Alfred Russel Wallace : Alfred Wallace : A. R. Wallace :
Russel Wallace : Alfred Russell Wallace (sic)

 
 
Writings on Wallace


Writings on Wallace: Selected Modern Secondary Sources
Writings on Wallace: Selected Secondary Sources From His Own Time
Writings on Wallace: Dissertations and Theses
Writings on Wallace: Reviews/Notices of Wallace's Books and Other Works

Important:  Note that some of links provided below are to writings available through JSTOR and other such services, access to which are restricted by IP address and will only be available to the user if hi/r institution is a subscriber.


Selected Modern Secondary Sources

Achenbach, Joel, 8 Feb. 2009. The work in Darwin's shadow; Evolution history lives in a D.C. dining room. The Washington Post: A1, A14. [concerning the possible re-discovery of a Wallace insect collection]

Adams, Alexander B., 1969. Eternal Quest: The Story of the Great Naturalists. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. 509 pp.

Agnarsson, Ingi, & Kuntner, Matjaž, 2012. The generation of a biodiversity hotspot: Biogeography and phylogeography of the western Indian Ocean islands. In K. Anamthawat-Jonsson, ed., Current Topics in Phylogenetics and Phylogeography of Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems (Rijeka: In Tech Publishers): 33-82. [includes analysis on “Wallacean islands”]

Aguiar, José Otávio, & Da Silva, Victor Rafael Limeira, 2013. Entre o gabinete e a viagem de campo: Alfred Russel Wallace e suas concepções científicas. Igualitária: Revista do Curso de História da Estácio BH 1(2): 10 pp.

Aiken, R. B., 1982. Theories of sexual difference: The sexual selection hypothesis and its antecedents, 1786-1919. Quaestiones Entomologicae 18(1-4): 1-14.

Albritton, Claude C., Jr., 1984. Geologic time. Journal of Geological Education 32(1): 29-37. [general summary of the concept's history, including description of advances in the nineteenth century]

Aliabadian, Mansour, Sluys, Ronald, Roselaar, Cees S., & Nijman, Vincent, 2008. Species diversity and endemism: Testing the mid-domain effect on species richness patterns of songbirds in the Palearctic Region. Contributions to Zoology 77(2): 99-108.

Allchin, Douglas, Sept. 2012. The Minnesota Case Study Collection: New historical inquiry case studies for nature of science education. Science & Education 21(9): 1263-1281.

Allen, John A., Jan. 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 108(1): 1-2.

Alter, Stephen G., Summer 2007. Race, language, and mental evolution in Darwin's Descent of Man. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 43(3): 239-255.

Alves, Abel, Feb. 2008. Humanity's place in nature, 1863-1928: Horror, curiosity and the expeditions of Huxley, Wallace, Blavatsky and Lovecraft. Theology and Science 6(1): 73-88.

Alves, José Jerônimo de Alencar, Jul.-Set. 2011. A natureza e a cultura no compasso de um naturalista do século XIX: Wallace e a Amazônia. História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos (Rio de Janeiro) 18(3): 775-788.

Amigoni, David, 2007. Colonies, Cults and Evolution: Literature, Science and Culture in Nineteenth-century Writing. Cambridge, U.K. & New York: Cambridge University Press. 237 pp.

Anderson, John G. T., 2013. Deep Things Out of Darkness: A History of Natural History. Berkeley: University of California Press. 346 pp.

Andelson, Robert V., Oct. 1993. Henry George and the reconstruction of capitalism: An address. American Journal of Economics and Sociology 52(4): 493-501.

Anderson, Kay, & Perrin, Colin, 2007. 'The miserablest people in the world': Race, humanism and the Australian aborigine. Australian Journal of Anthropology 18(1): 18-39.

Anonymous, Aug. 1972. Wallace’s Palm Trees of the Amazon. Taxon 21(4): 521-522. [book review of reprint edition]

Anonymous, Jan.-Feb. 1983. letter. The Eclectic Theosophist No. 73: 6-7. [reprint of an 1877 letter from H. P. Blavatsky to Wallace, concerning her book Isis Unveiled]

Anonymous, 1984 & 1985. Wallace's notebooks (4) and journals (5) [in 2 parts]. The Linnean 1(3): 13; 1(4): 19-20.

Anonymous ('C. L. J.'), June 2002. Alfred Russel Wallace as gardener. Indumentum (Vancouver Rhododendron Society) 33(10): 7-8.

Anonymous, Sept. 2008. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913): An ornithological celebration. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 128(3): 147-148.

Arita, Héctor T., Julio-Septiembre 2008. Wallace y el colugo. Ciencias (Mexico) 1(91): 16-18. [re: Wallace on the flying lemurs, Cynocephalidae]

Armstrong, Patrick, July 1998. Crossing the Line: Alfred Russel Wallace in Bali and Lombok, 1856. Journal of Indian Ocean Studies 5(3): 267-286.

Avery, Margaret, 1923. Six Great Scientists. London: Methuen. 100 pp.

Ayala, Francisco J., 15 May 2007. Darwin's greatest discovery: Design without designer. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, Supplement 1: 8567-8573.

Baker, A., March 2007. Occam's Razor in science: A case study from biogeography. Biology and Philosophy 22(2): 193-215. [parsimony principles as applied to large-scale biogeographical models]

Baker, Daniel B., June 1996. Pfeiffer, Wallace, Allen and Smith: The discovery of the Hymenoptera of the Malay Archipelago. Archives of Natural History 23(2): 153-200.

Baker, Daniel B., Dec. 2001. Alfred Russel Wallace's record of his consignments to Samuel Stevens, 1854-1861. Zoologische Mededeelingen 75(16-25): 254-341. [The author has reported that this paper was published despite his attempt to withdraw it as a result of errors introduced during its editing process.]

Balashov, Yuri V., Dec. 1991. Resource letter AP-1: The anthropic principle. American Journal of Physics 59(12): 1069-1076.

Balick, Michael J., Sept. 1980. Wallace, Spruce and Palm Trees of the Amazon: An historical perspective. Botanical Museum Leaflets 28(3): 263-269.

Balke, Michael, et al. (7 other authors), 7 July 2009. New Guinea highland origin of a widespread arthropod supertramp. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, Biological Sciences 276: 2359-2367. [a faunal analysis concerning the Wallacea region]

Ballard, Chris, 2008. 'Oceanic negroes': British anthropology of Papuans, 1820-1869. In Bronwen Douglas & Chris Ballard, eds., Foreign Bodies: Oceania and the Science of Race 1750-1940 (Canberra: ANU E Press): 157-201.

Bannister, Robert C., July-Sept. 1970. "The survival of the fittest is our doctrine": History or histrionics? Journal of the History of Ideas 31(3): 377-398. [on the reaction to Darwinism by Henry George, Henry C. Carey, Edward Bellamy, & others]

Bannister, Robert C., 1979. Social Darwinism; Science and Myth in Anglo-American Social Thought. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. 292 pp.

Barnes, Boyd, 2008. Natural Theology and Natural History in Darwin's Time: Design, Direction, Superintendence and Uniformity in British Thought, 1818-1876. Ph.D. Dissertation, Vanderbilt University, Nashville. 244 pp.

Barrow, Logie, 1986. Independent Spirits; Spiritualism and English Plebeians, 1850-1910. London & New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul. 338 pp.

Barton, Nicholas H., & Rodriguez de Cara, Maria Angeles, May 2009. The evolution of strong reproductive isolation. Evolution 63(5): 1171-1190.

Barton, Nick, 20 Oct. 2000. The rapid origin of reproductive isolation. Science 290(5491): 462-463. [regarding the reinforcement of reproductive barriers between diverging populations]

Bastin, John, 1986. Introduction to Wallace's The Malay Archipelago (Singapore & New York: Oxford University Press): vii-xxvii.

Beccaloni, George, Nov. 2008. Homes sweet homes: A biographical tour of Wallace's many places of residence. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 7-43.

Beccaloni, George, Nov. 2008. Wallace's annotated copy of the Darwin-Wallace paper on natural selection. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 91-101.

Beccaloni, George, & Smith, Vincent S., 28 Feb. 2008. Celebrations for Darwin downplay Wallace's role. Nature 451(7182): 1050.

Beck, Jan, Kitching, Ian J., & Linsenmair, K. Eduard, Nov. 2006. Wallace's line revisited: Has vicariance or dispersal shaped the distribution of Malesian hawkmoths (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae)? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 89(3): 455-468.

Beck, Naomi, 2013. Social Darwinism. In Michael Ruse, ed., The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Darwin and Evolutionary Thought (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press): 195-201. [available online as Papers on Economics and Evolution #1215 (Evolutionary Economics Group, Max Planck Institute of Economics)]

Beddall, Barbara G., 1968. Wallace, Darwin, and the theory of natural selection: A study in the development of ideas and attitudes. Journal of the History of Biology 1(2): 261-323.

Beddall, Barbara G., ed., 1969. Wallace and Bates in the Tropics; An Introduction to the Theory of Natural Selection. London: Macmillan. 241 pp.

Beddall, Barbara G., Spring 1972. Wallace, Darwin, and Edward Blyth: Further notes on the development of evolution theory. Journal of the History of Biology 5(1): 153-158.

Beddall, Barbara G., Spring 1988. Darwin and divergence: The Wallace connection. Journal of the History of Biology 21(1): 1-68.

Beddall, Barbara G., Summer 1988. Wallace's annotated copy of Darwin's Origin of Species. Journal of the History of Biology 21(2): 265-289.

Beddall, Barbara G., 1998. Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823-1913). In Edward Craig, ed., Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy (London & New York: Routledge), Vol. 9: 678-679.

Bell, Graham, 2010. Fluctuating selection: The perpetual renewal of adaptation in variable environments. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 365: 87-97.

Bensley, D. Alan, July/Aug. 2006. Why great thinkers sometimes fail to think critically. Skeptical Inquirer 30(4): 47-52.

Benton, Ted, Spring 1997. Where to draw the line?: Alfred Russel Wallace in Borneo. Studies in Travel Writing No. 1: 96-116.

Benton, Ted, Nov. 2008. Wallace's dilemmas: The laws of nature and the human spirit. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 368-390.

Benton, Ted, Oct. 2009. Race, sex and the 'earthly paradise': Wallace versus Darwin on human evolution and prospects. Sociological Review 57, Supplement S2: 23-46.

Benton, Ted, Nov. 2009. Darwin and Wallace as environmental philosophers. Environmental Values 18(4): 487-502.

Benton, Ted, 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace: Explorer, Evolutionist, Public Intellectual. Manchester U.K.: Siri Scientific Press. 224 pp.

Berlinski, David, April 2008. The God of the gaps. Commentary 125(4): 34-40. [concerning the relation of consciousness to evolution, and scientific ideas thereon]

Bermingham, Eldredge, & Dick, Christopher, 21 Sept. 2001. The Inga--Newcomer or museum antiquity? Science 293(5538): 2214-2216. [on the accumulating time hypothesis of high tropical diversities]

Bernstein, Ralph E., 3 June 1982. Wallace: The man who almost pipped Darwin. New Scientist 94: 652-655.

Bernstein, Ralph E., Winter 1984. Darwin's alter ego: Co-originator Alfred Wallace. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine (Chicago) 27(2): 234-238.

Berra, Tim M., Oct. 2013. Wallace's acceptance of Darwin's priority in his own words. The Linnean 29(2): 23-40.

Berry, Andrew, 18 May 2000. An ugly baby [in part a review of Knapp 1999]. London Review of Books 22(10): 26-27.

Berry, Andrew, ed., 2002. Infinite Tropics: An Alfred Russel Wallace Anthology. London & New York: Verso. 430 pp.

Berry, Andrew, Nov. 2008. "Ardent beetle-hunters": Natural history, collecting, and the theory of evolution. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 47-65.

Berry, Andrew, 11 April 2013. Evolution's red-hot radical. Nature 496(7444): 162-164.

Berry, Andrew / Costa, James T. / Browne, Janet / Wood, James, 16 Dec. 2013. Feature: Wallace centennial ('Alfred Russel Wallace--natural selection, socialism, and spiritualism' / 'Wallace on the evolutionary trail' / 'Wallace and Darwin' / 'Wallace as writer'). Current Biology 23(24): R1066-R1073.

Bignami, Marialuisa, 2011. Joseph Conrad and Alfred Russel Wallace look at the Malay Archipelago. In Carlo Pagetti, ed., Darwin nel Tempo: Modernità Letteraria e Immaginario Scientifico: Milano, 11-12 Novembre 2009 (Milano: Cisalpino): 237-249.

Bini, Luis Mauricio, Diniz-Filho, José Alexandre F., Rangel, Thiago F. L. V. B., Bastos, Rogério Pereira, & Pinto, Miriam Plaza, Sept. 2006. Challenging Wallacean and Linnean shortfalls: Knowledge gradients and conservation planning in a biodiversity hotspot. Diversity and Distributions 12(5): 475-482.

Blaisdell, Muriel L., 1992. Darwinism and Its Data; The Adaptive Coloration of Animals. New York & London: Garland. 404 pp.

Blassingame, Wyatt, 1964. Naturalist-explorers. New York: Franklin Watts. 145 pp. [juvenile literature]

Blinderman, Charles, 1998. Alfred Russel Wallace. In Gary Kelly & Edd Applegate, eds., British Reform Writers, 1832-1914 (Detroit: Gale Research; Dictionary of Literary Biography Vol. 190): 325-333.

Blum, Deborah, 2006. Ghost Hunters. New York: The Penguin Press. 370 pp. [on the investigation of spiritualistic phenomena in the late nineteenth century, especially as connected to William James; contains a chapter on Wallace]

Bock, Walter J., June 2009. The Darwin-Wallace myth of 1858. Proceedings of the Zoological Society 62(1): 1-12.

Bock, Walter J., March 2010. Multiple explanations in Darwinian evolutionary theory. Acta Biotheoretica 58(1): 65-79.

Boekhout van Solinge, Tim, 2008. The land of the orangutan and the bird of paradise under threat. In Ragnhild Sollund, ed., Global Harms: Ecological Crime and Speciesism (New York: Nova Science Publishing): Chapter 4.

Böhle, Uta-Regina, Hilger, Hartmut H., & Martin, William F., Oct. 1996. Island colonization and evolution of the insular woody habit in Echium L. (Boraginaceae). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 93(21): 11740-11745. [discusses early theory by Wallace connecting woody habit to selection for longevity]

Boice, Robert, 1977. Surplusage. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 9(6): 452-454. [discusses "the question as to why an organism should have a surplusage of mental power beyond the evolutionary needs of its possessor"]

Bolles, Robert C., & Beecher, Michael D., eds., 1988. Evolution and Learning. Hillsdale NJ & London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 263 pp. [includes discussions of Wallace's ideas on learning and conditioning]

Borgia, Gerald, June 1986. Sexual selection in bowerbirds. Scientific American 254(6): 92-100.

Bowler, Peter J., Jan. 1976. Alfred Russel Wallace's concepts of variation. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 31(1): 17-29.

Bowler, Peter J., 1989. Evolution: The History of an Idea (rev. ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press. 432 pp.

Bowler, Peter J., 1990. Charles Darwin; The Man and His Influence. Oxford, U.K.: Basil Blackwell. 250 pp.

Bowler, Peter J., 20 Dec. 2009. Do we need a non-Darwinian industry? Notes & Records of the Royal Society 63(4): 393-398.

Bowler, Peter J., 2013. Darwin Deleted; Imagining a World Without Darwin. Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press. 318 pp.

Boyer, Pascal, Robbins, Philip, & Jack, Anthony I., Dec. 2005. Varieties of self-systems worth having. Consciousness and Cognition 14(4): 647-660. [on the worth of self-consciousness]

Brackman, Arnold C., 1980. A Delicate Arrangement; The Strange Case of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace. New York: Times Books. 370 pp.

Brake, Mark, 2012. Alien Life Imagined: Communicating the Science and Culture of Astrobiology. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. 276 pp.

Brooke, John Hedley, May 1977. Natural theology and the plurality of worlds: Observations on the Brewster-Whewell debate. Annals of Science 34(3): 221-286.

Brooke, John Hedley, 1991. Science and Religion; Some Historical Perspectives. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. 432 pp.

Brooks, John L., Dec. 1972. Extinction and the origin of organic diversity. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 44: 19-56.

Brooks, John L., 1984. Just Before the Origin: Alfred Russel Wallace's Theory of Evolution. New York: Columbia University Press. 284 pp.

Brooks, John L., 1985. Development of Wallace's perceptions of biogeography, 1848-1859. Earth Sciences History 4(2): 113-117.

Brotman, C., Dec. 2001. Alfred Wallace and the anthropology of sound in Victorian culture. Endeavour 25(4): 144-147.

Brown, C. Mackenzie, Sept. 2007. Colonial and post-colonial elaborations of avataric evolutionism. Zygon 42(3): 715-748. [mentions influence of Wallace on the pandit Chamupati and other followers of Dayananda]

Brown, R. M., & Guttman, S. I., July 2002. Phylogenetic systematics of the Rana signata complex of Philippine and Bornean stream frogs: Reconsideration of Huxley's modification of Wallace's Line at the Oriental-Australian faunal zone interface. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 76(3): 393-461.

Browne, Janet, 1983. The Secular Ark; Studies in the History of Biogeography. New Haven & London: Yale University Press. 273 pp.

Browne, Janet, Winter 2010. Making Darwin: Biography and the changing representations of Charles Darwin. Journal of Interdisciplinary History 40(3): 347-373.

Bryant, William, 2003. Naturalist in the River: The Life and Early Writings of Alfred Russel Wallace. iUniverse.com. 180 pp.

Bueno Hernández, Alfredo, & Llorente Bousquets, Jorge, 2000. Una visión histórica de la biogeografía dispersionista con críticas a sus fundamentos. Caldasia 22(2): 161-184.

Bueno Hernández, Alfredo, & Llorente Bousquets, Jorge, 2003. La obra biogeográfica de Alfred Russel Wallace. Parte I: Su viaje a la Amazonia y sus primeras ideas sobre distribución. In Juan J. Morrone & Jorge Llorente Bousquets, eds., Una Perspectiva Latinoamericana de la Biogeografía (México, D.F.: Las Prensas de Ciencias, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México): 29-38.

Bueno Hernández, Alfredo, & Llorente Bousquets, Jorge, 2003. El Pensamiento Biogeográfico de Alfred Russel Wallace. Bogotá: Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales. 191 pp.

Bueno Hernández, Alfredo, & Llorente Bousquets, Jorge, 2005. La obra biogeográfica de Alfred Russel Wallace. Parte II: El modelo extensionista y la inflexión al permanentismo. In Jorge Llorente Bousquets & Juan J. Morrone, eds., Regionalización Biogeográfica en Iberoamérica y Tópicos Afines (México, D.F.: Las Prensas de Ciencias, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México): 19-44.

Bueno Hernández, Alfredo, & Llorente-Bousquets, Jorge E., April 2006. The other face of Lyell: Historical biogeography in his Principles of Geology. Journal of Biogeography 33(4): 549-559.

Bueno Hernández, Alfredo, Morrone, Juan J., Luna-Reyes, M. de las Mercedes, & Pérez-Malváez, Carlos, 1999. Raíces históricas del concepto de centro de origen en la biogeografía dispersionista: Del Edén bíblico al modelo de Darwin-Wallace. Sciences et Techniques en Perspective 3(1): 27-45.

Bulmer, Michael, 22 May 2005. The theory of natural selection of Alfred Russel Wallace FRS. Notes & Records of the Royal Society 59(2): 125-136.

Byatt, Jean I., 1974. A short comment on Alfred Russel Wallace's paper entitled 'On the peculiar species of the British fauna and flora' (1880). Proceedings of the Croydon Natural History and Scientific Society 15(5): 97-100.

Bynum, W. F., & Porter, Roy, eds., 2005. Oxford Dictionary of Scientific Quotations [entry "Alfred Russel Wallace," pp. 602-606]. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press. 712 pp.

Cain, A. J., Jan.-Feb. 1984. Islands and evolution: Theory and opinion in Darwin's earlier years. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 21(1-2): 5-27.

Camerini, Jane R., 1987. Darwin, Wallace, and Maps. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison. 345 pp.

Camerini, Jane R., Dec. 1993. Evolution, biogeography, and maps: An early history of Wallace's Line. Isis 84(4): 700-727. Reprinted with minor changes in Roy MacLeod & Philip J. Rehbock, eds., 1994, Darwin's Laboratory: Evolutionary Theory and Natural History in the Pacific (Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press): 70-109.

Camerini, Jane R., 1996. Wallace in the field. Osiris 11, 2nd s.: 44-65.

Camerini, Jane R., 1997. Remains of the day: Early Victorians in the field. In Bernard Lightman, ed., Victorian Science in Context (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 354-377.

Camerini, Jane R., ed., 2002. The Alfred Russel Wallace Reader: A Selection of Writings from the Field. Baltimore & London: Johns Hopkins University Press. 219 pp.

Campbell, Anthony K., 2003. What Darwin missed. Astrophysics and Space Science 285: 571-585. [discusses Fred Hoyle's criticism of Darwinian-style evolution as slow incremental change, and the relevance of molecular biodiversity]

Camus, Patricio A., 2009. Ever since Darwin? Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 82: 471-476.

Canguilhem, Georges, 1959. Les Concepts de "Lutte Pour l'Existence" et de "Sélection Naturelle" en 1858: Charles Darwin et Alfred Russel Wallace. Paris: Les Conférences du Palais de la Découverte Ser. D: Histoire des Sciences, No. 61. 17 pp.

Caponi, Gustavo, 2009. Definitivamente no estaba ahí: La ausencia de la teoría de la selección natural en Sobre la Tendencia de las Variedades a Apartarse Indefinidamente del Tipo Original de Alfred Russel Wallace. Ludus Vitalis 17(32): 55-73. [suggests that the Ternate essay avoids the issue of divergence of forms]

Caponi, Gustavo, 2011. Las raíces del programa adaptacionista. Scientiæ Studia (São Paulo) 9(4): 705-738.

Cardoso, Pedro, Erwin, Terry L., Borges, Paulo A. V., & New, Tim R., Nov. 2011. The seven impediments in invertebrate conservation and how to overcome them. Biological Conservation 144(11): 2647-2655. [discusses Wallacean shortfalls]

Carmo, Viviane Arruda do, 2008. As concepções de Alfred Russel Wallace acerca da cor e ornamentos dos animais e sua crítica à seleção sexual. Filosofia e História da Biologia 3: 377-392.

Carmo, Viviane Arruda do, & Martins, Lilian Al-Chueyr Pereira, 2006. Charles Darwin, Alfred Russel Wallace e a seleção natural: Um estudo comparativo. In Maria Elice Brzezinski Prestes, Lilian Al-Chueyr Pereira Martins & Waldir Stefano, eds., Filosofia e História da Biologia 1 (São Paulo: Fundo Mackenzie de Pesquisa, MackPesquisa): 335-350.

