Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Livingston, Burton Edward (United States
Livingston was among the foremost plant physiologists
of his time; some sources even credit him with having been the single
leading force in the professionalization of that subject through his efforts
at Johns Hopkins. He was especially known for his researches on the physiological
ecology of desert plants, which gave due attention to all kinds of relevant
forces and results: temperature and temperature change, plant transpiring
power, climatological and meteorological periodicities, nutrient supply,
oxygen delivery characteristics of soils, seed survival under varying
conditions, the effects of wind and light, water availability, etc., etc.
Livingston's research extended to both field and laboratory settings,
and he was especially adept at devising instrumentation--much of it still
known today--to meet his investigative needs.
--born in Grand Rapids, Michigan, on 9 February 1875.
--1898: B.S., University of Michigan
--1901: Ph.D., University of Chicago
--1901-1905: works as a plant physiologist for the University of Chicago
--1903: publishes his The
Role of Diffusion and Osmotic Pressure in Plants; receives the
Walker Prize from the Boston Society of Natural History
--1906-1909: works at the Desert Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution
of Washington, at Tucson
--1909-1940: professor of plant physiology, Johns Hopkins University
--1913-1923: managing editor of Physiological Researches
--1913-1940: director of the laboratory of plant physiology, Johns
--1918: edits the English translation of Vladimir Palladin's Plant
--1920-1934: secretary, American Association for the Advancement
--1920-1944: member of the executive committee of the AAAS
--1921: publishes his The
Distribution of Vegetation in the United States, with Forrest
--1934: president, American Society of Naturalists
--1935: president, American Society of Plant Physiologists
--1946: awarded the American Society of Plant Physiologists' Stephen Hales
--dies at Baltimore, Maryland, on 8 February 1948.
--National Cyclopaedia of American Biography,
Vol. 36 (1950).
--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. 8 (1973).
Vol. 107(2787) (1948): 558-560.
--Soil Science, Vol. 66(1) (1948): 1-3.
Vol. 67(1) (1948): 34-38.
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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