Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
After finishing his Ph.D. and M.D. degrees Schmarda worked for several years as an army surgeon and teacher in Vienna and Graz; he then secured more permanent positions in the latter city, moving on to Prague in 1852. From 1853 to 1857 Schmarda was occupied with an around-the-world voyage, investigating locations largely in the Southern Hemisphere. Several important publications (especially on marine worms) followed, and in 1862 he secured the coveted chair in zoology at the University of Vienna, where he remained thereafter. Schmarda's Die Geographische Verbreitung der Thiere, published the year he left on his great voyage, is an interesting pre-Darwinian accounting of the distribution of animals divided into three sections: one on general principles, and one each on terrestrial and marine environments.
--born in Olmütz, Moravia (now Olomouc, Czech
Republic), on 23 August 1819.
For Additional Information, See:
--Dictionary of Germany Biography, Vol. 8 (2005).
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights