

--Notes and Queries, issue of 8 November 1952, reports that Wallace "is a character in the novel The Origin of Evil by Ellery Queen," published in 1951.

--Yvonne Frost, a leader of the Church of Wicca, reputedly became a Spiritualist in the early 1960s and claims to have had Wallace as her spirit guide!

--In his 2005 book The Weather Makers author Tim Flannery refers to Wallace's use of the term "the great aerial ocean" as if he invented it himself. However, by Wallace's time the phrase had already long been in use, most notably by Matthew Maury, J. Frederick Daniell in 1823, and even earlier by von Humboldt in his English editions of Political Essay on the Kingdom of New Spain in 1814 and Personal Narrative of Travels in 1819.

In the 2020s the website playback.fm has presented their survey results identifying ARW as the most famous person with the last name 'Wallace.' Another such site has identified Wallace as the most famous (name-recognition-wise) person who was born in 1823, and similarly who died in the year 1913.

In a story reported on 3 October 2021, earth.com reports that "A species of hawkmoth from Madagascar, whose existence was predicted by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace in the 19th century, has recently been recognized as a new species. Known as Wallace's sphinx moth, the unique creature is considered to have the longest tongue of any insect, measuring up to 30 centimeters. The moth is the only insect that can reach the bottom of the nectar tubes of Madagascar's star orchid."

*                *                 *                 *                 *

Return to Home