Carmo, Viviane Arruda do, Bizzo, Nélio, & Martins, Lilian Al-Chueyr Pereira, 2009. Alfred Russel Wallace e o princípio de seleção natural. Filosofia e História da Biologia 4: 209-233.

Carmo, Viviane Arruda do, Martins, Lilian Al-Chueyr Pereira, & Bizzo, Nelio Vincenzo, 2012. As contribuições de Alfred Russel Wallace para a biogeografia. Filosofia e História da Biologia 7(1): 117-136.

Carmo, Viviane Arruda do, 2011. Episódios da História da Biologia e o Ensino da Ciência: As Contribuições de Alfred Russel Wallace. Ph.D. Dissertation, Faculdade de Educação, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo.

Caro, Tim, Feb. 2005. The adaptive significance of coloration in mammals. BioScience 55(2): 125-136.

Caro, Tim, Merilaita, Sami, & Stevens, Martin, Nov. 2008. The colours of animals: From Wallace to the present day. I. Cryptic coloration. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 125-143.

Caro, Tim, Hill, Geoffrey, Lindström, Leena, & Speed, Michael, Nov. 2008. The colours of animals: From Wallace to the present day. II. Conspicuous coloration. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 144-165.

Carstensen, Daniel W., & Olesen, Jens M., Aug. 2009. Wallacea and its nectarivorous birds: Nestedness and modules. Journal of Biogeography 36(8): 1540-1550.

Cerullo, John J., 1982. The Secularization of the Soul; Psychical Research in Modern Britain. Philadelphia: Institute for the Study of Human Issues. 194 pp.

Chakrabarti, Raj, Rabitz, Herschel, Springs, Stacey L., & McLendon, George L., 27 June 2008. Mutagenic evidence for the optimal control of evolutionary dynamics. Physical Review Letters 100, 258103.

Chase, Malcolm, 1979. A Victorian scientist at Grays: 1872-1876. Panorama: The Journal of the Thurrock Local History Society No. 22: 8-17.

Chesterton, G. K., Jan. 1904. Alfred Russel Wallace. English Illustrated Magazine (London) 30, n.s.: 420-422.

Christensen, Bryce, Dec. 2011. Darwin vs. Wallace: When poetry dies and when poetry survives in the not-so-natural selection of memetic evolution. Changing English 18(4): 397-405.

Cirkovic, Milan M., Jan.-Feb. 2005. Permanence--An adaptationist solution to Fermi's Paradox? JBIS, Journal of the British Interplanetary Society 58(1-2): 62-70. [discusses adaptationism in the context of astrobiology]

Claeys, Gregory, April 2000. The "survival of the fittest" and the origins of Social Darwinism. Journal of the History of Ideas 61(2): 223-240.

Claeys, Gregory, Nov. 2008. Wallace and Owenism. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 235-262.

Clark, Brett, & York, Richard, June 2007. The restoration of nature and biogeography: An introduction to Alfred Russel Wallace's "Epping Forest" in 1873 [sic]. Organization & Environment 20(2): 213-234. [followed on pages 235-248 by Wallace's essay 'Epping Forest' (S292)]

Clemens, Florence, July 1939. Conrad's favorite bedside book. South Atlantic Quarterly 38: 305-315. [on Joseph Conrad's fondness for The Malay Archipelago]

Clements, Harry, 1983. Alfred Russel Wallace: Biologist and Social Reformer. London: Hutchinson. 215 pp.

Clode, D., & O'Brien, R., 2001. Why Wallace drew the line: A re-analysis of Wallace's bird collections in the Malay Archipelago and the origins of biogeography. In Ian Metcalfe et al., eds., Faunal and Floral Migrations and Evolution in SE Asia-Australia (Lisse, Netherlands: A. A. Balkema Publishers): 113-121.

Clodd, Edward, 1972 [reprint of 1897 ed.]. Pioneers of Evolution From Thales to Huxley. Freeport NY: Books for Libraries Press. 274 pp.

Cluysenaar, Anne, 2008. Batu-Angas; Envisioning Nature With Alfred Russel Wallace. Bridgen, Wales: Seren. [a collection of her poems]

Coase, Ronald H., ed., April 1969. Three lectures on Progress and Poverty by Alfred Marshall. Journal of Law and Economics 12(1): 184-226. [reprints Marshall's comments on Wallace's land nationalization plan, and a pair of letter interchanges between Marshall and Wallace]

Coleman, William, 1999. The Strange "Laissez-Faire" of Alfred Russel Wallace: The Connection Between Natural Selection and Political Economy Reconsidered. Hobart: University of Tasmania School of Economics Discussion Paper 1999-04. 26 pp. Reprinted in John Laurent & John Nightingale, eds., 2001, Darwinism and Evolutionary Economics (Cheltenham, U.K. & Northampton MA: Edward Elgar): 36-48.

Collard, David, Winter 2009. Alfred Russel Wallace and the political economists. History of Political Economy 41(4): 605-644.

Colp, Ralph, Jr., 1983. Charles Darwin: Man and scientist. Centennial Review 27(2): 96-110.

Colp, Ralph, Jr., March 1992. "I will gladly do my best." How Charles Darwin obtained a Civil List Pension for Alfred Russel Wallace. Isis 83(1): 2-26.

Colwell, Robert K., 5 Dec. 2000. A barrier runs through it ... or maybe just a river. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97(25): 13470-13472. [discusses the riverine barrier hypothesis as related to Amazon distribution patterns]

Conlin, Jonathan, 2014. Evolution and the Victorians: Science, Culture and Politics in Darwin's Britain. London: Bloomsbury Publishing. 257 pp.

Coronado, Guillermo, July-Dec. 2002. A. R. Wallace, la evolución, y su ensayo de 1858. Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica 40(101): 153-169.

Coronado, Guillermo, Dec. 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace en el centenario de su muerte. Revista de Biología Tropical 61(4): 1543-1550.

Costa, James T., Dec. 2013. Engaging with Lyell: Alfred Russel Wallace's Sarawak law and Ternate papers as reactions to Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology. Theory in Biosciences 132(4): 225-237.

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Smith, Charles H., ed., 2004. Alfred Russel Wallace: Writings on Evolution, 1843-1912. Bristol, U.K.: Thoemmes Continuum. 3 vols., 1510 pp.

Smith, Charles H., 2004. Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823-1913). In H. C. G. Matthew & Brian Harrison, eds., Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press), Vol. 56: 920-927.

Smith, Charles H., Nov. 2004. Wallace's Unfinished Business. Complexity 10(2): 25-32. Reprinted in Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Nov. 2008, Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 341-352. [concerning the relation of Wallace's model of natural selection to cybernetics and systems theory]

Smith, Charles H., 2004. Alfred Russel Wallace on Man: A famous 'change of mind'--or not? History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26(2): 257-270.

Smith, Charles H., Sept. 2005. Alfred Russel Wallace, past and future. Journal of Biogeography 32(9): 1509-1515.

Smith, Charles H., 7 Sept. 2006. Reflections on Wallace. Nature 443(7107): 33-34. [reports the discovery of an unpublished early essay by Wallace on a possible means of preparing telescope lenses]

Smith, Charles H., 2007. Wallace, Alfred Russel. In Thomas Hockey, ed., Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers (New York: Springer), Vol. 2: 1191-1993.

Smith, Charles H., 2008. Wallace, Alfred Russel. In Noretta Koertge, ed., New Scientific Dictionary of Biography (Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons), Vol. 7: 224-228.

Smith, Charles H., Spring 2008. "Hussel," "Bussel" and "Kussel," Or, using Google Books to stalk the elusive Alfred Russel Wallace. Kentucky Libraries 72(2): 8-11.

Smith, Charles H., June 2008. Introduction. To Anne Cluysenaar, Batu-Angas; Envisioning Nature With Alfred Russel Wallace [a collection of her poems] (Bridgen, Wales: Seren): 10-14.

Smith, Charles H., Oct. 2008. Alfred Russel Wallace, journalist. Archives of Natural History 35(2): 203-207.

Smith, Charles H., Nov. 2008. Wallace, spiritualism, and beyond: "Change," or "no change"? In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 391-423.

Smith, Charles H., Jan. 2009. What's in a word? On reading--and misreading--Alfred Russel Wallace. In Survival of the Fittest; Celebrating the 150th Anniversary of the Darwin-Wallace Theory of Evolution (The Linnean Special Issue No. 9): 35-44.

Smith, Charles H., 4 May 2010. Alfred Russel Wallace, geographer. Geography Compass 4(5): 388-401.

Smith, Charles H., 2011. Alfred Russel Wallace notes 3. Two early publications. Archives of Natural History 38(2): 349-351.

Smith, Charles H., 2011. Alfred Russel Wallace notes 4. Contributions to The Garden, 1875-1912. Archives of Natural History 38(2): 351-353.

Smith, Charles H., 2011. "What lives where, and why": Alfred Russel Wallace, and the field of biogeography. Science & Technology Libraries 30(4): 307-325.

Smith, Charles H., Jan./Feb. 2012. Natural selection: A concept in need of some evolution? Complexity 17(3): 8-17.

Smith, Charles H., June 2012. Alfred Russel Wallace and the elimination of the unfit. Journal of Biosciences (Indian Academy of Sciences) 37(2): 203-205.

Smith, Charles H., Oct. 2012. Alfred Russel Wallace e a noção de causas finais na evolução. In A. C. Regner & A. Naves, organizers, Ecos de Darwin (Editora da UNISINOS, São Leopoldo, Brasil): 155-181.

Smith, Charles H., March 2013. A further look at the 1858 Wallace–Darwin mail delivery question. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 108(3): 715-718.

Smith, Charles H., 7 Nov. 2013. Enquête sur un Aventurier de l'Esprit: Le Véritable Alfred Russel Wallace. Paris: Les Éditions de l'Évolution. 299 pp.

Smith, Charles H., Dec. 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace's world of final causes. Theory in Biosciences 132(4): 239-249.

Smith, Charles H., published online 8 Jan. 2014. Wallace, Darwin, and Ternate 1858. Notes & Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science 68(2): 165-170.

Smith, Charles H., April 2014. Alfred Russel Wallace notes 5: Just how well known was Wallace in his own time? The Linnean 30(1): 27-30.

Smith, Charles H., & Beccaloni, George, eds., Nov. 2008. Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press. 482 pp.

Smith, Charles H. & Derr, Megan, eds., 1 Jan. 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace's 1886-1887 Travel Diary; The North American Lecture Tour. Manchester, U.K.: Siri Scientific Press. 258 pp.

Smith, Charles H., Taylor, Michael, & Drawhorn, Gerrell M., April 2010. Alfred Russel Wallace notes 1. Authorship of two early works. Archives of Natural History 37(1): 167-169.

Smith, Charles H., Williams, James, Stephens, Jonathan, & Beccaloni, George, Oct. 2010. Alfred Russel Wallace notes 2. The spelling 'Russel', and Wallace's date of birth. Archives of Natural History 37(2): 351-354.

Smith, Roger, 1972. Alfred Russel Wallace: Philosophy of nature and man. British Journal for the History of Science 6: 177-199.

Smith, Susy, 1960. Alfred R. Wallace--Scientific enthusiast. Tomorrow (Bedfont, England, etc.) 8: 95-104.

Sochaczewski, Paul Spencer, 2005. Alfred Russel Wallace: The hero's journey in Sarawak. In Andrew A. Tuen & Indraneil Das, eds., Wallace in Sarawak--150 Years Later: An International Conference on Biogeography and Biodiversity (Kota Samarahan, Sarawak: Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak): 35-44.

Sochaczewski, Paul S., 2012. An Inordinate Fondness for Beetles: Campfire Conversations with Alfred Russel Wallace on People and Nature Based on Common Travel in the Malay Archipelago. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet. 416 pp.

Sochaczewski, Paul Spencer, & Hallmark, David, Dec. 2005. On the origins of a theory. Geographical 77(12): 40-44.

Soler, J. J., & Moreno, J., Aug. 2012. Evolution of sexual dichromatism in relation to nesting habits in European passerines: A test of Wallace's hypothesis. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 25(8): 1614-1622.

Sowan, Paul W., & Byatt, Jean I., 1974. Alfred Russel Wallace [1823-1913]; His residence in Croydon [1878-81] and his membership of the Croydon Microscopical and Natural History Club. Proceedings of the Croydon Natural History and Scientific Society 15(5): 83-97.

Speed, Michael P., & Ruxton, Graeme D., 21 Feb. 2005. Aposematism: What should our starting point be? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences 272: 431-438.

Speed, Michael P., & Ruxton, Graeme D., Dec. 2005. Warning displays in spiny animals: One (more) evolutionary route to aposematism. Evolution 59(12): 2499-2508.

Speed, Michael P., & Ruxton, Graeme D., March 2007. How bright and how nasty: Explaining diversity in warning signal strength. Evolution 61(3): 623-635.

Spooner, David, May 1992. From Apuleius to A. R. Wallace: Evolutionary theory and some literary animals and insects. Bestia: Yearbook of the Beast Fable Society 4: 66-74. Reprinted in David Spooner, 2002, The Insect-Populated Mind: How Insects Have Influenced the Evolution of Consciousness (Lanham MD: Hamilton Books).

Spooner, David, 2005. The Insect-populated Mind; How Insects Have Influenced the Evolution of Consciousness. Lanham, MD: Hamilton Books. 186 pp.

Spyer, Patricia, 2000. The Memory of Trade: Modernity's Entanglements on an Eastern Indonesian Island. Durham NC & London: Duke University Press. 354 pp.

Stack, David A., Winter 2000. The first Darwinian Left: Radical and Socialist responses to Darwin, 1859-1914. History of Political Thought 21(4): 682-710.

Stack, David A., 2003. Alfred Russel Wallace. Chapter Two of Stack's The First Darwinian Left: Socialism and Darwinism 1859-1914 (Gretton, Cheltenham, U.K.: New Clarion Press): 20-29.

Stack, David A., Nov. 2008. Out of "the limbo of 'unpractical politics'": The origins and essence of Wallace's advocacy of land nationalization. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 279-304.

Stape, J. H., 2000. Wallace, Alfred Russel. In Owen Knowles & Gene M. Moore, Oxford Reader's Companion to Conrad (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 396-397.

Stearn, W. T., 1960. 'Antitype' and 'antetype': A note on Wallace's 1855 essay. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London 171(2): 154.

Steer, Roger, 2003. Letter to an Influential Atheist. Carlisle, Cumbria, U.K. & Waynesboro GA: Authentic Lifestyle. 150 pp. [open "letter" to Richard Dawkins, with Wallace referred to a number of times]

Steinheimer, Frank D., Sept. 2003. Darwin, Rüppell, Landbeck & Co.--Important historical collections at The Natural History Museum, Tring. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 51(2/3): 175-188.

Stelbrink, Björn, Albrecht, Christian, Hall, Robert, & von Rintelen, Thomas, July 2012. The biogeography of Sulawesi revisited: Is there evidence for a vicariant origin of taxa on Wallace's "anomalous island"? Evolution 66(7): 2252-2271.

Stenger, Victor J., May-June 1993. The myth of quantum consciousness. Humanist 53(3): 13-15.

Stepan, Nancy, 1982. The Idea of Race in Science: Great Britain 1800-1960. Hamden CT: Archon Books. 230 pp.

Stepan, Nancy Leys, 2001. Picturing Tropical Nature. Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press. 283 pp.

Stern, Bernhard J., April 1935. Letters of Alfred Russel Wallace to Lester F. Ward. Scientific Monthly 40: 375-379.

Stevens, Martin, & Merilaita, Sami, eds., 2011. Animal Camouflage: Mechanisms and Function. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. 357 pp.

Stevens, P. F., 1995. George Bentham and the Darwin/Wallace papers of 1858: More myths surrounding the origin and acceptance of evolutionary ideas. The Linnean 1995 11(2): 14-16.

Stocking, George W., Jr., 1987. Victorian Anthropology. New York: Free Press. 429 pp.

Stolzenburg, William, March-April 1993. Indonesia: Wallace's wonderland. Nature Conservancy 43(2): 16-23.

Stott, Rebecca, 2012. Darwin's Ghosts: In Search of the First Evolutionists. London & New York: Bloomsbury. 383 pp.

Swan, Lawrence W., Spring 1993. The scientific spiritualist: Wallace comes to California. Pacific Discovery 46(2): 24-25.

Sweet, Samuel S., & Pianka, Eric R., Nov. 2003. The lizard kings; Small monitors roam to the east of an unseen frontier; Mammals roam to the west. Natural History 112(9): 40-45.

Tamura, Koichiro, Subramanian, Sankar, & Kumar, Sudhir, 2004. Temporal patterns of fruit fly (Drosophila) evolution revealed by mutation clocks. Molecular Biology and Evolution 21(1): 36-44. [on findings bearing on Wallace's views on rapid species change resulting from climatic change]

Taylor, David, 2000. A biogeographer's construction of tropical lands: A. R. Wallace, biogeographical method and the Malay Archipelago. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 21(1): 63-75.

Thomas, Ewart, 1998. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913). The Gazette (South London Botanical Institute) July 1998 (Part I: 5-6) & Oct. 1998 (Part II: 5-7).

Thuillier, Pierre, Juillet-Août 1977. Evolutionnisme et spiritisme: Le cas Wallace. La Recherche 8: 690-696.

Tierney, Kevin J., Fall 1992. Hyperselectionism and hyperbehaviorism are unstable strategies. The Psychological Record 42(4): 469-478.

Tinkler, Keith, Nov. 2008. Wallace and the Great Ice Age. In Charles H. Smith & George Beccaloni, eds., Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press): 186-200.

Tipler, Frank J., June 1981. A brief history of the extraterrestrial intelligence concept. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 22(2): 133-145.

Toledo-Piza Ragazzo, Mônica de, July 2000. Peixes do século passado. Pesquisa Fapesp No. 55. 2 pp.

Travis, Anthony S., 2010. Raphael Meldola and the nineteenth-century neo-Darwinians. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 41(1): 143-172.

Travis, Justin M. J., 2004. The evolution of programmed death in a spatially structured population. Journal of Gerontology A: Biological Sciences 59(4): 301-305.

Tsao, Tiffany Aimee, 2009. Mutations of Progress: Evolution and Civilisation in the Indonesian Archipelago. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley. 211 pp.

Tsao, Tiffany, 2010. Paradise observed: Taxonomic perspective in Alfred Russel Wallace's The Malay Archipelago. Australasian Journal of Victorian Studies 15(2): 28-41.

Tuan, Yi-Fu, Sept. 1963. Latitude and Alfred Russel Wallace. Journal of Geography 62: 258-261.

Tuen, Andrew A., & Das, Indraneil, eds., 2005. Wallace in Sarawak--150 Years Later: An International Conference on Biogeography and Biodiversity. Kota Samarahan, Sarawak: Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak. 228 pp.

Turner, Frank M., 1974. Between Science and Religion; The Reaction to Scientific Naturalism in Late Victorian England. New Haven & London: Yale University Press. 273 pp.

Turner, John R. G., 1986. Why are there so few butterflies in Liverpool? Homage to Alfred Russel Wallace. Antenna 10(1): 18-24.

Tymn, Michael, March/April 2008. The other evolutionist. Atlantis Rising No. 68: 41, 69-71. [succinctly discusses the role of spiritualism in Wallace's life]

Uchii, Soshichi, March 1993. [Darwin and Wallace on the Principle of Divergence]. Memoirs of the Faculty of Letters, Kyoto University 32: 43-103. [in Japanese]

Van den Bergh, Bea R. H., Jan./Feb. 2010. Some societal and historical scientific considerations regarding the mother-fetus relationship and parenthood. Infant and Child Development 19(1): 39-44.

Van Oosterzee, Penny, 1997. Where Worlds Collide: The Wallace Line. Ithaca NY & London: Cornell University Press. 234 pp.

Van Valen, Leigh M., 1988. Species, sets, and the derivative nature of philosophy. Biology and Philosophy 3: 49-66.

Van Welzen, Peter C., Parnell, John A. N., & Slik, J. W. Ferry, July 2011. Wallace's Line and plant distributions: Two or three phytogeographical areas and where to group Java? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 103(3): 531-545.

Varki, Ajit, Geschwind, Daniel H., & Eichler, Evan E., Oct. 2008. Explaining human uniqueness: Genome interactions with environment, behaviour and culture. Nature Reviews Genetics 9(10): 749-763.

Verdcourt, Bernard, 1982. A. R. Wallace in Bedfordshire. Bedfordshire Magazine 18(142): 150-154. [submitted by Christine Garwood]

Vermeij, Geerat J., 6 Sept. 1991. When biotas meet: Understanding biotic interchange. Science 253: 1099-1104.

Vermeulen, J. W. Charlotte, 1990. Sulawesi--Eiland van verrassingen [Sulawesi--island of surprises]. Dieren (Amsterdam) 6(5): 133-137(?).

Vetter, Jeremy, 1999. Contemplating Man Under All His Varied Aspects: The Anthropological Work of Alfred Russel Wallace, 1843-70. M.Phil. Thesis, University of Oxford, Oxford, U. K. 95 pp.

Vetter, Jeremy, March 2006. Wallace's other line: Human biogeography and field practice in the eastern colonial tropics. Journal of the History of Biology 39(1): 89-123.

Vetter, Jeremy, 20 March 2010. The unmaking of an anthropologist: Wallace returns from the field, 1862-70. Notes & Records of the Royal Society 64(1): 25-42.

Vincenzo Bizzo, Nelio Marco, Spring 1992. Darwin on man in the Origin of Species: Further factors considered. Journal of the History of Biology 25(1): 137-147.

Visvanathan, Shiv, March-May 2006. Alternative science. Theory, Culture & Society 23(2-3): 164-169. [concerning science as an adventure in exploring alternative explanations]

Vorzimmer, Peter J., 1970. Charles Darwin: The Years of Controversy; The Origin of Species and Its Critics 1859-1882. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. 300 pp.

Voss, Julia, & Sarkar, Sahotra, 2003. Depictions as surrogates for places: From Wallace's biogeography to Koch's dioramas. Philosophy & Geography 6(1): 59-81.

Wainwright, Milton, & Alharbi, Sulaiman Ali, 2011. The story of a largely unknown evolution--Germ theory hoax. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 18: 311-316.

Wallace, Archer, 1967 [reprint of 1934 ed.]. The Religious Faith of Great Men. Freeport NY: Books for Libraries Press. 217 pp.

Weber, Thomas P., April 2010. Alfred Russel Wallace and the antivaccination movement in Victorian England. Emerging Infectious Diseases 16(4): 664-668.

Weiss, Kenneth M., March/April 2006. Had Reverend Jenyns said yes: A small decision with a big impact on biology. Evolutionary Anthropology 15(2): 47-51. [concerning Darwin's offer to take part in the Beagle cruise]

Wells, Kentwood D., Fall 1971. Sir William Lawrence (1783-1867); A study of pre-Darwinian ideas on heredity and variation. Journal of the History of Biology 4(2): 319-361.

