Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Chrono-Biographical Sketches

Herbertson, Andrew John (England 1865-1915)

Remembered as an energetic and influential teacher of geography at Oxford University, Herbertson and his wife were also secondary school textbook writers on the subject whose books sold close to a million and a half copies. One of the central themes in Herbertson's work was the promotion of an imperial concept of regional development--in his mind, not so much one underlain by militaristic forces, but instead by nationalistic ones in which national states developed by seeking individual identities. Herbertson's views on regional geography, as in essence natural entities, were most famously relayed through his best known paper, "The Major Natural Regions: An Essay in Systematic Geography."

Life Chronology

--born in Galashiels, Selkirkshire, England, on 11 October 1865.
--1872-1879: attends Galashiels Academy
--1879: studies at the Edinburgh Institution (later Melville College)
--1886-1869, 1891-1892: studies science at the University of Edinburgh, but does not complete a degree
--1892: follows Patrick Geddes to Dundee and is made a demonstrator in botany there
--1892: made a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society
--1892-1893: carries out research in meteorology at Ben Nevis and Fort William observatories
--1894-1896: lecturer in political and commercial geography at the University of Manchester
--1896-1899: lecturer in industrial geography at Heriot-Watt College in Edinburgh
--1898: Ph.D., University of Freiburg-im-Breisgau
--1899: publishes his Atlas of Meteorology with A. Buchan and J. G. Bartholomew
--1899: hired as assistant reader at the school of geography, Oxford University
--1900-1915: secretary of the Geographical Association
--1901-1915: founding editor, The Geographical Teacher
--1905: publishes "The Major Natural Regions: An Essay in Systematic Geography" in Geographical Journal
--1905: made reader in geography, Oxford University
--1908: made a fellow of the Royal Meteorological Society
--1910: given a chair in geography, Oxford University
--1914: edits his The Oxford Survey of the British Empire in 6 vols., with O. J. R. Howarth
--dies at Radnage, Buckinghamshire, England, on 31 July 1915.

For Additional Information, See:

--Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. 26 (2004).
--Geographers: Biobibliographical Studies, Vol. 3 (1979).
--Geography, Vol. 50 (1965): 313-331.
--The Geographical Teacher, Vol. 8 (1916): 143-146.
--The Geographical Journal, Vol. 131(4) (1965): 516-519.
--Scottish Geographical Magazine, Vol. 31 (1915): 486-490.

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Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights reserved.

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