Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Spalding, Volney Morgan (United States
Spalding's life proceeded in two phases. In the first he was a highly
successful educator: his research focused on forests, but he was also
an effective teacher and advocate for conservation efforts by the government.
But then his health failed, and he was forced to move to Arizona, where
he became involved in phytogeographical studies of desert plants. Distribution
and Movements of Desert Plants is a classic, but he was unfortunately
unable to continue this line of work when at the age of sixty his rheumatism
condition became so severe that he had to be institutionalized.
--born in East Bloomfield, New York, on 29 January 1849.
--1873: B.A., University of Michigan
--1873-1876: high school principal in Battle Creek and Flint, Michigan
--1876-1879: instructor in zoology and biology, University of Michigan
--1879-1881: assistant professor of botany, University of Michigan
--1881-1886: acting professor of botany, University of Michigan
--1886-1904: professor of botany, University of Michigan
--1894: Ph.D, Botanical Institute of Leipzig
--1897-1898: president, Michigan Academy of Sciences
--1905: joins the staff of the Desert Botanical Laboratory of the Carnegie
Institution of Washington
--1909: publishes his Distribution
and Movements of Desert Plants; retires
--dies at Loma Linda, California, on 12 November 1918.
For Additional Information,
--National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Vol. 10 (1909).
--Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. 17 (1935).
--Taxonomic Literature, Vol. 5 (1985).
World, Vol. 22 (1919): 14-18.
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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