Wells, Stephen H., Dec. 2008. William Dean Howells and the New Science: Darwinian Evolution and the Rise of Realism. Ph.D. Dissertation, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh. 298 pp.

Westmoreland, David, & Kiltie, Richard A., Nov. 2007. Egg coloration and selection for crypsis in open-nesting blackbirds. Journal of Avian Biology 38(6): 682-689. [mentions Wallace's views on camouflage and finds evidence to support them]

whipplelib, 25 June 2013. Arabella Buckley: Spiritualist populariser of science. Whipple Library Books Blog, http://whipplelib.wordpress.com/2013/06/25/arabella-buckley-spiritualist-populariser-of-science/

Whitmore, T. C., ed., 1981. Wallace's Line and Plate Tectonics. Oxford, U.K. & New York: Clarendon Press. 90 pp.

Whitmore, T. C., ed., 1987. Biogeographical Evolution of the Malay Archipelago. Oxford, U.K. & New York: Clarendon Press. 147 pp.

Whittaker, Robert J., Riddle, Brett R., Hawkins, Bradford A., & Ladle, Richard J., Nov. 2013. The geographical distribution of life and the problem of regionalization: 100 years after Alfred Russel Wallace. Journal of Biogeography 40(11): 2209-2214.

Wichler, Gerhard, 1938. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913), sein Leben, seine Arbeiten, sein Wesen, zugleich ein Beitrag zu dem Verhältnis von Wallace zu Darwin. Sudhoffs Archiv für Geschichte der Medizin und der Naturwissenschaften 30(6): 364-400.

Williams, J. H. Harley, 1961. Great Biologists. London: G. Bell & Sons. 159 pp.

Williams, Nigel, 22 April 2008. Evolution's forgotten anniversary. Current Biology 18(8): R316-R317. [concerning the 1 July 1858 presentation]

Williams-Ellis, Amabel, 1966. Darwin's Moon: A Biography of Alfred Russel Wallace. London & Glasgow: Blackie. 261 pp.

Wilson, John G., 2000. The Forgotten Naturalist: In Search of Alfred Russel Wallace. Melbourne: Australia Scholarly Publishing. 263 pp.

Windholz, George, Spring 1994. Bleuler's views on inheritance of acquired characteristics and on psi phenomena. Skeptical Inquirer 18(3): 273-279.

Winsor, Mary Pickard, 2000. Agassiz's notions of a museum: The vision and the myth. Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences No. 25: 249-271.

Wright, Robert, 1994. The Moral Animal. New York: Pantheon Books. 467 pp.

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Wyhe, John van, 22 May 2007. Mind the gap: Did Darwin avoid publishing his theory for many years? Notes & Records of the Royal Society 61(2): 177-205.

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Wyhe, John van, 2013. Dispelling the Darkness; Voyage in the Malay Archipelago and the Discovery of Evolution by Wallace and Darwin. Hackensack NJ: World Scientific. 405 pp.

Wyhe, John van, & Rookmaaker, Kees, Jan. 2012. A new theory to explain the receipt of Wallace's Ternate essay by Darwin in 1858. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 105(1): 249-252.

Wyhe, John van, & Rookmaaker, L. C., 28 Feb. 2013. Wallace's mystery flycatcher. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 61(1): 1-5.

Wyhe, John van, & Rookmaaker, Kees, 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace: Letters from the Malay Archipelago. London: Oxford University Press. 319 pp.

Yin, Loh Chee, July/Dec. 1967. The A. R. Wallace Collection in the Sarawak Museum reference library. Sarawak Museum Journal 15(30/31), n.s.: 446-455.

Young, Robert M., May 1969. Malthus and the evolutionists: The common context of biological and social theory. Past and Present No. 43: 109-145.

Young, Robert M., 1970 [also in 1990 reprint]. Mind, Brain and Adaptation in the Nineteenth Century. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon Press. 278 pp.

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Young, Robert M., July 1971. Darwin's metaphor: Does nature select? Monist 55(3): 442-503.

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Zetterberg, J. Peter, ed., 1983. Evolution Versus Creationism: The Public Education Controversy. Phoenix: Oryx Press. 516 pp.

Zahnle, Kevin, 12 July 2001. Decline and fall of the martian empire. Nature 412(6843): 209-213. [discusses the martian canals controversy, and Wallace's part in it]

Zhang, Zhi-yong, Zheng, Xiao-ming, & Ge, Song, Aug. 2007. Population genetic structure of Vitex negundo (Verbenaceae) in Three-Gorge Area of the Yangtze River: The riverine barrier to seed dispersal in plants. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 35(8): 506-516.

Zinsser, William, 26 Aug. 1990. A travel nut's library. New York Times 26 Aug. 1990 Late Edition-Final, Book Review Desk, Section 7: 1. [book review of modern ed. of The Malay Archipelago]

Zirkle, Conway, April 1941. Natural selection before the Origin of Species. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 84(1): 71-123.

Zuk, Marlene, April 1984. A charming resistance to parasites. Natural History 93(4): 28-34. [relates recent research to Wallace's views on the reasons for mate choice by females]

Go to top

Selected Secondary Sources From His Own Time
(many of the following articles can now be found in full-text in one or more nineteenth century articles collections)

Aflalo, F. G., 6 Sept. 1913. The valley of passengers. Academy and Literature No. 2157: 313. [includes mention of a Wallace referral to John Muir]

Allen, Grant, 1879. The Colour-Sense; Its Origin and Development. An Essay in Comparative Psychology. London: Trübner & Co. 282 pp. [reviewed in S304; much commentary of Wallace's ideas on color]

_____, 24 April 1879. Colour in nature. Nature 19(495): 580-581. [letter to the Editor regarding S304; replied to in S308]

Allen, Joel A., Jan. 1878. An inadequate "theory of birds' nests." Bulletin of the Nuttall Ornithological Club 3(1): 23-32. [discusses S139]

Anonymous, 12 April 1862. untitled notice. Athenaeum No. 1798: 502b. [describes the donation of Wallace's live paradise birds to the Zoological Society]

_____, 12 April 1862. Birds of paradise in the Regent's Park. The London Review 4(93): 345-346.

_____, Juillet 1864. Rev. Samuel Haughton on form, etc. Archives des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles (Geneva) 5, nouvelle période: 279-283. [discussion of Samuel Haughton paper & S83]

_____, 28 Aug. 1869. Spectator 42(2148): 1002-1003. [concerning S150, Wallace's remarks on a John Lubbock paper on early man; referred to in S152]

_____, 13 Jan. 1870. Government aid to science. Nature 1: 279-280. [refers to S157; replied to in S158]

_____ ('Taxpayer'), 27 Jan. 1870. State aid to science. Nature 1: 335. [comments on S157 and S158]

_____ ('E. G. A.'), 10 Feb. 1870. Government aid to science. Nature 1: 385-386. [comments on S157 and S158]

_____, 27 April 1870. The convexity of water painfully demonstrated. Scientific Opinion 3: 377. [includes 8 February 1870 agreement document between Wallace and John Hampden]

_____, April 1870. The action of natural selection on man. Westminster Review (London ed.) 37(2): 536-548. [analysis of S93 and three other works]

_____, 2 July 1870. Instinct or intelligence? Saturday Evening Post: 2c-2d. [comments on S136]

_____, 30 July 1870. Is the world round? Chambers's Journal No. 344: 484-485. [concerning the Bedford Canal "flat earth" experiment]

_____, 20 Aug. 1870. Is the world round? Every Saturday 1(34), n.s.: 539b-539d. [discussion of the Bedford Canal "flat earth" experiment]

_____, April 1871. The rotundity of the earth. Illustrated Review (London) 1(12): 398-401. [concerning the Bedford Canal experiment]

_____, 24 June 1871. The philosophy of birds' nests. Once a Week No. 182, n.s.: 593-597. [analysis concerning S139]

_____, 13 Sept. 1871. Natural selection and man. Christian Union (New York) 4(11): 173d. [comments on the final two chapters of S716]

_____, ('W. G.'), 20 Oct. 1871. The shape of the earth. English Mechanic and World of Science 14(343): 117. [letter to the Editor defending the flat earth philosophy, as connected to the Bedford Canal experiment]

_____, ('Amateur Chemist'), 3 Nov. 1871. The disciples of "Parallax." English Mechanic and World of Science 14(345): 171. [letter to the Editor concerning the Bedford Canal experiment]

_____ ('Sidney'), 10 Nov. 1871. "Parallaxites." English Mechanic and World of Science 14(346): 193-194. [letter to the Editor defending the flat earth philosophy, as connected to the Bedford Canal experiment]

_____, 15 Dec. 1871. Reply to Mr. Hampden's charges against Mr. Wallace. English Mechanic and World of Science 14(351): 321. [concerning S202]

_____ ('J. T.'), 20 March 1873. Perception in the lower animals. Nature 4: 384. [letter to the Editor discussing S222]

_____, 27 March 1873. Perception in the lower animals. Nature 7: 409-411. [discussion & several responses to S222]

_____, 14 April 1873. A startling proposal. The Northern Echo No. 1020: 2e-2f. [concerning S225]

_____, 12 May 1873. Mr. Wallace's collection of birds. The Times (London) No. 27687: 12f. [concerning the British Museum's purchase of his collection]

_____ ('J. H. L.'), 27 Sept. 1873. Free trade in minerals. Examiner (London) No. 3426: 968-969. [concerning S231]

_____, April 1874. untitled. London Quarterly Review 42(83): 121-146. [concerning coal mining in the United Kingdom, including a discussion of S231]

_____ ('Free Lance'), June 1874. Social subjects. Modern spiritualism. London Society 25(150): 548-550 (548-558). [three part discussion, with the first on spiritualism]

_____ ('F. W. S.'), 13 July 1874. Another scientific spiritualist. Oneida Circular (Oneida NY) 11(29): 228a-228b. [comments on S243]

_____ ('Free Lance'), July 1874. Social subjects: Modern spiritualism. London Society 26(151): 88-91 (82-91). [discussion of S243 and modern spiritualism]

_____, 19 Feb. 1875. The earth not a globe. An interview with Mr. John Hampden in Springfield Gaol. The Chelmsford Chronicle (Chelmsford) No. 5749: 6a. [regarding the Bedford Canal experiment and its aftermath]

_____, 21 Dec. 1876. Mr. Wallace on human development. The American Socialist 1(39): 310a-310b. [concerning comments made in the second part of S257]

_____, 1877. Hampden v. Walsh [1 Queen's Bench Division, 189. Jan. 17, 1876.]. Reports of Cases Decided by the English Courts, Vol. 16 (Albany NY: William Gould & Son): 282-289. [aftermath of the Bedford Canal 'flat earth' experiment]

_____, July 1877. New Guinea and Polynesia: Discoveries and surveys in New Guinea and the d'Entrecasteaux Islands. Quarterly Review 144(287): 179-210. [many mentions of Wallace]

_____, 26 Dec. 1878. Nation (U.S.) No. 704: 400-401. [comments on Wallace's remarks on Epping Forest, S292]

_____ ('An Inquirer'), 7 Nov. 1881. Nationalisation of the land. Mark Lane Express 51: 1513a. [letter to the Editor]

_____ ('An Inquirer'), 21 Nov. 1881. Nationalisation of the land. Mark Lane Express 51: 1576b. [letter to the Editor]

_____ ('M. P.'), 30 Nov. 1881. The Times (London) No. 30365: 6b. [letter to the Editor regarding land nationalization; refers to S344]

_____, Jan. 1882. Alfred Russel Wallace. Celebrities of the Day: British and Foreign 2(10): 322-335.

_____, 1 Oct. 1882. Professor Blackie, Mr. A. Russell Wallace, the Sellar family, and the Sutherland clearances. Celtic Magazine 7(84): 573.

_____, July 1883. Alfred Russel Wallace, naturalist and spiritualist. The Spiritual Record (Glasgow & London) 1(2): 65-75.

_____, 8 Sept. 1883. The Sutherland evictions of 1814. Saturday Review (London) 56(1454): 315-316.

_____ ('R. M. N.'), July 1885. Mr. A. R. Wallace, F.R.S., on the relations between spiritualism and science. Journal of Science 7, 3rd s.: 400-407. [letter to the Editor concerning S379]

_____ ('the author of "Scientific Materialism"'), Aug. & Sept. 1885. Relations between spiritualism and science: Mr. A. R. Wallace and R. M. N. Journal of Science 7, 3rd s.: 458-464, 511-515. [letter to the Editor concerning S379 and S382]

_____, 10 Oct. 1885. Law and communism. Saturday Review (London) 60(1563): 473. [regarding land nationalization]

_____, 6 Nov. 1886. Alfred Russel Wallace, LL.D. Banner of Light 60(8): 4c-4d. [notice of Wallace's arrival in Boston]

_____, Feb. 1888. Books of to-day. To-day 51: 54-60. [discusses S403 on pages 57-58]

_____ (William Tebb), Jan. 1889. Vaccination by Act of Parliament. Westminster Review (London ed.) 131(1): 96-112. [discusses second edition of S374, and vaccination]

_____, 29 March 1890. A modified Darwinism. Public Opinion (New York) 8: 584. [concerning S724]

_____, May 1890. Modern spiritualism. Unitarian Review 33(5): 466-475. [includes discussion of Wallace's writings]

_____ ('C. C. M.'), 28 June 1890. Individuality and pre-existence. Light (London) 10(495): 313-314. [letter to the Editor regarding S425a and the soul]

_____, 1 July 1890. Taxation v. compensation. The Democrat (London) 6(7): 148. [comments on S423]

_____ ('V'), 11 July 1891. Are there objective apparitions? Light (London) 11(549): 327-329. [discussion of S434, with extensive quotes]

_____, July 1891. Alfred Russel Wallace, LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S., and the Royal Commission on Vaccination. Sanitarian 27(260): 42-47. [concerning his testimony]

_____ ('V'), 12 Sept. 1891. Alfred Russel Wallace on the "unconscious secondary self." Light (London) 11(558): 437. [letter to the Editor discussing elements of S434]

_____, 1891. Ghosts: Are they real? Review of Reviews (London) 3: 262. [discusses S434]

_____, 1892. Woman's rights and the progress of mankind. Review of Reviews (London) 5: 177. [discusses S445]

_____, April 1893. How to nationalise the land. Review of Reviews (London) 7: 412. [discusses S466]

_____, 4 Nov. 1893. Maternal impressions. Medical and Surgical Reporter 69(19): 727-729. [concerning S476, and acquired characters]

_____, 16 Dec. 1893. Woman and natural selection. Light (London) 13(675): 594. [discusses S736]

_____, 3 Feb. 1894. An English view of the employment of the unemployed. The New Nation 4(5): 52. [discusses S486a]

_____, 9 June 1894. A Freeland colony. An interesting experiment to be tried in Africa. The Idaho Avalanche (Silver City, ID) Issue No.42: ?-?. [a project supported by Theodor Hertzka, and by Wallace]

_____, Oct. 1894. Sunday rest for servants. Review of Reviews (London) 10: 363. [discusses S505]

_____, 30 May 1896. Alfred Russel Wallace, F.R.S., D.C.L., LL.D. Light 16(803): 259-260. [discusses new edition of S717]

_____, 26 June 1897. For what they have received. Saturday Review (London) 83(2174): 706-707. [concerning uneven recognition for service]

_____, 6 Aug. 1898. Dr. Alfred R. Wallace's address. Light (London) 18(917): 391-392. [three anonymous letters to the Editor discussing the wisdom of the subject of Wallace's address (S545) to the 1898 International Congress of Spiritualists]

_____, 3 Feb. 1899. New York Times 48(15310): 6d-6e. [discusses S559, Wallace's letter to the Daily Chronicle on the U.S.'s treatment of Cuba and the Philippines]

_____, 20 April 1899. Nation (U.S.) 68(1764): 288-289. [discusses S559, Wallace's letter to the Daily Chronicle on the U.S.'s treatment of Cuba and the Philippines]

_____, 19 Jan. 1901. Alfred Russel Wallace and vaccination. Medical News (New York) 78(3): 103-104. [editorial rant discussing Wallace's anti-vaccination inclinations]

_____, 5 March 1903. Man's place in the universe. The Watchman (Boston) 85(10): 8-9. [a discussion of S602]

_____, March 1903. Is man the centre of the universe? Review of Reviews (London) 27(159): 274. [a discussion of S602]

_____, May 1903. Man's place in the universe. Current Literature 34(5): 550-552. [concerning S602 and opposing viewpoints]

_____, Nov. 1903. untitled notice. The Methodist Review 19(6): 992-993. [describes Wallace's comments in S606]

_____, Jan. 1905. How labour may oust the employer. Review of Reviews (London) 31(181): 102. [includes nearly full reprint of S618b]

_____, 28 Oct. 1905. Life on other worlds. Scientific American 93(18): 334-335. [concerning Wallace's views on the subject]

_____, Feb. 1906. Differences between Darwin and Wallace. Current Literature 40(2): 181-182. [a few comments concerning remarks made in Wallace's My Life]

_____, Nov. 1906. How to deal with natives of S. Africa. Review of Reviews (London) 34(203): 499. [concerning S630]

_____, Feb. 1907. How the unborn plunder the living. Review of Reviews (London) 35(206): 173. [concerning S634]

_____, March 1907. "My partners, the people." Review of Reviews (London) 35(207): 312-313. [includes reprint of S635b]

_____, April 1907. "The Second Generation." A book-study. Arena 37(209): 438-442. [a book review including discussion of S634]

_____ ('Eve'), 11 Jan. 1908. A scientific prophet. Outlook (London) 21(519): 58. [letter to the Editor regarding S649]

_____ ('Adam'), 18 Jan. 1908. Dr. Russel Wallace and woman. Outlook (London) 21(520): 89. [letter to the Editor regarding S649]

_____ ('E. R.'), 18 Jan. 1908. Dr. Russel Wallace and woman. Outlook (London) 21(520): 89-90. [letter to the Editor regarding S649]

_____, April 1908. A great scientist's pessimistic reflections on human progress. Current Literature (New York) 44(4): 412-414. [discussion of S649]

_____, 2 July 1908. The Darwin-Wallace celebration. The Times (London) No. 38688: 10c-10d. [referred to in S657]

_____ ('A. D.'), 9 July 1908. The Darwin-Wallace jubilee celebration at the Linnean Society. Nature 78(2019): 221-223.

_____, 23 July 1908. How to become a great discoverer. Independent (New York) 65(3112): 217-219.

_____ ('E. E. K.'), 28 Jan. 1909. The Times (London): 3d. ["E. E. K. writes 'In your concluding article the subjoined passage occurs: "As a matter of historical fact, throughout the entire period during which Socialism has been before the world, not a single intellect of first-rate calibre has ranged itself on that side." Is not this, however, to ignore the veteran Socialist, Alfred Russel Wallace, the recipient not only of the Order of Merit but also of the Copley Medal?'"]

_____, 4 March 1909. Two wise men. Independent (New York) 66(3144): 499-500. [includes reprint of S671, on women's suffrage]

_____, 8 Jan. 1913. Dr. Russel Wallace. Darwin's rival and friend. Ninetieth birthday. The Daily Telegraph (London) No. 18007: 5c-d.

_____, 15 May 1913. Is mankind improving? Nation (U.S.) No. 2498: 491-492. [concerning S733]

_____ ('S. D.'), 14 Nov. 1913. Alfred Russel Wallace. The Public 16(815): 1085. [short remarks on Wallace's import as a worker for better social conditions]

_____, 22 Nov. 1913. Man's moral progress denied. Literary Digest 47(21): 1008-1009. [concerning S733]

_____, 22 Nov. 1913. Dr. Wallace and spiritualism. Outlook (New York) 105: 610. [refers to S753]

Archer, T. C., July? 1855. Note on Piassaba. (Hooker's) Journal of Botany 7(7): 213-214. [discussion of remarks made in S713]

Argyll, Duke of, 1868. On Mr. Wallace's theory of birds' nests. Journal of Travel & Natural History 1: 276-287. [concerning S139]

_____, 19 March 1874. Animal locomotion. Nature 9: 381. [letter to the Editor regarding S240; referred to in S241]

_____, 23 March 1893. Origin of lake basins. Nature 47: 485-486. [letter to the Editor commenting on S462]

Arldt, Th., Nov. 1914. A. R. Wallace und seine Bedeutung für die Tiergeographie. Geographische Zeitschrift 20(9/10): 489-496.

Atkinson, Henry G., May 1872. All nature miraculous. The Spiritual Magazine (London) 7, n.s.: 240. [letter to the Editor concerning a response to S174]

Augustus, 10 Jan. 1895. Sabbath gnats and camels. New York Observer and Chronicle 73(2): 33-34. [comments on S505, and activities on the Sabbath]

Ball, Robert S., 27 Feb. 1896. The cause of an ice age. Nature 53: 388-389. [letter to the Editor mentioning S521]

Barry, J. W., 26 Dec. 1878. The derivation of life from the North. Nature 19(478): 173. [letter to the Editor]

Bear, William E., March 1884. Agricultural politics in England. North American Review 138(328): 216-232. [discusses the differences between Wallace's & Henry George's land reform plans]

Bennett, Alfred W., 10 Nov. 1870. The theory of natural selection from a mathematical point of view. Nature 3: 30-33. [considers S716; referred to in S176]

_____, 24 Nov. 1870. The difficulties of natural selection. Nature 3: 65. [letter to the Editor that refers to S175; replied to in S176; considers S716]

_____, Jan. 1877. Is protective mimicry due to natural selection? American Naturalist 11(1): 3-7. [considers remarks made in the first part of S257]

Bennett, W., 26 Sept. 1906. How to buy the railways. Criticisms and suggestions. Daily News (London) No. 18885: 5b. [letter to the Editor commenting on S628]

Blackwell, H., 30 Jan. 1903. Alfred Russell Wallace and spiritualism. T. P.'s Weekly (London) 1(12): 371.

