Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Meyen, Franz Julius Ferdinand (Germany
Meyen is best known today for his work as a plant
anatomist and physiologist, and in particular for the way he integrated
the use of microscopy into the study of the fine structure of plants.
Phytotomie, published when he was only twenty-five, not only
reviewed microscopic structures to be viewed within the plant (including
some delineation of subcellular infrastructure), but attempted to identify
movements of fluids at that level, and to suggest the functions of such
movements. Meyen was also an accomplished collector, a talent that doubtlessly
contributed to his one major writing in phytogeography, Grundriss
der Pflanzengeographie, in 1836.
--born in Tilsit, Prussia (now Sovetsk, Russia), on
28 June 1804.
--1823: enrolls at the Friedrich Wilhelms Institut, Berlin, to study medicine
--1826: M.D., Friedrich Wilhelms Institut
--1826-1830: serves as a military physician in Berlin, Cologne, Bonn,
--1828: elected a member of the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina
--1828: publishes his Anatomische-Physiologische Untersuchungen über
den Inhalt der Pflanzen-Zellen
--1830: publishes his Phytotomie
--1830-1832: serves as naturalist on the Prinzess Louise
during an around-the-world voyage
--1834: honorary Ph.D., University of Bonn
--1834: made extraordinary professor of botany at the University of Berlin
--1836: publishes his Grundriss
der Pflanzengeographie (translated into English and published
in 1846 as Outlines
of the Geography of Plants)
--1836: awarded the prize of the Royal Society of Science of Göttingen
for one of his publications
--1837-1839: publishes his Neues
System der Pflanzen-Physiologie, in three volumes
--dies at Berlin, Germany, on 2 September 1840.
--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. 9 (1974).
--Dictionary of German Biography, Vol. 7 (2004).
--Taxonomic Literature, Vol. 3 (1981).
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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