Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Scott, William Berryman
(United States 1858-1947)
Scott was one of the top paleontologists of his time.
A capable field geologist and prolific writer, he was also an important
teacher and key contributor to the professionalization of his field. Under
his direction the department at Princeton became a major center for vertebrate
paleontology. At the same time he was a rather conservative thinker (never
fully adopting Darwinism, for example), and tended to steer clear of theorizing
and controversy. In his research his attention was almost entirely given
over to fossil mammals; his productivity in this direction continued all
the way to his death at age 89.
--born in Cincinnati, Ohio, on 12 February 1858.
--1873: enters the College of New Jersey (later Princeton); A.B. in 1877
--1877-1893: ten fossil collecting trips in the western U. S.
--1878: does graduate study in England; takes classes from T. H. Huxley
and Francis M. Balfour
--1880: Ph.D., Heidelberg University
--1881: made assistant professor of geology, Princeton University
--1883: made professor of geology, Princeton
--1897: publishes the first edition of his An
Introduction to Geology
--1904-1930: chair of the geology department, Princeton
--1906: elected to the National Academy of Sciences
--1911: president, Paleontological Society
--1913: publishes his A
History of Land Mammals in the Western Hemisphere
--1917: publishes his The
Theory of Evolution
--1918-1925: president, American Philosophical Society
--1925: president, Geological Society of America
--1930-1947: Blair professor emeritus, Princeton
--1931: awarded the Mary Clark Thompson gold medal by the National Academy
--1936: receives the Penrose medal of the Geological Society of America
--1936-1941: publishes his The Mammalian Fauna of the White River
Oligocene in five parts
--dies at Princeton, New Jersey, on 29 March 1947.
--Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Sciences
(U.S.A.), Vol. 25 (1948).
--American National Biography, Vol. 19 (1999).
--National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Vol. 36 (1950).
--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. 12 (1975)
--American Journal of Science,
Vol. 246 (1948): 53-54 .
--Biographical Dictionary of American and Canadian Naturalists and
--Some Memories of a Palaeontologist (1939).
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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