Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Grisebach, August Heinrich Rudolf (Germany
based on Grisebach's travels through the Balkans and western Turkey
in 1839-1840 established his reputation as a botanist and geographer,
supplementing his earlier experiences elsewhere in Europe. Grisebach's
work featured both taxonomic studies and floristic analyses, but
it is in the latter area that he made his greatest mark. Influenced
by von Humboldt's ideas on the relation of climate to floral assemblages,
he coined the term "Geobotanik" (geobotany) to help describe the
kinds of causal influences he imagined to be operating (which, it
has been observed, tended to neglect historical forces to an unrealistic
degree). His most important work was undoubtedly Die Vegetation
der Erde nach Ihrer Klimatischen Anordnung, a milestone publication
in the history of phytogeography.
--born in Hannover, Germany, on 17 April 1814.
--1832-1836: studies medicine and botany at Göttingen and Berlin
--1833: travels in the western Alps
--1836: receives his doctorate
--1837: hired as privatdozent, University of Göttingen
--1838: publishes his Genera
et Species Gentianearum
--1839-1840: travels through, and studies the floras of, the Balkan Peninsula
and northwestern Asia Minor
--1841: made associate professor of botany at the University of Göttingen
--1840-1853: publishes reports in his Bericht über die Leistungen
in der Pflanzengeographie
--1842: visits Norway
--1844: elected to the German Academy of Naturalists Leopoldina
--1847: made full professor of botany at the University of Göttingen
--1850: botanical visit to the Pyrenees
--1852: botanical visit to the Carpathians
--1859-1864: publishes his Flora
of the British West Indian Islands
--1872: publishes his Die
Vegetation der Erde nach Ihrer Klimatischen Anordnung in two
--1875: made director of the botanical gardens, Göttingen
--1878: named a privy government official (Geheimer Regierungsrat)
--dies at Göttingen, Germany, on 9 May 1879.
--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. 5 (1972).
--Taxonomic Literature, Vol. 1 (1976).
--Journal of the Arnold Arboretum, Vol. 46(3) (1965): 243-285.
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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