Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Meusel, Hermann (German 1909-1997)
Meusel was a student of Wilhelm Troll, himself a major figure in the
German botanical circles of his time. In the middle years of the century
Meusel became one of the world's leading plant geographers, though his
work was not well known to American audiences. Trained in both botany
and geology, he used this background to fashion a research career focusing
on chorological studies: vegetation assemblage measurement and classification.
His two outstanding works came from 1943 and 1965, respectively: Vergleichende
Arealkunde, and Vergleichende Chorologie der Zentraleuropäischen
Flora. Other important associations: editor of the journal Flora
for over twenty years, director of the botanical garden at Martin-Luther-University,
Halle-Wittenberg for nearly thirty years, and director of the Institute
for Landscape Research and Nature Protection, 1953-1963.
--born in Coburg, Germany, on 2 November 1909.
--1930: begins college studies in Würzburg
--1935: Ph.D., University of Halle
--1935-1947: research assistant in botany (various positions), University
--1942-1945: nautical supervisor with the naval weather service
--1943: publishes his Vergleichende Arealkunde in two volumes
--1946-1975: director of the botanical gardens at Martin-Luther-University,
--1947-1952: professor of botany, University of Halle
--1950: founds the Institute for Systematic Botany and Botanical Geography,
University of Halle
--1952-1975: ordinary professor and head of the Institute for Systematic
Botany and Botanical Geography, University of Halle
--1953-1963: director, Institute for Landscape Research and Nature Protection,
German Academy of the Agricultural Sciences
--1965: publishes his Vergleichende Chorologie der Zentraleuropäischen
Flora in 2 volumes, with Eckehart J. Jäger and Erich Weinert
--1969: made a member of the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina
--1970-1992: editor of the journal Flora
--1973: made an honorary member of the Biological Society of the German
--1974: awarded the Erinnerungsmedaille from Martin-Luther-University,
--1981: made a corresponding member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences
--dies at Halle, Germany, on 3 January 1997.
--Taxonomic Literature, Vol. 3 (1981).
--Flora, Vol. 192(2) (1997): 105-108.
--Hoppea (Regensburg), Vol. 58 (1997): 423-426.
--Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Österreich,
Vol. 135 (1998): 381-384.
Copyright 2007 by Charles H. Smith. All rights reserved.
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