Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Chrono-Biographical Sketches

Eigenmann, Carl H. (Germany-United States 1863-1927)

Eigenmann spent just about his entire adult life connected with Indiana University, Bloomington: first as a student there, and then as professor and administrator. He was one of David Starr Jordan's first students, and quickly earned himself a prominent place among ichthyologists internationally. Eigenmann spent much of his professional career studying the evolution and systematics of South American fishes, but he is perhaps best known for his rigorous analyses of the circumstances of degenerative evolution, especially as regards the blind cave fishes of several locations in America and Cuba. His most remembered zoogeographical work came in connection with his support of the Archiplata-Archhelenis theory of pre-Tertiary New World-Old World land bridge extension.

Life Chronology

--born in Flehingen, Beden, Germany, on 9 March 1863.
--1877: emigrates to the United States
--1879: enrolls at Indiana University; soon comes under the influence of David Starr Jordan
--1886: A.B., Indiana University
--1887: A.M., Indiana University
--1889: Ph.D., Indiana University
--1890-1892: explorations in the western U. S. for the British Museum
--1891-1927: professor of zoology, Indiana University (replaces Jordan)
--1892: made director of the Biological Survey of Indiana
--1895-1920: founder and first director of the Indiana University biological station
--1899: president, Indiana Academy of Science
--1902: visits Cuba to study their cave fishes
--1908, 1911-1912, 1918, 1919: ichthyological investigations in South America
--1908-1927: first dean of the graduate school, Indiana University
--1909: publishes his Cave Vertebrates of North America
--1909-1910: publishes his Fresh Water Fishes of Patagonia and an Examination of the Archiplata-Archelenis Theory
--1909-1918: honorary curator of fishes, Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh
--1917-1929: publishes his American Characidae in five volumes
--1923: elected to the National Academy of Sciences
--dies at Chula Vista, California, on 24 April 1927.

For Additional Information, See:

--Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.), Vol. 18 (1937).
--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. 4 (1971).
--American National Biography, Vol. 7 (1999).
--Science, Vol. 65(1691) (1927): 515-516.
--Biographical Dictionary of American and Canadian Naturalists and Environmentalists (1997).

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Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights reserved.

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