Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Chrono-Biographical Sketches

Hubbs, Carl Leavitt (United States 1894-1979)

Hubbs was inspired early on by his contacts with David Starr Jordan and Charles Henry Gilbert at Stanford University. He would become America's leading ichthyologist over the middle years of the twentieth century, a highly respected researcher who produced over 700 publications and was involved with, initiated, or headed a large number of professional, academic, and conservation-oriented institutions. Hubbs is particularly remembered for his investigations of relict fish species in the Great Basin, but he also did important work in fish taxonomy, fisheries analysis and management, faunistics, marine mammals, and conservation. Many of his writings concerned cyprinodont fishes.

Life Chronology

--born in Williams, Arizona, on 18 October 1894.
--1916: A.B., Stanford University
--1917: M.A., Stanford University
--1917-1920: assistant curator at the Field Museum of Natural History
--1920: joins the University of Michigan as curator of the fish division at the Museum of Zoology
--1922-1943: summer field work on relict fish species in the Great Basin
--1927: Ph.D. in zoology, University of Michigan
--1930-1937: editor of Copeia
--1930-1935: director of the Institute of Fisheries Research, Michigan
--1934, 1946-1947: president, American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists
--1935: expedition to Guatemala to collect freshwater fishes
--1939-1940: field representative in Alaska for the Dept. of the Interior
--1939-1940: vice-president, the Wildlife Society
--1940: advanced to full professor at the University of Michigan
--1941: publishes first edition of his Fishes of the Great Lakes Region, with Karl F. Lagler
--1944-1969: professor of zoology at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (La Jolla, California); professor emeritus 1969-1979
--1946: collects fishes off the western coast of Mexico; visits Guadelupe Island to observe northern elephant seals
--1948: publishes "The Zoological Evidence: Correlation between Fish Distribution and Hydrographic History in the Desert Basins of Western United States" in The Great Basin; With Emphasis on Glacial and Postglacial Times, with Robert R. Miller
--1948: publishes "Changes in the Fish Fauna of Western North America Correlated with Changes in Ocean Temperatures" in the Journal of Maritime Resources
--1951: president, Society of Systematic Zoology
--1952: elected to the National Academy of Sciences
--1952-1953: Guggenheim fellow
--1953, 1955: vice-president, Society for the Study of Evolution
--1955: publishes "Hybridization Between Fish Species in Nature" in Systematic Zoology
--1963-1967: member of the International Committee on Zoological Nomenclature
--1964: receives the Joseph Leidy Award of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia
--1974: publishes his Hydrographic History and Relict Fishes of the North-central Great Basin, with Robert R. Miller & Laura C. Hubbs
--dies at La Jolla, California, on 30 June 1979.

For Additional Information, See:

--Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.), Vol. 56 (1987).
--American National Biography, Vol. 11 (1999).
--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. 17 (1990).
--Copeia, (3) (1974): 581-610.
--Biographical Dictionary of American and Canadian Naturalists and Environmentalists (1997).

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Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights reserved.

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