Blakiston, Thomas, & Alexander, Thomas, 28 Feb. 1884. Protection by mimicry--a problem in mathematical zoology. Nature 29: 405-406. [letter to the Editor related to S359]

Bland, Thomas, 15 December 1878 & 15 January 1879. Alfred R. Wallace on the colors of animals. Science News (Salem) 1: 52-55, 84-86. [discussion of the treatment of coloration of animals in S719]

Blanford, William T., 1890. The anniversary address of the President. Proceedings of the Geological Society of London (1889-90): 43-110. [discusses Wallace's zoogeographical realms]

_____, Oct. 1892. The permanence of oceans and continents. Natural Science 1: 639-640. [letter to the Editor referring to S453; referred to in S457]

_____, Dec. 1892. Further observations on the permanence of oceans and continents. Natural Science 1: 740-742. [referring to S457]

Blanford, William T., & Blanford, Henry F., 1 Dec. 1892. A Palæozoic ice-age. Nature 47: 101. [letter to the Editor referring to S456]

Blatchford, Robert, 30 Sept. 1904. Who said "Imperialism?" A reply to Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace. The Clarion (London) No. 669: 1d-1f. [referring to S617]

Blavatsky, Helena P., 1877. Isis Unveiled: A Master-Key to the Mysteries of Ancient and Modern Science and Theology. New York: J. W. Bouton & London: Quaritch. 2 vols. [contains many references to Wallace's writings]

Blunt, Wilfrid Scawen, 1921. My Diaries; Being a Personal Narrative of Events 1888-1914. Part Two [1900-1914]. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 484 pp. [on p. 10, Blunt describes his 27 July 1901 visit with Wallace and their discussions on animal domestication, ethnology, and politics]

Bond, Dr. Francis T., 19 March 1898. Cumberland Advertiser. [letter to the Editor regarding vaccination]

_____, 9 April 1898. Gloucester and vaccination. Leicester Daily Post No. 8729: 4g. [letter to the Editor regarding vaccination]

_____, 22 April 1898. The Middlesborough epidemic of small-pox. Shrewsbury Chronicle: 3c. [letter to the Editor referring to vaccination, & S536]

Bonney, T. G., July 1894. Do glaciers excavate? Contemporary Review 66: 108-118. [a reply to S481]

Borthwick, Lord, 21 Dec. 1881. The Times (London) No. 30383: 11c-d. [letter to the Editor regarding land nationalization; refers to S344; referred to in S346]

Bowles, Charles, 11 June 1887. Some questions to Prof. Wallace. Golden Gate (San Francisco) 4(21): 4b. [regarding phenomena produced by the "embodied and disembodied" mind]

Boyd, Thomas, Feb. 1859. On the tendency of species to form varieties. Zoologist 17(199): 6357-6359. [commenting on S43]

Bree, Charles R., 1872. An Exposition of Fallacies in the Hypothesis of Mr. Darwin. London: Longmans, Green, and Co. 418 pp.

_____, 1 Aug. 1872. Bree on Darwinism. Nature 6: 260. [letter to the Editor replying to S210]

Brewer, W. H., 13 March 1873. The sense of smell in animals. Nature 7: 360-361. [letter to the Editor discussing S222]

Brinton, Arthur J., 15 June 1913. Alfred Russel Wallace, noted scientist, views the world through blue spectacles. The Sunday Vindicator (Youngstown, Ohio) 24(284), Magazine Section: 10e-10g.

Broca, Paul, 1872. Revue critique: Les sélections. Revue d'Anthropologie (Paris) 1: 683-710. [largely a review of S716 & Darwin's The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex]

Brockway, A. Fenner, 27 Jan. 1909. The next step to socialism; Dr. A. R. Wallace's remedy for unemployment. Christian Commonwealth: 299a-299c. [discusses S655]

Brown, Robert M., 15 May 1908. Experiments on earth curvature. Science 27(698), n.s.: 789-790. [concerning the Bedford Canal experiment]

Buchanan, Joseph, June 1887. The grand symposium of the wise men of the nineteenth century. Buchanan's Journal of Man 1(5): 13-18. ["analysis" related to S397a]

_____, 20 Aug. 1898. The ever-memorable Congress of 1898. Light (London) 18(919): 414. [concerning the 1898 International Congress of Spiritualists and S545]

Buckle, Rev. George, 1871. Natural selection insufficient to the development of man. Popular Science Review (London) 10: 14-24. [an essay based on S165]

Bull, Alfred, 2 March 1871. Apology. Nature 3(70): lxix. [letter to the Editor sent to this and other venues apologizing for having printed libelous materials by John Hampden]

Bulman, G. W., April 1898. Protective characters and natural selection. Westminster Review (London ed.) 149(4): 428-439.

Butler, G. W., 12 Feb. 1903. Genius and the struggle for existence. Nature 67: 344. [letter to the Editor discussing S600]

Butler, Samuel, April 1890. The deadlock in Darwinism. Universal Review (London) 6(24): 523-540.

Capys (pseud.), 1897. Criticisms on Darwin's, Wallace's and Häckel's Evolution Theories. A Reply to Archdeacon Wilson's and Canon Gore's Recent Statements at the Church Congress of 1896. London: Francis Hodgson. 40 pp.

Carpenter, Mr. William, 26 March 1870. The convexity of water. The Field 35(900): 285a-285b. [letter to the Editor referred to in S162 & S163]

_____, 2 April 1870. Experiments on the convexity of water. The Field 35(901): 305a. [letter to the Editor referred to in S162 & S163]

_____, 9 April 1870. Experiments on the convexity of water. The Field 35(902): 312a. [letter to the Editor referred to in S163]

_____, 27 April 1870. The convexity of water painfully demonstrated. Scientific Opinion 3: 377. [includes 8 February 1870 agreement document between Wallace and John Hampden]

_____, 1871. Water, Not Convex: The Earth Not a Globe! London: William Carpenter. 32 pp. [includes texts of portions of various letters sent by Wallace]

_____, 1875. Wallace's Wonderful Water. London: Abel Heywood. 18 pp.

Carpenter, Dr. William B., Oct. 1871. Spiritualism and its recent converts. Quarterly Review (London) 131(262): 301-353.

_____, 1877. Mesmerism, Spiritualism, &c. Historically & Scientifically Considered. London: Longmans, Green, & Co. 158 pp.

_____, April 1877. The radiometer and its lessons. Nineteenth Century 1(2): 242-256.

_____, 25 Oct. 1877. The radiometer and its lessons. Nature 16: 544-546. [letter to the Editor referring primarily to the studies of William Crookes]

_____, 25 Oct. 1877. Mr. Wallace and Reichenbach's Odyle. Nature 16: 546-547. [letter to the Editor referring to S270]

_____, 1 Nov. 1877. Mr. Wallace and Reichenbach's Odyle. Nature 17: 8-9. [letter to the Editor]

_____, 8 Nov. 1877. The radiometer and its lessons. Nature 17: 26-27. [letter to the Editor]

_____, Nov. 1877. Psychological curiosities of spiritualism. Fraser's Magazine 16, n.s.: 541-564. [referred to in S283; replying especially to S270]

_____, 22 Dec. 1877. The curiosities of credulity. Athenæum No. 2617: 814-815. [responds to S283; referred to in S285]

_____, 26 Jan. 1878. Psychological curiosities of credulity. Athenæum No. 2622: 122. [letter to the Editor referred to in S287]

Carvalho, S. N. Jr., 30 Dec. 1880. Chalk. Nature 23: 194. [letter to the Editor regarding Wallace's theory that chalk is deposited in shallow water]

Chesterton, G. K., Jan. 1904. Alfred Russel Wallace. English Illustrated Magazine (London) 30, n.s.: 420-422.

Claparède, Édouard, Juin 1870. Rémarques à propos de l'ouvrage de M. Alfred Russel Wallace sur la théorie de la sélection naturelle. Archives des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles (Geneva) t. 38, nouvelle période (No. 150): 160-189. [referred to in S173]

Clarke, C. B., 3 May 1894. Zoological regions. Nature 50: 7. [letter to the Editor discussing S494]

Clarke, Hyde, 25 Aug. 1881. Mr. Wallace and the organs of speech. Nature 24(617): 380-381. [letter to the Editor concerning S337]

_____, 31 Aug. 1882. The gesture speech of man. Nature 26(670): 419. [letter to the Editor concerning S337]

_____, 1883. On the formula of Alfred R. Wallace in its relation to characters and alphabets (abstract). Report of the Fifty-Second Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (London: John Murray): 608. [regarding S337]

_____, 1895. Note on Mr. W. G. Aston's "Japanese onomatopes, and the origin of language." Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 24: 60-62.

Clerke, Agnes M., May 1903. Man's place in the universe. Knowledge 26(211): 108. [letter to the Editor regarding S602]

Clodd, Edward, July 1891. The "spiritual essence" in man. The New Review 5(26): 12-22.

_____, 1897. Pioneers of Evolution from Thales to Huxley. London: G. Richards. 274 pp.

_____, 1 Feb. 1911. Is there purpose in nature? The Literary Guide and Rationalist Review (London) No. 176, n.s.: 29. [reprint from the Daily Chronicle of 15 Dec. 1910; concerning S732]

_____, March 1913. Obscurantism in modern science. Fortnightly Review 93 n.s., 99 o.s.: 519-531.

Cockerell, T. D. A., 27 Feb. 1890. Some notes on Dr. A. R. Wallace's "Darwinism." Nature 41(1061): 393-394. [letter to the Editor regarding S724]

_____, May 1890. What are the uses of bright colors in Hymenoptera? Entomological News (Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia) 1(5): 65-68. [includes S421c; comments on S724]

_____, 4 March 1897. Specific characters. Nature 55: 414-415. [letter to the Editor discussing recognition marks, and S527]

_____, April 1903. The making of biologists. Popular Science Monthly 62: 512-520.

Cohen, Chapman, 1912. Deity and Design. London: Pioneer Press, Pioneer Pamphlet No. 2. 29 pp. [criticism of S732]

Colenso, 6 Sept. 1890. Re-births. Light (London) 10(505): 431. [letter to the Editor regarding S425a and the soul]

Conway, Moncure D., 15 March 1894. Senatorial reform. Open Court 8(342): 4009-4012. [discusses S491, and political institution reform]

Cook, Frederick F., 18 July 1885. The harmony of spiritualism and science. A rejoinder to Mr. Alfred Russel Wallace, LL.D. Light (London) 5(237): 339-341. [a reply to S379]

_____, 12 Sept. 1885. The harmony of spiritualism and science. Light (London) 5(245): 438. [comments regarding S379 and S383]

Cope, Edward Drinker, 1887. The Origin of the Fittest; Essays on Evolution. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 467 pp.

_____, 28 Nov. 1889. Lamarck versus Weismann. Nature 40: 79. [letter to the Editor replying to S415]

_____, 1 March 1891. Alfred Russel Wallace. New York: D. Appleton and Company (Evolution Series, No. 1). 17 pp. [as part of the 'Evolution in Science and Art' series sponsored by the Brooklyn Ethical Association; from an address delivered on 12 October 1890 to the Brooklyn Ethical Association; also published in the collection Evolution in Science, Philosophy, and Art; Popular Lectures and Discussions Before the Brooklyn Ethical Association (New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1891): 3-17]

Cope, Edward Drinker, & Kingsley, J. S., Jan. 1890. Editorial [concerning acquired characters]. American Naturalist 24(277): 49-51.

Coues, Elliott, Sept. 1892. Can ghosts be photographed? The Californian 2(4): 467-483.

Coupe, Charles, Oct. 1906. Are the other planets inhabited? American Catholic Quarterly Review 31(124): 699-720. [lots of referrals to S728]

Creighton, Charles, 2 July 1900. Jenner and the cuckoo. Vaccination Inquirer 22: 58-60. [letter to the Editor responding to S578]

Croll, James, 3 Oct. 1872. Oceanic circulation. Nature 6: 453-454. [letter to the Editor concerning S214]

_____, 1875. Climate and Time in Their Geological Relations: A Theory of Secular Changes of the Earth's Climate. London: Daldy, Isbister & Co. 577 pp.

_____, Feb. & May 1884. Examination of Mr. Alfred R. Wallace's modification of the physical theory of secular changes of climate. London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science 17(104), 5th s.: 81-111; 17(107), 5th s.: 367-376. [reprinted in American Journal of Science 27(158), 3rd s.: 81-93; 27(160), 3rd s.: 265-281; 27(162), 3rd s.: 432-441 (Feb., April & June 1884)]

_____, Oct. 1884. On the cause of mild polar climates. London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science 18(113), 5th s.: 268-288. [reprinted in American Journal of Science 29(169), 3rd s.: 20-29; 29(170), 3rd s.: 138-148 (Jan. & Feb. 1885)]

_____, Jan. 1885. On arctic interglacial periods. London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science 19(116), 5th s.: 30-42. [reprinted in American Journal of Science 29(172), 3rd s.: 300-312 (April 1885)]

_____, 1885. Discussions on Climate and Cosmology. Edinburgh: Adam & Charles Black. 327 pp.

Crookes, William, July 1877. Another lesson from the radiometer. Nineteenth Century 1(5): 879-887. [reprints S206 on p. 884]

_____, 1890. Notes of séances with D. D. Home. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research (London) 6: 98-127. [includes description of Wallace's activities at a sitting held on 22 May 1871]

Crosland, Newton, April 1872. Mr. Wallace's definition of a miracle. The Spiritual Magazine (London) 7, n.s.: 192. [letter to the Editor discussing S174]

Crotch, G. R., 25 May 1871. The geographical distribution of insects. Nature 4: 65-66. [letter to the Editor commenting on S181]

Culverwell, Edward P., 23 Jan. 1896. The astronomical theory of the ice age. Nature 53: 269. [letter to the Editor referring to S520; replied to in S521]

Cunningham, J. T., 25 July 1889. Lamarck versus Weismann. Nature 40: 297. [letter to the Editor concerning acquired characters and S724; replied to in S415]

_____, Sept. 1892. review (of Romanes's Darwin and After Darwin). Natural Science 1: 541-548. [noted in S459]

Curry, John, 18 Dec. 1873. Stalagmitic deposits. Nature 9: 122-123. [letter to the Editor concerning S233 and rates of deposit of limestone]

Cutler, J. Elbert, July-Sept. 1902. Tropical acclimatization. American Anthropologist 4(3): 421-440.

Darwin, Charles, 8 Aug. 1872. Bree on Darwinism. Nature 6: 279. [letter to the Editor]

_____, 13 March 1873. Perception in the lower animals. Nature 7: 360. [letter to the Editor related to S222]

_____, March 1903. Hitherto unpublished letters of Charles Darwin. Popular Science Monthly 62: 387-414. [includes letters also reproduced in Marchant (1916)]

Darwin, Francis, ed., 1893. Charles Darwin; His Life Told in an Autobiographical Chapter and in a Selected Series of His Published Letters. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 365 pp.

Davis, J. Barnard, 1873. A few notes upon the hair, and some other peculiarities of oceanic races. Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 2: 95-104. [concerning remarks in S715]

Dawkins, William Boyd, 17 March 1870. The geological calculus. Nature 1: 505-506. [letter to the Editor responding to S159]

Dawson, Sir John William, 1890. Modern Ideas of Evolution as Related to Revelation and Science. London: Religious Tract Society. 240 pp.

Deeley, R. M., 7 Dec. 1893. Sir Henry Howorth and "Geology in Nubibus." Nature 49: 122-123. [letter to the Editor concerning Howorth's reply to S484]

Dewar, Douglas, & Finn, Frank, 1909. The Making of Species. London: John Lane The Bodley Head. 400 pp.

Dillwyn, L. W., 1848. Materials for a Fauna and Flora of Swansea and the Neighbourhood. Swansea: printed at the Cambrian-Office by David Rees. 44 pp. [on page 25 of this work it is stated: "I have been favoured by Mr. Alfred Wallace with the following list of Coleoptera, which he has added to the catalogue I printed in 1829, and which are now placed in the Museum at Neath." (with 22 new species then listed); submitted by Malcolm Kottler]

Distant, W. L., 1 June 1882. Difficult cases of mimicry. Nature 26: 105. [letter to the Editor commenting on S353]

_____, 26 Feb. 1891. An assumed instance of compound protective resemblance in an African butterfly. Nature 43: 390. [letter to the Editor adding to comments made in S724]

Dohrn, Anton, 4 Dec. 1871. Englische Kritiker und Anti-kritiker über den Darwinismus. Das Ausland (49): 1153-1157. [criticism of Wallace's views on spiritualism and natural selection in S716]

Du Prel, Baron Carl, 26 March 1892. An open letter to Alfred Russel Wallace. Light (London) 12(585): 149. [concerning the theory of the Unconscious, and S717]

Ecker, A., 1878. A. R. Wallace, ueber Entstehung und Enwickelung der modernen Anschauungen, betreffend Alter und Ursprung des Menschen. Archiv für Anthropologie 10: 141-144. [concerning S257]

Ecob, James H., n.d. "The Wonderful Century": A Sermon. Philadelphia: The Unitarian Book Room. 16 pp.

Eddington, Arthur S., 25 July 1907. The "double drift" theory of star motions. Nature 76: 293-294. [letter to the Editor replying to S642]

Edgeworth, 23 Jan. 1886. Land nationalization. Liberty (Boston) 3(22): 8a-8b. [briefly discusses Wallace's scheme]

Elliott, D. T., 1899. Professor Alfred Russel Wallace. The Phrenological Annual, No. 12 (New York & London: Fowler): 3-4. [regarding Wallace's support of phrenology]

Ely, Richard T., 29 Dec. 1887. Land, labor and taxation. V. Practical suggestions. Independent (New York) 39(2039): 4.

_____, 7 May 1891. Other favorable aspects of socialism. Socialism and nationalism. XIII. Independent (New York) 43(2214): 14-15.

_____, Feb. 1901. Competition: Its nature, its permanency, and its beneficience. Publications of the American Economic Association 2(1): 55-70.

Everett, A. Hart, 8 April 1880. Mr. A. R. Wallace's "Australasia." Nature 21: 535-536. [letter to the Editor commenting on errors in S720; replied to in S323]

Finck, Henry T., 1887. Romantic Love and Personal Beauty; Their Development, Causal Relations, Historic and National Peculiarities. London: Macmillan. 2 vols. [on pages 43-50 of Volume 1 discusses Wallace's and Darwin's ideas on color and sexual selection]

Fisher, Irving, Dec. 1914. Objections to a compensated dollar answered. American Economic Review 4: 818-839. [refers to book he "hopes to publish in a few months which details Wallace's ideas on related subjects"]

Fisher, Rev. Osmond, 26 Dec. 1878. The formation of mountains. Nature 19(478): 172-173. [letter to the Editor replying to S295; referred to in S298]

_____, 23 Jan. 1879. The formation of mountains. Nature 19(482): 266-267. [letter to the Editor commenting on S298; referred to in S300]

Fiske, John, 1874. Outlines of Cosmic Philosophy (6th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin & Co. 2 vols.

Fitzgerald, A. M., 1 Feb. 1873. Do birds improve in nest-building? Popular Science Monthly 2(4): 485-489.

Flammarion, Camille, 23 April 1903. The earth and man in the universe. Independent (New York) 55(2838): 958-968. [concerning S602]

Flint, Professor, Jan. 1890. Socialism. Good Words 31: 765-773. [regarding socialism and land nationalization]

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_____, Jan. 1891. A disciple of science. Arena 3: 250-256.

_____, Aug. 1894. Psychography. Arena 10(3): xvi-xviii. [includes reprint of S400]

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_____, Feb. 1894. Antarctica: A vanished austral land. Fortnightly Review 55(326): 194-214. [discusses Wallace’s ideas on biogeography and physical geography]

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Gardner, John Starkie, 30 Dec. 1880. Geological climates. Nature 23: 193-194. [letter to the Editor regarding S331]

_____, June 1881. Subsidence and elevation, and on the permanence of oceans. Geological Magazine 8(6) (Decade II, n.s.): 241-245. [comments on S721]

_____, 1881. The permanence of continents. Popular Science Review 5(17), n.s.: 117-127.

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_____, 8 May 1890. Unstable adjustments as affected by isolation. Nature 42(1071): 28-29. [letter to the Editor discussing statements in S724]

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Harris, S. Hutchinson, April 1908. Evolution and character. Westminster Review (London ed.) 169(4): 452-458. [concerning S649]

Harte, Richard, 23 July 1898. Dr. Alfred R. Wallace and socialism. Light (London) 18(915): 367-368 (367-368). [one (the longest) of four letters to the Editor discussing the wisdom of the subject of Wallace's address (S545) to the 1898 International Congress of Spiritualists]

Hartlaub, Gustav, 1877. General remarks on the avifauna of Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands. Ibis 1, 4th s.: 334-336.

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Haughton, Rev. Samuel, 1860. Messrs. Darwin and Wallace on variation of species. Journal of the Geological Society of Dublin 8: 151-152. [comments on the 1858 Linnean Society joint presentation at a meeting of the Society held on 9 February 1859]

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_____, 2 Dec. 1880. Geological climates. Nature 23: 98-99. [letter to the Editor replied to in S331]

_____, 13 Jan. 1881. Geological climates. Nature 23: 241-242. [letter to the Editor replied to in S336]

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Hedley, Charles, 19 April 1900. Is New Zealand a zoological region? Nature 61: 589-590. [letter to the Editor commenting on S575]

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Hobson, Bernard, 22 Dec. 1892. The earth's age. Nature 47(1208): 175. [letter to the Editor concerning S721; replied to in S458]

_____, 5 Jan. 1893. The earth's age. Nature 47(1210): 226-227. [letter to the Editor replied to in S460]

_____, 11 April 1895. The age of the earth. Nature 51: 558. [letter to the Editor replied to in S513]

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Hodge, J. W., July 1902. Prophylaxis to be realized through the attainment of health, not by the propagation of disease. The St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal 83(1): 9-22. [discusses Wallace's smallpox incidence data for Leicester]

Hodgson, Richard, 1892. Mr. Davey's imitations by conjuring of phenomena sometimes attributed to spirit agency. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research (London) 8: 253-310. [responding to Wallace's comments on Davey in S436]

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_____, 13 July 1871. A new view of Darwinism. Nature 4: 200-201. [letter to the Editor replying to S197; replied to in S198]

_____, 27 July 1871. Mr. Howorth on Darwinism. Nature 4: 240-242. [letter to the Editor replying to S198]

_____, 26 Oct. 1893. The glaciation of Brazil. Nature 48: 614. [letter to the Editor replying to S480]

_____, 9 Nov. 1893. "Geology in Nubibus." An appeal to Dr. Wallace and others. Nature 49: 29-30. [letter to the Editor replying to S482; replied to in S484]

_____, 23 Nov. 1893. "Geology in Nubibus."--A reply to Dr. Wallace and Mr. LaTouche. Nature 49: 75-77. [letter to the Editor replying to S484; replied to in S486]

_____, 21 Dec. 1893. "Geology in Nubibus"--Mr. Deeley and Dr. Wallace. Nature 49: 173. [letter to the Editor referred to in S489]

_____, 4 Jan. 1894. The origin of lake basins. Nature 49(1262): 221. [letter to the Editor replying to S487]

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_____, 29 Dec. 1883. Experiences in spiritualism. No. II. Light (London) 3(156): 563-564. [describes as participant the seance at Wallace's house with Miss Nicholl on 14 December 1866 (see S126)]

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Jenkins, E. Vaughan, & Sidgwick, Eleanor M., Oct. 1888. letters to the Editor re 'Nellie Morris'. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research (London) 3 (1877-88): 312-318. [referring to S409]

Jenner Weir, John, April 1869. On insects and insectivorous birds; and especially on the relation between colour and the edibility of Lepidoptera and their larvae. Transactions of the Entomological Society 1869, Part I: 21-26.

