Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Sclater, Philip Lutley (England 1829-1913)
A well known and highly productive (over 1400 publications) ornithologist
in his own day, Sclater is remembered today primarily for his 1858 paper
setting out the faunal regions classification of zoogeography later adopted
by Alfred Russel Wallace. The system is still in common use today. His
most lasting ornithological work is probably the four volumes he contributed
to the Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum series, circa
1886-1891. Sclater worked on other natural history subjects (especially
mammals) as well, but it should not be forgotten that he also had an impressive
professional and administrative career, undoubtedly aided by his early
training for (and practice of) the law. He was the founder and for many
years the Editor of Ibis, a council member and then Secretary
(for forty-three years!) of the Zoological Society of London, a member
of more than forty professional societies at home and abroad, a council
member of the Royal Society of London, and even for a time personal secretary
to his older brother George Sclater-Booth (later Lord Basing), who had
won a political appointment from Disraeli.
--born in Tangier Park, Hampshire, England, on 4 November 1829.
--1849: B.A., Corpus Christi College, Oxford
--1851: enters Lincoln's Inn; later practices law for a number of years
--1856: visits America
--1857: becomes a member of the council of the Zoological Society of London
--1858: helps found the journal Ibis;
editor of Ibis 1858-1865 and 1878-1912
--1858: publishes "On
the General Geographical Distribution of the Members of the Class Aves"
in the Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society: Zoology
--1860-1903: secretary of the Zoological Society of London
--1861: made a fellow of the Royal Society of London
--1884: visits America
--1886-1891: publishes four volumes of the Catalogue of the Birds
in the British Museum series
--1888-1889: publishes his Argentine
Ornithology, with W. H. Hudson
--1892: chairman of the British Ornithologists' Club
--1903: co-founds The Society for the Preservation of the Wild Fauna of
--dies at Odiham, Hampshire, England, on 27 June 1913.
--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. 12 (1975).
--Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. 49 (2004).
--Ibis, Ser. 10, Vol. 1 (1913): 672-686.
--The Auk, Vol. 31(1) (1914): 1-12.
--Science, New Series, Vol. 4(88) (1896): 293-298.
of the Royal Society of London, Ser. B,
Vol. 87(599) (1913-1914): iii-v.
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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