Review for Final Exam
(PHIL 401: Spring 2007)
Aristotle and Embodied Realism

Contact: Dr. Jan Garrett

Revised: May 2, 2007

The final exam is scheduled for Monday, May 7, at 1 p.m.

Unless you choose the take-home essay option, half of the final will be objective based on the following terms, their meanings, etc., and half on essays. (I have yet to formulate all those questions. )

Cognitive Science and Embodied Realism Vocabulary

Basic-level categories/concepts
Classical category
Cognitive unconscious
Complex metaphor
Conventional metaphorical mapping
Conceptual metaphor
Direct Realism
Disembodied Realism
Embodied Realism
Folk Theory
    Ideal-type prototype
Image schema
Poetic metaphor
Primary metaphor
Radial Category
Cognitive Reality Commitment
Spatial Relations Concepts

Aristotle terminology

Things in a subject
Things said of a subject
Primary substance (as understood in The Categories)
Demonstrative knowledge (episteme, in Post Anal)
Understanding (nous, in Post Anal.)
Primary things
Principles in each genus
Common principles
Nature as distinct from craft (192b16-23)
The different senses of nature
The relativity of matter (194b8-10)
Material, formal, final, and moving causes
Source of motion without motion (198a36-b4)
A "this"
    The compound (of matter and form)
Soul (defined)
Body (of an ensouled being) defined
First actuality
Second actuality
Nutritive part of soul
Perceptive part of soul
Desiring part of soul
Locomotive part of soul
Understanding part of soul
How is soul a cause (3 ways)
Proper object of perception
Common object of perception
Wax/signet ring analogy
Characteristics of (passive) intellect
Characteristics of (productive) intellect

II. Essays (This list is closer to being final than the previous version.)

Whichever essays you choose, do not substantially duplicate a topic on which you composed another essay for this course.

Select two essays: One of them should be from group A. The second from group B or C.

A. What light does cognitive science shed on one of the following? (Refer to the conventional metaphors and folk theories on which these philosophers rely. What metaphors, if any, are created by the philosopher?)
1. Plato's conception of the Forms and how knowledge is possible
2. Aristotle's notion of the four causes
3. Aristotle's conception of what the intellect is and how it knows reality
4. Descartes' argument that the mind is better known than the body
5. Descartes' view that the mind is completely knowable?
B. What light does cognitive science shed on one of the following? Briefly compare the cognitive science/Lakoff-Johnson position on this topic to views held by one or more pre-20th century philosophers.
1. The nature of morality
2. Our thinking about causation and events
3. Our thinking about the mind
C. Discuss: The metaphors used by (Aristotle or 20th century analytic philosophy--pick one) make it difficult if not impossible for them to appreciate the role played by conceptual metaphor\ in our thinking.