Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Bland, Thomas (England-United States
Mollusc specialist Thomas Bland is little remembered today, though in
his time he was a well-known and respected member of the scientific community.
As one of his obituaries stated, "His work was not confined to description
of species, but comprised valuable contributions to their anatomy, classification,
geographical distribution, and the philosophy of their development. No
American student has shown a more philosophic grasp of the subject; and
his discussion of the geographical distribution of the land-shells of
the West Indies . . . gave him a wide reputation" (Science, Vol.
6, p. 440).
--born in Newark, Nottinghamshire, England, on 4 October
--educated at the Charterhouse School, London;
on finishing, studies for the law and then practices in London
--1836: made a fellow of the Royal Geological
--1842-1850: moves to Barbados and then to Jamaica;
studies West Indies fauna, especially mollusks
--1849: meets C. B. Adams, with whom he later
--1850: briefly returns to England
--1850: superintendent of a gold mine in Marmato,
New Granada (Colombia)
--1852: moves to New York City
--1855: meets W. G. Binney, with whom he later
--1862: publishes "On
the Geographical Distribution of the Genera and Species of Land Shells
of the West India Islands" in the Lyceum of Natural History of
--1869: publishes "Land
and Fresh Water Shells of North America, Part I" in Smithsonian
Miscellaneous Collections, with W. G. Binney
--dies at Brooklyn, New York, on 20 August 1885.
--Dictionary of American Biography, Vol.
Vol. 6(145) (1885): 440.
Journal of Science, Ser. 3, Vol. 30 (1885): 407-408.
of the Biological Society of Washington, Vol. 4 (1888): 127-129.
of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 5 (1886): 278-280.
Copyright 2005 by Charles H. Smith. All rights
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