Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Gould, John (England 1804-1881)
ornithology, publishing, illustration
|from Wikipedia.org |Although Gould started his career as a taxidermist,
the path to his eventual fame came when in the late 1820s the Zoological
Society of London, where he worked, received a collection of birds from
the Himalaya Mountains. Gould had the idea of preparing a set of hand-colored
lithographs from the specimens, and set himself up in business, including
hiring artists to work from his sketches, to do just that. Success in
this first venture set the pattern for later ones. For a period Gould
moved to Australia, where he did much of his own collecting, both of mammals
and birds, and these efforts, together with materials constantly being
supplied to him by other naturalist travelers, eventually led to the production
of a total of fifty folio volumes over his career. Gould was also the
author of many scientific papers, mostly involving the descriptions of
--born in Lyme Regis, Dorset, England, on 14 September
--1825: moves to London; opens taxidermy shop
--1828: hired as animal preserver at the Zoological
Society of London's museum
--1833: promoted to superintendent at the ornithological
department of the Zoological Society
--1838: resigns as superintendent; sails for
Australia and collects natural history specimens for eighteen months
--1840: returns to England
--1843: made a fellow of the Royal Society
--1848-1869: publishes his The
Birds of Australia, in 7 vols.
--1849-1861: publishes his A Monograph of
the Trochilidae, or Family of Humming-birds, in 5 vols.
--1850-1883: publishes his The Birds of
Asia (completed by Richard B. Sharpe), in 7 vols.
--1857: travels to North America; dines with
--1862-1873: publishes his The
Birds of Great Britain, in 5 vols.
--1875-1888: publishes his The Birds of
New Guinea... (completed by Sharpe), in 5 vols.
--dies at London, England, on 3 February 1881.
--Oxford Dictionary of National Biography,
Vol. 23 (2004).
--Dictionary of Scientific Biography,
Vol. 5 (1972).
--Australian Dictionary of Biography, Vol. 1 (1966).
Ruling Passion of John Gould: a Biography of the British Audubon
--Trove (National Library of Australia). [online]
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
Return to Home/Alphabetical Listing by Name
Return to Listing by Country
Return to Listing by Discipline