Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Braun-Blanquet, Josias (Switzerland-France
Photo courtesy of the Museum of Nature in Chur. |Braun-Blanquet was the early- and mid-twentieth century leader of the
Zurich-Montpellier school of plant sociology--itself the leading twentieth
century European school of plant ecology. Characteristic of the Braun-Blanquet
approach was an emphasis on pattern rather than process, classification
of units based on floristic composition and nothing else, and the identification
of "characteristic species" rather than dominant forms. Braun-Blanquet
solidified his dominance through his book Pflanzensoziologie,
a classic title which went through two later new editions into the 1960s.
Braun-Blanquet was for many years director of the Station Internationale
de Géobotanique Mediterranéene et Alpine, located at Montpellier,
France. Braun-Blanquet's high rank of influence within the world of European
plant ecology has never been duplicated in the U. S., where most workers
have preferred approaches more attuned to the dynamics of natural stands
of vegetation, multivariate causal explanations, and applied contexts.|
--born in Chur, Switzerland, on 3 August 1884.
--1905-1912: assistant to Schröter, Brockmann-Jerosch and Rübel
--1913-1915: studies at Montpellier, France, under the supervision of
--1914-1921: sets up experimental plots in the Swiss National Park
--1915: Ph.D., University of Montpellier
--1915-1922: assistant to Eduard Rübel
--1922-1926: lecturer, University of Zurich
--1928: publishes his Pflanzensoziologie
--1930-1980: director of the International Station for Alpine and
Mediterranean Geobotany (SIGMA), Montpellier, France
--1932: publishes his Plant
Sociology; The Study of Plant Communities (translated from the
--1948: founds and is made the first editor of Vegetatio
--1948: publishes his La Végétation Alpine des
--1974: awarded the gold medal of the Linnean Society of London
--dies at Montpellier, France, on 20 September 1980.
--International Year Book and Statesmen's Who's Who, 1982
--Knowledge and Society, Vol. 8 (1989):
--Taxonomic Literature, Supplement III
--Vegetatio, Vol. 48(3) (1982): 193-196.
Vol. 14(1) (1933): 70-74. [review of Plant Sociology by H. A.
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
Return to Home/Alphabetical Listing by Name
Return to Listing by Country
Return to Listing by Discipline