Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Campbell, Douglas Houghton (United States 1859-1953)
Campbell's nearly two hundred publications derive ultimately from his
consuming interest in the manner of evolution of the lower plants. Inspired
as a youth by Wallace's The Malay Archipelago, Campbell set a
course through the University of Michigan that eventually landed him a
teaching position at Indiana University, where he came to the notice of
David Starr Jordan. When Jordan left to take the first presidency at Stanford
University Campbell followed and quickly established himself there, pursuing
laboratory and field researches (especially in Indonesia) designed to
investigate the phyletic origins of the land flora. He was aided in such
investigations by his superior microscopal technique, gained partly through
special studies in Germany in the late 1880s. Campbell's morphological
analyses resulted in some lasting conclusions (for example, his linking
of the ferns and liverworts through the genus Anthoceros); he became
most widely known, however, through writing several successful textbooks
that admirably related his more special interests to ecological and phytogeographical
--born in Detroit, Michigan, on 16 December 1859.
--1882: M.A., University of Michigan
--1882-1886: botany teacher, Detroit High School
--1886: Ph.D. in botany, University of Michigan
--1886-1888: studies microscopic techniques in Germany
--1891: professor of botany, Indiana University
--1891-1925: head of the botany department, Stanford University
--1895: publishes his The
Structure & Development of Mosses & Ferns (Archegoniatae)
--1899: publishes his Lectures
on the Evolution of Plants
--1902: publishes his A University Text-book of Botany
--1906, 1912-1913, 1914: botanical collecting in the Dutch East Indies
--1910: made a member of the American Academy of Sciences
--1911: publishes his Plant
Life and Evolution
--1913: president, Botanical Society of America
--1925: retires, but continues at Stanford as emeritus professor
--1926: publishes his An
Outline of Plant Geography
--1930: president, Pacific section of the American Association for the
Advancement of Science
--1932: LL.D., University of Michigan
--1940: publishes his The Evolution of Land Plants (Embryophyta)
--dies at Palo Alto, California, on 24 February 1953.
--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. 3 (1973).
--Dictionary of American Biography, Supplement Five 1951-1955 (1977).
--American National Biography, Vol. 4 (1999).
--Taxonomic Literature Suppl. III (1995).
--Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 29
--The Bryologist, Vol.
56(2) (1953): 127-133.
--Asa Gray Bulletin, Vol. 2 (1953): 121-128.
Copyright 2007 by Charles H. Smith. All
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