Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Oosting, Henry John (United States 1903-1968)
Photo courtesy of the Torrey Botanical Society. |Oosting's early studies, reflecting his Minnesota
location and the orientation of his Ph.D. advisor William S. Cooper, were
limnology-related. On taking a position at Duke, however, his attention
soon shifted to old field succession studies; later, his interests continued
to expand in several directions: the study of spruce-fir associations,
Piedmont plant communities, vegetation forming over bare rock substrates,
virgin forests, and maritime vegetation. Throughout, he favored an autecological
approach, giving especial attention to influences generated by soils.
Oosting's most influential publication was probably his highly successful
1948 textbook The Study of Plant Communities, which went to a
second edition in 1956.|
--born in Holland, Michigan, on 12 March 1903.
--1925: A.B., Hope College
--1927: M.A., Michigan State University
--1927-1932: instructor in botany, University of Minnesota
--1931: Ph.D., University of Minnesota
--1932: joins the botany department faculty at Duke University
--1937: takes part in the Louise A. Boyd expedition to Greenland
--1940: publishes "Buried
Viable Seeds in a Successional Series of Old Field and Forest Soils"
in the Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, with M. E. Humphreys
--1942: publishes "An
Ecological Analysis of the Plant Communities of Piedmont, North Carolina"
in the American Midland Naturalist
--1942: publishes "Factors
Effecting Vegetational Zonation on Coastal Dunes" in Ecology,
with W. D. Billings
--1948: publishes the first edition of his The
Study of Plant Communities
--1949: advanced to professor of botany, Duke University
--1950-1962: botany editor, Ecological Monographs, and business
manager, Ecological Society of America
--1953-1963: chair of the botany department, Duke University
--1955: president, Ecological Society of America
--dies on 31 October 1968.
of the Torrey Botanical Club, Vol. 96(3) (1969): 370-372.
--Bulletin of the Ecological
Society of America, Vol. 51(4) (1970): 16-17.
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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