1. What has Aristotle established previously about the relation between correct reason, excess, deficiency, and the mean? (1138b21-25)
2. What two parts of the soul does he distinguish? (1139a5-6)
Into what two classes has he divided the virtues? (1138b35-36)
Can you say how these two distinctions are related? (Hint: In what part of soul you suppose virtues of thought inhere?)
3. How does A. distinguish the two parts that have reason? (1139a7-8)
How do the parts possess knowledge? (a10-12)
What names does A. give to the two parts? (a12-13)
4. How do we determine the virtue of a thing? (a17)
So how can we find the best state of these two parts?
5. What three capacities in the soul control action and truth? (1139a18-19)
6. Of them which originates no action? Why? (a18-20)
7. Virtue of character is ____________ (a22). This is part of A's definition of moral virtue from Book II.
8. Decision is _______________ (a23-24). This is argued for in Book III.
9. How do reason and desire work together in a person whose (practical) reason is correct? (a25-26)
10. How does thought concerned with study (theoria) differ from thought concerned with action or making? (a27-28; see also a32-36)
How does the role of truth differ in these two "departments" of thought? (a30-31)
11. Does thought, by itself, move anything? (a37)
12. What is the function of each of the intellectual parts, and what will the virtues of these parts be? (b12-14)
13. What is common to the five states of the soul mentioned by Aristotle? (1139b15-18)
14. How does A. describe the objects of science (epistêmê)? (b20-24)
15. What further characteristic of science does A. note? (b25-26)
16. How does he distinguish induction from deduction? (b26-32) Why are these mentioned at this point?
17. How is scientific knowledge defined? (b32-36)
("Intelligence" is Irwin's translation of phronêsis, usually translated "practical wisdom" and sometimes "prudence.")
18. Is intelligence concerned with action or with truth for its own sake? (1140a26-30)
19. How do the objects of intelligence differ from the objects of science? (1140a32-b2)
20. How does A. describe intelligence at b5-7?
21. How does intelligence differ from craft (the virtue of thought related to production)? (b7-8; see also b23-25)
22. What is understanding (noûs) about? (1141a9)
23. What must the wise person (sophos) know? (1141a17-18) What two previously named virtues of thought does wisdom incorporate? (a18-19)
24. What does Aristotle mean when he says that wisdom (sophia) is about what is by nature most honorable? (a35-b9)
25. Compare wisdom with intelligence. (a10-23)
26. Why does A. say wisdom will not study any source of human happiness? (1143b20).
27. Are both wisdom and intelligence choiceworthy in themselves? (1144a1-3)
28. How does wisdom make us happy? (a4-8)
29. How does intelligence promote happiness? (a9-10; 1145a3-7)