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Johnston, Charles, Oct. 1896. The world's baby-talk, and the expressiveness of speech. Fortnightly Review n.s. 60, o.s. 66: 494-505. [a reply to S518]

Jukes-Browne, A. J., Sept. 1892. The evolution of oceans and continents. Natural Science 1: 508-513. [a reply to S453; referred to in S457]

_____, Dec. 1892. Further observations on the permanence of oceans and continents. Natural Science 1: 742-743. [a reply to S457]

_____, March 1893. The origin and classification of islands. Natural Science 2: 188-193. [contains remarks on S721; replied to in S465]

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Kirschmann, A., Dec. 1905. The earth's place in the universe. Acta Victoriana 29(3): 174-179. [discussion of Wallace's thoughts in S728]

Kropotkin, Petr, 1902. Mutual Aid; A Factor of Evolution. London: William Heinemann. 348 pp. [originally a set of articles appearing between 1890 and 1896 in Nineteenth Century]

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Lange, Gustave, 1902. La Rente Foncière et la Nationalisation du Sol (Essai sur Henry George et Son École). Paris: L. Larose. 179 pp. [much analysis of Wallace, especially S722, as well as George]

Lankester, E. Ray, 4 April 1872. The segmentation of Annulosa. Nature 5: 442-443. [letter to the Editor regarding S205 & the origin of insects]

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_____, 12 Dec. 1889. Mr. Cope on the causes of variation. Nature 41: 128-129. [letter to the Editor discussing Cope's views, and his criticisms of Wallace]

_____, 16 July 1896. Are specific characters useful? Nature 54: 245-246. [letter to Editor discussing S527]

Le Conte, Joseph, 19 April 1877. Hog wallows or prairie mounds. Nature 15: 530-531. [letter to the Editor commenting on S267]

Leadam, I. S., 31 Oct. 1881. Nationalisation of the land. Mark Lane Express 51: 1480a-1480b. [letter to the Editor referred to in S343]

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_____, 21 Nov. 1881. Nationalisation of the land. Mark Lane Express 51: 1576a-1576b. [letter to the Editor]

_____, 28 Nov. 1881. Nationalisation of the land. Mark Lane Express 51: 1607b. [letter to the Editor]

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_____, Oct. 1889. Mr. Angelo Lewis and Dr. Monck. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research (London) 4: 144-146. [letter to the Editor replying to S416]

Ley, Henry W., 1888. Land Nationalisation: Who Shows the Way?: Henry George, Thomas Spence, Thomas Paine, or Alfred Russel Wallace? London: Reeves. 8 pp.

Linnean Society of London, 1908. The Darwin-Wallace Celebration Held on Thursday, 1st July, 1908. London: Linnean Society. 139 pp.

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Lloyd, Walter, Nov. 1898. Sanitation and small-pox. Westminster Review (London ed.) 150(5): 548-560.

Lodge, Sir Oliver, 4 Nov. 1903. Other worlds. Is Earth the only peopled planet? Daily Mail (London) No. 2355: 4e. [a reply to S728; noted in S609]

Lowe, Robert, June 1879. Reciprocity and free trade. Nineteenth Century 5: 992-1002. [a reply to S306; replied to in S312]

Lowell, Percival, 19 March 1908. The habitability of Mars. Nature 77(2003): 461. [letter to the Editor replying to S730]

Lowne, Benjamin T., 1879. Is nest-building an instinct in birds? Popular Science Review 3(11), n.s.: 274-278. [regarding S136; reprinted in The Eclectic Magazine 30(4): 498-500 (Oct. 1879)]

Loxtone, C., 19 May 1888. Corporation notes. The Northampton Mercury 168(8739): 3d. [letter to the Editor commenting on Wallace's plan to issue bonds to support public works]

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Marchant, James, 1913. Introduction. to Wallace's The Revolt of Democracy (London, etc.: Cassell and Company Ltd.): vii-xlv.

_____, ed., 24 April 1916. Alfred Russel Wallace; Letters and Reminiscences. London & New York: Cassell and Co. 2 vols., 507 pp. [one-volume, June 1916 Harper & Brothers ed.; Harper & Brothers ed. reprinted in 1975 by Arno Press]

Marriott, Ernest, 2 Nov. 1903. E. A. Poe and A. R. Wallace. Fortnightly Review 74 n.s., 80 o.s.: 892. [letter to the Editor commenting on remarks made in S728]

Marshall, Alfred, 19 March 1883. Progress and Poverty. The Western Daily Press (Bristol) no. 7735: 6a. [letter to the Editor replying to Wallace's comments (S358a) on Marshall's criticism of Progress and Poverty; replied to in S360a]

_____, 24 March 1883. Progress and Poverty. The Western Daily Press (Bristol) no. 7740: 5h. [letter to the Editor replying to S360a]

Massey, C. C., 13 Oct. 1894. The fourth dimension. Light (London) 14(718): 490-491. [letter to the Editor discussing S502a]

Massey, Gerald, 22 July 1887. Mr. Gerald Massey's reply to Dr. A. R. Wallace. The Medium and Daybreak (London) 18: 454-455. [discusses point made in S398]

Massie, John, 16 Feb. 1909. The Times (London) No. 38884: 12b-12c. [letter to the Editor concerning woman suffrage and S671]

Maunder, E. Walter, Oct. 1903. Man's place in the universe. Knowledge 26(216): 220-221. [a reply to S606]

McDonnell, Alfred, 1884?. Landlords' Rights and Englishmen's Wrongs. London: W. Reeves. 15 pp.

McIntyre, A. C., Sept. 1905. Phrenology and scientists and what they say. Dr. Alfred Russell Wallace. The Phrenological Journal and Science of Health 118(9): 273-275.

Meldola, Raphael, 22 March 1883. Difficult cases of mimicry. Nature 27(699): 482. [letter to the Editor extending arguments made in S359]

_____, 2 April 1885. The colours of arctic animals. Nature 31: 505. [letter to the Editor replied to in S378]

_____, 25 June 1885. The colours of arctic and alpine animals. Nature 32: 172-173. [letter to the Editor replying to S378]

_____, 14 May 1891. Co-adaptation. Nature 44: 28-29. [letter to the Editor discussing George Romanes' comments on Wallace's position on this subject, mostly given in S724]

Mello, Rev. J. M., 1911. The Mystery of Life and Mind; With Special Reference to "The World of Life," by A. R. Wallace. Warwick, England: Henry H. Lacy. 20 pp.

Meyer, Adolf Bernhard, 1870. Charles Darwin und Alfred Russel Wallace: Ihre ersten Publicationen über die "Entstehung der Arten" nebst einer Skizze ihres Lebens und einem Verzeichniss ihrer Schriften. Erlangen: E. Besold. 56 pp.

_____, 4 Dec. 1873. Meyer's expedition to New Guinea. Nature 9: 77-79. [referred to in S235]

_____, 29 April 1875. Dr. A. B. Meyer and his critics. Nature 11(287): 506. [letter to the Editor regarding S235]

Michels, John, 16 July 1881. untitled editorial remarks concerning Wallace's comments in Island Life about costly natural history expeditions. Science 2(55): 329.

Mill, Hugh Robert, March 1893. The permanence of ocean basins. The Geographical Journal 1(3): 230-234.

Mivart, St. George, 1869. Difficulties of the theory of natural selection. The Month 11: 35-53, 134-153, 274-289.

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_____, April 1880. The relations of living beings to one another. Contemporary Review 37: 606-625.

_____, 16 July 1896. Are specific characters the result of "natural selection"? Nature 54: 246-247. [letter to Editor discussing S527]

_____, Jan. 1898. What makes a species? American Catholic Quarterly Review 23(89): 28-44. [discusses S527]

Möbius, K., Feb. 1906. Können die Tiere Schönheit wahrnehmen und empfinden? Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 22: 302-310. [concerning whether animals have a sense of beauty]

Monck, W. H. S., May 1903. Man's place in the universe. Knowledge 26: 107-110. [letter to the Editor regarding S602; referred to in S606]

_____, June 1903. Is the universe limited? Knowledge 26: 132-133. [letter to the Editor regarding S602]

Montefiore, Arthur John Hallam, 1891. Leaders into Unknown Lands: Being Chapters of Recent Travel. London: S. W. Partridge. 320 pp. [juvenile literature]

Morgan, C. Lloyd, 1888. Elimination and selection. Proceedings of the Bristol Naturalists' Society 5(3), n.s.: 273-285. [discusses Wallace's preference for the phrase "survival of the fittest" and suggests use of the term "natural elimination" to label the concept of the elimination of the unfit]

_____, 1896. Habit and Instinct. London & New York: Edward Arnold. 351 pp. [reviewed in S534; includes several brief notices of Wallace]

Moye, Marcel, June 1903. Man's place in the universe. Knowledge 26: 131-132. [letter to the Editor regarding S602; referred to in S606]

Muirhead, Henry, 1872. Some objections to the theory of natural selection, as explained by Mr. A. R. Wallace. Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 1: ix-xii. [concerning remarks made by Wallace in the last two chapters of S716]

Müller, Fritz, 1881. Bemerkenswerthe Fälle erworbener Aehnlichkeit bei Schmetterlingen. Kosmos (Leipzig) 10: 257-267. [discusses S719; referred to in S353]

Murphy, Joseph John, 1879. Habit and Intelligence: A Series of Essays on the Laws of Life and Mind (2nd ed.). London: Macmillan. 583 pp. [reviewed in S303]

Murray, Andrew, 1868. Reply to Mr. Wallace's theory of birds' nests. Journal of Travel & Natural History 1: 137-145. [a reply to S139]

_____, 5 Jan. 1871. Mimicry versus hybridisation. Nature 3: 186-187. [letter to the Editor replying to S179]

Myers, Frederic W. H., Sept. 1891. Harvest and laborers in the psychical fields. Arena No. 22: 391-400. [discusses S430 & S434]

Naylor, James, 1873. Bedford Canal Not Convex: The Earth Not a Globe: A Critical Review of the Bedford "Level Experiments"... Leeds: McCorquodale & Co. 24 pp.

Newcomb, Simon, 20 Aug. 1908. Conclusions about Mars. New York Observer and Chronicle 86(34): 246. [regarding Wallace's conclusions as to there being no life on Mars]

Newman, Francis W., 1884. The Land as National Property. With Special View to the Scheme of Reclaiming It for the Nation Proposed by Alfred Russel Wallace, LL.D. London: W. Reeves (Land Nationalisation Society Tract No. 7). 16 pp.

Newton, Alfred, 5 Nov. 1874. Migration of birds. Nature 11: 5-6. [letter to the Editor concerning S244]

_____, 1 Nov. 1877. Hartlaub's "Birds of Madagascar." Nature 17: 9-10. [letter to the Editor concerning S274; replied to in S280]

Nicholson, Prof., June 1885. Note on Dr. Wallace's paper. In Industrial Remuneration Conference: The Report of the Proceedings and Papers (London, etc.: Cassell & Co.): 472-473.

Nisbet, C., 1 Jan. 1873. Darwinism. Baptist Quarterly 7(1): 69-87.

Officer, Graham, 29 June 1893. The glacier theory of alpine lakes. Nature 48(1235): 198. [letter to the Editor replied to in S472]

Oldham, R. D., 28 Dec. 1893. The origin of lake basins. Nature 49(1261): 197. [letter to the Editor]

_____, 25 Jan. 1894. The origin of rock basins. Nature 49: 292-293. [letter to the Editor discussing S489]

Osborn, Henry Fairfield, 13 June 1912. Scientific worthies. Nature 89(2224): 367-370.

Owen, James J., 1893. Seance With Professor A. R. Wallace. In Owen's Psychography; Marvelous Manifestations of Psychic Power Given Through the Mediumship of Fred P. Evans Known as the "Independent Slate-writer" (San Francisco: Hicks-Judd): 54-60. [also contains reprint of S400]

Paice, W., 12 July 1890. Pre-existence. Light (London) 10(497): 338-339. [letter to the Editor concerning the possibility of infinite (in time) existence]

Palacký, Johann, 15 Mai 1885. Ueber Wallace's thiergeographische Zonen vom ornithologischen Standpunkt. Sitzungsberichte der Königlichen Böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften in Prag, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe: 243-248.

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_____ (pseud. of Samuel Birley Rowbotham), 27 Oct. 1871. The shape of the earth controversy. English Mechanic and World of Science 14(344): 143. [letter to the Editor]

_____ (pseud. of Samuel Birley Rowbotham), 17 Nov. 1871. Last words on the shape of the earth controversy. English Mechanic and World of Science 14(347): 220. [letter to the Editor]

_____ (pseud. of Samuel Birley Rowbotham), 1873. Zetetic Astronomy. Earth Not a Globe. (2nd ed., rev. & enlarged). London: John B. Day. 430 pp. [contains a discusson of the Bedford Canal experiment]

Parker, J. A., 21 Nov. 1881. Nationalisation of the land. Mark Lane Express 51: 1576c-1577a. [letter to the Editor]

Patterson, J. Stahl, June 1871. Natural selection in regard to man. The Radical (Boston) 8(5): 338-351. [discusses S93 & S165]

Pearson, Karl, 1892. The Grammar of Science. London: Walter Scott. 493 pp. [two passages comment on Wallace's work]

Pearson, Norman, Jan. 1891. Animal immortality. Nineteenth Century 29(167): 154-166.

Peckham, George W., & Peckham, Elizabeth G., 1890. Additional observations on sexual selection in spiders of the family Attidæ, with some remarks on Mr. Wallace's theory of sexual ornamentation. Occasional Papers of the Natural History Society of Wisconsin 1(3): 114-151. [makes considerable reference to several of Wallace's writings]

Pickering, William H., 1903. Man's place in the universe. Independent (New York) 55: 597-600. [concerning S602]

Pike, F. H., April 1914. Darwin and Wallace on sexual selection and warning coloration. Popular Science Monthly 84: 403-410.

Ploetz, Alfred, 1895. Die Tüchtigkeit unsrer Rasse und der Schutz der Schwachen. Berlin: S. Fischer. 240 pp.

Podmore, Frank, March 1899. Clairvoyance and poltergeists. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research (London) 9: 37-45. [a reply to S561; replied to in S565]

_____, June 1899. On poltergeists. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research (London) 9: 91-94. [a reply to S565]

Poulton, Edward B., 1890. The Colours of Animals: Their Meaning and Use, Especially Considered in the Case of Insects. New York: D. Appleton and Company. 360 pp.

_____, 1896. Charles Darwin and the Theory of Natural Selection. London & Paris: Cassell and Co. 224 pp.

_____, 1903. What is a species? Proceedings of the Entomological Society of London for the Year 1903: lxxvii-cxvi.

Prestwich, Joseph, 9 May 1895. Uniformitarianism in geology. Nature 52: 28. [letter to the Editor commenting on S514]

Proctor, Richard A., 20 Oct. 1871, 27 Oct. 1871, 10 Nov. 1871. letters. English Mechanic and World of Science 14(343): 117; 14(344): 143; 14(346): 193. [three letters to the Editor concerning the Bedford Canal experiment]

Quatrefages de Bréau, Armand de, 1894. Les Émules de Darwin, Vol. 1. Paris: F. Alcan.

Rae, John, 10 Feb. 1881. Geological climates. Nature 23: 337-338. [letter to the Editor discussing S335 and S336]

Ramsay, Sir William, 4 Nov. 1903. Other worlds. Is Earth the only peopled planet? Daily Mail (London) No. 2355: 4e. [a reply to S728; noted in S609]

Reade, T. Mellard, July 1883. Examination of a calculation of the age of the earth based upon the hypothesis of the permanence of oceans and continuents. Geological Magazine 10 (Decade II, n.s.), No. 7: 309-310. [comments on S721; referred to in S367]

_____, Dec. 1883. Mr. Mellard Reade's reply to Mr. Wallace on the age of the earth. Geological Magazine 10 (Decade II, n.s.), No. 12: 571-572. [letter to the Editor replying to S367]

Redbeard, Ragnar, July 1900. The Eagle and the Serpent 1(11): 163. [re S570, and "might makes right" arguments]

Regan, C. Tate, 10 Aug. 1905. On drawings of fishes of the Rio Negro. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London i: 189-190. [regarding Wallace's fish drawings]

Rice, Franklin P., 1915. Time Notes of Franklin P. Rice: My Ancestry in America. 425 pp. [printed but not published work; pages 322-338 are about Wallace]

Ritchie, David G., May 1890. Natural selection and the spiritual world. Westminster Review (London ed.) 133(5): 459-469. [discusses ideas in S724]

Robertson, G. Croom, 27 Feb. 1873. External perception in dogs. Nature 7: 322-323. [letter to the Editor commenting on S222]

Romanes, George J., 7 Aug. 1873. Perception and instinct in the lower animals. Nature 8: 282-283. [letter to the Editor commenting on S227]

_____, 5 April 1883. Natural selection and natural theology. Nature 27: 528-529. [letter to the Editor]

_____, 5, 12 & 19 Aug. 1886. Physiological selection: An additional suggestion on the origin of species. Nature 34: 314-316, 336-340, 362-365.

_____, 2 & 9 Sept. 1886. Physiological selection and the origin of species. Nature 34: 407-408, 439. [letters to the Editor]

_____, Jan. 1887. Physiological selection. Nineteenth Century 21(119): 59-80. [replies to S389 & S390]

_____, 13 Jan. & 24 Feb. 1887. Mr. Wallace on physiological selection. Nature 35: 247-248, 390-391. [letters to the Editor replying to S389 & S395]

_____, May 1890. Darwin's latest critics. Nineteenth Century 27(159): 823-832. [comments on S724]

_____, Oct. 1890. Mr. A. R. Wallace on physiological selection. Monist 1(1): 1-20. [referred to in S428; comments on S724]

_____, 11 Dec. 1890 & 1 Jan. 1891. Mr. Wallace on physiological selection. Nature 43: 127-128, 197-198. [letters to the Editor; referred to in S429]

_____, 26 March 1891. Co-adaptation. Nature 43: 489-490. [letter to the Editor discussing Wallace's position on this subject, mostly given in S724]

_____, 14 May 1891. Co-adaptation. Nature 44: 28. [letter to the Editor discussing Wallace's position on this subject, mostly given in S724]

_____, 1892, 1895, 1897. Darwin, and After Darwin: An Exposition of the Darwinian Theory and
a Discussion of Post-Darwinian Questions
. London: Longmans, Green and Co. 3 vols. 460, 344, 181 pp.
[much discussion and criticism of Wallace's work]

_____, 26 April 1894. Panmixia. Nature 49: 599-600. [letter to the Editor commenting on S496]

Rooper, George, 8 June 1870. "The philosophy of birds' nests." The Echo (London) no. 466: 2b. [letter to the Editor concerning S136]

Ross, James, 20 July 1871. Mr. Howorth on Darwinism. Nature 4: 221-222. [letter to the Editor commenting on Howorth's criticisms of S197 and S198]

Saleeby, C. W., 7 March 1903. A chain--Or a spur? Academy and Literature No. 1609: 233-234.

_____, 12 Sept. 1903. An impossible task. Academy and Literature No. 1636: 252-253. [tirade against Wallace's astronomy beliefs]

_____, 25 March 1905. The life of the universe. Academy No. 1716: 341-342.

Saunders, T. Bailey, July & Oct. 1889. Darwinism and the origin of reason. Scottish Review 14: 337-361. [includes discussion of Wallace's theory of 'spiritual agency' in S724]

Scheu, Andreas, 25 Feb. 1909. Dr. Wallace's remedy for unemployment. The New Age 4(18), n.s. : 370. [letter to the Editor commenting on S655]

Sclater, P. L., Dec. 1878. Some difficulties in zoological distribution. Nineteenth Century 4: 1037-1052. [referred to in S302]

Scriba, 13 June 1896. 'Miracles and Modern Spiritualism.' Light (London) 16(805): 287-288. [regarding the new edition of S717 and the duality of the physical and spiritual body]

_____, 18 July 1896. Does the brain think? Light (London) 16(810): 347. [regarding the new edition of S717 and the physiological/psychological constitution of thought]

Seelye, Julius Hawley, 1889. A criticism of the development hypothesis, as held by Charles Darwin, Thomas Henry Huxley, Alfred Russel Wallace, Herbert Spencer, and the new school of naturalists. In Samuel G. Goodrich & Alexander Winchell, Johnson's Natural History (Ann Arbor: W. B. Stickney & New York: A. J. Johnson & Co.), Vol. 2. 20 pp. [separately paginated; "written expressly for 'Johnson's Natural History'"; dated September 1888, but apparently originally written in 1871 for an earlier edition]

Sellar, Thomas, 1883. The Sutherland Evictions of 1814; Former and Recent Statements Respecting Them Examined. London: Longmans, Green, and Co. 94, ciii pp. [includes discussion of S722, and correspondence with Wallace (including S368b)]

Sharp, Clifford, 11 Feb. 1909. Dr. A. R. Wallace on unemployment. The New Age 4(16), n.s.: 319-320. [commenting on S655]

_____, 25 Feb. 1909. Dr. Wallace's remedy for unemployment. The New Age 4(18), n.s.: 369-370. [letter to the Editor replying to S674a; replied to in S676a]

Sharp, David, Feb. 1867. discussion [comments on the Bates-Wallace theory of mimicry, made at the 19 Nov. 1866 & 3 Dec. 1866 meetings of the Entomological Society of London]. Zoologist 2, 2nd s.: 575-576, 580-581. [replied to in S123 and S123a]

_____, 24 Nov. 1870. The difficulties of natural selection. Nature 3: 67. [letter to the Editor commenting on S175]

Sharpe, J. W., 1 June 1899. Variation of species. Nature 60: 102. [letter to the Editor exploring algebraically a comment made in S724]

Sibree, Rev. James, Jr., 1881. Mr. Alfred R. Wallace on the fauna and flora of Madagascar in connection with its physical geography. Antananarivo Annual and Madagascar Magazine No. 5: 19-24. [refers to S718 and S721]

Sidgwick, Eleanor (Mrs. Henry), 1892. On spirit photographs; a reply to Mr. A. R. Wallace. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research (London) 7, Supplement: 268-289. [a reply to S430]

Sidgwick, Rose, May 1906. "Kitty, a fair but frozen maid." Gentleman's Magazine 300(2105): 408-410. [concerning Wallace's recollection of a poem]

Simpson, A. H., 18 Oct. 1890. Love and sex. Liberty (Boston) 7(13): 2-3. [concerning Grant Allen, S427, and sex & eugenics]

Smith, Charles E., 26 Sept. 1906. How to buy the railways. Criticisms and suggestions. Daily News (London) No. 18885: 5b. [letter to the Editor commenting on S628]

_____, 2 Oct. 1906. Buy the railways. Suggestions and criticisms. Daily News (London) No. 18890: 10f. [letter to the Editor commenting on S628a]

Sollas, W. J., 4 April 1895. The age of the earth. Nature 51: 533-534. [comments on Wallace's calculation of erosion and deposition rates]

_____, 11 April 1895. The age of the earth. Nature 51: 558. [a letter to the Editor commenting on Bernard Hobson's criticism of Wallace's calculation of erosion and deposition rates]

Spencer, Herbert, 1893. The inadequacy of natural selection. Contemporary Review 63: 153-166, 439-456.

