Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Chrono-Biographical Sketches

Meyen, Franz Julius Ferdinand (Germany 1804-1840)

Meyen is best known today for his work as a plant anatomist and physiologist, and in particular for the way he integrated the use of microscopy into the study of the fine structure of plants. Phytotomie, published when he was only twenty-five, not only reviewed microscopic structures to be viewed within the plant (including some delineation of subcellular infrastructure), but attempted to identify movements of fluids at that level, and to suggest the functions of such movements. Meyen was also an accomplished collector, a talent that doubtlessly contributed to his one major writing in phytogeography, Grundriss der Pflanzengeographie, in 1836.

Life Chronology

--born in Tilsit, Prussia (now Sovetsk, Russia), on 28 June 1804.
--1823: enrolls at the Friedrich Wilhelms Institut, Berlin, to study medicine
--1826: M.D., Friedrich Wilhelms Institut
--1826-1830: serves as a military physician in Berlin, Cologne, Bonn, and Potsdam
--1828: elected a member of the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina
--1828: publishes his Anatomische-Physiologische Untersuchungen über den Inhalt der Pflanzen-Zellen
--1830: publishes his Phytotomie
--1830-1832: serves as naturalist on the Prinzess Louise during an around-the-world voyage
--1834: honorary Ph.D., University of Bonn
--1834: made extraordinary professor of botany at the University of Berlin
--1836: publishes his Grundriss der Pflanzengeographie (translated into English and published in 1846 as Outlines of the Geography of Plants)
--1836: awarded the prize of the Royal Society of Science of Göttingen for one of his publications
--1837-1839: publishes his Neues System der Pflanzen-Physiologie, in three volumes
--dies at Berlin, Germany, on 2 September 1840.

For Additional Information, See:

--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. 9 (1974).
--Dictionary of German Biography, Vol. 7 (2004).
--Taxonomic Literature, Vol. 3 (1981).

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Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights reserved.

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