Study Questions for Aristotle Selections

eds. Irwin and Fine
(Hackett Publishing Company, 1995)

Metaphysics (pp.221ff.)

Study questions by Dr. Jan Garrett

Last revised on December 24, 2006

Book I, Chapter 1

1. What reasons does A. have for his claim that all humans naturally desire to know? (980a21-25)

2. Aristotle compares various kinds of animals from those least like humans to those most similar to humans. Explain the role of sense-perception, memory, intelligence, learning. (a27-b26)

3. What is the relationship between memory and experience; between experience and craft (techne)? (980b27-981a17)

4. What is more useful in practice, experience without craft or craft without experience? Explain. (981a17-24)

5. Why do we attribute knowledge and wisdom more to craftsmen than to persons of experience? (981a25-981b7)

6. What is the general mark by which those who know are distinguished from those who do not? (b7-10)

7. What kind of "knowledge" do we acquire immediately from the senses? Do we consider such "knowledge" wisdom? (b10-12)

8. What four common beliefs about wisdom does Aristotle cite? (982a4-19)

9. What science meets this description? (982b8-10) In what sense is this the only free science? (b11-28)

10. How is this science divine? (983a5-11) Is it sinful pride to seek such science? (982b32-983a4)

Book IV (pp. 224ff.)

Chapter 1

11. General metaphysics studies being _______. (1003a21)

Chapter 2

12. This chapter develops the notion of multiple predications which are neither homonymous nor synonymous but somehow in between. What is it and how does Aristotle's example of health illustrate it?

13. With reference to what is that which is so-called? (1003b5-11; cf. VII, 1, 1028a10-30) How does A. use this claim to argue that there is a superscience for all ontological questions? (b11-22)