Spruce, Richard, 1871. Palmæ Amazonicæ. Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 11: 65-183. [includes discussion of S713]

Steffen, Gustaf Fredrik, 1890. Färgernas Betydelse i Djur- och Växtvärlden; En Framställning enligt Wallace. Studentföreningen Verdandis Småskrifter 21 (Stockholm: A. Bonniers). 26 pp. [concerning Wallace's discussion of animal & plant color in the book Darwinism]

Stevenson, George, 11 June 1906. A great scientist condemns land monopoly. The Liberator (Auckland) No. 77: 1-2. [regarding Wallace's remarks on land reform in S729]

Stobart, M. A., March 1908. The cul-de-sac of civilisation: a reply to Dr. A. R. Wallace. Fortnightly Review 83 n.s., 89 o.s.: 512-527. [a reply to S649]

Strahan, S. A. K., March 1894. Woman and natural selection. Humanitarian 4(3), n.s.: 186-194. [comments on S737; referred to in S497]

Swinton, A. C., 3 Oct. 1881. Nationalisation of the land. Mark Lane Express 51: 1351b-1351c. [letter to the Editor]

_____, 21 Nov. 1881. Nationalisation of the land. Mark Lane Express 51: 1576c. [letter to the Editor]

Syme, David, 12 Nov. 1891. Topical selection and mimicry. Nature 45(1150): 30-31. [letter to the Editor concerning S437; referred to in S442]

Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., 2 Nov. 1893. The supposed glaciation of Brazil. Nature 49(1253): 4. [letter to the Editor referring to S480]

Thomson, James, 1857. Wallace. Voyage dans l'Asie Orientale. Fragments entomologiques renfermant la description de Coléoptères nouveaux ou rares. Archives Entomologiques (Paris) 1: 425-460.

Tristram, Rev. H. B., 1859. On the ornithology of northern Africa. Part III. The Sahara, continued. Ibis 1: 415-435. [on pages 429-433 suggests an application of the Darwin-Wallace model]

_____, March 1871. Mr. Wallace on the conservation of native races. Contemporary Review 16: 537-554. [concerning S715]

_____, Dec. 1877. The story of the isles of the sea, told by the fowls of the air. IV. The Pacific Ocean. Good Words 18: 337-341. [biogeography of Wallacea and the Pacific]

Turner, H. H., 1 April 1903. Man's place in the universe; A reply to Dr. Wallace. Fortnightly Review 73 n.s., 79 o.s.: 598-605. [a reply to S602]

_____, April 1907. Man's place in the universe: A further note on the views of Dr. A. R. Wallace. Fortnightly Review 81(484): 600-610.

Tylor, Edward B., 29 Feb. 1872. Ethnology and spiritualism. Nature 5: 343. [letter to the Editor replying to S207]

Upham, Warren, March 1893. Estimates of geologic time. American Journal of Science 45, 3rd s.: 209-220. [discusses Wallace's estimates of the age of the earth based on erosion rates]

Van Kampen, P. N., & Barbour, Thomas (translator), Sept. 1911. The zoogeography of the East Indian Archipelago. American Naturalist 45(537): 537-560.

'Vincit Veritas' & Waylen, Hector, 16 July 1898. Dr. Alfred R. Wallace and spiritualism. Light (London) 18(914): 353. [reprint (from the London Review) of a pair of letters to the Editor concerning Wallace's treatment of spiritualism in S726]

Wake, C. Staniland, 1881. Notes on the Polynesian race. Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 10: 109-123. [concerning remarks in S720]

Ward, James, 19 March 1874. Animal locomotion. Nature 9: 381-382. [letter to the Editor regarding S240]

_____, 9 April 1874. Animal locomotion. Nature 9: 440. [letter to the Editor replying to S241]

Webb, James, Aug. 1898. Phrenological delineation of A. R. Wallace, Esq., F.R.S., LL.D. The Popular Phrenologist (London) 3(32): 91.

Wells, H. G., 4 Nov. 1903. Other worlds. Is Earth the only peopled planet? Daily Mail (London) No. 2355: 4e. [a reply to S728; noted in S609]

Westlake, Thomas, 2 April 1870. Experiments on the convexity of water. The Field 35(901): 305a. [letter to the Editor]

_____, 9 April 1870. Experiments on the convexity of water. The Field 35(902): 312a-312b. [letter to the Editor]

Wharton, Francis, Oct. 1875. Spiritualism and jurisprudence. Lippincott's Magazine 16(94): 423-433 [GB:UVirginia]. [comments on S717 & related matters]

Whedon, D. A., 14 Oct. 1869. The barbarism of civilization. Christian Advocate (New York) 44(41): 321a-321b. [discusses social issues implied by S715]

Whitmee, Samuel James, Feb. 1873. Mr. Wallace on the ethnology of Polynesia. Contemporary Review 21: 389-407. [mostly a discussion of conclusions reached in S715]

Wiessner, Alexander, 1875. Der Wiedererstandene Wunderglaube; Eine Kritische Besprechung der Spiritualistischen Phänomene und Lehren. Leipzig: T. Thomas. 303 pp. [comments on S118]

Williams, C. M., 1893. Alfred Russel Wallace. In Williams' A Review of the Systems of Ethics Founded on the Theory of Evolution (New York: Macmillan): 12-23.

Wolkenhauer, W., Dezember 1882. Berühmte Geographen, Naturforscher und Reisende. Deutsche Rundschau für Geographie und Statistik, Heft 3: 142-144. [biographical]

Wight, Rev. J. K., July 1877. The Malay Archipelago. Presbyterian Quarterly and Princeton Review No. 22, n.s.: 479-495. [discussion of biogeographical & other ideas in S715 & S718]

Williamson, James R., 6 May 1898. Dr. Bond and the anti-vaccinators. Shrewsbury Chronicle: 3c-d. [letter to the Editor referring to S536]

_____, 17 June 1899. Small-pox in the last century. Saturday Review (London) 87(2277): 754. [letter to the Editor mentioning Wallace's statistics]

Wilson, Andrew, July & Sept. 1882. The problems of distribution and their solution. Gentleman's Magazine 253: 28-58, 336-359.

Woodward, T. B., 21 Nov. 1881. Nationalisation of the land. Mark Lane Express 51: 1575c-1576b. [letter to the Editor]

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Dissertations and Theses

Barnes, Boyd, 2008. Natural Theology and Natural History in Darwin's Time: Design, Direction, Superintendence and Uniformity in British Thought, 1818-1876. Ph.D. Dissertation, Vanderbilt University, Nashville. 244 pp.

Blaisdell, Muriel L., 1976. Darwinism and Its Data: The Adaptive Coloration of Animals. Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard University, Cambridge MA.

Brandon, Mary E., 1975. The Question of Graduation: An Inquiry Into Human Evolution in the Works of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace. M.S. Thesis, University of Wisconsin, Madison. 85 pp.

Camerini, Jane R., 1987. Darwin, Wallace, and Maps. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison. 332 pp.

Carmo, Viviane Arruda do, 2006. Concepções Evolutivas de Charles Darwin no Origin of Species e de Alfred Russel Wallace em Darwinism: Um Estudo Comparativo. Master's Thesis, Pontificia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, São Paulo. 117 pp.

Carmo, Viviane Arruda do, 2011. Episódios da História da Biologia e o Ensino da Ciência: As Contribuições de Alfred Russel Wallace. Ph.D. Dissertation, Faculdade de Educação, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo.

Colbert, James Adam, 2002. Butterflies and Birds in the Making: Alfred Russel Wallace and the Language of Natural History. A.B. Honors Thesis in History and Science, Harvard University, Cambridge MA. 110 pp.

Everett, James D., 1994. Stopped Motion: The Poetics of Containment in Victorian Travel Writing. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Washington, Seattle. 361 pp.

Faria, Zoraida de Andrade de, 2003. "Pavão Misterioso, Pássaro Formoso...": A Teoria da Seleção Sexual e os Ornamentos: História, Desdobramentos, e Algumas Aplicações à Atratividade e aos (Des)Encontros Humanos. Master's Thesis, Universidade de São Paulo. 88 pp.

Franks, Daniel W., 2005. Modelling the Evolution of Warning Signals and Mimicry With Individual-based Simulations. Ph.D. Dissertation, School of Computing, University of Leeds, Leeds, U. K. 137 pp.

Goins, Michelle, 2008. 'Seeking the Fauna of Distant Lands': The Rise of Science Professionalism in Victorian England. Ph.D. Dissertation, State University of New York at Binghamton. 134 pp.

Henderson, Gerald M., 1958. Alfred Russel Wallace: His Role and Influence in Nineteenth Century Evolutionary Thought. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. 280 pp.

Hodge, Michael J. S., 1970. Origins and Species. A Study of the Historical Sources of Darwinism. Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard University, Cambridge MA.

Kenny, Michael J., 1961. Concepts of "Progress" and "Evolution" in the Work of Charles Darwin, T. H. Huxley and A. R. Wallace. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Leeds, Leeds, U. K. 232 pp.

Kevin, James J., Jr., May 1985. 'Man's Place in the Universe': Alfred Russel Wallace, Teleological Evolution, and the Question of Extraterrestrial Life. M.A. Thesis, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN. 93 pp.

Kimler, William C., 1983. One Hundred Years of Mimicry: History of an Evolutionary Exemplar. Ph.D. Dissertation, Cornell University, Ithaca NY. 414 pp.

Kottler, Malcolm J., 1976. Isolation and Speciation, 1837-1900. Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale University, New Haven CT. 493 pp.

Krasner, James, 1989. The Entangled Eye: Visual Perception in Post-Darwinian Narrative. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. 271 pp.

Kruse, Jerrid W., 2010. Historical Short Stories in the Post-Secondary Biology Classroom: Investigation of Instructor and Student Use and Views. Ph.D. Dissertation, Iowa State University. 289 pp.

Kunte, Krushnamegh, 2008. Evolution of Sex-Limited Mimicry in Swallowtail Butterflies. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of exas, Austin. 132 pp.

Lester, Ahren, 2012. "The Most Discussed Animal": Women, Evolution and Alfred Russel Wallace. M.Res. Thesis, University of Southampton, Southampton, U. K.

Lier, Gerda, 2010. Das Unsterblichkeitsproblem [Immortality]: Grundannahmen und Voraussetzungen. Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. Frankfurt am Main. Göttingen: V&R Unipress. 2 vols.

Malinchak, Michele, 1987. Spiritualism and the Philosophy of Alfred Russel Wallace. Ph.D. Dissertation, Drew University, Madison NJ. 255 pp.

McKinney, H. Lewis, 1967. Alfred Russel Wallace and the Discovery of Natural Selection. Ph.D. Dissertation, Cornell University, Ithaca NY. 234 pp.

Michaels, Robert H., 1971. Men Around Darwin; An Analysis of the Reciprocal Influence Between Charles Darwin and Eight of His Contemporaries. M.A. Thesis, Glassboro State College, Glassboro NJ. 115 pp.

Moore, Stephani D., 2007. The Mysterious Path to Fame: An Examination of the Historical Legacy of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace. M.A. Thesis, James Madison University, Harrisonburg VA. 82 pp.

Novák, Jakub, 2008. Alfred Russel Wallace's and August Weismann's Evolution: A Story Written on Butterfly Wings. Ph.D. Dissertation, Princeton University, Princeton. 207 pp.

Osborne, Michael A., 1987. The Société Zoologique d'Acclimatation and the New French Empire: The Science and Political Economy of Economic Zoology During the Second Empire. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison. 427 pp.

Rayher, Edward S., 1996. Confusion and Cohesion in Emerging Sciences: Darwin, Wallace, and Social Darwinism. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst MA. 416 pp.

Rodriguez Caso, Juan Manuel, 2008. El Darwinismo de Alfred R. Wallace. M.S. Thesis, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico, D.F.

Scarpelli, Giacomo, 1984. Riforma dell'Uomo ed Evoluzione: Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913). Ph.D. Dissertation, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze. 517 pp.

Shermer, Michael Brant, 1991. Heretic-Scientist: Alfred Russel Wallace and the Evolution of Man. A Study on the Nature of Historical Change. Ph.D. Dissertation, Claremont Graduate School, Claremont, CA. 396 pp.

Sudekum, Veronica LaBarge, 2010. An Analysis of Emotion in Two English Naturalists' Popular Scientific Narratives. M.A. Thesis, Georgetown University, Washington D.C. 65 pp.

Tracy, Sarah Whitney, 1985. Wallacism: The Scientific Evolution of Alfred Russel Wallace's Spiritualism and Social Reform. A.B. Honors Thesis, Harvard University, Cambridge MA. 106 pp.

Tsao, Tiffany Aimee, 2009. Mutations of Progress: Evolution and Civilisation in the Indonesian Archipelago. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley. 211 pp.

Vetter, Jeremy, 1999. Contemplating Man Under All His Varied Aspects: The Anthropological Work of Alfred Russel Wallace, 1843-70. M.Phil. Thesis, University of Oxford, Oxford, U. K. 95 pp.

Wells, Stephen H., Dec. 2008. William Dean Howells and the New Science: Darwinian Evolution and the Rise of Realism. Ph.D. Dissertation, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh. 298 pp.

Wiggins, Michael J., 1988. Alfred Russel Wallace, From Natural Selection to the Great Chain of Being. M.A. Thesis, East Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN. 153 pp.

Williams, Jean Anderson, 1994. Amazonian Exploration: From Discovery to Biodiversity. Master of Liberal Studies Thesis, Rollins College, Winter Park, FL. 152 pp.

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Reviews/Notices of Wallace's Books and Other Works

Important:  The onsite pdfs linked to below are best read using Microsoft Explorer.  Such entries are followed, as possible or relevant (some of the pdfs are drawn from photostatic copies of entries in the original hardcopy volumes), by their sources, coded by the source database and the institutional source of the original scans.  Codes for the databases are:  BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library), CDL (Cornell Digital Library), GB (Google Books), HT (HathiTrust Digital Library, IA (Internet Archive), and TR (Trove, National Library of Australia).  Institutional codes should be self-evident.

Palm Trees of the Amazon and Their Uses (first edition: 1853)
    Annals and Magazine of Natural History 13, 2nd s. (1854): 56-57 (anon.).
    Bonplandia 1(24) (1 Dec. 1853): 259-260 (anon.).
    Gardeners' Chronicle & Agricultural Gazette No. 47, 1853 (19 Nov. 1853): 742 (anon.).
    Hooker's Journal of Botany and Kew Garden Miscellany 6(61) (Feb. 1854): 61-62 (Sir William Jackson Hooker).
    Literary Gazette (London) No. 1927 (24 Dec. 1853): 1236-1237 (anon.).
    The Phytologist: A Popular Botanical Miscellany 4, 1851-1853 (1853): 1153-1157 (anon.).

Later Edition:
    Taxon 21(4) (Aug. 1972): 521-522 'Wallace's Palm Trees of the Amazon' (anon.).

A Narrative of Travels on the Amazon and Rio Negro (first edition: 1853)
    Annals and Magazine of Natural History 13, 2nd s. (1854): 57-58 (anon.).
    Athenæum No. 1369 (21 Jan. 1854): 79-80 (anon.) [HT: Princeton].
    The Critic (London) 13(308) (1 Feb. 1854): 72b-73b (anon.).
    Examiner (London) No. 2400 (28 Jan. 1854): 53-54 'Travellers' books' (anon.). [reviews several works]
    Gardeners' Chronicle & Agricultural Gazette No. 53, 1853 (31 Dec. 1853): 838-839 (anon.).
    Literary Gazette (London) No. 1928 (31 Dec. 1853): 1255-1256 (anon.).
    London Quarterly Review 2 (June 1854): 536-565 (anon.). [on three works]
    London Quarterly Review 33(65) (Oct. 1869): 70-88 'Brazil and the Amazon' (anon.). [reviews three books]
    The Morning Chronicle (London) No. 27251 (27 April 1854): 7c-7e 'Wallace's Travels on the Amazon and Rio Negro' (anon.).
    The Morning Post (London) No. 24954 (13 Dec. 1853): 2a-2b (anon.).
    Natural History Review: A Quarterly Journal of Biological Science (London & Dublin) 1(3) (July 1854): 117-121. (anon.) [HT: Princeton].
    Putnam's Monthly (New York) 3 (March 1854): 272-279 'The valley of the Amazon' (P. Godwin).
    Quarterly Review (London) 118(235) (July 1865): 166-193 (anon.). [reviews five works]
    Spectator, reprinted in Littell's Living Age 40(505) (21 Jan. 1854): 156-160 'Wallace's Amazon and Rio Negro' (anon.) [HT: Indiana].

Later Edition:
    Quarterly Review (London) 175 (Oct. 1892): 445-475 'Travelling naturalists in the New World' (A. Innes Shand).
    Before the end of 1854 reviews had apparently also appeared in the Morning Advertiser (London), The Globe and Traveller (London), The Atlas (London), and The Press (London) [according to an advertisement on page 1022 of the 25 November 1854 issue of Literary Gazette].

'On the tendency of varieties to depart indefinitely from the original type' (1858)
    British and Foreign Medico-Chirurgical Review No. 50 (April 1860): 367-404 'The theory of development in nature' (anon.). [a review of five works, including S43]
    Edinburgh Review 111(226) (April 1860): 487-532 'Darwin on the Origin of Species' (Richard Owen). [also reviews S43 and a number of other works; reprinted in The Living Age No. 840 (7 July 1860): 3-26]
    National Review (London) 10(19) (January 1860): 188-214 'Darwin on the Origin of Species' (anon.). [reviews S43 and works by Darwin and Powell]

'The origin of human races and the antiquity of man...' (1864)
    North American Review 101(208) (July 1865): 261-263 (William James).

'The scientific aspect of the supernatural' (1866)
    The Spiritual Magazine 2, n.s. (Jan. 1867): 46-48 (anon.).

The Malay Archipelago (first edition: 1869)
    The Albion (New York) 47(24) (12 June 1869): 338c-339a (anon.).
    American Quarterly Church Review 21(4) (Jan. 1870): 610-611 (anon.) [GB: Oxford].
    Anthropological Review 7 (1869): 310-323 'Wallace's Malay Archipelago' (anon.) [GB: UMich].
    Athenæum No. 2190 (16 Oct. 1869): 492-493 (Edward B. Eastwick).
    Atlantic Monthly 24(142) (Aug. 1869): 255-257 (anon.) [CDL].
    Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, Australia) No. 4 (29 Jan. 1870): 18a-18b (anon.).
    Baptist Quarterly 4(2) (2nd quarter 1870): 141-158 (Heman Lincoln) [HT: UMich]. [also reviews book by Albert S. Bickmore].
    British Quarterly Review (London ed.) 50(99) (July 1869): 235-237 (anon.) [GB: UMich].
    Calcutta Review 49, 'The Quarter' (1869): xxiii-xxvii (anon.) [GB: UCalcutta].
    Calcutta Review 50(99) (Jan. 1870): 22-65 (anon.) [GB: UCalcutta].
    Examiner and London Review (London) No. 3192 (3 April 1869): 213-215 (anon.).
    The Free-Trader (New York) 3(7) (Dec. 1869): 119-120 (anon.).
    Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette No. 40 (2 Oct. 1869): 1041-1042 (anon.).
    Harper's New Monthly Magazine 39(229) (June 1869): 146-147 (anon.).
    The Historical Magazine 5(5), 2nd s. (May 1869): 349-350 (anon.) [GB: Oxford].
    Ibis 5, n.s. (1869): 216-217 (anon.) [BHL].
    Journal of the Ethnological Society of London 1, n.s. (March 1869): 81-83 (anon.) [GB: Harvard].
    Ladies' Repository (Cincinnati) 4(1), n.s. (July 1869): 77 (anon.) [HT: Indiana].
    Macmillan's Magazine 19 (April 1869): 527-533 'The Malayan Archipelago' (Sir John Lubbock) [GB: UMich].
    Methodist Quarterly Review 21, 4th s. (Oct. 1869): 622-625 (anon.) [GB: UWisconsin-Madison].
    Nation (U.S.) 9(224) (14 Oct. 1869): 317-319 (W. P. Garrison) [HT: UMinn].
    New Sporting Magazine No. 344 (Aug. 1869): 144-147 (anon.) [GB: Oxford].
    Once a Week No. 99, n.s. (20 Nov. 1869): 344-347; No. 103, n.s. (18 Dec. 1869): 430-435; No. 108, n.s. (22 Jan. 1870): 556-559; No. 113, n.s. (26 Feb. 1870): 75-81; No. 116, n.s. (19 March 1870): 139-141 'The natural history of the Eastern Archipelago' (anon.).
    Pall Mall Gazette No. 1307 (21 April 1869): 12-14 (anon.), reprinted in Littell's Living Age 101(1307) (19 June 1869): 761-764.
    Popular Science Review (London) 8 (1869): 286-287 (anon.) [HT: NYPL].
    Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 13 (20 July 1869): 286-289 'Wallace's "Malay Archipelago"' (Sir Roderick Murchison) [GB: UCalif].
    Quarterly Journal of Science (London) 6(22) (April 1869): 165-179 (anon.) [GB: UMich].
    Quarterly Review 127(254) (July 1869): 68-98 (89-98) (Henry H. Wood) [GB: UCalif]; reprinted in Littell's Living Age.
    Revue d'Anthropologie 1 (1872): 156-157 (anon.) [GB: Harvard].
    Revue des Deux Mondes (Paris) 83 (Oct. 1869): 675-706 'Un naturaliste dans l'Archipel Malais' (R. Radau) [GB: Oxford].
    Saturday Review (London) 27(705 & 706) (27 March & 3 April 1869): 427-428, 456-457 (anon.).
    Spectator 42(2126) (27 March 1869): 389-390 (anon.).
    Student and Intellectual Observer of Science, Literature and Art (London) 3(3) (1869): 221-228 'Wallace on the Malay Archipelago' (anon.) [GB: Harvard].
    The Times (London) No. 26541 (13 Sept. 1869): 6a-6c 'Wallace's Malay Archipelago' (anon.).
    Universalist Quarterly and General Review 6 (Oct. 1869): 512 (anon.) [HT: UMinnesota].
    Westminster Review (London ed.) 35(2), n.s. (April 1869): 544-545 (anon.) [GB].
Later Editions:
    J. of the Polynesian Society 75(2) (June 1966): 234-236 (Tom Harrisson).
    Nature 202(4935) (30 May 1964): 840 'A classic on Malaysia and Indonesia' (Gavin De Beer).
    Nature 328(6133) (27 Aug. 1987): 770-771 'Island progress' (Ernst Mayr).
    New Internationalist No. 183 (May 1988): 31 (Jo Hugh-Jones).
    New Scientist 127(1727) (28 July 1990): 56-57 'In praise of a famous man' (Ghillean T. Prance).
    New York Times 26 Aug. 1990 Late Edition-Final, Book Review Desk, Section 7: 1 'A travel nut's library' (William Zinsser).
    Oceania 35(2) (Dec. 1964): 157-158 (A. P. Elkin).
    Princeton Review 6(23) (July 1877): 479-495 (Rev. J. K. Wight) [GB: Harvard].
    Science Books & Films 26(2) (Nov./Dec. 1990): 118-119 (F. Raymond Fosberg).

