Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Hardy, Alister Clavering (England 1896-1985)
Hardy was a zoologist who made his most lasting contributions to the
interdisciplinary science of oceanography, including inventing the Hardy
Plankton Continuous Recorder, a device that revolutionized the collection
of plankton and plankton incidence data. Retiring from the world of natural
science in 1963, he embarked upon a second career in which he became a
leading student of the religious experience and the author of a number
of works that explored the biological basis of spiritual belief, including
its relation to scientific theories of evolution. He is further remembered
for his rather strange "aquatic ape theory" of the origin of humankind.
--born in Nottingham, England, on 10 February 1896.
--1915-1919: serves in the British military
--1921: M.A., Oxford University
--1921-1924: assistant naturalist, Ministry
of Agriculture and Fisheries Laboratory in Lowestoft
--1924-1928: chief zoologist, Discovery
--1928-1942: professor of zoology and oceanography,
University College, Hull
--1938: D.Sc., Oxford University
--1940: made a fellow of the Royal Society
--1942-1945: Regius professor of natural history,
University of Aberdeen
--1946-1961: Linacre professor of zoology, Oxford
--1956-1959: publishes his The Open Sea:
Its Natural History, 2 vols.
--1961: retires from Oxford University
--1962: honorary LL.D., University of Aberdeen
--1963: honorary D.Sc., Hull University
--1965: publishes his The Living Stream;
a Restatement of Evolution Theory
--1968: founds the Religious Experience
Research Unit at Manchester College, Oxford
--1985: awarded the Templeton Prize
--dies at Oxford, England, 23 May 1985.
--Oxford Dictionary of National Biography,
Vol. 25 (2004).
--Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the
Royal Society, Vol. 32 (1986).
--Nutrition and Health, Vol. 9(3) (1993):
--Journal of Animal Ecology, Vol. 56(1) (1987): 365-367.
--Progress in Oceanography, Vol. 58(2-4)
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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