Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Jordan, David Starr (United States 1851-1931)
ichthyology, college administration
During his lifetime Jordan was the dean of American
ichthyologists, both through his own studies and the influence of
his many students. He was also an educator of high standing--functioning
among other roles as President both of Indiana University and of
Stanford University--and a notable peace advocate and spokesperson.
As an ichthyologist he involved himself in many taxonomic projects
covering faunas ranging across the North American continent, and
provided a philosophical context by supporting the Darwinian understanding
of evolution. Over 1,000 genera and 2,500 species of fishes were
named as a direct result of his activities. Jordan was a founding
member of the Sierra Club. "Jordan's Law" in biogeography states
that populations of most-closely-related species are separated from
one another by physical barriers.
--born in Gainesville, New York, on 19 January 1851.
--1869: enters Cornell University
--1872: M.S., Cornell University (skips bachelor's
--1872-1873: teaches natural science at Lombard
--1873-1874: principal, Appleton Collegiate
--1874-1875: science teacher, Indianapolis High
--1875: M.D., Indiana Medical College
--1875-1879: professor of natural history, Butler
--1876: publishes the first of many editions of his Manual
of the Vertebrates of the Northern United States
--1877-1881, 1894-1909: cooperating assistant
with the U. S. Fish Commission
--1878: Ph.D., Butler University
--1879: made professor of natural history at
--1882: publishes his Synopsis
of the Fishes of North America, with C. K. Gilbert
--1885-1891: president of Indiana University
--1885-1886: president, Indiana Academy of Science
--1886: honorary LL.D., Cornell University
--1891-1913: president of Stanford University
--1896: investigates fur seals in the Bering
--1896-1900: publishes his The
Fishes of North and Middle America in four volumes, with B. W.
--1896-1904, 1908-1912: president, California
Academy of Sciences
--1904-1931: member, International Commission
of Zoological Nomenclature
--1907: publishes his Evolution
and Animal Life, with Vernon L. Kellogg
--1909-1910: president, American Association
for the Advancement of Science
--1910-1914: chief director of the World Peace
--dies at Stanford, California, on 19 September
--American National Biography, Vol. 12 (1999).
--National Cyclopaedia of American Biography,
Vol. 22 (1932).
--Dictionary of American Biography,
Vol. 5 (1958).
--Dictionary of Scientific Biography,
Vol. 7 (1973).
--Biographical Dictionary of American and
Canadian Naturalists and Environmentalists (1997).
--Systematic Zoology, Vol. 13(4) (1964): 195-200.
Vol. 74(1918) (1931): 327-329.
Days of a Man (1922). [autobiography]
--David Starr Jordan: Prophet of Freedom
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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