Western Kentucky University

Department of English

Professional Publications

(2011, In Press). Limonese Creole English. In: World Englishes - Volume 3 - Middle America: Co-Editors: Tometro Hopkins and Ken Decker. London: Continuum Publishing.

(2010). A Gender-based Analysis of Discourse Markers in Limonese Creole. (Click name to view full text). Sargasso: A Journal of Caribbean Literature, Language & Culture. University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras.

(2008, submitted).  El ritual y la obsesión en la tematica de la soledad: La Candida Eréndira y La crónica de una muerte anunciada. in: Revista de Filología y Lingüística. Universidad de Costa Rica.

(2007). Understanding Language: A Basic Course in Linguistics. London : Continuum Publishing.

(2003). Limonese Creole: A Rose by Any Name. Southern Journal of Linguistics 2001. 25.1/2. Click Here to View Full Text

(2002). A Comparison of Reduplication in Limonese Creole and Akan. With Samuel Obeng, Indiana University. In Twice as meaningful: Morphological Reduplication in Pidgins and Creoles. Kouwenberg, Silvia (Ed.). Battlebridge Press. Click Here to View Full Text

(2002). Cave Research Foundation Annual Report on Science (1998-2000). Co-editor Patricia Kambesis. Cave Books Publications.

(2001). Observations on Development, Operations, Conservation, Protection, and Management Issues at Cueva de las Maravillas, Dominican Republic. With Rickard Toomey. Report to the Ministry of Environment, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

(2000). Cambio de códigos en el criollo limonense. Revista de Filología y Lingüística. Universidad de Costa Rica. Vol. XXVI(1). pp. 189-196.

(2000). West Africanisms in Limonese Creole English. With Samuel Obeng, Indiana University. World Englishes Vol. 19, No. 2. pp. 155-171.
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(1997). A Kpelle/English Dictionary with accompanying English/Kpelle glossary. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Linguistic Club Publications.

(1995). Error correction in the language classroom. Teaching Ideas and Resources for African languages. No. 9. Bloomington: Indiana University.

(1994). Using music in the classroom. Teaching Ideas and Resources for African languages. No. 4. Bloomington: Indiana University.

Dissertation (1998): Limonese Creole: A case of contact-induced language change.

Evidence indicates that the lexicon and morphosyntax of Limonese Creole (LC) are being affected due to contact with Costa Rican Spanish and Standard English (SE). Spanish, the prestige language of the wider community, has not altogether replaced LC resulting in a situation in which LC speakers borrow from Spanish when speaking LC. Borrowing includes not only core lexicon, but also, morphosyntactic borrowing including a shift in the word order of the NP and the addition to Spanish root morphemes of LC affixes. The study has 3 goals: 1) describe the nature and extent of borrowing, 2) evaluate Thomason and Kaufman's (T & K) 1988 framework for contact-induced language change, and 3) offer criteria for differentiating between codeswitching and borrowing.

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Dr. Elizabeth Grace Winkler
Assistant Professor of Linguistics
Cherry Hall 7A,
Contact me @ (270)745-8881