Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Cowles, Raymond B(ridgman) (United States
herpetology, physiological ecology
Cowles spent just about all of his professional life
at UCLA, but he was born and lived his early days in Zululand, South Africa--it
is thus perhaps not surprising that he came to be a leading spokesperson
for desert ecology. He is most remembered today for his scientific research
on reptile thermoregulation in arid environments. In particular, the paper
he co-authored in 1944 with his student C. M. Bogert stands as a major
milepost in the history of desert ecology studies. His two charming books
Zulu Journal and Desert Journal left a more personal
touch, conveying his strong interests in teaching and popular communication,
and giving some feeling for the level of his expertise as a field biologist.
--born in Amanzimtoti, Natal, South Africa, on 1 December
--1921: A.B., Pomona College
--1921-1925: assistant and then instructor at Cornell University
--1925-1927: fieldwork in Africa
--1928: Ph.D. in vertebrate zoology, Cornell University
--1929-1930: instructor, UCLA
--1930-1939: assistant professor, UCLA
--1940-1947: associate professor, UCLA
--1944: publishes "A
Preliminary Study of the Thermal Requirements of Desert Reptiles"
in the Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, with
C. M. Bogert
--1947-1963: professor of zoology, UCLA
--1952: publishes "Physiology
of an Infrared Receptor: The Facial Pit of Pit Vipers" in Science,
with T. H. Bullock
--1959: publishes his Zulu Journal; Field Notes of a Naturalist in
--1963: made professor emeritus at UCLA
--1973: receives honorary D.Sc. from Pomona College
--dies at Santa Barbara, California, on 7 December 1975.
--1977: his Desert Journal: A Naturalist Reflects on Arid California
is published posthumously
(3) (1977): 611-612.
--Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 18(4) (1984): 421-436.
--University of California: In Memoriam, May 1977. [website]
--Zulu Journal; Field Notes of a Naturalist
in South Africa (1959).
--Desert Journal: A Naturalist Reflects
on Arid California (1977).
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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