Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Chrono-Biographical Sketches

Clark, Andrew Hill (Canada-United States 1911-1975)
historical geography

Clark benefitted from graduate-level study under two of the twentieth century's foremost geographers, Griffith Taylor and Carl Sauer, and while especially influenced by the latter managed to find his own niche as a historical geographer steeped in a regional, area studies, approach. Most of his research concerned his native Canada, but his single best known work was his The Invasion of New Zealand by People, Plants and Animals: The South Island, a major study in cultural biogeography that was originally his dissertation project. Clark was respected as an especially acute critic and editor, and as the forger of a school of historical geographic investigation focusing on the dynamics of change (whether related to physical, cultural, or economic factors).

Life Chronology

--born in Fairford, Manitoba, on 29 April 1911.
--1930: B.A., McMaster University
--1932-1935: actuary, Manufacturer's Life Insurance Company, Toronto
--1935-1938: instructor, University of Toronto
--1938: M.A., University of Toronto
--1941-1942: lecturer at Canterbury University, Christchurch, New Zealand
--1944: Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley
--1944-1946: geographer for the U.S. Office of Strategic Services
--1945: becomes naturalized U.S. citizen
--1946-1949: associate professor of geography, Rutgers University
--1949: publishes his The Invasion of New Zealand by People, Plants and Animals: The South Island
--1949-1951: chair of the geography department, Rutgers University
--1951-1964: professor of geography, University of Wisconsin
--1959: publishes his Three Centuries and the Island
--1961-1962: Guggenheim fellow
--1961-1962: honorary president, Association of American Geographers
--1964-1975: research professor of geography, University of Wisconsin
--dies at Madison, Wisconsin, on 21 May 1975.

For Additional Information, See:

--Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 67(1) (1977): 145-148.
--Contemporary Authors--Permanent Series, Vol. 2 (1978).
--Geographers: Biobibliographical Studies, Vol. 14 (1993).
--Journal of Historical Geography, Vol. 2(1) (1976): 1-2.

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Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights reserved.

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