Contributions to the Theory of Natural Selection (first edition: 1870)
    Academy 1(18 & 19) (15 Feb. & 1 March 1871): 138-140, 159-160 (Anton Dohrn) [GB: Oxford].
    American Naturalist 4(7) (Sept. 1870): 419-422 (anon.) [HT: UMich].
    Appleton's Journal of Literature, Science, and Art 4(92) (31 Dec. 1870): 792-793 'Wallace on natural selection' (anon.) [CDL: UMich].
    Athenæum No. 2219 (7 May 1870): 614-615 (anon.).
    Atlantic Monthly 26(158) (Dec. 1870): 757-759 (anon.) [GB: UCalif].
    Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, Australia) 3(60) (25 Feb. 1871): 234a-234b (anon.).
    British and Foreign Medico-Chirurgical Review 47 (Jan. 1871): 119-125 (anon.) [HT: UMich].
    British Quarterly Review (London ed.) 52(103) (July 1870): 227-228 (anon.) [HT: UMich].
    Contemporary Review 15 (Sept. 1870): 309-311 (Henry Baker Tristram) [GB: Oxford].
    Dublin Review (London) 17, n.s. (July 1871): 1-40 (6) 'Evolution and faith' (J. C. Hedley). [reviews several books]
    Edinburgh Review 134 (July 1871): 195-235 'Darwin on the descent of man' (W. Boyd Dawkins) [GB: Harvard]. [review of books by Darwin, Wallace & Mivart]
    Examiner and London Review (London) No. 3252 (28 May 1870): 340-341 (anon.).
    The Field (London) 35(905) (30 April 1870): 377a-377b 'Wallace's essays on natural selection' (anon.).
    Journal of Anatomy and Physiology 5(1) (Nov. 1870): 184-190 (anon.) [GB: Oxford].
    Living Age 106(1363) (16 July 1870): 188-191 (anon.). [reprinted from Saturday Review]
    London Quarterly Review 36 (July 1871): 265-309 'The heresies of science' (John Moore). [reviews a large number of works]
    Ibis 6, n.s. (1870): 507-508 (anon.).
    Manufacturer and Builder 2(11) (Nov. 1870): 339 (anon.) [CDL].
    Methodist Quarterly Review 22, 4th s. (Oct. 1870): 620-623 (anon.) [GB: UWisconsin-Madison].
    Meyer’s Ergänzungsblätter zur Kenntnis der Gegenwart 2 (1870): 160-166 (F. Ratzel).
    Nation (U.S.) 10(261) (30 June 1870): 422-423 (N. S. Shaler).
    Nature 2 (13 Oct. 1870): 471-473 'Wallace on natural selection' (Philip L. Sclater) [GB: Harvard].
    New-York Tribune 30(9100) (7 June 1870): 6a-6b 'Wallace on natural selection' (anon.).
    North American Review 111 (Oct. 1870): 282-311 (Chauncey Wright).
    North American Review 113 (July 1871): 63-103 (Chauncey Wright).
    North British Review (American ed.) 52(104) (July 1870): 317-318 (anon.) [GB: Princeton].
    Popular Science Review 9(36) (July? 1870): 297 'Natural Selection' (anon.) [GB: NYPL].
    Scientific Opinion 3 (29 June 1870): 561-562 (anon.).
    Saturday Review (London) 29(761) (28 May 1870): 709-710 (anon.). [see Living Age]
    The Standard (London) No. 14570 (13 April 1871): 3c (anon.).
    Westminster Review (London ed.) 38(1), n.s. (1 July 1870): 195 (W. S. Dallas) [GB: Oxford].

Later Edition:
    Revue d'Anthropologie 1 (1872): 683-710 'Les sélections' (Paul Broca). [review of books by Darwin & Wallace]

'A defence of modern spiritualism' (1874)
    Examiner (London) No. 3459 (16 May 1874): 509-510 'Modern spiritualism' (M. W. Moggridge).
    Glasgow Herald No. 10718 (5 May 1874): 3e-3f 'Mr. Alfred R. Wallace on modern spiritualism' (anon.).
    International Review (New York) 2 (1875): 204-221 'Modern spiritualism' (anon.) [GB: UCalif].
    Pall Mall Gazette
19(2904) (8 June 1874): 2154-2155 'The moral philosophy of spiritualism' (anon.).
    Spectator 47(2397) (6 June 1874): 718-720 'Mr. Wallace on the religion of spiritualism' (anon.).

On Miracles and Modern Spiritualism (first edition: 1875)
    Academy 8(185, n.s.) (20 Nov. 1875): 522-523 (James S. Cotton).
    American Catholic Quarterly Review 7(26) (April 1882): 208-223 'Modern spiritism versus Christianity' (anon.). [reviews two books]
    English Mechanic No. 525 (16 April 1875): 111-112 (anon.). [also reviews Phenomena of Spiritualism by William Crookes]
    The Graphic 11(279) (3 April 1875): 327a-327b 'Modern spiritualism' (anon.). [also reviews two other works] 
    Journal of Science 18, o.s., 3, 3rd s. (Nov. 1881): 674-677 (anon.) [GB: UMich].
    Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science 16(94) (Oct. 1875): 423-433 'Spiritualism and jurisprudence' (Francis Wharton) [GB: UVirginia].
    Medical Times and Gazette (London) (29 May 1875): 589-591 (anon.). [also reviews Researches in the Phenomena of Spiritualism by William Crookes]
    The Northampton Mercury 154(8044) (27 March 1875): 3c-3d (anon.).
    Pall Mall Gazette 21(3148) (20 March 1875): 1083-1084 (anon.).
    Spiritual Magazine (London) 16 (May 1875): 226-227 'Mr. Wallace on miracles and modern spiritualism' (anon.) [GB: Oxford].

Later Editions:
    Arena 16 (June 1896): 163-167 'Dr. Wallace's volume on modern spiritual philosophy' (B. O. Flower) [GB: UMich].
    Daily Chronicle (London) No. 10570 (22 Jan. 1896): 3c 'Spooks and their raisers' (anon.).
    Light (London) 16(787) (8 Feb. 1896): 69 (anon.).
    Light (London) 16(803) (30 May 1896): 259-260 (anon.).
    Pall Mall Gazette No. 9803 (26 Aug. 1896): 4a 'Science and miracles' (anon.).
    Theosophical Review 24 (April 1899): 182-184 'Three spiritualistic reprints' (C. W. L.). [reviews three books]

The Geographical Distribution of Animals (first edition: 1876)
    Academy 10(219, n.s.) (15 July 1876): 63-64 (Edward R. Alston) [HT: UCalif].
    American Naturalist 11(4) (April 1877): 232-238 'Wallace's Geographical Distribution of Animals' (anon.) [GB: UMich].
    Annual Record of Science and Industry for 1876 (New York): cxlviii-cl (Theodore Gill) [GB: Harvard].
    Athenæum No. 2548 (26 Aug. 1876): 272-273 (anon.).
    Atlantic Monthly 39(233) (March 1877): 371-373 (anon.).
    Chambers's Journal No. 671 (4 Nov. 1876): 711-714 (anon.) [HT: UCalif].
    Daily News (London) No. 9403 (12 June 1876): 2c-2d (anon.).
    Forest and Stream 7(25) (25 Jan. 1877): 392c-393a (anon.).
    The Inquirer 32(9) (1 Feb. 1877): 156-157 (F. W. C.).
    Lancet No. 2772 (14 Oct. 1876): 537-538 (anon.) [HT: Princeton].
    Nation (U.S.) 25(628 & 629) (12 & 19 July 1877): 27-28, 42-43 (T. Gill).
    National Repository 1 (March 1877): 280 (anon.) [HT: UMich].
    Nature 14(347 & 348) (22 & 29 June 1876): 165-168,186-189 'Wallace's Geographical Distribution of Animals' (anon.) [HT: UMich].
    New York Times 26(7882) (18 Dec. 1876): 3a-3d 'Animal life upon the earth' (anon.).
    The North American (Philadelphia) (29 Dec. 1876): 1h (anon.).
    Pall Mall Gazette No. 3696 (22 Dec. 1876): 11-12 'Wallace's "Geographical Distribution of Animals"' (anon.).
    Popular Science Monthly 10 (Feb. 1877): 504-505 (anon.).
    Popular Science Review (London) 15(61) (1876): 406-408 (anon.).
    Quarterly Journal of Science 14, o.s., 7, n.s. (Jan. 1877): 47-67 'Animal geography' (anon.) [GB: UMich].
    Saturday Review (London) 42(1084) (5 Aug. 1876): 172-173 'Wallace's Geographical Distribution of Animals' (anon.).
    Scientific American 36(3), n.s. (20 Jan. 1877): 32c-33a (anon.).
    South Australian Register (Adelaide) 41(9342) (23 Oct. 1876): 5a (anon.).
    Spectator 49(2506 & 2508) (8 & 22 July 1876): 863-864, 926-927 (anon.) [HT: UMich].
    The Times (London) No. 28947 (21 May 1877): 4b-4c (anon.).
    Universal Review 5(18) (Oct. 1889): 268-278 'Darwinism and Neo-Darwinism' (C. C. Coe).
    Westminster Review (London ed.) 106, o.s. (July 1876): 259-261 (anon.) [HT: UChicago].
    Westminster Review (U.S. ed.) 106, o.s. (July 1876): 123-124 (anon.).

Tropical Nature, And Other Essays (first edition: 1878)
    Academy 14(325, n.s.) (27 July 1878): 91-92 (Edward R. Alston).
    American Naturalist 12(11) (Nov. 1878): 743-745 'Wallace's Tropical Nature' (anon.) [HT: UMich].
    British Quarterly Review (London ed.) 68(135) (July 1878): 258-259 (anon.) [GB: Indiana].
    Examiner (London) No. 3668 (18 May 1878): 625-627 (anon.).
    London Quarterly Review 51(101) (Oct. 1878): 237-242 (anon.) [HT: Princeton].
    The Morning Post (London) No. 33148 (24 Sept. 1878): 3b-3c (anon.).
    Nation (U.S.) 27(683) (1 Aug. 1878): 71-72 (G. L. Goodale).
    Nature 18 (6 June 1878): 140-141 (E. Perceval Wright) [HT: UVirginia].
    New York Times 27(8336) (31 May 1878): 6a-6b 'Wallace's Tropical Nature' (anon.).
    North American Review 127(264) (Sept.-Oct. 1878): 344-346 (anon.) [CDL].
    Pall Mall Gazette No. 4227 (7 Sept. 1878): 12 (anon.).
    Popular Science Monthly 15 (July 1878): 373-375 (anon.) [GB: Harvard].
    Quarterly Journal of Science 8, n.s. (Oct. 1878): 449-469 'The progress of the doctrine of development' (anon.) [GB: UMich]. [also reviews books by F. O. Morris & L. Geiger]
    Saturday Review (London) 45(1176) (11 May 1878): 597-598 (anon.).
    The Times (London) No. 29363 (18 Sept. 1878): 4d-4e (anon.).
    Westminster Review (London ed.) 110, o.s. (July 1878): 225-228 (anon.) [GB: Oxford].
    Westminster Review (U.S. ed.) 110, o.s. (July 1878): 110-112 (anon.) [GB: UMich].

Australasia (first edition: 1879)
    Academy 16(378, n.s.) (2 Aug. 1879): 77-78 (Coutts Trotter) [HT: Penn State].
    Athenæum No. 2710 (4 Oct. 1879): 435-436 (anon.).
    Examiner (London) No. 3723 (7 June 1879): 743-744 (anon.).
    Literary World (London) 20(517) (26 Sept. 1879): 193-195 (anon.).
    Journal of Science 17, o.s., 2, 3rd s. (Feb. 1880): 135-136 (anon.) [HT: UMich].
    Nature 20(521) (23 Oct. 1879): 598-601 (anon.) [GB: Harvard].
    Saturday Review (London) 47(1235) (28 June 1879): 806-807 (anon.).
    Westminster Review (London ed.) 112, o.s. (Oct. 1879): 586 (anon.) [HT: Princeton].

Later Edition:
    Journal of the Manchester Geographical Society 11(1-3) (Jan.-March 1895): 85 (anon.) [HT: UCalif].
    Spectator 73, Supplement (13 Oct. 1894): 464-465 (anon.).

Island Life (first edition: 1880)
    The American (Philadelphia) 1 (20 November 1880): 89-90 'Wallace's Island Life' (anon.).
    American Naturalist 15(4) (April 1881): 305-310 (A. S. Packard) [HT: Princeton].
    The Argus (Melbourne, Australia) No. 10807 (5 Feb. 1881): 4a-4b (anon.).
    Athenæum No. 2767 (6 Nov. 1880): 609-610 (anon.).
    British Quarterly Review (U.S. ed.) 73 (Jan. 1881): 106-107 (anon.) [GB: UMich].
    The Californian 3(18) (June 1881): 485-488 'Mr. Wallace's "Island Life"' (Joseph Le Conte) [GB: UCalif].
    Chambers's Journal 58(911) (11 June 1881): 369-371 (anon.) [HT: UMinnesota].
    Edinburgh Review 169(346) (April 1889): 448-481 'The migrations of plants' (anon.). [reviews four books]
    Forest and Stream 16(15) (12 May 1881): 285b-285c 'Wallace's Island Life' (anon.).
    Fortnightly Review 28, n.s. (Dec. 1880): 773-784 (Grant Allen) [GB: Indiana].
    The Geological Magazine (New Series, Decade II) 8(2) (Feb. 1881): 84-91 (W. H. H.) [HT: UChicago].
    The Glasgow Herald, 99th year, no. 3 (4 Jan. 1881): 7a (anon.).
    Journal of Science 17, o.s., 2, 3rd s. (Dec. 1880): 770-778 'Working v. fighting' (J. W. Slater) [GB: UMich]. [also reviews book by Karl Semper]
    Literary World (Boston) 12(4) (12 Feb. 1881): 53-54 (anon.) [GB: Harvard].
    Methodist Quarterly Review 63 (July 1881): 571-575 (anon.) [HT: UCalif].
    Nation (U.S.) 32 (20 Jan. 1881): 47 (Alexander Agassiz).
    Nature 23(590 & 591) (17 & 24 Feb. 1881): 357-359, 391-393 (Archibald Geikie) [HT: UMich].
    New York Times 30(9158) (14 Jan. 1881): 3a-3c (anon.).
    New-York Daily Tribune 40(12497) (1 Feb. 1881): 6a-6c (anon.).
    New York Evangelist 52(6) (10 Feb. 1881): 1e (anon.).
    Princeton Review (New York) 57(1) (July 1881): 1-29 'Continental and island life: their present state and past history' (John William Dawson).
    Saturday Review (London) 50(1309) (27 Nov. 1880): 676-678 'Wallace's Island Life' (anon.).
    Science 2(52) (25 June 1881): 301-302 (anon.).
    The Scotsman (Edinburgh) 17 Dec. 1880 (anon.).
    Spectator 54(2750) (12 March 1881): 350-352 (anon.).
    The Times (London) No. 30093 (17 Jan. 1881): 4b (anon.).
    Westminster Review (London ed.) 116, o.s. (1 July 1881): 41-69 (anon.).
    Westminster Review (New York ed.) 116 (July 1881): 20-33 (anon.) [GB: UMich].
    Zion's Herald (Boston) 58(5) (3 Feb. 1881): 34f (anon.). ["...from the pen of one who has already accomplished more than any other scholar of the day, with the exception, perhaps, of Darwin, in the province of natural science..."]

Land Nationalisation: Its Necessity and Its Aims (first edition: 1882)
    Academy 21(526) (3 June 1882): 392 (anon.).
    Celtic Magazine 8(86) (Dec. 1882): 61-67 (A. C. Sutherland) [GB: UCalif].
    The Leicester Chronicle and Leicestershire Mercury 72(3719) (24 June 1882): 5b (anon.).
    Literary World (London) 25(660) (23 June 1882): 385-386 (anon.) [HT: Princeton].
    Liverpool Mercury No. 10731 (1 June 1882): 5f (anon.).
    Macmillan's Magazine 48 (July 1883): 182-194 'State socialism and the nationalisation of the land' (Henry Fawcett) [HT: UCalif]. [also reviews Henry George's Progress and Poverty]
    Melbourne Review (Australia) 9(33) (Jan. 1884): 13-26 'A brace of land reformers' (J. Turnbull Thomson) [GB: Oxford]. [also reviews Laveleye's Primitive Property]
    The Month (London) 51(241) (July 1884): 448-450 (anon.) [HT: Princeton].
    Westminster Review (London ed.) 118, o.s., 62, n.s. (1 July 1882): 228-229 (anon.) [GB].
    Westminster Review (U.S. ed.) 118, o.s., 62, n.s. (July 1882): 107-108 (anon.) [HT: UMich].

'Are the phenomena of spiritualism in harmony with science?' (1885)
    (Quarterly) Journal of Science 22 (July 1885): 400-407 'Mr. A. R. Wallace, F.R.S., on the relations between spiritualism and science' (R. M. N.).

Bad Times (first edition: 1885)
    Knowledge 9 o.s., 1(4) n.s. (1 Feb. 1886): 125-127 (anon.) [GB: Princeton].
    Literary World (Boston) 17(2) (23 Jan. 1886): 25b-25c (anon.) [HT: Princeton].
    Literary World (London) 33 (1 Jan. 1886): 8 (anon.).
    New York Times 35(10810) (26 April 1886): 2e-2f 'Why we have bad times' (anon.).
    New-York Tribune 45(14283) (23 Dec. 1885): 6a-6b 'Bad times considered' (anon.).
    Saturday Review (London) 61(1578) (23 Jan. 1886): 129 (anon.) [HT: UIllinois].
    Science 6(151) (25 Dec. 1885): 553-554 (anon.) [HT: UCalif].
    Westminster Review (U.S. ed.) 125, o.s., 69, n.s. (Jan. 1886): 243-245 (anon.) [GB: UMich].

Darwinism (first edition: 1889)
    Academy 36(898) (20 July 1889): 41-42 (Grant Allen).
    A.M.E. Church Review 6(2) (Oct. 1889): 161-165 'Alfred Russell Wallace, LL.D., F.L.S., etc., on Darwinism' (Rev. Henry L. Phillips).
    Andover Review 12(69) (Sept. 1889): 330-332 (D. McG. Means) [GB: Harvard].
    Anthropologie 3 (1892): 326-331 (P. Topinard) [HT: Princeton].
    Athenæum No. 3218 (29 June 1889): 827 (anon.) [HT: UCalif].
    The Cambridge Review (England) 10 (20 June 1889): 422 (anon.).
    Contemporary Review 56 (Aug. 1889): 244-258 'Mr. Wallace on Darwinism' (George J. Romanes) [HT: UCalif]. [reprinted in Littell's Living Age]
    Critic (New York) 12 (10 Aug. 1889): 61-62 'Wallace on Darwinism' (anon.) [HT: Penn State].
    Dial 10 (Oct. 1889): 127-130 'Some phases of Darwinism' (Selim H. Peabody) [GB: UMich].
    Dublin Review (London) 22, 3rd s. (Oct. 1889): 476 (anon.) [HT: Cornell].
    Dublin Review (London) 23, 3rd s. (Jan.-April 1890): 33-47 (St. George Mivart) [GB: UMich].
    Eclectic Magazine 50(2), n.s. (Aug. 1889): 281-282 'About evolution' (anon.) [GB: Indiana].
    Edinburgh Leader ca. June 1889 'Wallace's "Darwinism'" (Prof. Patrick Geddes).
    Freie Bühne 3 (July 1892): 709-716 '[The lost son of Darwinism]' (Wilhelm Bölsche) [HT: UCalif]. [reprinted in Samtiden]
    Gardeners' Chronicle 6, 3rd s. (3 Aug. & 10 Aug. 1889): 137-138, 164-165 (anon.).
    Ibis 1, 6th s. (1889): 570-571 'Wallace on Darwinism' (anon.) [GB].
    Independent (New York) 41(2131) (3 Oct. 1889): 2-3 'Present state of the evolution question' (James McCosh). [also reviews book by August Weismann]
    Journal of Education (London) 11, n.s. (1 Dec. 1889): 643 (anon.) [HT: UIllinois].
    Light (London) 9(451 & 452) (24 Aug. & 31 Aug. 1889): 406-407, 418 (anon.).
    Literary World (Boston) 20(382) (17 Aug. 1889): 268-269 'Wallace on Darwinism' (anon.) [HT: UMich].
    London Quarterly Review 2(2) (Oct. 1899): 209-235 'The primrose and Darwinism' ('a field naturalist'). [review of multiple books, including Darwinism]
    Mind (Oxford) 14(55) (July 1889): 448-449 (anon.) [HT: Princeton].
    The Month (London) 67(305) (Nov. 1889): 321-338 'Missing links' (J. G.) [HT: Princeton].
    The Morning Post (London) No. 36511 (24 June 1889): 2e-2f (anon.).
    Nation (U.S.) 49(1270) (31 Oct. 1889): 354-356 (anon.).
    National Review (London) 15(85) (March 1890): 65-76 (Albert J. Mott) [HT: UCalif].
    Nature 40(1041) (10 Oct. 1889): 566-570 (E. Ray Lankester).
    New-York Daily Tribune 49(15577) (9 July 1889): 8a-8b 'Wallace on evolution' (anon.).
    New York Times 38(11781) (2 June 1889): 11a-11b 'Wallace on Darwinism' (anon.).
    Nineteenth Century 27(157) (March 1890): 408-423 'Wallace on "Darwinism"' (H. Carlisle, Bishop of Carlisle). [as reprinted in Littell's Living Age].
    Open Court (Chicago) 5(195) (21 May 1891): 2813-2816 'Wallace on Darwinism' (J. C. F. Grumbine) [HT: UMich].
    Popular Science Monthly 35 (Oct. 1889): 850-851 (anon.) [GB: Harvard].
    Public Opinion (New York) 8 (4 Jan. 1890): 322 (anon.) [HT: UMinnesota].
    Saturday Review (London) 67(1753) (1 June 1889): 680-681 (anon.).
    Science 14(346) (20 Sept. 1889): 204-205 (anon.) [HT: UCalif].
    South Australian Register (Adelaide) 54(13386) (8 Oct. 1889): 6c (anon.).
    Theological Review (Edinburgh) 4(1): 15-24 'Wallace's Darwinism' (J. Arthur Thomson).
    The Times (London) No. 32801 (11 Sept. 1889): 12a-12b (anon.).
    Unitarian Review (Boston) 32 (Nov. 1889): 445-448 'Wallace on Darwinism' (J. C. F. Grumbine) [GB: Harvard].
    Universal Review 5(18) (Oct. 1889): 268-278 'Darwinism and Neo-Darwinism' (C. C. Coe).

