Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Went, Frits Warmolt (Netherlands-United
Went came to the attention of workers in his field
early with his dissertation studies on the plant growth hormone auxin.
After his emigration to the United States in 1933 he became increasingly
interested in the ecological and climatological interactions between plants
and their environment. In 1949 he built the first phytotron, designed
to facilitate controlled studies of the effect of climate on plant life;
he was also involved in studies on atmospheric hydrocarbons and other
kinds of matter found in the atmosphere, soil fungi, competition and evolution
in desert plants, and air pollution (including the "blue haze" theory).
Went displayed a striking penchant for thinking originally, coming up
with many new ideas and approaches (not all of which have been accepted)
and tending to avoid bandwagon subjects.
--born in Utrecht, Netherlands, on 18 May 1903.
--1920: enters the University of Utrecht
--1926-1927: experiments with the plant growth hormone auxin
--1927: Ph.D., University of Utrecht
--1927-1933: plant physiologist, Royal Botanical Gardens at Buitenzorg,
--1933-1935: assistant professor of plant physiology, California Institute
--1935-1958: professor of plant physiology, California Institute of Technology
--1937: publishes his Phytohormones,
with Kenneth V. Thimann
--1944: publishes "Plant
Growth Under Controlled Conditions. II." in the American Journal
--1947: elected to the National Academy of Sciences
--1949: builds the first phytotron
--1956: elected to the French Academy of Sciences
--1957: publishes his The Experimental Control of Plant Growth
--1958-1963: director, Missouri Botanical Garden
--1960: publishes "Blue Hazes in the Atmosphere" in Nature
--1963-1965: professor, Washington University, St. Louis
--1964: publishes his The Plants
--1965: receives the Charles Reid Barnes Life Membership Award from
the American Society of Plant Physiologists
--1965-1985: distinguished professor of botany at the Desert Research
Institute in Reno
--1967: receives the Hodgkins Award from the Smithsonian Institution
--dies at Reno, Nevada, on 1 May 1990.
--Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Sciences
(U.S.A.), Vol. 74 (1998).
of the Missouri Botanical Garden,
Vol. 78(1) (1991): 1-18.
--Rivista di Biologia-Biology Forum, Vol. 95(2) (2002): 289-307
--Journal of the History of Biology, Vol. 42(2): 289-324
--Notable Twentieth-Century Scientists, Vol. 4 (1995).
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
Return to Home/Alphabetical Listing by Name
Return to Listing by Country
Return to Listing by Discipline