Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Hubbs, Carl Leavitt (United States 1894-1979)
Hubbs was inspired early on by his contacts with David
Starr Jordan and Charles Henry Gilbert at Stanford University. He would
become America's leading ichthyologist over the middle years of the twentieth
century, a highly respected researcher who produced over 700 publications
and was involved with, initiated, or headed a large number of professional,
academic, and conservation-oriented institutions. Hubbs is particularly
remembered for his investigations of relict fish species in the Great
Basin, but he also did important work in fish taxonomy, fisheries analysis
and management, faunistics, marine mammals, and conservation. Many of
his writings concerned cyprinodont fishes.
--born in Williams, Arizona, on 18 October 1894.
--1916: A.B., Stanford University
--1917: M.A., Stanford University
--1917-1920: assistant curator at the Field
Museum of Natural History
--1920: joins the University of Michigan as
curator of the fish division at the Museum of Zoology
--1922-1943: summer field work on relict fish
species in the Great Basin
--1927: Ph.D. in zoology, University of Michigan
--1930-1937: editor of Copeia
--1930-1935: director of the Institute
of Fisheries Research, Michigan
--1934, 1946-1947: president, American Society
of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists
--1935: expedition to Guatemala to collect freshwater
--1939-1940: field representative in Alaska
for the Dept. of the Interior
--1939-1940: vice-president, the Wildlife Society
--1940: advanced to full professor at the University
--1941: publishes first edition of his Fishes
of the Great Lakes Region, with Karl F. Lagler
--1944-1969: professor of zoology at the Scripps
Institution of Oceanography (La Jolla, California); professor emeritus
--1946: collects fishes off the western coast
of Mexico; visits Guadelupe Island to observe northern elephant seals
--1948: publishes "The Zoological Evidence:
Correlation between Fish Distribution and Hydrographic History in the
Desert Basins of Western United States" in The Great Basin; With Emphasis
on Glacial and Postglacial Times, with Robert R. Miller
--1948: publishes "Changes in the Fish Fauna
of Western North America Correlated with Changes in Ocean Temperatures"
in the Journal of Maritime Resources
--1951: president, Society of Systematic
--1952: elected to the National Academy of Sciences
--1952-1953: Guggenheim fellow
--1953, 1955: vice-president, Society for the
Study of Evolution
--1955: publishes "Hybridization
Between Fish Species in Nature" in Systematic Zoology
--1963-1967: member of the International
Committee on Zoological Nomenclature
--1964: receives the Joseph Leidy Award of the
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia
--1974: publishes his Hydrographic History
and Relict Fishes of the North-central Great Basin, with Robert R.
Miller & Laura C. Hubbs
--dies at La Jolla, California, on 30 June 1979.
--Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.), Vol. 56 (1987).
--American National Biography, Vol.
--Dictionary of Scientific Biography,
Vol. 17 (1990).
--Biographical Dictionary of American and
Canadian Naturalists and Environmentalists (1997).
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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