Natural Selection and Tropical Nature (first edition: 1891)
    Christian Union (New York) 44(1) (4 July 1891): 32-33 (anon.).
    Independent (New York) 43(2219) (11 June 1891): 26a-26b (anon.).
    New-York Daily Tribune 51(16317) (19 July 1891): 14d-14e 'The antiquity of man' (anon.).

'Human progress: Past and future' (1892)
    Zoe: A Biological Journal 3(1) (April 1892): 59-63 (C. A. K.) [HT: UCalif].

'The ice age and its work' (1893)
    Natural Science 4 (Jan. 1894): 9 (anon.) [HT: Chicago].

'The method of organic evolution' (1895)
    Natural Science 6 (May 1895): 298-299 'Mr. Wallace on organic evolution' (anon.).

'Re-occupation of the land' (in Forecasts of the Coming Century, 1897)
    Westminster Review (London ed.) 148(3) (Sept. 1897): 351-352 (anon.) [HT: UChicago].

Vaccination a Delusion (first edition: 1898)
    Lancet No. 3889 (12 March 1898): 734-735 (anon.).
    Medical News 75(19) (4 Nov. 1899): 598-600 'Recent notable books and articles on vaccination' (anon.) [HT: Chicago]. [reviews four works]

The Wonderful Century (first edition: 1898)
    Book Buyer (New York) 17(4) (Nov. 1898): 318-321 (E. H. Mullin) [GB: Harvard].
    Calcutta Review 109(217) (July 1899): 32-44 (anon.) [HT: UCalif].
    Critic (New York) 33(858) (Dec. 1898): 514-516 (anon.) [HT: Cornell].
    Liberty Review (London) 7(7), n.s. (15 June 1898): 156 'The shortcomings of a century' (anon.).
    Literary Digest (New York) 17(451) (10 Dec. 1898): 701-702 'This wonderful century' (anon.) [GB: Indiana].
    Literature (London) No. 38 (9 July 1898): 4-5 (anon.) [HT: Indiana].
    Literary World (Boston) 29(22) (29 Oct. 1898): 351-352 (anon.) [HT: Princeton].
    Nation (U.S.) 67 (22 Sept. 1898): 228-229 (Charles S. Peirce) [HT: Virginia].
    Natural Science 13(82) (Dec. 1898): 420-422 '"O thou wondrous mother age!"' (anon.) [HT: UMich].
    Pall Mall Gazette No. 10387 (12 July 1898): 11a 'Mr. Wallace and his hobbies' (anon.).
    Popular Science Monthly 56 (Nov. 1899): 25-31 (W. K. Brooks) [HT: UCalif].
    The Reformer (London) 2(18) (15 Aug. 1898): 162-163 (anon.).
    Saturday Review (London) 86(2230) (23 July 1898): 117-118 (anon.).
    Science 9, n.s. (7 April 1899): 511-513 (W. K. Brooks).
    Speaker 18(445) (9 July 1898): 60 (anon.) [GB: Princeton].
    Spectator 81(3668) (15 Oct. 1898): 528 (anon.).
    Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) No. 18844 (6 Aug. 1898): 4a 'The present century' (anon.).
    The Times (London) No. 35552 (25 June 1898): 17d (anon.).
    University Magazine and Free Review 10(5) (Aug. 1898): 556 (anon.) [GB: Princeton].
Later Edition:
    Academy and Literature 65(1641) (17 Oct. 1903): 408 'A heterogeneous mixture' (C. W. Saleeby).
    Bookman (London) 25 (Jan. 1904): 181 (W. Barry) [HT: Princeton].
    Westminster Review (London ed.) 160(5) (Nov. 1903): 588-589 (anon.) [HT: Princeton].
    British Medical Journal 1(2255) (19 March 1904): 671-672 (anon.).

Studies Scientific and Social (1900)
    Academy 60(1496) (5 Jan. 1901): 7-8 'Science, sociology, and spiritualism' (anon.) [HT: Princeton].
    Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 18 (Nov. 1901): 522 (J. Paul Goode) [HT: Princeton].
    Athenæum No. 3832 (6 April 1901): 436-437 (anon.).
    The Daily News (London) No. 17086 (27 Dec. 1900): 3c (anon.).
    Economic Review 11 (Jan. 1901): 113-116 (W. G. Pogson Smith) [GB: UMich].
    Humanitarian (London) 18(4) (April 1901): 298-301 (anon.).
    Independent (New York) 53(2726) (28 Feb. 1901): 503-504 (anon.).
    Literary World (Boston) 32(1) (Dec. 1900-Jan. 1901): 6a-6b 'Mr. Wallace's Studies' (anon.) [GB: Harvard].
    Literature (London) No. 185 (4 May 1901): 365-366 'Science and socialism' (anon.).
    The Manchester Courier 77(13775) (2 Jan. 1901): 3a (anon.).
    Monist 11(2) (Jan. 1901): 306-309 (C. S. Wake) [GB: Hegeler Inst.].
    The Morning Post (London) No. 40116 (28 Dec. 1900): 7e 'Science and socialism' (anon.).
    Nation (U.S.) 72 (10 Jan. 1901): 36-37 (Charles S. Peirce).
    Nature 63(1625) (20 Dec. 1900): 174-176 'Essays by Dr. Wallace' (Richard Lydekker) [GB: Harvard].
    New-York Daily Tribune 61(19893) (4 May 1901): 8b-8c 'Alfred Russel Wallace. A collection of the scientist's miscellaneous writings.' (anon.).
    Saturday Review (London) 91(2365) (23 Feb. 1901): 242-243 (anon.).
    The Speaker (London) 3(67), n.s. (12 Jan. 1901): 404-405 'A veteran naturalist' (H. M. C.).
    Spectator 86(3784) (5 Jan. 1901): 20-21 'Mr. Wallace on science and sociology' (anon.) [HT: UMich].
    The Times (London) No. 36336 (27 Dec. 1900): 11f 'Wallace's Studies, Scientific and Social' (anon.).
    The Western Daily Press (Bristol) 85(13274) (21 Dec. 1900): 7a-7b (anon.).
    Westminster Review (U.S. ed.) 155 (Jan. 1901): 96-97 (anon.) [GB].

'Man's place in the universe' (1903)
    Knowledge 26 (April 1903): 81-83 (E. Walter Maunder).
    Spectator 90 (7 March 1903): 365-366 (anon.).
    Toledo Sunday Bee 1 March 1903: 5b-5d 'Reason for the creation of the earth' (anon.).

Man's Place in the Universe (first edition: 1903)
    Academy and Literature 65(1643) (31 Oct. 1903): 465-466 'Shackled omnipotence' (C. W. Saleeby) [HT: UCalif].
    Athenæum No. 3970 (28 Nov. 1903): 721-722 (anon.).
    Banner of Light 94(26) (20 Feb. 1904): 1d-1e, 95(3) (12 March 1904): 1a-1c, 95(6) (2 April 1904): 1a-1b 'The centre of Creation' (Charles Dawbarn).
    Bookman (London) 25(148) (Jan. 1904): 181 (anon.).
    Broad Views (London) 1 (Jan. 1904): 83-88 'Dr. Wallace's view of Creation' (anon.).
    Church Quarterly Review (London) 58(116) (July 1904): 257-277 (anon.).

    The Colac Herald (Victoria, Australia) 34(3339) (30 Dec. 1903): (8d) 'Other worlds: The peopled planets question' (anon.).
    Current Literature (New York) 37 (Oct. 1904): 311-313 (Robert Blight) [GB: UMinnesota].
    Daily Mail (London) No. 2344 (22 Oct. 1903): 4d 'Dr. Russel Wallace's new book' (Bishop of Ripon).
    Dial 36 (1 March 1904): 148-150 'Man as the centre of the universe' (Herbert A. Howe) [GB: Harvard].
    Dublin Review 135 (Oct. 1904): 320-344 / 136 (Jan. 1905): 113-134 (F. R. Wegg-Prosser) [HT: Cornell].
    Edinburgh Review 200 (July 1904): 59-74 'Life in the universe' (Agnes M. Clerke).
    Harper's Monthly Magazine 108 (March 1904): 640-644 (W. D. Howells).
    Independent (New York) 56(2876) (14 Jan. 1904): 95-96 (anon.) [HT: UCalif].
    London Quarterly Review 101 (Jan. 1904): 128-147 'The stellar universe, and man's place in it' (E. Walter Maunder) [GB: UMich]. [reviews eight books]
    Knowledge 26(218) (Dec. 1903): 268-270 (E. Walter Maunder).
    Methodist Review 54(3) (July 1905): 588-591 (William Harrison) [HT: UVirginia].
    Nation (U.S.) 78(2011) (14 Jan. 1904): 34-35 (Simon Newcomb).
    Nature 69 (25 Feb. 1904): 389-390 'Our unique earth!' (anon.).
    The New-Church Review 12 (April 1905): 240-255 'A theory of the universe' (Thomas F. Moses).
    New York Times Saturday Review of Books and Art 26 Dec. 1903: 974c-d 'The Universe' (Rev. John White Chadwick).
    Outlook (New York) 77 (20 Aug. 1904): 934-938 'Man's place in the universe' (Theodore T. Munger) [GB: NYPL].
    Philosophical Review (Ithaca NY) 13(5) (Sept. 1904): 560-563 (John G. Hibben) [HT: UMich].
    The Register (Adelaide, Australia) 69(18121) (10 Dec. 1904): 10c-10d 'A great problem' (anon.). [review of 4th ed.]
    Revista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali e Discipline Ausiliare 36(141/144) (1904): 461-465 (Enrico Costanzi).
    Revue de Philosophie (Paris) 13 (1908): 74-78 (F. Mentré) [HT: UCalif].
    Spectator 92(3941) (9 Jan. 1904): 54-55 (anon.).

My Life (first edition: 1905)
    Academy 69(1747) (28 Oct. 1905): 1119-1120 'Darwin's fellow worker' (W. P. Pycraft).
    The Advertiser (Adelaide, Australia) 48(14704) (2 Dec. 1905): 13a-13c (anon.).
    Arena 36(201) (Aug. 1906): 202-215 'Alfred Russel Wallace: Scientist, philosopher and humanitarian' (anon.) [GB: UMich].
    Athenæum No. 4072 (11 Nov. 1905): 649 (anon.).
    Atlantic Monthly 98 (Aug. 1906): 279-281 (H. W. Boynton) [HT: UCalif].
    Bookman (London) 29(171) (Dec. 1905): 142-143 (Alexander Macalister).
    Bookman (U.S.) 22 (Feb. 1906): 626-628 (I. Woodbridge Riley) [HT: UCalif].
    British Medical Journal 2(2339) (28 Oct. 1905): 1119-1120 'A story of evolution' (anon.).
    Chicago Daily Tribune 9 Dec. 1905: 9 'Mr. Alfred Russel Wallace's autobiography' (Jeannette L. Gilder).
    Contemporary Review 88 (Dec. 1905): 899-903 (anon.).
    Critic (New York) 48(4) (April 1906): 352-354 (Jeannette L. Gilder) [HT: UChicago].
    Current Literature (New York) 40 (17 Feb. 1906): 211-214 (anon.) [HT: Cornell].
    Dial 40 (1 Jan. 1906): 11-13 'The doyen of English naturalists' (T. D. A. Cockerell) [HT: UChicago].
    The Geographical Journal 27(4) (April 1906): 401-403 'Life of Alfred Russel Wallace' (anon.).
    The Glasgow Herald 123(247) (16 Oct. 1905): 4b-4c 'Alfred Russel Wallace. The autobiography of a great scientist.' (anon.).
    Independent (New York) 61(2983) (1 Feb. 1906): 280-281 (anon.).
    Light (London) 25 (28 Oct. & 4 Nov. 1905): 510-511, 522-523 'A notable life' (anon.).
    Living Age 248(3213) (3 Feb. 1906): 314-317 'A great naturalist' (anon.). [reprinted from Nature]
    London Quarterly Review 105 (Jan. 1906): 109-112 'Alfred Russel Wallace and his friends' (anon.) [GB].
    Nation (U.S.) 82(2121) (22 Feb. 1906): 160-161 (Charles S. Peirce).
    Nature 73(1885) (14 Dec. 1905): 145-146 'A great naturalist' (J. A. T.) [HT: UMich].
    New York Times Saturday Review of Books 13 Jan. 1906: 13-14 'An auto-didact' (Joseph Jacobs).
    Outlook (New York) 82 (17 Feb. 1906): 371-373 'The story of a naturalist' (anon.) [HT: UCalif].
    The Register (Adelaide, Australia) 71(18455) (6 Jan. 1906): 7c-7d 'A rival of Darwin' (anon.).:
    Saturday Review (London) 100(2608) (21 Oct. 1905): 526-527 'Wallace the wise man' (anon.).
    Single Tax Review 6(1) (Summer 1906): 24-26 'Alfred Russell Wallace--his autobiography' (Joseph Dana Miller) [HT: Princeton].
    Spectator 96(4046) (13 Jan. 1906): 61-62 (anon.).
    Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) No. 21172 (13 Jan. 1906): 4c-4d 'Alfred Russel Wallace' (anon.).
    The Times Literary Supplement (London) (20 Oct. 1905): 348-349 'The autobiography of Alfred Russel Wallace' (anon.).
    T. P.'s Weekly (London) 6(156) (3 Nov. 1905): 553 'Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace tells his life story' (anon.).

Is Mars Habitable? (first edition: 1907)
    The Advertiser (Adelaide, Australia) 50(15385) (8 Feb. 1908): 13e 'Life on Mars. A veteran scientist sceptical.' (anon.). 
    Athenæum No. 4188 (1 Feb. 1908): 132 (anon.).
    Daily Chronicle (London) No. 14293 (14 Dec. 1907): 3b 'Are there Martians?' (anon.).
    Edinburgh Review 208(425) (July 1908): 74-94 'The question of life on Mars' (anon.) [HT: Princeton]. [also reviews Percival Lowell's Mars and Its Canals]
    Nature 77 (13 Feb. 1908): 337-339 'Is Mars habitable?' (William J. S. Lockyer) [HT: UMich]. 
    The Sunday Herald (Boston) 28 June 1908, Magazine Section: 2 'Does the universe exist for man alone?' (Edmund Noble).
    The Times Literary Supplement (London) No. 311 (26 Dec. 1907): 393c-394a (anon.).

Notes of a Botanist on the Amazon and Andes (first edition: 1908)
    American Journal of Science 27(159), 4th s. (March 1909): 266-267 (G. L. G.) [GB].
    Athenaeum No. 4273 (18 Sept. 1909): 335a-335c 'Two great botanists' (anon.).
    Christian Commonwealth 29 (13 Jan. 1909): 267a-267c 'On the Amazon and Andes' (G. S. Boulger).
    The Geographical Journal 33(5) (May 1909): 588-589 'South America' (G. F. S. E.).
    Man 9(73-74) (1909): 126-128 (Oswald H. Evans) [HT: Michigan].
    Review of Reviews (London) 39(229) (Jan. 1909): 83 (anon.) [HT: Cornell].
    Saturday Review (London) 107(2777) (16 Jan. 1909): 82, 84 (anon.).
    The Times Literary Supplement (London) (25 Feb. 1909): 67 'A botanist in Amazonia' (Rev. George Edmundson).

The World of Life (first edition: 1910)
    The Advertiser (Adelaide, Australia) No. 16349 (11 March 1911): 6a-6c (anon.). 
    Athenæum No. 4340 (31 Dec. 1910): 825 (anon.).
    Bookman (London) 39(233) (Feb. 1911): 243-244 (William Buist).
    Boston Evening Transcript 29 March 1911 (anon.).
    Chicago Evening Post, Friday Literary Review (11 August 1911): 1c 'Fifty years after' (George Cram Cook).
    Current Literature (New York) 50(4) (April 1911): 410-412 'Alfred Russel Wallace's conception of a divine hierarchy' (anon.) [HT: Princeton].
    Denver Times 29 March 1911 (anon.).
    Dial 50 (16 April 1911): 304-305 'A philosophy of life' (T. D. A. Cockerell).
    Dublin Review 149 (July 1911): 187-189 (B. C. A. W. [apparently Sir Bertram C. A. Windle]).
    Hibbert Journal (London) 9(3) (April 1911): 673-677 (Arthur Dendy) [HT: Princeton].
    Independent (New York) 71(3269) (27 July 1911): 203-204 (anon.).
    Literary Guide and Rationalist Review (London) No. 176, n.s. (1 Feb. 1911): 17-18 'The creed of Dr. Russel Wallace' (Joseph McCabe).
    London Quarterly Review 115 (April 1911): 214-227 'Dr. Wallace's World of Life' (William Spiers).
    London Quarterly Review 118 (Oct. 1912): 306-319 'The new teleology' (E. Middleton Weaver).
    Louisville Courier-Journal 17 June 1911 (anon.).
    The Mercury (Hobart, Tasmania) 95(12828) (6 May 1911): 2f-2h 'Man and the world's purpose' (anon.).
    Nation (London) 8(16) (14 Jan. 1911): 652-653 'Dr. Wallace on creative power' (anon.).
    Nature 86(2171) (8 June 1911): 480-481 'Science and speculation' (anon.).
    The New-Church Magazine Feb. 1911: 88-90 (Joseph Ashby).
    New York American 16 Sept. 1911? (anon.).
    New York Times Review of Books 23 April 1911: 255 'Wallace's World of Life' (anon.).
    The Occult Review 13 (March 1911): 139-143 'The new Vedanta' (Scrutator [aka Walter Richard Old and Walter Gorn Old]). [contributed by G. Nelson]
    Outlook (New York) 97 (22 April 1911): 859-861 'The great architect' (anon.).
    Outlook (New York) 99 (2 Dec. 1911): 819-827 'The search for truth in a reverent spirit' (Theodore Roosevelt).
    Review of Reviews (London) 43(253) (Jan. 1911): 83-86 'The book of the month' (anon.).
    Saturday Review (London) 111(2884) (4 Feb. 1911): 147-148 'Darwinism and design' (anon.).
    Spectator 107(4332) (8 July 1911): 72 (anon.).
    Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) No. 22820 (4 March 1911): 4c-4d 'The ideas of Wallace' (anon.).
    The Times Literary Supplement (London) (29 Dec. 1910): 523 'Direction and purpose in nature' (Prof. John Arthur Thomson).

Social Environment and Moral Progress (first edition: 1913)
    ALA Booklist 9(10) (June 1913): 449-450 [HT: Princeton].
    Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 49 (Sept. 1913): 255-256 (Carl Kelsey) [HT: Princeton].
    Athenæum No. 4458 (5 April 1913): 381 (anon.) [HT: UCalif].
    Biblical World (Chicago) 42(5) (Nov. 1913): 318-319 (anon.) [HT: Cornell].
    Catholic World (Paramus, NJ, etc.) 97 (July 1913): 545-548 (anon.) [HT: UCalif].
    Current Opinion (New York) 55(1) (July 1913): 44-46 'Alfred Russel Wallace's new theory of moral progress' (anon.) [HT: Indiana].
    Daily Herald 11 April 1913 'The disease of civilisation' (anon.).
    Dial 54 (16 May 1913): 412-414 'A scientist's hope for humanity' (Waldo R. Browne) [HT: Indiana].
    The Dundee Advertiser 15 April 1913 (anon.).
    Eugenics Review 5 (1913-1914): 360-362 (W. McD.) [HT: UMich].
    Green Bag (Boston) 25(9) (Sept. 1913): 396 'A biological interpretation of society' (anon.).
    Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods (New York) 11(11) (21 May 1914): 329-332 (Reginald B. Cooke) [HT: UMich].
    Literary Digest 47(13) (27 Sept. 1913): 542 'Dr. A. R. Wallace's latest book' (anon.) [HT: UMich].
    The Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser No. 17611 (16 April 1913): 6e 'Woman, the hope. Dr. Russel Wallace and the future of the race' (A. G. Linney).
    Nation (London) 13(1) (5 April 1913): 10-11 'A new way with prophets' (anon.).
    Nation (U.S.) 96(2498) (15 May 1913): 491-492 'Is mankind improving?' (anon.) [HT: Chicago].
    New York Times Review of Books 4 May 1913: 263 'Against eugenics' (anon.).
    Outlook (New York) 104 (26 July 1913): 649-650 'The fallacy of pessimism' (anon.) [HT: UCalif].
    Pall Mall Gazette 27 March 1913 'Social diseases and worse remedies' ('G. E.').
    Review of Reviews (London) 47 (May 1913): 499 'A terrible indictment' (anon.) [HT: UCalif].
    Review of Reviews (New York) 48 (July 1913): 118-119 'Sociology and government' (anon.) [HT: Princeton].
    Reynolds's Weekly Newspaper 13 April 1913 'A. R. Wallace, O.M., on the root evils of society' (Morrison Davidson).
    Rochdale Observer 5 April 1913 'Militant at 90' (anon.).
    Socialist Review (London) 11 (July 1913): 330-334 'Alfred Russel Wallace' (J. Bruce Glasier) [HT: UMich].
    Sociological Review 6 (1913): 364-366 'The problem of social welfare' (E. J. Urwick) [HT: UMich]. [reviews three works]
    Springfield Sunday Republican (Springfield MA) 35(38) (1 June 1913), Second Section: 15b-d 'Moral progress' (anon.).
    The Sun (New York) 4 May 1913 (anon.).
    Yale Review 3, n.s. (Jan. 1914): 392-395 (A. G. Keller) [HT: UCalif].
    The Young Man May 1913: 153-156 'Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace. A prophet of fire and hope' ('the Editor').
    Zeehan and Dundas Herald (Tasmania) 24(242) (25 July 1913): 4 (anon.).

The Revolt of Democracy (first edition: 1913)
    Aberdeen Daily Journal No. 18328 (4 Oct. 1913): 4d 'Abolition of poverty' (anon.).
    Catholic World (Paramus, NJ, etc.) 98 (14 Jan. 1914): 543-545 (anon.) [HT: UCalif].
    Christian Commonwealth 34 (29 Oct. 1913): 81b-81c (J. G. Adderley).
    Daily Telegraph (London) No. 18265 (5 Nov. 1913): 16d (anon.).
    Nation (London) 14(2) (11 Oct. 1913): 94-95 'A prophet in judgment' (anon.).
    Review of Reviews (London) 48(287) (Nov. 1913): 393 'The G. O. M. of science' (anon.).
    Review of Reviews (New York) 49 (March 1914): 376 'Essays on politics, economics, letters, and woman' (anon.)


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