Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Shantz, Homer Leroy (United States 1876-1958)
||Shantz's professional career proceeded in five steps: instructorships
at several colleges and universities, eighteen years working for the USDA,
a short stint as botany department head at the University of Illinois,
eight years as president of the University of Arizona, and eight years
as first director of the Division of Wildlife Management of the U. S.
Forest Service. But even then he didn't really retire, taking on a series
of consulting jobs and eventually literally dying in the field at the
age of eighty-two. Shantz was originally trained as a botanist (he took
an early interest in plant physiology, especially as related to drought
resistance in crops), but much of his work had a strong geographical emphasis.
He became immersed in regional studies in Africa and the U. S., publishing a number
of (usually) plant geography-or climatology-related works making use of
various descriptive, analytical, classificatory, and cartographic techniques.
Shantz was an avid photographer who amassed a collection of thousands
of shots from his travels; these came in handy when late in life he undertook
several investigations meant to document environmental change by re-shooting
sites where photos had been taken years before.|
--born in Kent County, Michigan, on 24 January 1876.
--1901: B.S., Colorado College
--1901-1902: botany & zoology instructor, Colorado College
--1903-1904: agricultural botany instructor, University of Nebraska
--1905: Ph.D., University of Nebraska
--1905-1906: botany instructor, University of Missouri
--1907: botany instructor, Louisiana State University
--1908-1926: works for the Bureau of Plant Industry, United States Department
of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., under various titles
--1911: publishes "Natural
Vegetation as an Indicator of the Capabilities of Land for Crop Production
in the Great Plains Area" in the Bulletin of the Bureau of Plant
--1919-1920: takes part in Smithsonian Institution African expedition
--1923: publishes his The Vegetation and Soils of Africa, with
C. F. Marbut
--1923: publishes his "Vegetation Map of Africa" at 1:10,000,000 scale
--1923: publishes "The
Natural Vegetation of the Great Plains Region" in the Annals of
the Association of American Geographers
--1924: East African expedition; made a corresponding member of the American
Geographical Society; president, Botanical Society of Washington
--1926-1928: head of the botany department, University of Illinois at
"Drought Resistance and Soil Moisture" in Ecology, and "The Water
Requirements of Plants at Akron, Colorado" in the Journal of Agricultural
Research, with Lydia Piemeisel
--1928: president, Ecological Society of America
--1928-1936: president, University of Arizona
--1933: instrumental in creating the Saguaro National Monument, AZ
--1936-1944: first director, Division of Wildlife Management, United States
--1937: receives the Charles Reid Barnes Life Membership Award of the
American Society of Plant Biologists
--1940-1943: publishes "Agricultural Regions of Africa" in nine installments
in Economic Geography
--1950: publishes "The Ecological Approach to Land Management" in Journal
--1950 & 1954: honorary president, International Botanical Congress
--1954: receives the Association of American Geographers' Outstanding
--1954-1956: study of changes in Colorado forests and grasslands, U.S.
--1956: African expedition for the Office of Naval Research
--1956: receives the Botanical Society of America's Merit Award
--1958: publishes his Photographic Documentation of Vegetational Changes
in Africa Over a Third of a Century, with B. L. Turner
--1958: begins Office of Naval Research project in the northern Great
--dies in Rapid City, South Dakota, on 23 June 1958.
--Taxonomic Literature, Vol. 5 (1985).
--Bulletin of the
Ecological Society of America, Vol. 44(2) (1963):
Review, Vol. 49(2) (1959): 278-280.
of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 51(4) (1961):
Copyright 2007 by Charles H. Smith. All rights reserved.
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