Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists:
Arber, Agnes Robertson (England 1879-1960)
Agnes Arber, the third woman to be elected to the Royal Society of London,
lived a productive life of science under a number of professional situations
until about 1927, when she retired to the life of a single mother and
researcher working with little financial support out of her personal home.
Arber's interest in plants began early and continued through her
college studies; her career was then given a boost when she became a research
assistant to Ethel Sargant in 1902. She became interested in the monocotyledons,
on which group she published extensively over the next thirty years. Later
in her career she became interested in the history and philosophy of science,
and over the last fifteen years of her life produced four books and a number of papers in these areas which entertained
subjects ranging from the theory of classification to the metaphysics
of Spinoza and Goethe.
--born in London on 23 February 1879.
--1894: publishes her first work
--1897-1899: studies at University College, London, earning her B.Sc.
--1899-1902: studies at Newnham College, Cambridge
--1902-1903: research assistant to Ethel Sargant at private lab at Quarry
--1903-1908: Quain student in biology at University College, London; D.Sc.
--1908: made a fellow of the Linnean Society of London
--1908-1909: holds lectureship in botany at University College, London
--1909-1927: works at the Balfour Laboratory in Cambridge
--1912: publishes her Herbals,
Their Origin and Evolution
--1912-1913: research fellow at Newnham College, Cambridge
--1918-1920: research fellow at Newnham College, Cambridge
--1920: publishes her Water
Plants: A Study of Aquatic Angiosperms
--1925: publishes her Monocotyledons: A Morphological Study
--1927-1960: conducts her research alone, at a private laboratory in her
--1934: publishes her The
Gramineae: A Study of Cereal, Bamboo, and Grass
--1946: elected to The Royal Society of London
--1948: awarded the Linnean Society's Gold Medal; named a corresponding
member of the Botanical Society of America
--1950: publishes her The Natural Philosophy of Plant Form
--1954: publishes her The Mind and the Eye: a Study of the Biologist's
--dies at Cambridge, England, on 22 March 1960.
of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 6 (1960):
--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. 1 (1970).
--Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. 2 (2004).
--Notable Twentieth-Century Scientists, Vol. 1 (1995).
and Records of the Royal Society of London, Vol. 51(1) (1997):
--Taxon, Vol. 9(9)
of Botany, Vol. 88(6) (2001): 1105-1128.
Vol. 63 (1975): 430-437.
Copyright 2007 by Charles H. Smith. All
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