Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
botany, paleobotany, systematics
||Brongniart is often recognized as the "father of paleobotany,"
and as one of the most prominent botanists of the nineteenth century.
While he is perhaps best known for his central role in clarifying the
taxonomy of extinct forms, his work extended to many other areas of botany.
Thus, he also did research on the sexual morphology of plants and their
fertilization process, cytology (he was one of the first to routinely
employ thin-sectioning as an analysis method), plant distribution, and
the systematics of living plants. His plant classification system became
the basis for the one later developed by Adolf Engler.
--born in Paris, France, on 14 January 1801.
--1822: publishes his first important work in
--1824: helps found the Annales des Sciences
--1827: finishes his program in medicine;
publishes an account of the development of pollen
--1828: publishes his Prodrome
d'une Histoire des Végétaux Fossiles
--1828-1830: teaches medicine at the University
--1828-1837: publishes his Histoire
des Végétaux Fossiles, in two volumes
--1833-1876: professor of botany at the Muséum
d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris
--1834: becomes a member of the Académie
--1849: publishes his Tableau
des Genres de Végétaux Fossiles
--1854: founds and is first president of
the Société Botanique de France
--dies at Paris, France, on 18 February 1876.
--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. 2 (1970).
--Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, Vol. 4 (1910).
--Revue Scientifique, Vol. 10 (1876): 564-574.
--Taxonomic Literature, Supplement III (1995).
--Une Grande Famille de Savants: Les Brongniart (1940).
--Taxon, Vol. 15(8) (1966): 320-324.
Review of Paleobotanical Discovery," Fifth Annual Report of the U.
S. Geological Survey (1885): 368-425.
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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