Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Chrono-Biographical Sketches

Salisbury, Edward James (England 1886-1978)
plant ecology

Salisbury was one of England's most prominent ecologists in the middle third of the twentieth century, becoming equally renowned as a researcher, educator and popularizer, and professional figure and administrator. His research focused on woodland ecology, but also branched off productively into horticulture, soil and habitat studies, invasive and nuisance species, and, especially, the relation of seed output to reproductive success. In a professional capacity he was intimately associated with the Royal Society for many years, and was director of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew in the difficult wartime and post-wartime years (the Gardens were heavily damaged from the bombings of World War II).

Life Chronology

--born in Harpenden, Hertfordshire, England, on 16 April 1886.
--1905: enters University College, London
--1913: D.Sc., University College
--1914-1918: senior lecturer, East London College
--1918: made senior lecturer, University College
--1917: founding member of the British Ecological Society; honorary secretary 1917-1931
--1923: president, British Ecological Society
--1927: publishes "On the Causes and Ecological Significance of Stomatal Frequency, with Special Reference to Woodland Flora" in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Ser. B.
--1929: made Quain professor of botany, University College
--1931: president, Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists Society
--1935: publishes his The Living Garden
--1942: publishes his The Reproductive Capacity of Plants
--1943-1956: director, Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew
--1943, 1948-1955: vice-president, Royal Society of London
--1945: awarded the Royal Medal of the Royal Society of London
--1945-1955: biological secretary, Royal Society of London
--1946: knighted
--1952: publishes his Downs and Dunes
--1956: retires; moves to Bognor Regis
--1961: publishes his Weeds and Aliens
--dies at Bognor Regis, West Sussex, England, on 10 November 1978.

For Additional Information, See:

--Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. 48 (2004).
--McGraw-Hill Modern Scientists and Engineers, Vol. 3 (1980).
--Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 26 (1980).
--Nature, Vol. 279 (1979): 357-358.
--Watsonia, Vol. 13(1) (1980): 68-70.

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Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights reserved.

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