Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Kerner von Marilaun, Anton Joseph (Austria
botany, systematics, ecology
||Kerner von Marilaun's work was well known to both
Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace, who refer to him in their writings.
Kerner was in a good position to develop natural history studies, as for
most of his professional life he held positions both as director of a
botanical garden and as a university professor. He was known especially
as an outstanding expert on alpine floras; further, he did important experimental
work in an alpine setting when he transported a number of species cultivated
in Vienna to high altitudes nearby to examine any changes that might take
place, and whether these changes would prove hereditarily transmissible.
Changes in form and life cycle were in fact observed, but only remained
if the plants were kept at the high altitude location: thus, the environment
appeared to be responsible. Kerner's work extended to efforts in regional
floristics, systematic botany, and popular writing.
--born in Mautern an der Donau, Lower Austria, on
12 November 1831.
--1848-1853: studies medicine at the University of Vienna
--1854: M.D., University of Vienna
--1855: sits for the teacher's examination in chemistry and natural history
--1855-1858: teaches secondary school in Budapest
--1858-1860: professor of natural history at the Municipal Polytechnic
--1860: made professor of natural history and director of the botanical
gardens and museum of natural history at the University of Innsbruck
--1863: publishes his Das
Pflanzenleben der Donaulaender
--1878-1898: professor of systemic botany and director of the Vienna
--1890-1891: publishes his Pflanzenleben,
in two volumes
--1878: publishes his Flowers
and Their Unbidden Guests
--1895-1896: publishes his The
Natural History of Plants, Their Forms, Growth, Reproduction, and Distribution,
in two volumes (English translation of Pflanzenleben)
--dies at Vienna, Austria, on 21 June 1898.
--Taxonomic Literature, Vol. 2 (1979)
--Anton Kerner von Merilaun, 1831-1898 (2004). [in German]
Vol. 58 (1898): 251-252.
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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