Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Barton, John (England 1789-1852)
Not much is known about the life of John Barton; he
seems to have been a well-to-do amateur who concerned himself largely
with local affairs. He did have the means to travel, however, and apparently
did so with an acute eye for observation. He is best known as a would-be
economist who produced a series of interesting pamphlets on political
economy (and who corresponded with some of the greats of his time), but
he also wrote one of the first extended English language treatises on
the geography of plants. In this work he demonstrates a debt to von Humboldt,
but also displays an extensive knowledge of literature and geography suggesting
he had already traveled widely by that point, and had received a good
general education earlier in life.
--born in Southwark, London, England, on 11 June 1789.
--1810: becomes a partner in a Chichester counting house
--1814: after marrying into wealth in 1811, gives up his business life
--1817: publishes his pamphlet Observations on the Circumstances which
Influence the Condition of Labouring Classes
--1820: publishes his pamphlet An inquiry into the Causes of the Progressive
Depreciation of Agricultural Labour in Modern Times
--1825: is living in Stoughton
--1827: leaves Society of Friends and joins the Church of England
--1827: publishes his A
Lecture on the Geography of Plants
--1830: publishes his pamphlet A Statement of the Consequences Likely
to Ensue from Our Growing Excess of Population
--1834: buys East Leigh, in Havant, Hampshire
--1847: publishes his last pamphlet, The Monetary Crisis of 1847
--dies at Chichester, England, on 10 March 1852.
--Oxford Dictionary of National Biography,
Vol. 4 (2004). Malvina
Economic Journal, Vol. 62 (1952): 87-102.
--History of Political Economy, Vol. 14 (1982): 366-384.
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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