Vocabulary to Review for 2008 Midterm Phil 303

 

Aristotle and Scientific Background

 

Accident - material cause - celestial matter

natural motion essence - primary substance

final cause - terrestrial matter

geocentric system - unnatural motion

 

Positions on the nature of universals

 

conceptualism - extreme realism

moderate realism - nominalism

 

Descartes

 

Body - mind - extension - substance

Imagination - thought - intellect - will

 

Mind-Body Problem

 

dual-aspect theory (Spinoza) - theory of monads (Leibniz)

interactionism - occasionalism (Malebranche)

materialism - phenomenal idealism - mind-body dualism

 

Lockean vocabulary

active power - original revelation - sensation

complex idea reason - simple modes

faith - reflection - simple idea - primary quality

tertiary quality - material substance

 

intuitive knowledge - real essence

tabula rasa - demonstrative knowledge

sensitive knowledge - liberty

secondary qualities - the will - nominal essence