Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Skottsberg, Carl Johan Fredrik (Sweden
Skottsberg ranks among the greatest botanical explorers
of the twentieth century. His early investigations focused on Antarctica
and the Magellanic region, but in later years he would travel to all of
the continents, and most of them several times. His many treatments of
geographical distribution, especially as related to remote island locations,
thus incorporated a good deal of in-the-field observational experience.
He eventually came to support Joseph Hooker's earlier opinions on the
role of Antarctica in helping to distribute species around the southern
half of the globe, a view incorporating general waxing and waning of glacial
episodes, and associated corridor dispersal along mountain chains (especially
the Andes). Skottsberg published some 250 writings overall, most of which
dealt with the ecology, floristics and taxonomy of the vegetation of the
many places he visited.
--born in Karlshamn, Sweden, on 1 December 1880.
--1899-1960: numerous travels, all over the world, to study botany
--1901-1904: takes part in the Swedish Antarctic expedition under Nordenskjold
--1907: receives his Ph.D. from the University of Uppsala; hired as lecturer
at the University
--1907-1909: leads expedition to southern South America, the Falkland
Islands, Juan Fernandez, and South Georgia
--1909-1914: curator at the Botanical Museum, Uppsala
--1911: publishes his The
Wilds of Patagonia (in English)
--1915: commissioned by the city of Göteborg to create a botanical
--1916-1917: leads expedition to Juan Fernandez, Easter Island, and Chile
--1919: advanced to the rank of professor at Uppsala, but moves to Göteborg
--1919-1948: director of the botanical garden at Göteborg
--1920-1956: edits the three volumes of The
Natural History of Juan Fernandez and Easter Island
--1922, 1926, 1938, 1948: research in Hawaii
--1924-1937: secretary of the Royal Society of Science and Letters of
--1929-1949: secretary of the International Commission for Preservation
of Wild Life in the Pacific (and president, 1948-1949)
--1931: advanced to rank of professor at Göteborg
--1949: president of the Royal Swedish Academy
--1950: president of the Seventh International Botanical Congress
--1950: made a member of the Royal Society of London
--1960: publishes his "Remarks on the Plant Geography of the Southern
Cold Temperate Zone" in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London,
--dies at Göteborg on 14 June 1963.
--The Polar Record, Vol. 12(80) (1965): 633.
--Taxon, Vol 13(1) (1964): 1-7.
--Taxonomic Literature, Vol. 5 (1985).
--Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol.
10 (1964): 245-256.
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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