Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Wollaston, Thomas Vernon (England 1822-1878)
Wollaston was a very prominent entomologist and malacologist in his time,
becoming especially known for his studies on variation in species (especially
Coleoptera) inhabiting several North Atlantic archipelagoes. He was well-placed
socially and counted many important naturalists, including Charles Darwin
(who made frequent use of Wollaston's findings in his own writings), as
intimates. Wollaston in fact published a work in 1856 which hinted at
transmutationist ideas, but his religious beliefs effectively prevented
him from supporting Darwin's theories after 1859. Wollaston's biogeographical
leanings included support for the theory that continental lands had once
extended outward farther to encompass some of the island groups he studied.
--born in Scotter, Lincolnshire, England, on 9 March 1822.
--1845: B.A., Jesus College, Cambridge
--1847: made a fellow of the Linnean Society
--1847-1848: winters in Madeira
--1849: M.A., Jesus College, Cambridge
--1854: publishes his Insecta
--1855: makes the last of four trips to the Madeiran archipelago; British
Museum purchases his collection of Madeiran Coleoptera
--1856: publishes his On
the Variation of Species, with Especial Reference to the Insecta
--1858: investigates natural history of the Canary Islands with Richard
Thomas Lowe and John Gray
--1859: returns to the Canary Islands with Lowe
--1865: publishes his Coleoptera
--1866: visits the Cape Verde Islands with Lowe and Gray
--1875: visits the island of St. Helena with his wife, and Gray
--dies at Teignmouth, Devon, England, on 4 January 1878.
--1878: posthumously publishes his Testacea
--Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. 59 (2004).
Monthly Magazine, Vol. 14 (1877-1878): 213-215.
--Archives of Natural History, Vol. 22 (1995): 333-348.
Vol. 17 (1878): 210.
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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