Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Thienemann, August Friedrich (Germany
Photo courtesy Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL) |
Thienemann was a central figure in the early twentieth
century development of limnology as a science. His work was in advance
of its time and extended both to the biological and physical sides of
the subject. Even before World War I he was treating lake ecology in terms
of hierarchical relationships and disturbance dynamics, and by 1918 he
had recognized that disturbance influenced biodiversity characteristics.
In the 1920s and 1930s he undertook regional analyses and studies identifying
food chain relationships and nutrient cycle patterns. Around the same
time he worked with Einar Naumann to develop the lake typology (oligotrophic,
eutrophic, etc.) still familiar (though less commonly used) today. He
was also the leading expert on the chironomid fauna of lakes, and an active
voice for the conservation of lake systems and the training of personnel
to manage them. Thienemann and Naumann were co-founders of the International
Association for Theoretical and Applied Limnology, and Thienemann directed
the Max Planck Institute for Limnology for nearly forty years. He was
the editor of Archiv für Hydrobiologie for a similar length
of time, during which period he oversaw the publication of some 60,000
printed pages of writings. Thienemann himself published nearly five hundred
works, including several books.
--born in Gotha, Germany, on 7 September 1882.
--1901-1905: studies natural sciences and philosophy at the universities
at Greifswald, Innsbruck, and Heidelberg
--1905: Ph.D. in zoology, Greifswald
--1907-1917: directs the fresh water fisheries station at the University
--1914-1916: military service
--1916: made editor of the Archiv für Hydrobiologie
--1917: made professor of hydrobiology at the University of Kiel
--1917-1957: director of (what is now known as) the Max Planck Institute
for Limnology, Plön
--1918: publishes "Lebensgemeinschaft und Lebensraum" in Naturwissenschaftliche
--1922: with Einar Naumann founds the International Association for Theoretical
and Applied Limnology
--1924-1950: ordinary professor of hydrobiology at the University of Kiel
--1925: publishes his Die Binnengewässer Mitteleuropas: Eine
Limnologische Einführung; made editor of Die Binnengewässer
--1928-1929: heads limnological expedition to Sumatra, Java and Bali
--1932: admitted to the German Academy of Natural Sciences Leopoldina
--1950: publishes his Verbreitungsgeschichte der Süswassertierwelt
Europas; Versuch einer Historischen Tiergeographie der Europäischen
--1954: publishes his Chironomus; Leben, Verbreitung und Wirtschaftliche
Bedeutung der Chironomiden
--1959: publishes his autobiography Erinnerungen und Tagebuchblätter
eines Biologen; ein Leben im Dieste der Limnologie
--dies at Plön, Germany, on 22 April 1960.
--Hydrobiologia, Vol 290(1-3) (1994): 1-12.
--Taxonomic Literature, Vol. 6 (1986).
12(2) (1961): 310-319. [in German]
--"Festband August Thienemann zum 60. Geburtstage," Archiv für
Hydrobiologie, Bd. 40 (1942-1945), four volumes in two. [in German]
--Erinnerungen und Tagebuchblätter eines Biologen (1959).
[autobiography, in German]
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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