Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Chrono-Biographical Sketches

Haldane, J(ohn) B(urdon) S(anderson) (England 1892-1964)
genetics, biochemistry, physiology

J. B. S. Haldane, from a prominent British family, ranked among the twentieth century's leading population geneticists; he was also one of the foremost popularizers of science of his time. He was one of the primary architects of the Neo-Darwinian synthesis, publishing a series of influential studies that helped relate Darwinian natural selection to the advancing ideas of Mendelian genetics. Apart from his scientific and literary contributions, Haldane was one of his era's great "personalities": his harrowing war experiences, famous wit, propensity for performing physiological experiments on himself, and adoption (and then rejection) of Marxist beliefs, among other things, made him a truly "larger than life" figure.

Life Chronology

--born in Oxford, England, on 5 November 1892.
--1914-1919: serves in the Scottish Black Watch
--1919: publishes "The Combination of Linkage Values and the Calculation of Distances Between the Loci of Linked Factors" in the Journal of Genetics
--1919-1922: fellow, New College
--1922: publishes "Sex-ratio and Unisexual Sterility in Hybrid Animals" in the Journal of Genetics
--1922-1932: reader in biochemistry, Cambridge University
--1924: publishes his Daedalus
--1930: publishes his Enzymes
--1930-1932: Fullerian professor of physiology, Royal Institution
--1932: elected a fellow of the Royal Society
--1932: publishes his The Causes of Evolution
--1932-1936: president, the Genetical Society
--1933-1937: professor of genetics, London University
--1937: publishes "The Effect of Variation on Fitness" in American Naturalist
--1937-1957: professor of biometry, London University
--1940-1950: chairman of the editorial board, Daily Worker
--1953: awarded the Darwin Medal of the Royal Society
--1956: honorary LL.D., University of Paris
--1957: emigrates to India in protest of British policy during the Suez crisis
--1957-1961: research professor, Indian Statistical Institute
--1958: awarded the Darwin-Wallace Medal of the Linnean Society
--1961: receives the Kimber Medal of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.); awarded honorary D.Sc., Oxford University
--dies at Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India, on 1 December 1964.

For Additional Information, See:

--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. 6 (1972).
--Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. 24 (2004).
--Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 12 (1966): 219-249.
--J. B. S.: The Life and Work of J. B. S. Haldane (1969)
--Haldane and Modern Biology (1968)

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Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights reserved.

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